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“Assistance to Western Balkan Countries for Improving Compliance to
International Standards on Aquatic Animal Health”
Regional Workshop 5: Improving Methods for Regional Aquaculture Development and
Podgorica, Montenegro, 20-24 October 2014.
Country experiences in meeting European Union requirements
pre and post accesion
Work in progress:
Animal Health Law
Diagnostic Manual
New EU Animal Health Law
Aquatic aspects
General principles – Title I
Terrestrial animals – Title II
Aquatic animals – Title III
Other animals – Title IV (?)
Amendments, detailed rules and Committee
procedure – Title V
Transitional and final provisions – Title VI
Title I
• Principles: similar approach as General Food Law (Regulation (EC)
• Responsibilities for animal health
• Responsibilities for movements, incl.
– import/export
• Disease categorisation
• Emerging /exotic diseases
• General principles on vaccination policy, use of veterinary
medicines etc.
• Notification, surveillance, reporting
• General principles:
• disease preparedness
• Contingency plans,
• alert exercises
• Reference laboratories
• General safeguard measures (intra Union trade + import), including
Aquatic animals – the approach
• Keep the provisions of Directive 2006/88
• General provisions included in Title I:
• Notification, good hygiene practice, contingency
plan,vaccination, EURL, NRL etc….
• Title III: Specific for aquatic animals
• Annexes to delegated/implementing acts
• Harmonise with terrestrial animals when
• Simplify and clarify where necessary
COMMISSION DECISION - requirements for
surveillance and diagnostic methods 1/2
European Union lays down:
diagnostic procedures,
sampling methods,
criteria for the evaluation of the results of
laboratory tests (suspicion, confirmation),
• achieveing the status of disease free zone or
COMMISSION DECISION - requirements for
surveillance and diagnostic methods 2/2
• In order to ensure uniform procedures for surveillance
schemes, including health inspections and sampling, and
diagnosis of the aquatic diseases listed in Annex IV to
Directive 2006/88/EC, this Decision sets out:
• (a) minimum requirements for surveillance schemes and
diagnostic methods that shall be used by Member States to
achieve, regain or maintain disease free status as regards
the aquatic diseases listed in Annex IV to Directive
2006/88/EC for the Member State, zones or compartments;
• (b) minimum requirements and criteria for the evaluation
of the results for diagnostic methods to be performed in
the case of suspicion and to confirm the presence of the
listed diseases.
Chapter 1.3. Disease Listed by OIE
1.3.1 Diseases of fish
•Epizootic haematopoietic necrosis
•Epizootic ulcerative syndrome
•Infection with Gyrodactylus salaris
•Infectious haematopoietic necrosis
•Infectious salmon anaemia
•Koi herpesvirus disease
•Red sea bream iridoviral disease
•Spring viraemia of carp
•Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia
1.3.2 Diseases of molluscs
•Infection with abalone herpes virus
•Infection with Bonamia ostreae
•Infection with Bonamia exitiosa
•Infection with Marteilia refringens
•Infection with Perkinsus marinus
•Infection with Perkinsus olseni
•Infection with Xenohaliotis californiensis
1.3.3 Diseases of crustaceans
•Crayfish plague (Aphanomyces astaci)
•Infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis
•Infectious myonecrosis
•Necrotising hepatopancreatitis
•Taura syndrome
•White spot disease
•White tail disease
•Yellow head disease
1.3.4 Diseases of amphibians
•Infection with Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis
•Infection with ranavirus
Criteria for listing diseases
Exotic diseases shall meet the following criteria laid down in point 1 and
either point 2 or 3.
1. The disease is exotic to the Community, i.e. the disease is not established
in Community aquaculture, and the pathogen is not known to be present in
Community waters.
2. It has potential for significant economic impact if introduced into the
Community, either by production losses in Community aquaculture or
by restricting the potential for trade in aquaculture animals and products
3. It has potential for detrimental environmental impact if introduced into the
Community, to wild aquatic animal populations of species, which are an
asset worth protecting by Community law or international provisions.
Criteria for listing diseases
Non-exotic diseases shall meet the following criteria laid down in points 1, 4,
5, 6, 7, and 2 or 3.
1. Several Member States, or regions in several Member States, are free of
the specific disease.
2. It has potential for significant economic impact if introduced into a
Member State
3. The disease has shown, where it occurs, to have a detrimental environmental
impact if introduced into a Member State free of the disease, to
wild aquatic animal populations of species that is an asset worth protecting
under Community law or international provisions.
4. The disease is difficult to control and contain at farm or mollusc farming
area level without stringent control measures and trade restrictions.
5. The disease may be controlled at Member State level, experience having
shown that zones or compartments free of the disease may be established
and maintained, and that this maintenance is cost-beneficial.
6. During placing on the market of aquaculture animals, there is a risk that
the disease will establish itself in a previously uninfected area.
7. Reliable and simple tests for infected aquatic animals are available. The
tests must be specific and sensitive and the testing method harmonised at
Community level.
National disease list
• Which diseases are of public health
• Wich diseases are obstacle for further
growth of aquaculture?
• Are they present in country, what should
we do to detect/control them?
• Are they covered by existing legislation?
Recommendations for national
legislation 1/3
• to establish national pathogen list (listed diseases –
EU-OIE, other diseases of concern for aquaculture
• to agree and draft Multiannual National Strategic
Aquaculture Plan
– objectives,
– measures,
– timetables,
– future development of aquaculture sector
Recommendations 2/3
• To implement monitoring/surveillance programmes
 Purpose of programme
 Achieving disease free status on all farms
 To assure conditions for free trade of live fish
 Protection of aquaculture capacities in country
• Financial provisions
– Stakeholders, national budget
• Movement control
– Between farms, wild waters
• Biosecurity manulas
– For farms, processing plants
• Good Hygiene practice
Recommendations 3/3
• Contingency plans – Disease outbreak
managment for exotic diseases
– Disease control centres established
– Chain of command
– Laboratory network
• Eradication plan
• Outbreaks will occur… is a matter of time