* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project
Assessing Retirement Readiness Options and Strategies for Reaching the Target • How retirement savings fit into the bigger picture • • • • • Analyzing current and future living expenses Assessing sources of retirement income Projecting how long my retirement savings will last Examine the role of the farm business as a source of income Develop action steps for building a retirement plan Typical Family Life Cycle Stages and Prominent Financial Issues Income 10 Essential Steps to Financial Wellness 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Live beneath your means Pay off your credit cards Pay yourself first Save six months living expenses Make a will Seek wise counsel Fund a retirement savings plans Plan major expenses Educate yourself Review progress We all know the prescriptions for Financial Wellness, but the real question is . . . . . . . . . . . Do we have the discipline to stick with the program????? Temptations are Everywhere Source: 2011 Wellness Council of America www.welcoa.org Financial Management Priorities for Building Wealth Step 7 Enjoy Prosperity as You Define It! Step 6 Retire low interest debt. Step 5 If applicable, consider Savings Plans for Education such as Coverdell or 529 Savings Plans, Coverdell, etc. for children/grandchildren. Step 4 Contribute to Retirement Savings at a level that represents 10-15% of household income. Employer plans, ROTH, SEP, etc.. Step 3 Revisit the Emergency Fund – building it to an amount equal to 6-12 months worth of living expenses. Step 2 Pay off High Interest Rate (credit card type) Debt – using the “debt snowball” (paying off smallest balance account first) or concentrating on the highest rate debt first – whichever provides the greatest emotional motivation. Step 1 Build a Nominal Emergency Savings Fund - $1,000 to $3,000 Employee Benefit Research Institute Survey The Number, Lee Eisenberg, 2006 • 4 out of 10 workers say they’ve saved nothing whatsoever for the future. • No more than 4 out of every 10 people admit they have never taken steps to calculate the actual cost of a comfortable retirement – their “NUMBER”. • Of those who have calculated their “Number,” one in 3 doesn’t remember what those calculations revealed. • 45 % have saved less than $25K for retirement. • Only 18% have saved more than $100K in reserves for retirement. Assessing current and future living expenses ACTIVITY • Work through Retirement Needs Worksheet • Incorporate you desired retirement lifestyle into your projections – General rule of thumb is 75 – 80% of pre-retirement income will be needed – HOWEVER – that does not factor in you individual preferences for how you’d like to spend retirement. You may find that you need close to 100% of preretirement income to do the things on your bucket list Assess sources of retirement income ACTIVITY • Work through Retirement Planning Asset Worksheet OR • Complete the Retirement Income Calculator OR • Complete the 5 Questions in the Assessing Retirement Readiness My Plan Snapshot • Consider Earned Social Security Benefits • On-Going Farm/Ranch related income that will be generated through cash/share rents and asset sales of resources no longer needed for your desired role in retirement • Examine how much income can be generated and withdrawn from your retirement savings. – General rule of thumb is 4% withdrawal rate – Look at the Retirement Nest Egg Calculator to see how alternative withdrawal rates impact the likelihood that you’ll outlive your money. www.ssa.gov/estimator - Including expected Social Security Estimate Life Expectancy Assess when to begin drawing benefits Estimate social security benefits earned Outstanding & EASY Retirement Needs Calculators • T. Rowe Price's Retirement Income Calculator https://www3.troweprice.com/ric/ricweb/public/ric.do • Fidelity's My Plan Snapshot - 5 Questions to Assess Retirement Readiness Audio guided tour of questions that provide retirement resource assessment http://personal.fidelity.com/planning/retirement/content/myPlan/index.shtml • Vanguard's Nest Egg calculator and https://retirementplans.vanguard.com/VGApp/pe/pubeducation/calculators/ RetirementNestEggCalc.jsf?cbdForceDomain=false • Fidelity's Retirement Income Planner. http://personal.fidelity.com/planning/retirement/income_planner.shtml Get a sense of what you're on track to have in retirement and how small changes can improve your plan. T. Rowe Price's Retirement Income Calculator https://www3.troweprice.com/ric/ricweb/public/ric.do How much have you saved for retirement so far? Specify your Desired Asset Allocation This is where the income generating capabilities of the farm/ranch business will be included. Preferred transition strategies (i.e. cash or share rental arrangements) will greatly influence the value and variability of this figure. Monthly Income Worksheet Components Sample Assessment Results Monthly Estimates Ability to See How Changes to savings plans, retirement age, asset allocation impact projections Fidelity's My Plan Snapshot - 5 Questions to Assess Retirement Readiness Audio guided tour of questions that provide retirement resource assessment http://personal.fidelity.com/planning/retirement/content/myPlan/index.shtml Retirement Nest Egg Calculator 4% Withdrawal Rate Retirement Nest Egg Calculator 6% Withdrawal Rate Determine financial reliance on the farm business as a source of income generation ACTIVITY • Determine what role you want to continue to play in retirement as it relates to the farm business. – Do you prefer the stability of cash rents or do you prefer the added risks/rewards that may come from share leases? • Keep in mind that in the focus is on income-generating capabilities. Equity acquired over time can only be converted into income by renting or selling the asset. – Closely consider the farm/ranch assets and decide whether renting or selling best fits you required income generating needs with other motivations that might exist (semi-retirement, passing the farm to heirs, etc..). Defining your own Retirement “Number” The Number, Lee Eisenberg, 2006 • Assuming a 4% drawdown, every $100,000 in retirement savings will provide $4,000 per year during retirement. • $1 million provides $40K per year; $1.5 million - $60K • Assets generating post-retirement income, or other benefit programs should be factored into your calculation. Consider a part-time post-retirement job – $100 per month is equivalent to $30K in retirement savings – $6/hr. job - 20hrs/wk – 50 wks/yr. – makes up for a $150K retirement savings deficiency. Retirement Savings Plan Alternatives • Thrift Savings Plan, 401(k), 403(b) etc. – pre-tax contribution, tax deferred growth, may have “matching” contributions • ROTH IRA – after-tax contributions, tax free growth • Traditional, Deductible IRA – deductible contributions, tax deferred growth • Traditional, Nondeductible IRA – tax deferred growth • SEP, SIMPLE IRAs – tax deductible contributions, tax deferred growth • Taxable Investment Account – long-term capital gains and dividends get preferred tax treatment, no restrictions Data from IRS Publication 590, Graphics from http://iracontributionlimits2010.com/ira-contribution-cheat-sheet-2012/ Data from IRS Publication 590, Graphics from http://iracontributionlimits2010.com/ira-contribution-cheat-sheet-2012/ Data from IRS Publication 590, Graphics from http://iracontributionlimits2010.com/ira-contribution-cheat-sheet-2012/ Data from IRS Publication 590, Graphics from http://iracontributionlimits2010.com/ira-contribution-cheat-sheet-2012/ Data from IRS Publication 590, Graphics from http://iracontributionlimits2010.com/ira-contribution-cheat-sheet-2012/ Retirement Savings Mistakes • Choosing not to Participate in any Savings Program • Improper Asset Allocation : Guideline for retirement:100-Age = % Stock Allocation • Improper Use of “Dollar Cost Averaging” with Monthly Contributions • Failure to Periodically Rebalance • Incurring Penalties – early/late withdrawals • Failure to Keep Beneficiary Info Updated Early Savers (30)– Asset Class Categories All About Asset Allocation, Richard Ferri, 2006 • • • • US Equity – 40% International Equity – 20% Real Estate – 10% Aggregate Bond – 30% US Equity International Equity Real Estate Aggregate Bond Retirement Savings Allocation Guidelines Mid-Life Savers (45)– Asset Class Categories All About Asset Allocation, Richard Ferri, 2006 • • • • US Equity – 30% International Equity – 15% Real Estate – 10% Aggregate Bond – 45% US Equity International Equity Real Estate Aggregate Bond Retirement Savings Allocation Guidelines Pre-Retirees & Active Retirees (50)– Asset Class Categories All About Asset Allocation, Richard Ferri, 2006 • • • • • US Equity – 35% International Equity – 10% Real Estate – 5% Aggregate Bond – 35% US Treasuries – 15% US Equity International Equity Real Estate Aggregate Bond US Treasuries Retirement Savings Allocation Guidelines Mature Retirees (65) – Asset Class Categories All About Asset Allocation, Richard Ferri, 2006 • • • • • US Equity – 25% International Equity – 10% Real Estate – 5% Aggregate Bond – 35% US Treasuries – 25% US Equity International Equity Real Estate Aggregate Bond US Treasuries Retirement Savings Allocation Guidelines Develop next steps/action for a retirement plan that satisfies your goals ACTIVITY If you don't save and invest, and you aren't rich now, the only other options are to • inherit money, • marry money • or win the lottery.