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Objective/Question: Text Location: Website(s): Vocabulary Terms: Text: 598-602 WB: p. 250-251 #1-15 and p. 252-253 https://www.youtube .com/watch?v=Zq3E FJ05fec (An Introduction to Energy Literacy, 6:46) 1. work 2. energy 3. potential energy 4. kinetic energy http://www.eia.gov/ Kids/energy.cfm?pag e=about_forms_of_e nergy-basics 5. Four potential energy forms 6. Five kinetic energy forms Notes: Forms of Energy 1. [Define and identify energy according to its function]: What are the two main forms of energy? How are they alike? How are they different? 2. [Define and identify energy according to its function]: What are the four main types of potential energy? What are the five main types of kinetic energy? Compare TWO forms of potential energy and TWO forms of kinetic energy. *Energy is the ability to do work or to make a change in something *Work is measured by multiplying the force used by the distance the force was applied *When work is done on an object, the amount of energy it has changes *A force must be applied over a distance in order to qualify as work *The two main forms of energy are potential and kinetic *Potential energy is energy that is stored in the position, or structure of an object *Kinetic energy is the motion of waves, electrons, atoms, molecules, substances, and objects. *Main forms of potential energy: chemical, mechanical, nuclear, gravitational 3. [Explain how the transfer of energy occurs]: How does energy transform from potential to kinetic? From kinetic to potential? https://www.youtub e.com/watch?v=LrRd KmjhOgw (Law of Conservation of Energy-A Roller Coaster Demo) http://kids.britannica .com/comptons/art167499/Energycannot-be-createdor-destroyed-but-itcan-change 4. [Identify and describe alternative energy resources]: What are the top three energy consuming countries? What are the top three energy producing countries? What are the top three https://yearbook.ene rdata.net/ 7. law of conservation of energy *Main forms of kinetic energy: radiant (includes light, x-ray, gamma ray, and radio waves), heat, mechanical, sound, electrical *Energy is neither created nor destroyed *If an object has energy of motion (kinetic), that energy started as a form of potential energy *Energy is typically changing forms from potential to kinetic as well as from kinetic back to potential *Machines will usually have a way to covert energy form to allow for functioning *Examples: car engine changes chemical potential energy to mechanical and heat energy; a blender changes electrical energy to mechanical and heat energy; a tree changes light energy to chemical energy countries in carbon dioxide emission? 5. [Identify and describe alternative energy resources]: What two facts stand out regarding renewable energy statistics? What are the five main types of renewable energy? 6. [Define nuclear energy and research how it can be used today]: How is nuclear energy created? Where is nuclear energy used and why? Pages 332-335 http://energy.gov/sci enceinnovation/energysources/renewableenergy *The five main types of renewable energy are: solar, wind, water, geothermal, and bioenergy https://c03.apogee.n et/contentplayer/?co ursetype=kids&utility id=pseg&id=16182 *Nuclear energy has the advantage of not burning any fuel so there are no pollutants released into the air. *Nuclear energy is energy that is stored in the nucleus or center core of an atom. The nucleus of an atom is made of tiny particles of protons (+ positive charge) and neutrons (no charge). The electrons (- negative charge) move around the nucleus. Nuclear energy is the force that holds the nucleus together in an atom. *Fusion is a way of combining the atoms to make a new atom. *Fission is the term for splitting an atom into two smaller atoms. The two smaller atoms don't need as much energy to hold them together as the larger https://www.youtube .com/watch?v=rcOF V4y5z8c (Nuclear Energy Explained: How Does it Work? 5:17) https://www.youtube .com/watch?v=HEYb gyL5n1g (Three Reasons Why Nuclear Energy is Terrible 4:09) https://www.youtube .com/watch?v=pVbLl nmxIbY (Three Reasons Why Nuclear Energy is Awesome 4:20) atom, so the extra energy is released as heat and radiation. *Nuclear power plants use the heat released from fission to make electricity. *By splitting uranium atom s into two smaller atoms, the extra energy is released as heat. *Uranium is a mineral rock, a very dense metal found in the ground, and it is nonrenewable. Nonrenewable means we cannot make more of the substance. Currently, it is a cheap and plentiful fuel source.