Download CDHO Factsheet Mononucleosis

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Sociality and disease transmission wikipedia , lookup

Neglected tropical diseases wikipedia , lookup

Rheumatic fever wikipedia , lookup

Hospital-acquired infection wikipedia , lookup

Common cold wikipedia , lookup

Kawasaki disease wikipedia , lookup

Behçet's disease wikipedia , lookup

Multiple sclerosis research wikipedia , lookup

Henipavirus wikipedia , lookup

Periodontal disease wikipedia , lookup

West Nile fever wikipedia , lookup

Hepatitis B wikipedia , lookup

Schistosomiasis wikipedia , lookup

Childhood immunizations in the United States wikipedia , lookup

Eradication of infectious diseases wikipedia , lookup

African trypanosomiasis wikipedia , lookup

Chickenpox wikipedia , lookup

Marburg virus disease wikipedia , lookup

Transmission (medicine) wikipedia , lookup

Infection control wikipedia , lookup

Hygiene hypothesis wikipedia , lookup

Infection wikipedia , lookup

Germ theory of disease wikipedia , lookup

Globalization and disease wikipedia , lookup

Disease/Medical Condition
Date of Publication: March 11, 2013
(also known as “infectious mononucleosis”, “glandular fever”, and “kissing disease”; caused by Epstein-Barr virus)
Is the initiation of non-invasive dental hygiene procedures* contra-indicated? Potentially
■ Is medical consult advised? If patient/client is febrile or has abundant throat exudate or has head/neck lymphadenopathy or
has general malaise or any combination of the aforementioned signs/symptoms, refer to primary care provider (e.g.,
physician or nurse practitioner) for follow-up and definitive diagnosis (e.g., Monospot blood test). Instruct patient/client to
reschedule dental hygiene appointment when s/he feels well.
Is the initiation of invasive dental hygiene procedures contra-indicated?** Potentially
medical consult advised? ............................................... See above.
medical clearance required? .......................................... No
antibiotic prophylaxis required? ...................................... No
postponing treatment advised? ....................................... Possibly; see above.
Oral management implications
■ Mode of transmission is person-to-person spread by oropharyngeal route via saliva.
■ No special precautions or isolation procedures are recommended, because the virus is frequently found in the saliva of
healthy people. Many healthy people carry and spread the virus intermittently for life.
■ Period of communicability may be prolonged; pharyngeal excretion may persist for a year or more after infection; 15−20%
of EBV antibody-positive adults are long-term oropharyngeal carriers.
■ In industrialized countries, age of infection is typically in older childhood and young adulthood (most recognized in high
school and college students), whereas in developing countries infection is widespread in early childhood.
■ In young children, the disease is generally mild and more difficult to recognize; the disease is more severe in older adults.
Oral manifestations
■ Tonsillar exudate (white patches)
■ Pharyngeal erythema (redness)
Related signs and symptoms
■ Fever, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes, swollen spleen, fatigue, general malaise
cont’d on next page...
Disease/Medical Condition
(also known as “infectious mononucleosis”, “glandular fever”, and “kissing disease”; caused by Epstein-Barr virus)
References and sources of more detailed information
■ David L. Heymann (ed.). Control of Communicable Disease Manual (18th edition). Baltimore: American Public Health
Association; 2004.
■ US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Centre for Infectious Diseases, Epstein-Barr Virus and Infectious
* Includes oral hygiene instruction, fitting a mouth guard, taking an impression, etc.
** Ontario Regulation 501/07 made under the Dental Hygiene Act, 1991. Invasive dental hygiene procedures are scaling teeth
and root planing, including curetting surrounding tissue.
Date: December 10, 2012
69 Bloor St. E, Suite 300, Toronto, ON M4W 1A9 t: 416-961-6234 ● tf: 1-800-268-2346 ● f: 416-961-6028 ●