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The Explorers – Who Were They? The Portugese Borders Spain to the east Western edge of Europe Live in small fishing villages Catholic Want to be Rich and Powerful Prince Henry the Navigator Wanted to be the first contry to find a sea route to Asia Opened a school for sea captains to overcome fears of the unknown Navigational School Map makers: made drawings of areas with land formations and bodies of water Sea captains: learned to read a map and use compass and hourglass Geographers: developed latitude and longitude Astronomers: studied the stars and planets Shipbuilders: built fast sailing ships that used triangular sails New Types of Ships Designing New Ships His goal was to find a route to the rich spice trade of the Indies and to explore the west coast of Africa. The ships that sailed the Mediterranean were too slow and too heavy to make these voyages. Under his direction, a new and lighter ship was developed, the caravel, which would allow sea captains to sail further and faster. file:///.file/id=6571 367.14307721 The Spanish Spain – the first European country to explore North America 1492 - Columbus crossed Atlantic Ocean to Caribbean Sea 1513 – 1543 Explored North America Why did the Spanish Explore? Searching for gold Seeking new lands to conquer for the King of Spain Invading villages to capture people and use them as slaves Converting people to the Christian faith of the Catholic Church Striving for national pride Warning, Warning! Conquistadors – welltrained soldiers for the King of Spain Fears among the Native Americans Afraid of horses Wore metal armor to protect themselves Used guns, crossbows, lances, swords, and dogs during attacks Coronado Coronado Seeking the Seven Cities of Cibola: the cities of gold Started expedition in Mexico Headed north across burning deserts of Arizona and New Mexico Marched across the Great Plains of Kansas Never found the Seven Cities of Gold Results of Exploration The French 1524 France began exploration in North America Spain and Portugal had already started becoming very rich by buying and selling goods from their new colonies and trading centers Spain, Portugal and France searching for a faster cheaper trade route to Asia Samuel de Champlain In 1603 Explorations in Canada Claimed Canada for the King of France Renamed as New France Founded the city of Quebec Quebec became a major trading center Made friends with Native Americans Traded furs from Native Americans to make coats and hats in France La Salle 1668-1682 Searching for the Northwest Passage Northwest Passage would take ships across the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean and on to China and India La Salle Landed in Canada Set up fur trading centers in Montreal, Canada Sailed down the Ohio River Discovered the Great Lakes Sailed down the Mississippi River Ended at the Gulf of Mexico It did not end well for La Salle Claimed land on each side of the Mississippi River for the King of France Named the land: Louisiana in honor of King Louis XIV. Return trip to Montreal, Canada Sailed up the Mississippi River Made a wrong turn Ended up in Texas Hardships of disease and sickness Soldiers had a revolt Killed La Salle Returned to Canada The English King Henry VII, of England, funded the first English exploration to the New World. Hired John Cabot because he was a good seaman and greatly skilled navigator John Cabot, a native Italian, sailed for England. Sailed May 1497 for the New World (North America) Landed on northern portion of North America, Newfoundland or Nova Scotia His claim gave the English the right to establish colonies in North America.