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Buds Public School, Dubai
Grade :IX
Topic: Physical Features of India
Sub :Social Science
1 - A landmass bounded by sea on three sides is referred to as
None of the above
Answer:- (b) Peninsula
2 - Mountain ranges in the eastern part of India forming its boundary with Myanmar
are collectively called as
None of the above
Answer:- (b) Purvachal
3 - The western coastal strip, south of Goa is referred to as
Northern Circar
Answer: (b) Kannad
4 - The highest peak in the Eastern Ghats is
Anai Mudi
Answer: (a) Anai Mudi
Answer the following questions:
1 - What are tectonic plates?
Answer: The crust of the earth is not in the form of a continuous plate rather in the
form of broken pieces. These pieces of the earth’s crust are called tectonic
2 - Which continents of today were part of the Gondwana land?
Answer: South America, Africa, Antarctica, Australia and India were part of the
Gondwana land.
3 - What is bhabar?
Answer: After descending from the mountains, the rivers deposit pebbles in a narrow
belt. The width of this belt is about 8 to 16 km and it lies parallel to the Shiwaliks.
This region is known as bhabar. All the streams disappear in this region.
Question: 4 - Name the three major divisions of the Himalayas from north to south.
Answer: Three major division of the Himalayas from north to south are:
a. The Great or Inner Himalaya
b. The Lesser Himalaya or Himachal
c. The Shiwaliks
5 - Which plateau lies between the Aravali and the Vindhyan ranges?
Answer: The Malwa plateau lies between the Aravali and the Vindhyan ranges.
6 - Name the island group of India having coral origin.
Answer: Lakshadweep
7 - Distinguish between
(a) Converging and diverging tectonic plates
Answer: The converging tectonic plates move towards each other, while diverging
plates move away from each other.
(b) Bhangar and Khadar
Answer: Bhangar is the largest part of the Northern Plains and is formed by the
oldest alluvium. On the other hand, Khadar is the younger deposit of alluvium.
(c) Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats
Western Ghats
Eastern Ghats
They lie along the Arabian Sea. They lie along the Bay of Bengal.
Average height is 900 - 1600 m Average height is 600 m
They are almost continuous.
They are interspersed by rivers.
8 - Describe how the Himalayas were formed.
Answer: The Indian Peninsula drifted towards the north and finally collided with the
much larger Eurasian Plate. As a result of this collision, the sedimentary rocks which
were accumulated in the geosynclines (known as Tethys) got folded and formed the
mountain systems of the West Asia and Himalaya.
9 - Which are the major physiographical divisions of India? Contrast the relief of the
Himalayan region with that of the Northern Plains of India.
Answer: The landmass of India can be divided into following major physiographic
The Himalayan Mountains
The Northern Plains
The Peninsular Plateau
The Indian Desert
The Coastal Plains
The Islands
The Himalayan region is rugged and shows great variations in terms altitude. The
Northern Plains, on the other hand, is more or less level and has least variations in
terms of altitude. The Himalayan region is formed by rocks and unconsolidated
sediments. The Northern Plains is composed of alluvial deposits.
10 - Write short notes on the following:
(a) The Indian Desert
Answer: The Indian desert lies towards the western margins of the Aravali Hills. This
region gets scanty rainfall which is less than 150 mm in a year. Hence they climate is
arid and vegetation is scanty. Luni is the only large river but some streams appear
during rainy season. Crescent-shaped dunes (barchans) abound in this area.
(b) The Central Highlands
Answer: The Central Highlands lies to the north of the Narmada river. It covers the
major portion of the Malwa plateau. The rivers in this region flow from southwest to
northeast; which indicates the slope of this region. It is wider in the west and
narrower in the east. Bundelkhand and Baghelkhand mark the eastward extension of
this plateau. The plateau further extends eastwards into the Chhotanagpur plateau.
(c) The Island groups of India
Answer: The Lakshadweep Islands are in the Arabian Sea. Its area is 32 sq km. The
administrative headquarters of Lakshadweep is at Kavaratti island. This group of
islands is rich in terms of biodiversity.
The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are bigger in size and has more number of
islands. This group of islands can be divided into two groups. The Andaman is in the
north and the Nicobar is in the south. These islands too have rich biodiversity.