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Water and the Atmosphere
Chapter 4 Weather
1. Review and Reinforce
2. Lesson Quiz
Answer Keys
Lesson 1 Water in the Atmosphere
Review and Reinforce Worksheet
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1. precipitation
2. evaporation
3. true
4. Relative humidity
5. true
6. the process by which liquid water changes to water vapor
7. a measure of the amount of water vapor in the air
8. an instrument consisting of two thermometers (one wet-bulb
and one dry-bulb) and used for measuring relative humidity
• 9. the process by which water vapor becomes liquid water
• 10. a percentage comparing the amount of water vapor in the air
to the maximum amount of water vapor the air can hold at a
particular temperature
Lesson 1 Water in the Atmosphere
Quiz
1.
3.
5.
7.
9.
precipitation
condenses
25
e
a
2. evaporation
4. less
6. c
8. b
10. d
Lesson 2 Clouds Review and Reinforce
Worksheet
•
•
•
•
•
1. liquid water or ice crystals
2. cooling of the air and particles in the air
3. frost
4. Cumulonimbus
5. medium-level clouds that form in flat layers
and
cover the sky like stratus clouds but form at a
higher altitude
• 6. clouds that form near the ground
7.
9.
b
d
8.
10.
a
c
Lesson 2 Clouds Quiz
1.
3.
5.
7.
9.
D
A
cirrus
Stratus
condensation
2. B
4. C
6. thunderstorms
8. cumulus
10. fog
Lesson 3 Precipitation Review and
Reinforce Worksheet
• 1. rain
• 2. raindrops that freeze into ice particles as they
fall—smaller than 5 mm in diameter
• 3. freezing rain
• 4. ice pellets larger than 5 mm in diameter, formed in
thunderstorm clouds
• 5. snow
• 6. any form of water that falls from clouds and
reaches Earth’s surface
• 7. an open-ended can or tube that collects rainfall so
it can be measured
• 8. an overflowing of water into a normally dry area
• 9. a long period of scarce rainfall or dry weather
Lesson 3 Precipitation Quiz
1.
3.
5.
7.
9.
rain
true
larger
dam
drought-resistant
2.
4.
6.
8.
10.
true
ice pellets
droughts
levee
hail
Lesson 4 Air Masses Review and
Reinforce Worksheet
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1. Maritime tropical
2. Over ocean
3. Warm
4. Dry
5. a huge body of air in the lower atmosphere that has
similar temperature, humidity, and air pressure at any given
height
6. the boundary where two air masses meet
7. bands of high-speed winds about 10 kilometers above
Earth’s surface
8. the front formed when a warm air mass is caught
between two cooler air masses and is driven up away from the
ground
9. a swirling center of low air pressure
10. a high-pressure center of dry air without using a liquid
Lesson 4 Air Masses Quiz
1.
4.
7.
10.
B
D
front
Anticyclones
2.
5.
8.
C
air mass
warm
3.
6.
9.
B
maritime
cyclone
Lesson 5 Storms Review and Reinforce
Worksheet
• 1. Tornadoes come from cumulonimbus clouds,
which are the same clouds that produce
thunderstorms.
• 2. They can conduct electricity from lightning
into your body.
• 3. A lightning bolt can heat the air near it to as
much as 30,000°C. Thunder is the sound of
the rapidly heated air expanding explosively.
• 4. Warm, moist air is what gives a hurricane
energy. Once it’s over land, it no longer has
warm moist air to draw energy from.
• 5. a storm shelter or basement
6.
8.
10.
b
a
d
7.
9.
c
e
Lesson 5 Storms Quiz
1.
3.
5.
7.
9.
thunderstorms
hurricane
true
tornado
evacuate
2. evacuate
4. true
6. hurricane
8. storm surge
10. lightning
Lesson 6 Predicting the Weather
Review and Reinforce Worksheet
•
•
•
•
•
•
1. 78
2. partly cloudy
3. From the northwest
4. 3–8
5. about 30.05
6. scientists who study and try to predict
weather
• 7. lines on a weather map that join places that
have the same temperature
• 8. lines on a weather map that join places that
have the same air pressure
Lesson 6 Predicting the Weather Quiz
1.
3.
5.
7.
9.
C
B
types of precipitation
weather map
isobars
2.
4.
6.
8.
10.
B
C
meteorologists
isotherms
butterfly effect