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1. What is imperialism? Who was
2. What were the main motives behind
“I think what God
would like me to do is
paint as much of Africa
British Red as
-Cecil Rhodes,
Founder of the De Beers
Mining Company.
‘New’ Imperialism
New Imperialism
"…They resemble us, but in appearance
are the colour of pumpkin-porridge…
They are rude of manners and without
any graces or refinement. They carry a
long stick of fire. With this they kill and
loot from many nations."
-Zulu impression of first white men, taken from Zulu epic poem.
The extension of a
nation’s power over
other lands.
What is it?
• the extension or imposition of
one state’s power over that of
another state or area
Old Imperialism
•17th Century (1500s on)
•Motives: Gold, God, Glory
New Imperialism
•19th-20th Centuries (1860s-1900s)
•European & American
•Motives: R.I.P.E.E.
•Territorial Gain
Groups: Brainstorm 3 Causes
• What are the major motives behind
• In your groups brainstorm 3 main
• Be able to explain your motives within
the context of the time period
– What is going on around the world at this
Motives of Imperialism
• Religious
– Christian missionaries spread their religion
– Educate cultures
• Ideological
– other cultures are “primitive” or “inferior”, (White
Man’s Burden)
– Social Darwinism
• Political
– Power, prestige, competition, nationalism
• Exploratory
– Investigate “unknown”, scientific advancements
• Economic
– industrialism, need for materials
Which motive do you feel is
Most Significant?
Why did Europe lead the way in imperialism
in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s?
• Nationalism
– Unified Euro Nations (France, G.B., Germany, Italy)
– Build up nations through industrialization
• Industrialization
– More natural resources to power industries!
– Other continents = a fresh supply of resources
Forms of Imperialism
• Colonies:
a settlement of people living in a territory controlled by
foreign country by trade and direct government control.
-(example: the British in South Africa)
• Protectorates:
a political unit that depends on another government for
its protection.
-(example: Vietnam to France)
• Spheres of Influence:
an area in which a foreign power has been granted
exclusive rights and privileges, such as trading rights
and mining privileges.
-(example: Germany in China)
What were the effects of New Imperialism?
1. Competition
European nationscontrol of Africa & Asia
Example: “Scramble for Africa”
2. Spread of European ideals
(language, religion, political and economic control)
Social Darwinism = an “excuse” for expansion.
Social Darwinists argued that social progress came from “the
struggle for survival” as the “fit”- the strong- advanced while the
weak declined.
3. Resistance to imperialism
Inhabitants of colonized nations = angry!
Leads to armed conflicts
Rise of nationalism from original inhabitants
Imperialism in Asia
What examples of
“modern imperialism”
exist today?
Imperialism in Africa & Asia
• Dominated by Europe
• Christianity missionaries sent to “civilize the
uncivilized” through Christianity
• The Suez Canal was completed by the French in 1869
to connect the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea.
• American opening of Japan to trade.
• As European nations raced to claim land in Africa,
conflict arose. To settle these conflicts, European
nations met in Berlin, Germany in 1884. This
meeting became known as the Berlin Conference.
2014-2015 School Year
• NOTE TO STUDENT: Class notes stop
at this slide, do not continue further!!!!
Looking Ahead…
• Visual Investigation
• What motives are represented in the
Group Mini-Project
• Various regions controlled by imperial pwrs
• OveralEvents and Impacts
• Goal:
– overview of imperialism and impact in each region
New Imperialism:
Africa, Middle East, India, China
• Overview of Imperialism in a region
• Include:
– Name of Imperial Power, time period
– Geography (maps)
– Key Events/Terms (see chart)
– Causes/Effects of conflicts or wars
• Present information in creative format:
– Engaging
– Responsible for relaying info. to classmates
Key Terms to Include
•*Scramble for
•*Boer War
•Cape to Cairo
•SegregationSouth Africa
Middle East
•*Suez Canal
•*Oil production
& companies
•*Decline of
Mughal Empire
•*British East
India Company
•*1st Indian War
•*British Raj
China &
•Weakness of Qing
•*Opium War
•*Open Door Policy
•*Boxer Rebellion
•*Meiji Restoration
Suggested Resources
• Textbook- chapter 12
• Encyclopedia Britannica
• NY Regents Overview pages