Download 0,62 MB - COMMIN.org

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts
no text concepts found
Transcript
“Baltic Challenges and Chances for local and
regional development generated by Climate
Change - BalticClimate”
Transnational Seminar 1 - Gävle 20090611
Presentation of regional challenges and changes
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
Samplesize
Country
Distributed
Responses
no
no
% of total BSr
%
Estonia
32
12
38%
10%
Finland
32
15
47%
13%
Germany
75
23
31%
20%
Latvia
78
17
22%
15%
Lithuania
38
32
84%
27%
Sweden
107
18
17%
15%
Total
362
117
32%
100%
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
LITHUANIA – PANEVEZION
Regional problems now
• Environmental issues
Maintenance of garbage's
Lack of information and consciousness on climate
change
Usage of freons (chlorofluorocarbon)
• Social issues
Social disjuncture
Society is not public-spirit
Social problems in families
• Other issues
Old tyres and its safe exploitation
Public transport services
Water supply and clearer systems are aged (old)
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
LITHUANIA – PANEVEZION
Regional problems 20 years
• Energy issues
Thermoelectricity production
Effective exploitation of energy
Renovation of thermal unit systems
• Environmental issues
Waste management
Ecological problems influenced by intensive production in
agriculture
Environmental impurity
• Other issues
Infrastructure of handicrafts, services and rural tourism in
rural areas
Balanced regulation in activities in nature and social field
Development of communities
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
LITHUANIA – PANEVEZION
Regional potentials now
• Agriculture issues
High quality food products
Agricultural traditions and experience
Decreasing pollution in agriculture by using EU tools
• Environmental issues
Waste management
One third of Panevezion region - forest
Permissions for natural resources and pollution are assessed
• Other issues
Advantaged geographical environment
Modernization of economics
Active Lithuanian Rural Community Union
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
LITHUANIA – PANEVEZION
Regional potentials 20 years
• Agricultural issues
Competitive agricultural activity
Harmony and balance between farming
and reverse of biodiversity decline
Development of ecological production
• Community issues
Communities will include all rural areas
All communities will join Lithuanian Community Union
Permanent training for community leaders will follow
• Environmental issues
Pollution prevention
Environmental education
Favourable natural environment
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
LITHUANIA - LIETUVOJE
Regional problems now
• Economical Issues
Poverty
Recession
Low income
• Environmental issues
Waste management
Climate warming
Air pollution
• Other issues
Demographical
Agriculture
Renewable energy
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
LITHUANIA - LIETUVOJE
Regional problems 20 years
•
Agricultural issues
Competitive ability of agricultural production is low
Technology of land use is very intensive
Low productivity of livestock's
•
Energy issues
Effective exploitation of energy
Energy production
Energetical dependence
•
Environmental
Waste management
Air pollution
Climate warming
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
LITHUANIA - LIETUVOJE
Regional potentials now
• Agricultural issues
Qualified and persistent process
Farmers adjusted conditions to climate change
Decreasing pollution in agriculture by using EU
tools
• Community issues
Active community movement in rural areas
Many registered communities
Lithuanian rural community union
• Waste management
A lot of residents are sorting garbage's
Setting a regional dump
Maintenance of house hold garbage's
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
LITHUANIA - LIETUVOJE
Regional potentials 20 years
• Active community movement
Communities will gain political influence
All communities will join Lithuanian
Community Union
Support from government for communities will
increase
• Agricultural issues
Plants from warmer climate zone will increase
Almost all agricultural land is improved
Harmony and balance between farming and reverse of
biodiversity decline
• Other issues
Productivity of alternative energy
Less pollution
Reasonable climate
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
GERMANY
Regional problems now
• Economical Issues
Economic structure
No adequate economic development
Lack of public funds in municipalities
• Environmental issues
Flooding
Longer drought / dry spell
Integrated coastal zone management
• Demographic issues
Demographic change
Emigration
Advancing age of population
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
GERMANY
Regional problems 20 years
• Economical Issues
Local fiscal weakness
High infrastructure costs
Pauperisation caused by lack of earning possibilities
• Environmental issues
Climate change
Danger for biological diversity by intensified land use
Climate protection / mitigation
• Demographic issues
Further decrease of population
Demographic transition
Demographic change
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
GERMANY
Regional potentials now
• Environmental issues
Unspoiled nature, environment and landscape
Natural resources
Ecological awareness of population
• Infrastructure
Good transportation connections attracting people to
work in a region but live elsewhere
Accessibility, quantity of both technical and
transportation infrastructure
High fraction of public transport
• Other issues
Tourism
Agriculture
Proximity to the Baltic Sea as well as to Berlin and
Hamburg
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
GERMANY
Regional potentials 20 years
• Environmental issues
Ecological awareness within the population
UNESCO-Biosphere reserve
Fitting of area unspoiled nature
• Transport issues
Green public transportation
Accessibility / transportation infrastructure
Growing fraction of bicycle traffic
• Other issues
High productive agriculture
Development as a meaningful tourist location
Geographical position
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
SWEDEN
Regional problems now
• Environmental issues
Climate change
Eutrophication
Biological diversity
• Occupational issues
Unemployment
Lack of labor
Competency development
• Other issues
Sustainable energy solutions
Population decrease
Traffic planning
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
SWEDEN
Regional problems 20 years
• Environmental issues
Effects of climate change
Increased water flows
Baltic sea's environmental impact
• Occupational issues
Job opportunities
Collaboration
Competence
• Other issues
Infrastructure
Communications
Decrease of population
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
SWEDEN
Regional potentials now
• Energy issues
Renewable / sustainable energy
Wind energy (both on the sea and land)
Decreased usage of fossil fuels
• Occupational issues
Investments on occupational measurements,
education, competence
Several growth companies
Development of basic industries
• Other issues
Good living environment
Extension / development of infrastructure
Environmental issues in general
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
SWEDEN
Regional potentials 20 years
• Economical Issues
Tax assessment
Development of base industries
Changed economy
• Environmental issues
Islands and skerries in Söderhamns costal area
climate issue
environmental work
• Other issues
Decreased population growth
Development of harbor traffic
Alternative energy sources
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
ESTONIA
Regional problems now
• Economical Issues
Unclear financing of regional development
Lack of funding
Cutting the budget from local authorities by the state
• Environmental issues
Weak environmental work at regional level
Low level of environmental awareness
Usage of nature, natural resources
• Political Issues
Lack of cooperation between local authorities
Political indifference
Insufficient regulations
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
ESTONIA
Regional problems 20 years
• Environmental issues
Depletion of non-renewable natural resources
Loss of landscape and habitat diversity
Considering climate change in regional planning
• Demographic issues
Ageing population
Decreasing population
Securing population growth
• Energy issues
Energy production and supply
Usage of fossil fuels
Challenge to find substitutes to current energy sources
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
ESTONIA
Regional potentials now
• Collaboration
More cooperation between municipalities
Strong international cooperation between other
capital regions in the BSR
Cooperation in Tallinn city region
• Skills
Active and creative people
Qualified and (work-) experienced population
Well educated labor force
Other issues
Reducing industrial gases
Proximity of capital
Population stability
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
ESTONIA
Regional potentials 20 year
• Collaboration
Cooperation Tallinn – Helsinki
Cooperation in Tallinn city region
Strong international cooperation between other capital
regions in the BSR
• Environmental issues
Greater environmental consciousness of decision-makers
and will to act accordingly
Improving usage of natural resources
Clean and untouched nature
• Other issues
Introducing alternative energy sources
Developing and improving living environment
Shift from energy and material intensive economy to low
intensity, local resources-based economy
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
LATVIA
Regional problems now
• Economical issues
Financing
Decreasing salaries
Small market
• Environmental issues
Coastal erosion
Pollution
Lack of systematic approach in environmental management
• Skills
Low level of knowledge
Lack of powerful scientific base
Students are not doing their duties
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
LATVIA
Regional problems 20 years
• Environmental issues
Pollution
Coastal erosion of Baltic Sea
Global warming
• Social issues
Social dissatisfaction
Emotional state of population
Gradient decrease of life quality level of people
• Other issues
Lack of financing
Energy consumption
Small salaries
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
LATVIA
Regional potentials now
• Environmental issues
Comparatively good ecological conditions
More active, informed society taking part in
environmental activities
Water management development
• Occupational issues
Availability of working power with adequate
education
Comfortable workplace
Interesting work
• Other issues
Developed infrastructure
Good cooperation with society
Valuable natural, cultural and historic heritage
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
LATVIA
Regional potentials 20 years
• Environmental issues
Moderate climate
Increased environmental knowledge
More efficient system of environmental management
• Occupational issues
Good salary
Regular work load
Creative work
• Other issues
Water resources
Society actively takes part in many social and economical
processes
Forest biomass renovation and using as alternative
heating
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
FINLAND
Regional problems now
• Economical Issues
Recession
Poor municipal economy
Higher prices
• Environmental issues
Water quality decrease in water bodies
Greenhouse gas emission from traffic and energy
sector
Decrease in diversity in nature
• Infrastructural issues
Decentralization of the urban structure
Low level of infrastructure
Transportation
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
FINLAND
Regional problems 20 years
• Geographical issues
Decentralization of the community structure
Scattering of the regional structure
Slower regional development
• Infrastructural issues
Long distances
Uneconomical regional and urban structure
Lack of monetary resources for development and
infrastructure
• Labor issues
know how
Availability of the professional labor
Aging of the labor
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
FINLAND
Regional potentials now
• Energy issues
Utilization of the renewable energy sources
Energy efficiency of the housing
Developing renewable energy sources
• Competitiveness
Increase in competitiveness by new technical and social
innovations
Increasing the service business
Increasing the competitively of the industry by networking
• Regional development issues
Jämsa-Jyväskylä-Äänekoski zone
Public transport, network of logistics and transportation
Urban structure
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
FINLAND
Regional potentials 20 years
• Energy issues
Increased use of sun and wind power
Usage of domestic renewable energy sources
New forms of bio energy
• Development issues
Rail transport (both local and long distance)
New, more ecological and sustainable production
Development of second generation innovation environment
• Structural issues
Multi-centered regional structure
Centralization of the urban and regional structure
Compacting the urban structure
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
Distribution of regional problems today,
all contries combined
35%
30%
25%
20%
15%
10%
5%
0%
Environmental
Economical
1
Demographic
Social
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
Occupational
Distribution of regional problems
foreseen 20 years, all countries combined
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
Environmental Energy
1
Agricultural Demographic Economical
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
Distribution of regional potentials today,
all countries combined
25%
20%
15%
10%
5%
0%
Environmental
Agriculture
1
Occupational
Energy
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
Community
Distribution of regional potentials foreseen 20
years, all countries combined
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
Environmental
Agriculture
1
Community
Economical
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning
Collaboration
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research
Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning