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What is Vegetarian?
 Vegetarian:
The ingredient contains no meat, poultry,
fish, or seafood, nor any products derived from them
or any other part of an animal's (including insect's)
 The ingredient was not processed using animalderived substances (such as bone char).
 Eggs and dairy, and substances derived from them,
are vegetarian.
 Insect secretions, (such as honey), are vegetarian.
 Vegan:
The ingredient contains no animal-derived
products or byproducts whatsoever. Its processing
occurs solely with or by non-animal substances.
 Non-vegetarian: The ingredient, or substances used
to process the ingredient, is derived from meat,
poultry, fish, or seafood, or some other part of an
animal's (including insect's) body (such as cochineal,
rennet or gelatin).
Why become a Vegetarian?
 Health
 Religious
 Faith
 Animal
 Food
rights issues.
Health concerns: A healthy vegetarian diet can decrease the
risk and symptoms of many chronic diseases such as diabetes
and heart disease.
Religious restrictions: Hinduism and Buddhism hold
vegetarianism as an ideal way to promote nonviolence and
spiritual fulfillment. If Kosher or Halal meat isn't available,
observant Jews and Muslims keep a vegetarian diet. Other
religious groups that avoid meat include Seventh Day
Adventists and Jains.
Faith Environmental degradation: Many environmentalists
assert that the large-scale meat and poultry production is
environmentally unsustainable. They point to issues with water
quality, waste disposal, overuse of antibiotics, and other
Animal rights issues: Ethical vegetarians are concerned
about animal cruelty. Many animals live in truly abysmal
conditions and are treated horribly prior to and during slaughter.
Food safety: Approximately 5,000 Americans die of food-borne
diseases each year. There have been many large-scale recalls
of meat contaminated with e-coli and many local incidents
where restaurant patrons were sickened by improperly.
Animal rights organizations
 Animal
Liberation Brigade (ALB)
 Animal Rights Party USA
 Center on Animal Liberation Affairs (CALA)
 Coalition to Abolish the Fur Trade (CAFT)
 International Primate Protection League (IPPL)
 Massachusetts Animal Rights Coalition (MARC)
 Responsible Policies for Animals (RPA)
 Southern Animal Rights Coalition (SARC)
 TARVE "The Voice For Farmed Animals”
Different types of Vegetarian
Many different types of vegetarians:
 Pescatarian
Flexitarian / Semi-Vegetarian
Vegetarian (Lacto-ovo-vegetarian).
Raw vegan/Raw food diet
Pescatarian- Abstain from eating all meat and animal
flesh with the exception of fish.
 Flexitarian / Semi-Vegetarian- Eat mostly a vegetarian
diet but eat meat once in awhile
 Vegetarian (Lacto-ovo-vegetarian)-People who do not eat
beef, pork, poultry, fish, shellfish, or animal flesh of any
kind, but do eat eggs and dairy products.
 Vegan- Do not eat meat of any kind and do not eat eggs,
dairy products, or processed food containing these
 Raw vegan/Raw food diet- unprocessed vegan foods that
have not been heated above 115 degrees Fahrenheit.
 Macrobiotic- unprocessed vegan foods, such as whole
grains, fruits and vegetables, and allows the occasional
consumption of fish. Sugar and refined oils are avoided.
Food Industry
 Soyfoods
 National
 Food
Association of North America
Restaurant Association
Marketing Institute
 Natural
Products Association
 Grocery
Manufacturers of America
Soyfoods Association of North America encourages
sustainability, integrity and growth of the soyfoods
industry, provides information about the health benefits
and nutritional advantages of soy consumption.
 National Restaurant Association represents, educates,
and promotes restaurant and food service outlets and
serves associated distributors, suppliers, and service
 Food Marketing Institute, association for food retailers
and wholesalers, including large multi-store chains,
regional firms, and independent supermarkets.
 Natural Products Association represents retailers and
manufacturers, suppliers, and distributors of health foods,
dietary supplements, and other natural products.
 Grocery Manufacturers of America, association for
food, beverage, and consumer product companies.
Work cited