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WHII: SOL 7a, d
Colonial System, Monroe Doctrine
• For more than 300 years, from 1492 to 1800,
European countries, primarily Spain and
Portugal, established colonies to provide raw
materials and trade for the benefit of the mother
countries. Spanish conquests in Latin America
saw the rapid decline of native populations and
introduction of slaves from Africa. Conquistadors
were given governmental authority by the
crown, and they became known as viceroys.
• The Spanish and the Portuguese governments
imposed the same Roman Catholic religion on
the native peoples, but they brought different
colonial languages. The Latin American
revolutions of the nineteenth century were
influenced by the clash of European cultures in
the development of governments and ruling
Latin America in 1800
• Colonial governments in Latin America
mirrored the home governments.
• Latin American colonies were strongly
influenced by Roman Catholicism.
• Mining precious metals was a major element
of the economies of the colonies.
• Major cities were established in Latin America
as outposts.
• Major cities were established as outposts of
colonial authority.
Mexico City
São Paulo
Buenos Aires
• after the American Revolution, the United
States wished to prevent foreign interference
in the Americas. The Monroe Doctrine, issued
by President James Monroe in 1823, alerted
the European powers that the American
continents should not be considered for any
future colonization
• The Monroe Doctrine was also backed by the British
• Latin American nations were acknowledged to be
• The United States would regard as a threat to its own
peace and safety any attempt by European powers to
impose their system on any independent state in the
Western Hemisphere.
• The United States would not interfere in European
• The document continues to be a cornerstone of
American foreign policy