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Only for study purpose source blog.

Rule 1 : Active से Passive बनाते समय object को
subject और subject को object के स्थान पर ले
आते हैं तथा object के पहले प्रायः by लगा दे ते हैं ।
जैसे Active : Rima writes a letter.
Passive : A letter is written by Rima.
First Sentence में Rima, subject है और letter,
object है लेककन दस
ू रे वाक्य में letter को subject
तथा Rima को 'by' preposition का object बना
ददया है ।
Rule 2 : ददए हुए verb, का Past Participle बनाकर उसके
पहले उसी Tense का verb 'to be' (am, is, are, was,
were, be, been, being) का रूप लगा ददया जाता है , जैसा
की ननम्न ताललका में ददया गया है :
Tense
Present
Past
Future
Simple
am
is
are
was
were
will be
shall be
Continuous
am being
is being
are being
was being
were being
Not Possible
Perfect
Perfect Continuous
has been
have been
Not Possible
had been
Not Possible
will have been
shall have been
Not Possible
Some More Examples :
1. Active : They believe me.
PassiveTense
: I am believed by them.
Present
2.
Active
Simple : He is praising me.
Passive : I am being praised by him.
Continuous
Active
Passive
He kills a snake
A snake is killed by him.
He is killing a snake.
A snake is being killed by him.
Perfect
He has killed a snake.
A snake has been killed by him.
Past Tense
Active
Passive
Simple
He killed a snake.
A snake was killed by him.
Continuous
He was killing a snake.
A snake was being killed by him.
Perfect
He had killed a snake.
A snake had been killed by him.
Future Tense
Active
Passive
Simple
He will kill a snake.
A snake will be killed by him.
Perfect
He will have killed a snake.
A snake will have been killed by him.
Some More Examples :
1. Active : They believe me.
Passive : I am believed by them.
2. Active : He is praising me.
Passive : I am being praised by him.
4. Active : He will help you.
Passive : You will be helped by him.
Note 1 : Present Perfect Continuous, Past Perfect Continuous, Future Perfect
Continuous तथा Future Continuous की passive voice नह ीं बनती है ।
Note 2 : केवल Transitive Verbs की ह passive voice बन सकती है Intransitive Verbs
की नह ीं । Intransitive verbs का object न होने से passive voice नह ीं बनती है ।
Note 3 : कुछ verbs के बाद passive voice में 'by' preposition के स्थान पर अन्य
prepositions का प्रयोग होता है । जैसे (a) Surprised, astonished, disappointed, distressed, displeased तथा alarmed के
बाद passive voice में 'at' का प्रयोग होता है । जैसे 1. Active : Your intelligence surprised me.
Passive : I was surprised at your intelligence.
2. Active : His success astonished us.
Passive : We were astonished at his success.
3. Active : His defeat distressed me.
Passive : I was distressed at his defeat.
4. Active : This news alarmed his father.
Passive : His father was alarmed at this news.
(b) Known तथा obliged के बाद 'passive voice' में 'to' का प्रयोग होता है । जैसे 1. Active : Everybody knows Gandhiji.
Passive : Gandhiji is known to everybody.
2. Active : He will oblige me.
Passive : I shall be obliged to him.
(c) Pleased, satisfied, disgusted, charmed, thronged तथा lined के
बाद 'passive voice' में 'with' का प्रयोग होता है । जैसे 1. Active : My behaviour pleased him.
Passive : He was pleased with my behaviour.
2. Active :Your work satisfies the officers.
Passive : The officers are satisfied with your work.
3. Active : Her sweet song charmed the listeners.
Passive : The listeners were charmed with her sweet song.
4. Active :The passenger lined the booking window.
Passive : The booking window was lined with the passengers.
(d) Contained तथा interested के बाद 'passive voice' में 'in' का प्रयोग होता है ।
जैसे 1. Active :This box contains many beautiful things.
Passive : Many beautiful things are contained in this box.
2. Active :This book interests me.
Passive : I am interested in this book.
Note 4 : कुछ Intransitive verbs के साथ prepositions का प्रयोग होता है
। Prepositions के साथ लमलकर ये verbs Transitive verbs का काम करती है
। Passive voice में preposition verb के साथ रहता है । जैसे 1. Active : The girls laughed at me.
Passive : I was laughed at by the girls.
2. Active : He looks after my children.
Passive : My children are looked after by him.
Note 5 : जजन Verbs के दो objects होते है , Passive voice में बदलते समय उनमे से
कोई एक subject हो जाता है तथा दस
ू रा अपने ह स्थान पर object बना रहता है । जैसे
1. Active : I taught him English.
Passive : He was taught English by me.
Or
English was taught to him by me.
Or
English was taught him by me.
Note 6 : कभी-कभी Passive voice में काम करने वाले doer का प्रयोग नह ीं होता, क्योकक
वह important नह ीं होता । जैसे 1. Active : Someone has stolen my pen.
Passive : My pen has been stolen.
2. Active : People speak English all over the world.
Passive : English is spoken all over the world.
Active To Passive Voice : Interrogative Sentences
Interrogative Sentences के voice में पररवततन :
इसकी passive voice भी Interrogative (प्रशनवाचक) में बनाते है । पहले
Interrogative का Assertive (साधारण) वाक्य बनाओ । किर उसे voice के
ननयमानुसार passive में बदल दो और किर उसको Interrogative वाक्य में बदलो ।
Example :
Active Interrogative : Did he killed her ?
Active Assertive : He killed her.
Passive Assertive : She was killed by him.
Passive Interrogative : Was she killed by him ?
इस तरह Active Interrogative : Did he killed her ? का Passive Interrogative
: Was she killed by him ? हुआ ।
1. जहााँ पर do/does/did का प्रयोग होता है उनमें Object के Number और
Verb (किया) के Tense के अनस
ु ार am/is/are/was/were आदद का प्रयोग करते है
।
Examples :
a) Active : When does Alok help me ?
Passive : When am I helped by him ?
b) Active : Do you need your father help ?
Passive : Are your father help needed by you ?
2. जहााँ do/does/did का प्रयोग नह ीं होता वहााँ अन्य Auxiliary
Verbs प्रयोग होते है ।
Examples :
a) Active : Will you write a book ?
Passive : Will a book be written by you ?
b) Active : When will you write a book ?
Passive : When will a book be written by you ?
c) Active : Is the policeman catching the thief ?
Passive : Is the thief being caught by the policeman ?
d) Active : May I see it ?
Passive : May it be seen by me ?
3. जो Interrogative Sentence, Who से start होते हैं उनका
passive voice, By whom से start करके बनाते हैं ।
Examples :
a) Active : Who taught you grammar ?
Passive : By whom was grammar taught to you?
b) Active : Who stole the chair ?
Passive : By whom was the chair stolen ?
c) Active : Who can help me ?
Passive : By whom can I be helped ?
3. Imperative Sentences में Please की passive voice बनाने के ललए 'You are
requested to' का प्रयोग करते है । और यदद वाक्य में सुझाव या सलाह द गयी हो तो
passive voice में 'You are advised to'का प्रयोग करते है ।
Examples :
a) Active : Please help the needy.
Passive : You are requested to help the needy.
b) Active : Please examine this question.
Passive : you are requested to examine this question.
c) Active : Obey the rules of the road.
Passive : You are advised to obey the rules of the road.
d) Active : Tell him to leave the room at once.
Passive : You are advised to leave the room at once.
Active To Passive Voice : Some Special Cases
कुछ special प्रकार के वाक्यों की voice में पररवततन :
Rule 1. जब Active voice में verb का object एक शब्द या phrase न होकर एक clause
होता है तो Passive voice बनाते समय verb के subject के ललए It का प्रयोग करते है ।
Active : They say that famine has spread everywhere.
Passive : It is said that famine has spread everywhere.
3. Imperative Sentences में Please की passive voice बनाने के ललए 'You are
requested to' का प्रयोग करते है । और यदद वाक्य में सुझाव या सलाह द गयी हो तो
passive voice में 'You are advised to'का प्रयोग करते है ।
Examples :
a) Active : Please help the needy.
Passive : You are requested to help the needy.
b) Active : Please examine this question.
Passive : you are requested to examine this question.
c) Active : Obey the rules of the road.
Passive : You are advised to obey the rules of the road.
d) Active : Tell him to leave the room at once.
Passive : You are advised to leave the room at once.
Active To Passive Voice : Some Special Cases
कुछ special प्रकार के वाक्यों की voice में पररवततन :
Rule 1. जब Active voice में verb का object एक शब्द या phrase न होकर एक
clause होता है तो Passive voice बनाते समय verb के subject के ललए It का प्रयोग
करते है ।
Active : They say that famine has spread everywhere.
Passive : It is said that famine has spread everywhere.
Imperative Sentences (आज्ञा सूचक वाक्य) के voice में पररवततन :
1. Imperative Sentences को passive में बदलने के ललए Let का प्रयोग वाक्य के
प्रारम्भ में करते है और उसके बाद Object + be + Past Participle(third form of
verb) का प्रयोग करते है ।
Examples :
a) Active : Give me a book.
Passive : Let a book be given to me.
b) Active : Post this letter.
Passive : Let this letter be posted.
c) Active : Open the door.
Passive : Let the door be opened.
Or
The door should be opened.
2. यदद Imperative Sentence Negative हो तो सहायक किया 'Do' को हटा दे ते है ।
Examples :
a) Active : Do not abuse others.
Passive : Let others not be abused.
b) Active : Do not insult the beggar.
Passive : Let the beggar not be insulted.
Rule 2. Active voice में is/am/are/was/were + to + verb वाले वाक्यों की
Passive voice में is/am/are/was/were के बाद to be लगाते है तथा verb का past
participle(third form of verb) प्रयोग करते है ।
Active : She is to help me.
Passive : I am to be helped by her.
Rule 3. Active voice में has/have + to + verb वाले वाक्यों की Passive voice
में has/have के बाद to be लगाते है तथा verb का past participle प्रयोग करते है ।
Active : We have to find her.
Passive : She has to be found by us.
Rule 4. Active voice में can/could/may/might/will/shall/must/should/would
वालो की Passive voice ननम्न प्रकार से बनाते है ।
Active : The rich should not hate the poor.
Passive : The poor should not be hatred by the rich.
Active : I can help her.
Passive : She can be helped by me.
Active To Passive Voice : Some Special Cases
कुछ special प्रकार के वाक्यों की voice में पररवततन :
Rule 1. जब Active voice में verb का object एक शब्द या phrase न होकर एक
clause होता है तो Passive voice बनाते समय verb के subject के ललए It का प्रयोग
करते है ।
Active : They say that famine has spread everywhere.
Passive : It is said that famine has spread everywhere.
Rule 2. Active voice में is/am/are/was/were + to + verb वाले वाक्यों की
Passive voice में is/am/are/was/were के बाद to be लगाते है तथा verb का
past participle(third form of verb) प्रयोग करते है ।
Active : She is to help me.
Passive : I am to be helped by her.
Rule 3. Active voice में has/have + to + verb वाले वाक्यों की Passive voice
में has/have के बाद to be लगाते है तथा verb का past participle प्रयोग करते है
।
Active : We have to find her.
Passive : She has to be found by us.
Rule 4. Active voice में
can/could/may/might/will/shall/must/should/would वालो की Passive
voice ननम्न प्रकार से बनाते है ।
Active : The rich should not hate the poor.
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