Download Digestion Test - Net Start Class

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Digestion Review
Matching: Match the term to the definition.
___1. grinds food mechanically into small pieces
A. esophagus
____2. produces bile
B. teeth
____3. stores waste for release later
C. liver
____4. muscular tube that serves as a passageway
for food to the stomach
D. stomach
____5. churns food mechanically and mixes with
gastric juices
E. rectum
Matching: Match the term to the definition.
____6. absorbs water from waste material
A. anus
____7. solid waste leaves the body here
B. gall bladder
____8. absorption of the nutrients occurs here
C. pancreas
____9. stores bile
D. small intestines
____10. produces many enzymes to break down food
in small intestines
E. large intestines
Multiple Choice: Answer with the correct choice.
11. What substance in the mouth contains an enzyme that begins chemical digestion?
A. fiber
B. mucus
C. pepsin
D. saliva
12. What process involves muscle contractions that move food through the esophagus?
A. absorption
B. peristalsis
C. mechanical digestion D. elimination
13. In what part of the body are most nutrients absorbed?
A. mouth
B. stomach
C. small intestine
D. large intestine
14. In what part of the body does most chemical digestion take place?
A. large intestine
B. liver
C. pancreas
D. small intestine
15. Which of the following is NOT a function of the digestive system?
A. changing sugars into starches
B. eliminating undigested wastes from the body
C. breaking down food into molecules that the body can use
D. absorbing food molecules into the blood
16. Which of the following enable(s) the small intestine to absorb large amounts of nutrients?
A. villi
B. pancreas
C. liver
D. gallbladder
17. Name some of the accessory organs that food does not pass through
b. _____________________________
18. Most mechanical digestion occurs here _________________________.
19. A protein that speeds up chemical reactions in the body is an ______________.
20. The process of _____________________ involves the movement of nutrients through the
wall of your digestive system into your blood.
21. _________________is a thick, slippery substance that lines the esophagus.
22. The process of breaking down food into small nutrient molecules is called _____________.
Identify structures A-H
F. __________________________