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Religion: Islam Founder/Date: Muhammad in 622 C.E. or A.D. 622 (your choice!) Place of Origination: Mecca, Saudi Arabia Text: Qu’ran (Koran), Hadith Location in the world: See map. Draw on your map. Choose a color and color in the areas of the Eastern Hemisphere which are mostly Muslim today. Use the map displayed to help you. Beliefs: 1. The word Islam means submission. Muslims believe that one must submit to Allah (God). 2. The Five Pillars (Duties) of Islam include: a. Shahada-Daily confession of faith b. Salat-Daily ritual prayer which is performed five times per day. Prayers are made facing the Kabaa shrine in Mecca. c. Zakat-Paying the alms tax. Alms is money or food which is given to the poor and needy. d. Sawm-Fasting or going without food and drink during daylight hours and during the month of Ramadan. e. Hajj-What’s this? Do you remember? Holidays and Festivals (meaning behind them): 1. Ramadan-Considered a holy month, it celebrates the time when Muhammad received the word of Allah. A traditional greeting during Ramadan is “Ramadan Mubarak” or “May God give you a blessed month.” The reply is “Ramadan Karim” or “May God give you a generous month.” 2. Id Al-Fitr or Eid al-Fitr (Arabic for "Festival of the Breaking of the Fast")-Marks the end of Ramadan and is celebrated for three days. A witness declares that the new moon has been seen and that Ramadan is over. 3. 'Id Al-Adha or Eid al-Adha (Arabic األ ضحى دعي, "Festival of the Sacrifice")-Lasts for four days and occurs at the end of the Muslim hajj. It begins the day after Muslims on their hajj descend from Mt. Arafat. This festival takes place during the last month of the Islamic calendar.