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Transcript
Geoscience
Day starters
1.
Over the course of their lifetimes, trees will do what to the level of gasses in the
atmosphere?
a.
Nothing, O2 and CO2 level will remain constant
c. O2 will be increased
b.
CO2 will be decreased
d. CO2 and O2 will both increase
2.
A meteor is
a.
On the ground
b.
Falling through the air
3.
About how much of the water (on Earth) is salty?
a.
3%
c. 25%
b.
75%
d. 97%
4.
Meteorology is the study of
a.
Things in the air
b.
Rocks falling from space
5.
According to Mr. Monroe, the two best indicators of future success are
a.
Good notes and attendance
b.
Attendance and reading ahead
attendance
6.
I should start studying for the final
a.
Three days before them
c. In space
d. Lost
c. Meteors
d. The atmosphere
c. Being quiet and good notes
d. Reading soon after lecture, and
c. At mid-term exams
1.
About how much of the Earth is covered by Oceans?
a.
¼
c. ½
b.
¾
Nebraska
d. I don’t know, never been outside
2.
About what percentage of water on Earth is salty, salty seawater?
a.
75%
c. 90%
b.
95%
d. 97%
3.
What is the most important greenhouse gas in our atmosphere?
a.
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
b.
Methane (CH4)
4.
What is the study space outside of our atmosphere called?
a.
Meteroidology
b.
Astronomy
5.
Continental crust is made of
a.
Basalt that is less dense than granite
basalt
c. Granite that is less dense than
b.
Basalt that is more dense than granite
than basalt
d. Granite that is more dense
c. Water Vapor (H2O)
d. Nitrogen (N2)
c. Astrology
d. Astrobiology
1.
The study of how the different spheres of the Earth interact is called
a.
Geoscience
b.
Geospherology
2.
A meteor is
a.
On the ground
b.
Falling through the air
3.
Humans are part of the
a.
Hydrosphere
c. Biosphere
b.
Atmosphere
d. All of the above
4.
Meteorology is the study of
a.
Things in the air
b.
Rocks falling from space
5.
According to Mr. Monroe, the two best indicators of future success are
a.
Good notes and attendance
b.
Attendance and reading ahead
attendance
6.
I should start studying for the final
a.
Three days before them
c. At mid-term exams
b.
At parent – teacher conferences
d. Now
c. Earth Science
d. Earth Systems
c. In space
d. Lost
c. Meteors
d. The atmosphere
c. Being quiet and good notes
d. Reading soon after lecture, and
1.
What is the most effective greenhouse gas in the atmosphere, the most
significant?
a.
Carbon dioxide
b.
Water vapor
2.
Where is most of the CO2 on the earth held?
a.
Atmosphere
c.
Ocean
b.
Geosphere
d.
Biosphere
3.
About how much of the air is Carbon dioxide
a.
1%
c.
10%
b.
Less than 1/2 of 1%
d.
5%
4.
What kind of water holds the most carbon dioxide?
a.
Warm
b.
Wet
5.
About how much more carbon dioxide is there in the atmosphere, than their
was in 1850?
a
10%
c.
d.
Carbon monoxide
c.
d.
Methane
Cold
Friendly
c.
20%
1.
What is the most effective greenhouse gas in the atmosphere, the most
significant?
a.
Carbon dioxide
b.
Water vapor
2.
Where is most of the freshwater H2O on the earth held?
a.
Atmosphere
c.
Ground
b.
Glaciers
d.
Biosphere
3.
About how much of the air is Carbon dioxide?
a.
1%
c.
10%
b.
Less than 1/2 of 1%
d.
5%
4.
What kind of water holds the most carbon dioxide?
a.
Warm
b.
Wet
5.
About how much more carbon dioxide is there in the atmosphere, than their
was in 1850?
a
10%
c.
d.
Carbon monoxide
c.
d.
Methane
Cold
Friendly
c.
20%
1.
What marker goes through Greenwich, England?
a.
Equator
b.
Line of Longitude
2.
Which lines go north and south on a globe are
a.
Latitude
c.
Great circles
b.
Longitude
d.
Equations
3.
This is a
a.
Mercator Projection
c.
Robinson Projection
b.
Topographical Map
d.
Conical Projection
4.
This is a
a.
Mercator Projection
c.
Robinson Projection
b.
Topographical Map
d.
Conical Projection
5.
A GPS coordinate system uses how many satellites?
a.
Two
b.
Four
c.
English Meridian
d.
c.
Prime Meridian
Three
d.
Five
1.
Density is what?
a.
Volume minus mass
b.
Volume divided by mass
2.
What do you call it when one puts rocks into water, and the water rises?
a.
Replacement
c.
Displacement
b.
Abplacement
d.
Removal
3.
How does one find the volume of a cube of wood?
a.
LxWxH
b.
Put it in water
4.
What floats on water?
a.
c.
Mass divided by volume
d.
c.
Mass minus volume
L+W+H
d.
Find the mass
Rocks
c.
Oil
b.
Grass
d.
Anything less dense
5.
What is the mass of 1 mL of water?
a.
_____________________
6.
What is the density of 1 ml of water? ______
of water?________
7. What is density of 3.5 ml
1.
A great index fossil for the end of the pre-cambrian era, and the beginning of the paleozoic era, is the
a.
Stromatilite
c. Mesosaur
b.
Trilobite
d. Ectosaur
2.
A “bog body” would be a
a.
Trace fossil
c. Fossil of unaltered remains
b.
Index fossil
d. Cast and mold
3.
Hardened tree sap becomes what type of fossil?
a.
Amber
c. Trace fossil
b.
Index fossil
d. Cast fossil
4.
If the hard parts of a tree have been removed, and replaced with minerals, a process of what has
taken place?
a.
Petrification
c. Permineralization
b.
Lithification
d. Hardification
5.
If there is a layer of rock on one mountain (that is a certain specific age), and another layer of the
same rock on another mountain, many miles away~ then the two layers of rock are what?
a.
Correlated
c. Incorporated
b.
Partial
d. Instructed
1.
The correct term for fossilized dinosaur feces is …….
a.
Diorite
c.
Coprolite
b.
Sterilite
d.
Permineralite
2.
What kind of fossil gives only evidence of past life, without an actual artifact?
a.
Index Fossil
c.
Cast and Mold
b.
Trace Fossil
d.
Fossil of unaltered remains
3.
Amber would be fossils of what?
a.
Index Fossil
c.
Cast and Mold
b.
Trace Fossil
d.
Fossil of unaltered remains
4.
Which of the following is needed for good fossil preservation
a.
Hard parts, oxygen, fast burial
b.
Water, soft parts, fast burial
Parts, Fast burial
5.
A half life is …..?
a.
5,730 years
element to decay
c.
Water, no oxygen, fast burial
d.
c.
No oxygen, Hard
The time it takes for 50% of a
radioactive
1.
The correct term for fossilized dinosaur feces is …….
a.
Diorite
c.
Coprolite
b.
Sterilite
d.
Permineralite
2.
What kind of fossil gives only evidence of past life, without an actual artifact?
a.
Index Fossil
c.
Cast and Mold
b.
Trace Fossil
d.
Fossil of unaltered remains
3.
Amber would be fossils of what?
a.
Index Fossil
c.
Cast and Mold
b.
Trace Fossil
d.
Fossil of unaltered remains
4.
Which of the following is needed for good fossil preservation
a.
Hard parts, oxygen, fast burial
b.
Water, soft parts, fast burial
Parts, Fast burial
5.
A half life is …..?
a.
5,730 years
element to decay
c.
Water, no oxygen, fast burial
d.
c.
No oxygen, Hard
The time it takes for 50% of a
radioactive
1.
What kind of fossil gives only evidence of past life, without an actual artifact?
a.
Index Fossil
c.
Cast and Mold
b.
Trace Fossil
d.
Fossil of unaltered remains
2.
Amber would be fossils of what?
a.
Index Fossil
c.
Cast and Mold
b.
Trace Fossil
d.
Fossil of unaltered remains
3.
A material has 80 grams of a radioactive substance, and the half-life of the
substance is 5 days. How many grams of the substance will remain after 8 half
lives?
(compute your answer, and write it on the back of the scantron. Do not turn in your
scantron until it is corrected as a class)
4.
Which would be more accurate, the carbon-14 dating of an organism that has
been DEAD for 4,000 years, or the dating of an organism that has been dead
for 40,000 years.
a.
4,000 years
c. It would be the same
b.
40,000 years
for either
d. C-14 dating would not be accurate
5.
What kind of burial would be needed for a fossil to form?
1. Earth’s four major spheres are the ____.
a. hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, and biosphere
b.hydrosphere, atmosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere
c.hydrosphere, asthenosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere
d.hydrosphere, geosphere, lithosphere, and asthenosphere
2.If a mass of granite is in contact with a layer of shale that contains small pieces of the granite, which rock
is older?
a. the shale
c. Both are the same age.
b.the granite
d. It is not possible to determine which rock is older from this information.
3. If the half-life of an unstable isotope is 10,000 years, and only 1/16th of the radioactive parent remains
in a sample, how old is the sample?
a. 10,000 years old
c. 30,000 years old
b.20,000 years old
d. 40,000 years old
4. The distance, measured in degrees, east and west of the Prime Meridian is referred to as ____.
a. longitude
c. the equator
b.latitude
d. the poles
5.What would be considered a trace fossil?
a.amber
c. carbonized remains
b.a mummy
d. A burrow
6. According to the theory of evolution, organisms change over time because of a process called
a. corelation.
c. superposition
b.natural selection.
d. uniformitarianism.
7.A half-life is what?
a.5,730 years
b.One half the life of an element.
c. The time it takes for ½ of an element to transmute into another one.
d. The nemesis of the Agents of Freedom League
1.
A material has 80 grams of a radioactive substance, and the half-life of the
substance is 5 days. How many grams of the substance will remain after 30
days?
(compute your answer, and write it on the back of the scantron. Do not turn in your
scantron until it is corrected as a class)
2.
Which would be MORE ACCURATE, the carbon-14 dating of an organism that
has been DEAD for 2,000 years, or the dating of an organism that has been
DEAD for 75,000 years.
a.
2,000 years
c. It would be the same
b.
75,000 years
for either
d. C-14 dating would not be accurate
3.
Which of the following situations would most likely result in the creation of a
fossil?
a.
Warm wet soils, and rapid burial
soft part of animal
c. Dry soils, lots of oxygen,
b.
Rapid burial of hard parts and teeth
d. Slow burial on a river bank
4.
What is the longest era, by far?
a.
Cenozoic
c. Mesozoic
b.
Paleozoic
d. Precambrian
1.
A material has 80 grams of a radioactive substance, and the half-life of the
substance is 5 days. How many grams of the substance will remain after 30
days?
(compute your answer, and write it on the back of the scantron. Do not turn in your
scantron until it is corrected as a class)
2.
Which would be MORE ACCURATE, the carbon-14 dating of an organism that
has been DEAD for 2,000 years, or the dating of an organism that has been
DEAD for 75,000 years.
a.
2,000 years
c. It would be the same
b.
75,000 years
for either
d. C-14 dating would not be accurate
3.
Which of the following situations would most likely result in the creation of a
fossil?
a.
Warm wet soils, and rapid burial
soft part of animal
c. Dry soils, lots of oxygen,
b.
Rapid burial of hard parts and teeth
d. Slow burial on a river bank
4.
A burrow would be what kind of fossil?
a.
Trace
c. Cast and mold
b.
Fossil of original remains
d. Fossil of carbonite
1.
2.
Who was the father of modern geology?
a. Dr. Barb D. Wire
c. Richard Tarbuck
b. Wagener
d. Hutton
The law that states the “the past indicates the future, changes are slow but
constant” is called what?
a. Law of original horizontality
c. Concept on continuity
b. Law of superposition
3.
d. Law of uniformitarianism
Most fossils are found in what type of rock?
a. Sedimentary (laid down and compressed soils)
formed)
c. Igneous (fire
b. Metamorphic (partially melted and squeezed) d. Basalt
4.
5.
Which law would the bombardment of Earth, by meteoroids, obey?
a. Law of catastrophism
c. Law of uniformitarianism
b. Law of the aliens that sent them!!
d. Law of hydrology
Next Page
5.
Which is older, the sandstone or the
conglomerate?
6.
Which law says that #5 is so?
7.
Place the Sandstone, Dike “A”, Sill, Shale
and Conglomerate in order of creation.
5.
Which is older, the sandstone or the conglomerate?
6.
Which law says that #5 is so?
7.
Place the Sandstone, Dike “A”, Sill, Shale and Conglomerate in order of
creation.
Probably Sandstone, Conglomerate, Shale, Sill and Dike “A”
The Sill could actually go anywhere between sandstone and Dike “A”
1.
A material has 80 grams of a radioactive substance, and the half-life of the
substance is 5 days. How many grams of the substance will remain after 30
days?
(compute your answer, and write it on the back of the scantron. Do not turn in
your scantron until it is corrected as a class)
2.
Which would be MORE ACCURATE, the carbon-14 dating of an organism that
has been DEAD for 2,000 years, or the dating of an organism that has been
DEAD for 75,000 years.
3.
2,000 years
c. It would be the same
a.
75,000 years
for either
d. C-14 dating would not be accurate
3.
Which of the following situations would most likely result in the creation of a
fossil?
a.
Warm wet soils, and rapid burial
soft part of animal
c. Dry soils, lots of oxygen,
b.
Rapid burial of hard parts and teeth
d. Slow burial on a river bank
4.
What is the longest era, by far?
a.
Cenozoic
c. Mesozoic
b.
Paleozoic
d. Precambrian
What is the name for the process when one plate is going “under” another?
a.
Convergence
c. Subduction
b.
Transformation
d. Transverse
2.
a.
b.
Where is the Ocean getting “bigger”?
mid-ocean ridge
north and south poles
d.
c.
equator
oceanic trench
3.
What is the term that means that the ocean crust is being pushed under the continental
crust?
a.
diversion
c.
subduction
b.
conversion
d.
transform
4.
What is the fossil that marks the end of the Precambrian era, and the start of the
Paleozoic era?
a. Stromatolite
c.
Diorite
b. Trilobite
d.
Cynobite
5.
a.
b.
Where would ocean rocks be the oldest?
near the middle of the ocean
c.
near the north and south poles d.
6.
a.
b.
What word means the study of ancient magnetism on Earth?
magnetology
c.
paleomagnetism
historical magnetism
d.
neomagnetism
near the coast of continents
near the equator
What is the name for the process when one plate is going “under” another?
a.
Convergence
c. Subduction
b.
Transformation
d. Transverse
Where is the Ocean getting “bigger”?
a.
mid-ocean ridge
b.
north and south poles
d.
c.
equator
oceanic trench
What is the fossil that marks the end of the Precambrian era, and the start of the Paleozoic era?
a. Stromatolite
c.
Diorite
b. Trilobite
d.
Cynobite
In what country (or continent) does glacial till (dirt from a glacier) give evidence of continental
drift?
a. Asia b. North America c. Europe d. Australia e. India f. China h. Antarctica
What is the name of the fossil animal that is on the west coast of Africa, east coast of S.
America?
a. Trilobite b. Stromatolite
c. Slausosaurous
d. Pleaseasour e. Mesosaur
About how many times has Mr. Monroe seen “Supervolcano”?
a. 5
b. 10
c. 20
What does Mr. Monroe have against that little boy?
a. He doesn’t respect the power of volcanoes
c. He doesn’t get all “A’s”
d. 30
b. He wrecks good coffee
d. Mr. Monroe likes no one
The core of Earth is made of
a. Iron, Nickel and heavy metals
b. Granite
c. Basalt
d. Carbon
The first atmosphere of Earth (after H and He) was made of acids, water vapor, nitrogen and
a. Oxygen
c. Carbon dioxide
b. Methane
d. Carbon monoxide
The most recent super-continent was named
a. Rhodenia
b. Lauentia
c. Pangea
d. Panima Ultima
The best index fossil for the end of the pre-cambrian era is
a. Stromatilite
c. Trilobite
b. Mesosarous
d. Declopodia
A type of oxygen molecule, with three oxygen atoms combined is
a. Ozone
c. Trizone
b. Oxygen trihydrate
d. Trioxygen
The heating of the early Earth was by radioactive decay, meteor bombardment and
a. The Sun
c. Gravity
b. Cosmic rays
d. Nearby supernovae
1.
a.
b.
2.
a.
b.
3.
a.
b.
4.
a.
b.
5.
a.
b.
6.
a.
b.
7.
a.
b.
8.
a.
b.
9.
a.
b.
The longest era by far is
Paleozoic
Mesozoic
The age of the fishes was the
Paleozoic
Mesozoic
The human species that lost to homo sapiens was
Stupid othipicas
Austro antichipus
The kind of light that is stopped by ozone is
Visible
Ultra violet
We live in what epoch?
Sapiens
Cenozoic
Dinosaurs ruled which time frame?
Paleozoic
Mesozoic
Stromatilites did what for us?
Give us ozone
Removed carbon dioxide
Mesosaurus is found on what two continents?
Antarctica and India (subcontinent)
South America and North America
Mr. Monroe reminds me most of what?
A tin horn dictator
A kindly grandfather
c. Cenozoic
d. Precambrian
c. Cenozoic
d. Precambrian
c. Neanderthals
d. Sou theastinous
c. Infra-red
d. Gamma
c. Holocene
d. Mesozoic
c. Cenozoic
d. Precambrian
c. Give us free oxygen
d. Created coal
c. Asia and North America
d. South America and Africa
c. A zombie in a bad mood
d. The question creeps me out!!!!
New Earth is formed near what feature? For those of you who like to split hairs, the age of the atoms are the
same. We speak of the time when the molten material hardened into stone.
a. Subduction zone
c. Lithosphere
b. Mid-ocean ridge
d. Epicenters
Plates tend to move about the Earth. Why do they move about in such a manner? You may have more than one
answer.
a.Convection currents
c. Slab pulling
b.The speed of the Earth’s rotation
d. Hot spot displacement
Yellowstone is a hot-spot, supervolcano. What plate does the hot spot come up through?
a.Wyoming plate
c. Colorado plate
b.North American plate
d. Pacific Plate
Things will become very “interesting” off of the Pacific Northwest coast. This is because of the subduction of
what plate?
a.Pacific plate
c. Juan de Fuca plate
b.Cocos plate
d. North American plate
The farther inland one goes, the location of earthquakes change. How do the location of earthquakes change?
a. They are shallower (closer “up”)
c. They are neared the shoreline
b.They are deeper into the Earth
d. They are more northerly
What was the name of the last major volcano in the continental United States?
a.Mt. Hood
c. Mt. Saint Helens
b.Mt Rainer
d. Mt Cascadian
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
In what kind of plate boundary do the plates slide past each other?
a.
Divergent
b.
Transform fault
What will form when ocean crust subducts under ocean crust?
a.
Mountain chain
b.
Divergent plate boundary
Where does a trench form?
a.
Divergent boundaries
b.
Transform fault boundaries
Which of the following is a transform plate boundary?
a.
Los Angeles
b.
Yellowstone
c. Convergent
d. Revergent
c. Island Arc
d. Transform plate boundary
c. Convergent boundaries
d. Revergent areas
c. Himalayas Mountains
d. Mid Ocean Ridges
Where is new Earth formed
a.
Mountain chain
c.
b.
Divergent plate boundary
d.
6. What is the best evidence of sea-floor spreading?
a.
The mid-ocean ridge
c.
b.
Magnetic reversal of sea-floor sediment
d.
7. What system uses sound waves to calculate the distance to an object?
a.
Radar
c.
b.
Freemantle
d.
8. What is the letter of the description of a subduction zone
a.
where an oceanic plate is forced beneath a second plate
b.
where an oceanic plate grinds past a second plate
c.
where a continental plate grinds past a second plate
d.
where an oceanic plate moves away from a second plate
9. A “hot spot” is responsible for what geological structure?
a.
Himalaya mountains
c.
b.
Iceland
d.
10. Where is new Earth created
a.
Mid ocean ridge
c.
b.
“hot spots”
d.
Island Arc
Transform plate boundary
The continental trench
Fossils
Sonar
Fathomization
Mid-ocean ridge
Yellowstone
Subduction zone
Transform zones
1.
Igneous
a.
Changed form
c. From volcanoes
b.
From fire
d. Hot
2.
Intrusive
a.
Into other rocks
c. Stayed in Earth
b.
Came into the surface
d. Cooled quickly
3.
Granite
a.
Pinkish, large crystals
c. Pinkish, small crystals
b.
Dark, with variety of crystals
d. Extrusive with large crystals, and is pink
4.
Pumice
a.
From Hawaii, dark, no crystals
pockets
c. From Hawaii, light, large crystals and air
b.
Light, air pockets, pale color
d. Pale color, solid, no air pockets
5.
Basalt
a.
Dark, dense, continental crust
c. Dark, light, continental crust
b.
Dark, light, oceanic crust
d. Dark, dense, oceanic crust
6.
Andesite
a.
Grey, unseen crystals, air pockets
c. Extrusive, large crystals, pale in color
b.
Grey, very small (but visible) crystals, solid
d. From Andes mountains, pale with small air
pockets
7.
Scoria
a.
Just like pumice, but with a higher iron content c. Solid, with large crystals and many air
pockets
b.
Volcanic glass (dark black)
d. Also called “rose quartz”
1.
Igneous
a.
Changed form
c. From volcanoes
b.
From fire
d. Hot
2.
Intrusive
a.
Into other rocks
b.
Came into the surface
3.
Granite
a.
Pinkish, large crystals
b.
Dark, with variety of crystals
4.
Pumice
a.
From Hawaii, dark, no crystals
c. From Hawaii, light, large crystals and air pockets
b.
Light, air pockets, pale color
d. Pale color, solid, no air pockets
5.
Basalt
a.
Dark, dense, continental crust
c. Dark, light, continental crust
b.
Dark, light, oceanic crust
d. Dark, dense, oceanic crust
6.
Batholith
a.
Covers 100’s of square kilometers
c. Covers 10’s of square kilometers
b.
Means “lake of rock”
d. Moves horizontally through rock layers
7.
Stock
a.
Covers 100’s of square kilometers
c. Covers 10’s of square kilometers
b.
Means “lake of rock”
d. Moves horizontally through rock layers
c. Stayed in Earth
d. Cooled quickly
c. Pinkish, small crystals
d. Extrusive with large crystals, and is pink
1.
Clastic
a.
Dissolved in water
c. Made of other things
b.
From fire
d. Changed form
2.
Slow cooling results in
a.
Large crystals, smooth texture
c. Small crystals, smooth texture
b.
Small crystals, rough texture
d. Large crystals, rough texture
3.
Granite
a.
Pinkish, large crystals
b.
Dark, with variety of crystals
4.
Coquina
a.
Made of fossils
c. Made of sea shells
b.
Pinkish, smooth texture
d. Igneous, intrusive rock
5.
Felsic
a.
Dark, dense
c. Pale
b.
Dark, not dense
d. Dark
6.
Batholith
a.
Covers 100’s of square kilometers
c. Covers 10’s of square kilometers
b.
Means “lake of rock”
d. Moves horizontally through rock layers
7.
Stock
a.
Covers 100’s of square kilometers
c. Covers 10’s of square kilometers
b.
Means “lake of rock”
d. Moves horizontally through rock layers
c. Pinkish, small crystals
d. Extrusive with large crystals, and is pink
1. Large crystals indicate
a. Fast cooling
b. Slow cooling
c. Smooth texture
d. Rough texture
2. Metamorphism needs
a. High heat
b. High heat and pressure
c. High pressure
d. Magma
3. Contact metamorphism occurs in the presence of
a. High heat and water
b. Water and cementation fluids
c. High heat
d. Silicon
4. The bands of color on a metamorphic rock are called
a. Bands of density
b. Bands of cleavage
c. Bands of foliation
d. Color differentiation
5. The bands of color on a metamorphic rock are a result of
a. Characteristics of the minerals in the rock
b. Elevation changes during formation
c. Differences in heat during formation
d. Pressure differences during formation
6. “Hot Spots” are located over
a. Magma rising to the surface of the Earth
b. Divergent plate boundaries
c. Convergent plate boundaries
d. The ring of fire
7. The source of heat in the Earth is a result of
a. Meteors early in the History of Earth
b. Radioactivity of Uranium and other elements
8. The difference between pumice and scoria is
a. The rate of cooling
b. The iron content
c. The ratio of mass to volume
d. “b”, “c”, “e” and “f”
c. Radioactivity of the Iron core
d. Gravitational contraction
e. All except “C”
e. Density
f. Location of volcano that made it
g. “a”, “b” and “e”
h. All except “a”
1.
What two elements made up the first atmosphere of the Earth?
_____________________ , ______________________
2.
What four things are responsible for the high temperatures in the Earth's core?
_____________________ , ______________________
_____________________ , ______________________
3.
Put the four eras in order, from oldest to youngest.
Eldest________________ , 2nd Eldest__________________
Third Eldest____________ , Youngest___________________
4.
What is the percentage of the Solar System's mass that is found in the Sun?
5.
The name of the flattened gas cloud that formed the Solar System is what?
__________________________________________________
1.
What two elements made up the first atmosphere of the Earth?
Hydrogen____ , Helium___________
2.
What four things are responsible for the high temperatures in the Earth's core?
Meteors______ , Residual Heat_________
Radioactivity_________ , Gravitational Contraction (pressure)__________
3.
Put the four eras in order, from oldest to youngest.
Eldest___Precambrian___ , 2nd Eldest___Paleozoic
Third Eldest__Mesozoic_ , Youngest__Cenezoic__
4.
What is the percentage of the Solar System's mass that is found in the Sun?
99?
5.
The name of the flattened gas cloud that formed the Solar System is what?
_____Accretion Disk_____
Why did the rocky planets form closest to the Sun?
a.
More gravity
c. More heat
b.
Faster orbits
d. More chemicals
What is the term used when planets form from smaller pieces of matter?
a.
Condensation
c. Accretion
b.
Differentiation
d. Nebulation
Which planet in the Solar System will float, if you could find a bathtub big
enough?
a.
Mercury
c. Jupiter
b.
Saturn
d. Uranus
Why does the “inner part” of the Solar System spin faster than the “outer parts” of the Solar System?
a.
Gravity conservation
c. Accretion speed
b.
Doppler effect
d. Conservation of momentum
Why does the Earth stay at about 26º tilted to the ecliptic?
a.
Gravity of the Sun
c. Gravity of the moon
b.
Conservation of momentum
d. Momentum
Where are the asteroids?
a.
Between Earth and Mars
c. Between Mars and Saturn
b.
Between Mars and Jupiter
d. Wherever Chuck Norris wants them to be
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
When the solar system was new, it was in a cloud known as a
a. Accretionary disk
c. Interstellar cloud
b. Big bang cloud
d. Solar cloud
The solar system began to “clump together”. This process is known as
a. Condensation
c. Accretion
b. Deflation
d. Convection
More dense materials settled to the center of the disk, in a process known as
a. Completion
c. Planetizaton
b. Layerization
d. Differentiation
As the disk of the solar system got smaller, it began to spin faster, because of an effect known as
a. The coriolis effect
c. The Doppler effect
b. Conservation of energy
d. Conservation of momentum
This disk, from which the solar system sprang, is know as a
a. Nebular disk
c. Solar disk
b. Accretion disk
d. Planetary disk
Three things are basically needed to crush gases into something as dense as the Sun. They are
a. Gravity, the weak force, the strong force
c. Gravity, cold and the strong force
b. A supernovae, gravity and cold space
d. Gravity, electricity and the strong force
e. Chuck Norris, his shadow and reflection
7.
The main gases that made up the earliest solar system were
a. Oxygen and carbon
c. Hydrogen and oxygen
b. Helium and Hydrogen
d. Carbon dioxide and methane
1.
What is the ecliptic?
a.
The area within the solar system
c. The distance from Earth to the Sun
b.
The plane that the planets move on
d. The cloud that our solar system came from
2.
What planet will NEVER be very far from the Sun?
a.
Mercury
c. Venus
b.
Earth
d. Mars
3.
Which planet on the ecliptic is RED?
a.
Mercury
c. Venus
b.
Mars
d. Jupiter
4.
What is the hottest planet in the Solar System?
a.
Mercury
c. Venus
b.
Mars
d. Jupiter
1.
A telescope that bends light to a focus point is a
a.
Refractive Telescope
c. Reflective Telescope
b.
Chrono Telescope
d. Defective Telescope
2.
The telescope that we used to look outside the LSW front doors was a
a.
Webster Telescope
c. Reflective Telescope
b.
Refractive Telescope
d. Wardovian Telescope
3.
Light is fast. Its speed is
a.
3,000 meters per second
c. 300,000 Kilometers per second
b.
300,000,000 meters per second
d. All above, except “a”, but including “b” and “c”
4.
The shortest wavelengths are
a.
Red
c. Gamma
b.
Blue
d. Radio
5.
A light-year is
a.
The distance light travels in a year
c. The time it takes for light to travel
b.
As far as it is from Earth to Vega
d. The distance across our Solar System
6.
If the Sun went “out” right now, how long would it be before you knew it?
a.
8.5 light-minutes
c. 8 minutes and 30 seconds
b.
2.5 seconds
d. “Did Chuck Norris flip a switch off?”
7.
What type of telescope can see through inter-stellar clouds of gas and dust?
a.
Refractive
c. Reflective
b.
Hubble
d. Radio
1.
The Earth has a “wobble”. About how long does it take for the Earth to complete one “wobble” around the zodiac?
a.
10,000 years
c. 20,000 years
b.
25,000 years
d. 100,000 years
2.
Another name for the “wobble” of the Earth is what?
a.
Differentiation
c. Precession
b.
Retrograde motion
d. Rotation
3.
Binary Star systems are useful, because they help determine what?
a.
Mass of the stars in the system
c. Distance to the stars
b.
Chemical composition of the stars
d. Temperature of the stars
4.
Which is longer, a day according to the Sun (solar day), or a day according to the background stars (sidereal day)?
a.
The longest day is a sidereal day
c. The longest day is a solar day
b.
The days are the same length (duh)
d. The shortest day is any day there is a sub for science class
5.
A circumpolar star is one that does what?
a.
Circles the North pole
c. Is visible year around
b.
Touches the North star at some point
d. Seems to twinkle in the cold winter air of a January snowstorm.
6.
How does parallax differ between a faraway star, and a nearby star?
a.
The faraway star has more parallax
c. The nearby star has more parallax
b.
Parallax does not differ, it only seems to
d. The parallax will differ, depending upon size of the star
7.
What is a parsec?
a.
3.26 light-years
d. 32.6 light-years
b.
One parallax-second of arc
e. “a” and “b”
c.
“c” and “d
Proxima Centauri is pretty far away, but it is still our nearest neighbor. What
would its luminosity be, as a percentage of what we see on Earth, if it was
seventeen times as far away (17x)?
Proxima Centauri is pretty far away, but it is still our nearest neighbor. What
would its luminosity be, as a percentage of what we see on Earth, if it was
seventeen times as far away (17x)?
1÷172 = 1÷289 = .346% as bright
Parallax works best on stars that are
a.
Near
c. Far away
b.
Bright
d. Old
The precession of the Earth takes about
a.
2,000 years
c. 14,000 years
b.
24,000 years
d. 110,000 years
The Egyptians used the North Star to help build
a.
Pyramid of Giza
c. Sphinx
b.
Spire of Cleopatra
d. Did not use North Star
There are this many seconds in one degree.
a.
60
c. 360
b.
3,000
d. 3,600
A mirror is used in what type of telescope?
a.
Refractory
c. Newtonian Reflector
b.
Radio
d. X-ray and Radio
1.
Absolute and Apparent Magnitude are the same at
a.
10 parsecs
c. 32.6 light years
b.
1 parsec
d. 10.0 light years
2.
When one looks towards the Sun with a spectroscope, and they see bright lines on a dark background, it is
a.
Lines of absorption
b.
Lines of emission
3.
Parallax works best with stars that are
a.
Near
c. Far away
b.
Mostly Hydrogen
d. Have a large HELIUM content
4.
How do stars apparently move, from night to night?
a.
1º to the East
c. 5º to the East
b.
1º to the West
d. They do not move
5.
If a star is moving away at great speed, it will appear
a.
More red
b.
Hotter
e. “a” and “c”
c.
Cooler
f. “a” and “b”
6.
Earth is about 4.6 billion years old (4.6 x 10 9). How old is the Sun?
a.
Older
c. Younger
b.
Same age
d. The Sun is the same age as the universe
c. Continuous spectrum
d. Time to run away, FAST!!
d. More blue
1.
The most massive stars will end as
a.
White Dwarf
c. Brown Dwarf
b.
Neutron Star
d. Black Hole
2.
Pulsars will emanate from
a.
White Dwarfs
c. Main Sequence
b.
Neutron Star
d. Black Hole
3.
White Dwarfs will become
a.
Black Holes
c. Brown Dwarfs
b.
Neutron Stars
d. Black Stars
4.
The Sun will become, next, a…
a.
White Dwarf
c. Neutron Star
b.
Black Hole
d. Pulsar
5.
A protostar will "turn on" when the internal temperature reaches
a.
10,000ºC
c. 100,000ºC
b.
1,000,000ºC
d. 10,000,000ºC
6.
The heaviest element that can be made inside of any star, before an super novae is what?
a.
Copper
c. Oxygen
b.
Carbon
d. Iron
7.
A star that is going away from a person will appear changed in what way?
a.
Older
c. Bluer
b.
Redder
d. Bigger
1.
Pulsars come from
a.
Neutron stars
c. Black Holes
b.
White dwarfs
d. Black dwarfs
2.
An apparent magnitude, and absolute magnitude, are the same at
a.
One light-year
d. One Parsec
b.
32.6 light-years
e. 10 parsecs
c.
“b” and “c”
f. “b” and “e”
3.
Lines of emission tell astronomers about a star’s
a.
Distance
c. Temperature
b.
Chemical composition
d. Age
4.
Which star will last longer
a.
Big, honkin’ star
c. High mass star
b.
Small wimpy thing
d. One just like our Sun
5.
Which has a higher density”
a.
White dwarf
c. Black dwarf
b.
Black hole
d. Neutron star
6.
Most points of light in the sky are what?
a.
Stars
c. Star systems
b.
Galaxies
d. White dwarfs
1.
The mass of a star can be determined by studying
a.
The wavelength of the light emitted by the star c. The color of the star
b.
The distance between the star and Earth
2.
Which of the following is true about using parallax to measure the distance to stars?
a.
The closer the star, the smaller the parallax angle
c. The closer the star, the larger the parallax angle
b.
The larger the star, the smaller the parallax angle
d. The larger the star, the larger the parallax angle
3.
At the nucleus, the Milky Way galaxy is about
a.
1,000 light years thick
c. 100,000 light years thick
b.
10,000 light years thick
d. 1,000,000,000 light years thick
4.
According to the big bang theory, the entire Universe started as a
a.
Supernova explosion
c. Dense, hot, supermassive ball
b.
Cool, dark interstellar cloud
d. Scattered dust cloud
5.
Which type of light is longer than visible light?
a.
Gamma
c. X-ray
b.
Ultra violet
d. Radio
6.
Where, in the Milky Way Galaxy, is the Earth and Sun?
a.
At the exact center
c. At the very tip of one of the spiral arms
b.
Just outside the galactic nucleus
d. Within one of the spirals, but not at the tip
7.
Why does the pitch seem higher (or light seem bluer) of an approaching object?
a.
Coriolis effect
c. Doppler effect
b.
Lundgen effect
d. It does?
d. The binary star systems
1.
The spaces between particles of soil are called the soil’s
a.
Permeability
c. Porosity
b.
Sorting
d. Foliation
2.
The process of H2O leaving the atmosphere and entering the geosphere is what?
a.
Transpiration
c. Condensation
b.
Precipitation
d. Infiltration
3.
The process of H2O moving through the geosphere is called what?
a.
Transpiration
c. Condensation
b.
Precipitation
d. Infiltration
4.
Water moving along the surface of the geosphere is called what?
a.
Condensation
c. Runoff
b.
Precipitation
d. Infiltration
5.
A natural way to slow runoff is what?
a.
A levee
b.
Grading of the land to make it flat d. Planting a lot of trees
6.
A good aquifer would have a large amount of what?
a.
Permeability
d. Runoff
b.
Porosity
e. “a” and “b”
c.
“a” and “d”
f. All of the above
c. A dam
1.
a.
b.
2.
a.
b.
3.
a.
b.
4.
a.
b.
5.
a.
b.
6.
a.
b.
7.
a.
b.
8.
a.
b.
9.
a.
b.
The longest era by far is
Paleozoic
Mesozoic
The age of the fishes was the
Paleozoic
Mesozoic
The human species that lost to homo sapiens was
Stupid othipicas
Austro antichipus
The kind of light that is stopped by ozone is
Visible
Ultra violet
We live in what epoch?
Sapiens
Cenozoic
Dinosaurs ruled which time frame?
Paleozoic
Mesozoic
Stromatilites did what for us?
Give us ozone
Removed carbon dioxide
Mesosaurus is found on what two continents?
Antarctica and India (subcontinent)
South America and North America
Mr. Monroe reminds me most of what?
A tin horn dictator
A kindly grandfather
c. Cenozoic
d. Precambrian
c. Cenozoic
d. Precambrian
c. Neanderthals
d. Sou theastinous
c. Infra-red
d. Gamma
c. Holocene
d. Mesozoic
c. Cenozoic
d. Precambrian
c. Give us free oxygen
d. Created coal
c. Asia and North America
d. South America and Africa
c. A zombie in a bad mood
d. The question creeps me out!!!!
1.
a.
b.
2.
a.
b.
3.
a.
b.
4.
a.
b.
5.
a.
b.
6.
a.
b.
7.
a.
b.
A pebble would be considered part of what? (check all that apply)
Bed load
c. Stream load
Dissolved load
d. Suspended load
A fish releases urine into a stream. What is affected? (check all that apply)
Bed load
c. Stream load
Dissolved load
d. Suspended load
All of the land, whose water drains into a stream, is called the stream’s
Divide
c. Floodplain
Watershed
d. Stream load
The largest watershed in the United States is what?
Ohio
c. Pacific
Mississippi
d. Seaboard
The discharge of a river is what?
Cubic meters of water, divided by seconds
c. Total tons of water in the river’s flow
Total amount of bed load carried by a river
d. Total amount of stream load carried by river
Erosion in mostly caused by what? (check all that apply)
Bed load
c. Stream load
Dissolved load
d. Suspended load
A graduated cylinder holds 550 mL of soil. Cindy the scientist puts 250 mL of water into the soil, and it
just covers the top of the soil. It takes 10 seconds for the water to reach the bottom of the graduated
cylinder. What is the porosity of the soil?
45%
c. 800 mL
55 mL/sec
d. Cindy dumps the dirt on Monroe and leaves
1.
a.
b.
2.
a.
b.
3.
a.
b.
4.
a.
b.
5.
a.
b.
Gyres occurer
Any body of water
Norhtern Atlantic
Density currents are caused by what?
Salty, warm water
Salty, cold and fresh water
The coriolis effect does what?
Turns all objects to the right
Turns all objects to the right or left in N. hemisphere
How many oceans are there?
One
Four
What keeps Jolly Olde England warm?
North Ca. Current
Gulf Stream
c. Northern Pacific
d. Large ocean basins
c. Fresh, cold water
d. Salty, cold water
c. Turns all object to the right in N. hemisphere
d. Causes density currents
c. Three
d. Five
c. Chuck Norris
d. Winne the Pooh current
1.
Gyres occur in
a.
Northern Hemisphere
c. Southern Hemisphere
b.
Anywhere
d. Where currents circle
2.
Deep water currents are a result of
a.
Density
c. Wind action
b.
Salt content
d. Water temperature
3.
Upwelling is a result of
a.
Surface currents
c. Water density
b.
El Nino
d. Trenches
4.
The coriolis effect is a result of
a.
A spinning planet
c. Right-hand winds
b.
Density
d. Salt content
5.
The Second largest ocean is
a.
Pacific
c. Atlantic
b.
Indian
d. Arctic
1.
The difference between high tide and low tide is
a.
Neap tide
c. Tidal Range
b.
Spring tide
d. Ebb tide
2.
A spring tide will occur when
a.
Moon is on one side of Earth, Sun on other
b.
Moon and Sun are at 90º to each other, with Earth at axis point
c.
Both "a" and “d”
3.
A current caused by density differences is a
a.
Gyre
c. Coriolis current
b.
Transition current
d. Depth (deep water) current
4.
A tide that has the highest high tide, and lowest low tide is
a.
Density tide
c. Spring tide
b.
Neap tide
d. Lunar tide
5.
What is the relationship between wave speed and wavelength, in deep water?
a.
Increased wave speed will show longer wavelength
c. Faster wave speed will indicate more density
b.
Faster wave speed will indicate shorter wavelength
d. Wave speed is determined by wind speed
6.
Carbon-14 dating is a form of what kind of dating?
a.
Absolute
d. Relative
b.
Radiometric
e. “a” and “b”
c.
“a” and “c”
f.
d. Moon and Sun are on same side of Earth
e. Only the moon causes spring tides
all of the above
1.
The coldest and saltiest water would be where?
a.
Surface of N.Pole or S.Pole
c. Bottom of ocean
b.
Surface of equator
d. Surface at 40º latitude
2.
Almost all of the salt in the ocean is a result of
a.
Chemical weathering of minerals
c. Physical weathering of minerals
b.
Volcanic outgassing
d. Melting sea-ice
3.
The distance from the crest of a wave, to the trough of a wave, is called what?
a.
Wave height
c. Amplitude
b.
Wave length
d. Wave intensity
4.
45 wave crests pass a certain point in 15 seconds. What is the Hz (frequency) of the wave?
a.
45 Hz
c. 30 Hz
b.
3 Hz
d. 15Hz
5.
What causes deep ocean currents?
a.
Salinity
c. Density
b.
Surface currents
d. Upwelling
6.
What causes upwelling?
a.
Off shore winds
c. Density differences
b.
Temperature differences
d. Fresh water infusion
7.
When would a werewolf (Wherewolf?, were-wolves, were-wolf, WHATEVER) bee seen?
a.
Low tide
c. Spring tide
b.
High tide
d. Neap tide
1.
The lowest level of the atmosphere is the what?
a.
Stratosphere
c. Troposphere
b.
Mesosphere
d. Thermosphere
2.
The ozone is found in which layer?
a.
Stratosphere
c. Troposphere
b.
Mesosphere
d. Thermosphere
3.
Ozone is made up of three molecules of which element?
a.
Nitrogen
c. Carbon dioxide
b.
Oxygen
d. Methane
4.
If a person touches a hot stove, he has experienced what?
a.
Conduction
c. Convection
b.
Radiation
d. Prediction
5.
The tropopause is an area of transition. It is located where?
a.
Below the troposphere
c. In the middle of the troposphere
b.
Above the troposphere
d. Under the mesosphere
6.
What is the level of carbon dioxide, in our atmosphere?
a.
About 35%
c. About 35 parts per hundred
b.
About 350 parts per thousand
d. About 350 parts per million
1.
The condensation level is what?
a.
Where rising air starts to heat up
c. Where rising air starts to turn into a cloud
b.
Where clouds start to evaporate
d. Where rising air starts to cool
2.
A flask of air can hold 15 grams of H2O. It has absorbed all available water, and is at a temperature of 10º C. If
the air is holding 5 grams of H2O, what is its relative humidity?
a.
15%
c. 45%
b.
33%
d. 100%
3.
If the temperature of the flask, in question number two, is increased; what will happen to the relative humidity of
the air within it?
a.
It will rise
c. It will fall
b.
It will remain unchanged
d. I did not do question number two
4.
There is ice on a windshield of a car. The unsafe driver does not fully clear the windshield, before starting on a
trip to Southwest High School (35 miles away). When the driver (luckily and thankfully) gets to LSW, the
windshield is clear of ice. What process has made this possible?
a.
Condensation
c. Sublimation
b.
Deposition
d. Evaporation
5.
Silly Sally Singalonge sips soda slowly. The soda is cold, and water forms on the can. What is this process?
a.
Deposition
c. Sublimation
b.
Evaporation
d. Condensation
6.
The sky is what color, actually?
e. Red
a.
Orange
f. Black
b.
Clear
g. White
c.
Blue
h. Red
d.
No color
I. All colors
1.
When temperature falls, relative humidity will do what?
a.
Rise
c. Fall
b.
Become more dense
d. Become less dense
2.
What is needed for clouds to form?
a.
Condensation nuclei, saturated air, low temps
c. Saturated air, condensation nuclei
b.
Low pressure and condensation nuclei
d. High pressure and condensation nuclei
3.
How fast will temperature fall, with altitude, in the troposphere (with dry air).
a.
1ºF with each 100 feet
c. 1ºC with each 1,000 meters
b.
1ºC with each 100 meters
d. I invoke the 5th amendment to the Constitution
4.
An air mass, forming over the Northern Pacific Ocean, would be classified how?
a.
cT
c. mT
b.
Ct
d. mP
5.
The albedo of the Earth is about 35%. What is albedo?
a.
The amount of energy that is reflected
c. The amount of energy that is absorbed
b.
The amount of light that is scattered by the atmosphere
d. A small animal that is cute and eats ants.
6.
There is a city at an altitude of 1,500 meters above sea level. The wind is blowing from the East at 14 meters
per second, and is getting stronger. There are clouds overhead, but the day is sunny. A cubic meter of sample
air taken from an empty parking lot contains 20 grams of H2O. A scientist at the local button factory is able to
evaporate an additional 40 grams of water into the air, at which time the air sample is saturated. What is the
relative humidity of the air in the city?
__________________________
7.
Which gas is most closely associated with Ozone.
a.
Nitrogen
c. Carbon dioxide
b.
Methane
d. Oxygen
1.
An air mass is classified by its what?
a.
Source region
c. Present location
b.
Age
d. Direction
2.
The coriolis effect makes wind do what in the Northern Hemisphere?
a.
Appear to turn to the right
c. Appear to turn to the left
b.
Appear to speed up
d. Appear to diminish
3.
The Horse Latitudes are located at about what latitude?
a.
0º
c. 30º North and South
b.
45º North and South
d. 30º West and East
4.
The Jet Stream blows towards the
a.
East
c. West
b.
North
d. South
5.
Which type of front will give short periods of heavy rain and severe weather?
a.
Cold
c. Warm
b.
Stationary
d. Occluded
6.
A low pressure system will have air that is moving how?
a.
Outward and clockwise
c. Outward and counter-clockwise
b.
Inward and counter-clockwise
d. Inward and clockwise
The gas responsible for most of the global warming is
a.
Nitrogen
c. Carbon dioxide
b.
Water vapor
d. Oxygen
Ozone is
a.
Oxygen
b.
Carbon dioxide
c. Nitrogen
d. Oxygen dioxide
The lowest layer of the atmosphere is
a.
Troposphere
c. Mesosphere
b.
Stratosphere
d. Thermosphere
The distance that wind blows over unprotected water is called
a.
Wind ratio
c. Water ratio
b.
Fetch
d. Ketch
The shortest wavelength is
a.
Blue
b.
Radio
c. Gamma
d. Red
Andesite is
a.
Igneous intrusive
b.
Metamorphic regional
c. Igneous extrusive
d. Sedimentary clastic