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Name: __________________________________ Period: _____________ Topic 7: Medieval Europe Reading Guide & Topic Analysis Section 7.1 The Early Middle Ages Text Notes The Byzantine Empire Thrives Constantinople Grows Analysis Blending of Cultures The Age of Justinian Justinian What was the impact of political and legal ideas contained in Justinian’s Code of laws? Hagia Sophia Justinian’s Code Justinian’s Absolute Power Economic & Military Power Decline of the Empire Changes in Western Europe Shift to the North Decline Germanic Kindgoms Franks Kingdom Muslim Advances Charlemagne Builds and Empire Emperor of the Romans Explain the impact the fall of the Western Roman Empire had on Europe. Unified Christian Empire How did Charlemagne unify Europe? Revival of Learning Charlemagne’s Legacy New Invasions Pound Europe Three Sources of Attack Why did the collapse of the Western Roman Empire lead to the formation of medieval Europe? Vikings Section 7.5 The Feudal Monarchs and the Church Text Notes Feudal Monarchs Begin to Centralize Power Analysis How did the balance of power shift between kings, noblemen, and the Church? English Kings Expand Their Power Norman Conquest How did Henry gain more power? What were the effects of the English monarchs’ power? William Exerts Firm Control Extending Royal Power Jury System Tragic Conflict Developing New Traditions of Government King John Battles Powerful Enemies Magna Carta Parliament What was the political, legal, and economic impact of the ideas contained in the Magna Carta? Growth of the French Monarchy Capetian France How did the French kings increase royal power? What similarities and differences are found with the ways England and France gained more royal power? Philip Augustus Louis IX Conflicts with the Pope Estates General The Holy Roman Empire Otto I Challenge in Germany Conflict with the Church A Pope and an Emperor Feud Gregory & Reforms Emperor Response Henry Repents Concordat of Worms The Battle for Italy German Emperors in Italy Frederick II Effects Describe the feud between the pope and the emperor. How was it solved? Church Power Reaches Its Peak Popes Assert Their Power Papal Power Declines Section 7.6 Learning, Literature, and the Arts of the Middle Ages Text Notes The Rise of Medieval Universities Universities Analysis Student Life Women & Education Learning for Children New Knowledge Reaches Europe Ancient Learning Brought to Europe How did religion tie in with Medieval education? Aristotle’s Ideas Thomas Aquinas Science & Mathematics Medieval Literature Heroic Epics Dante Chaucer Architecture and Art Romanesque How does writing in vernacular increase education? Gothic Stone & Glass Art Paintings & Tapestries Manuscripts The Byzantine Heritage What were some Byzantine contributions to art and learning? Art Contributions Knowledge Section 7.8 Russia and Eastern Europe Text Notes The Geography of Russia Three Regions Analysis How did geography affect Russian settlement and growth? Rivers Early Russia Slavs & Vikings How did the introduction of Cyrillic script influence Russian culture? Byzantine Influences Kiev’s Golden Age The Mongols Conquer Russia Mongol Rule Effects Moscow Surpasses Kiev How did the Russians benefit from the Mongol invasion? How were they hurt by the Mongol invasion? Ivan the Great Ivan the Terrible The Geography of Eastern Europe Location How did Eastern Europe’s rivers affect the region? Diverse Culture Geographic Features Migrations Increase Diversity Mix of People Diverse Religions Jews in Eastern Europe Early Kingdoms of Eastern Europe Poland Hungary Serbia How did Eastern Europe become home to so many ethnic groups?