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Chapter 39 Study Guide
1. The Allies divided Germany into four occupation zones.
When the United States, Britain, and France announced plans
to unite their three zones as the capitalist and democratic
country of West Germany, The Soviets through the Warsaw
Pact, when Easter European countries and the Soviet Union
banded together for mutual security in case of a Western
European Attack, imposed the Berlin Blockade cutting off the
city of Berlin from the west and trying to force the Allies to
relinquish all of Berlin. The Berlin Airlift led by The United
states and NATO, when western European and North
American countries banded together for mutual security in
case of a Soviet Attack,
thwarted the blockade.
• 2. Worried that China would align itself with the
USSR, the United States refused to recognize Mao’s
new Chinese government and continued to refer to
Chiang Kai-shek’s government in Taiwan as the
legitimate government. The United States cut all
trade ties with China and turned to Japan as its new
ally in Asia.
3. Truman viewed the North Korean invasion as
a test of American will to contain communism.
When he turned to the United Nations for help,
that international body resolved to use force,
led by American General Douglas MacArthur, to
create a “unified, independent and democratic
Korea.”
• 4. The Korean War, battle between North and
South Korea at the beginning of the Cold War
which tested the U. S. policy of Containment, The
war ended in stalemate; Korean peninsula
remained divided along the 38th parallel; Korea
was left crippled by the destruction of war and
millions of civilian and military casualties; more
than 54,000 American soldiers were killed; North
Korea grew increasingly isolated; South Korea,
with ties to the United States, eventually
flourished economically.
• 5. The United States applied the policy of
Containment to Latin America, North Africa and
Asia during the Cold War through financial aid
and military assistance to pro-American Third
World countries, term used to describe countries
that were not developed economically.
Withholding aid to nations with Soviet ties covert
action to influence events within a country,
brinksmanship, espionage and propaganda were
all used to
• 6. The idea behind the policy of Brinksmanship was based
on John Foster Dulles’s belief that for the United States to
contain communism, the Soviets would have to believe that
the United States was willing use nuclear weapons. When
China assaulted the islands of Quemoy and Matsu in the
1950s as possible preparation for an invasion of Taiwan, the
United States threatened a nuclear attack with an H-bomb,
a more powerful and smaller atomic bomb using the
element Hydrogen, and China backed down. Many saw this
as a victory for brinksmanship and Mutual Assured
Destruction When both sides have enough military power
to prevent the other country from attacking because they
will be destroyed.