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Literature and opera of Germany by Szilvia Papp Literature Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1749-1832 - one of the greatest classic of German literature, - he composed in lire, drama and epic Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann or E.T.A. Hoffmann 1776-1822 - he was an outstanding writer of German romantic - he was composer, bandmaster, jurist, graphic artist, and he made caricatures Heinrich Heine 1797-1856 - he comes from a Jewish family, romantic poet, writer, journalist - lot of composers have set Heine’s works to music, e.g. Franz Schubert, Felix Mendelssohn, Johannes Brahms, Richard Strauss Thomas Mann 1875-1955 - he was a German novelist, short story writer, social critic, essayist, and 1929 Nobel Prize laureate, known for his series of highly symbolic and ironic epic novels and novellas Franz Kafka 1883-1924 - was a major fiction writer of the early 20th century - his stories include The Metamorphosis (1912) and In the Penal Colony (1914), while his novels are The Trial (1925), The Castle (1926) and Amerika (1927) Opera Georg Friedrich Händel 1685-1759 - he was German (Saxon) origin baroque composer, instrumental perfomer - his works include Messiah, Water Music, and Music for the Royal Fireworks Willibald Gluck 1714-1787 - the big innovator, - he became famous with the revolutionary new ballet music, with the Don Juan (1761) Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 1756-1791 - Austrian musician and composer - he composed all kind of genre (chamber music, symphony, concertino, choral, and opera) Joseph Haydn 1732-1809 - the first big master of classical music in Wien - he is often called the "Father of the Symphony" and "Father of the String Quartet" because of his important contributions to these genres Ludwig van Beethoven 1770-1827 - next to Haydn and Mozart, he was kept the third classical of Classicism of Wien - his music weares the characteristics of romantic Richard Wagner 1813-1883 - German composer, bandmaster, aesthete - unlike most other opera composers, Wagner wrote both the music and the libretto for every one of his works Richard Strauss 1864-1949 - German composer - he was mainly famous for his program music, opera and bandmaster activity Thank you for your attention!