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Mr. Pawlowski
Mr. Clark
World History (Black Day)
September 7, 2012
The class began with the students sitting in their Sparta or Athens groups.
The debate will be set prior to the Peloponnesian War, in 432 BC
Mr. Pawlowski and Mr. Clark discussed the benefit of taking notes for class. Studies have shown that
taking notes and then reviewing them within 24 hours is an effective tool for your studying.
The students then reviewed their Chapter 5 Section 3 notes and were to pick out their three most
important details.
Some of their main ideas/details from Chapter 5 Section 3:
o Pericles introduced direct democracy; this was important because not many of the city-states
practiced this and gave so many more of the citizens were able to participate.
o Pericles expanded and strengthened the Athenian Empire.
o Pericles wanted to glorify Athens by bringing in art and building the Parthenon.
o Pericles = Golden Age of Athens.
o Pericles dies when a plague affected the city-state.
o Famous quote from Socrates: “An unexamined life is not worth living.”
o Athenians attacked Syracuse but then lost the war and many soldiers.
o The Athenians lost the Peloponnesian War and started to lose their confidence.
o Plato believed in a philosopher king.
The class then took their Chapter 5 Section 3 quiz or Check-in.
The students also wrote an Enduring Understanding (EU) on the quiz about an important point of the
Mr. Clark spoke to the class about What is an Allegory:
An allegory is describing something complex in a way that you can understand.
Allegory: access to complex idea in reliable, simple way; can be compared to a simile or metaphor.
Story in which the characters and events are symbolic – such as the book, Animal Farm by George
Mr. Pawlowski talked to the class about Plato’s story called The Allegory of the Cave.
The class was shown a Claymation version of The Allegory of the Cave to give them an idea. After
the short video, the students were asked to answer the following questions:
o What does the cave symbolize?
o What do you think the shadows represent to the prisoners? What that might symbolize?
o What do you think the prisoners represent and symbolize?
o What do you think the prisoner who is released experiences and symbolizes?
o What lesson does Plato’s Allegory of the Cave teach us about the role of a philosopher?
The students had a lively discussion and shared their thoughts of the questions.
Some of the important Greek philosophers
o Socrates – questioning, corrupting; put on trial because he was thought to be corrupting the
youth. Was sentenced to death and was given poison. Teacher of Plato.
o Plato – wrote The Republic – believed in philosopher king. Teacher of Aristotle.
o Aristotle was the teacher of Alexander the Great who was a Macedonian who conquered the
whole known world and spread Greek ideas.
Tuesday, September 11, will be the day of the debate.
To obtain Mr. Pawlowski’s website: Go to, go to the Social Studies department, look
for Mr. Pawlowski’s name, then click on your class and period. All the information for the class will
be listed on the website.
 Prepare and study for the debate. Be prepared with your assigned category!