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Afghanistan United Arab Emirates
Iraq
West Bank and Gaza Saudi Arabia Sudan Region
Kuwait
Tunisia
Lebanon
Iran
Morocco
Turkey
Oman
Egypt
Pakistan
Yemen
Qatar
Libya
Israel
Somalia
Jordan
Bahrain
Algeria
2
Djibouti
Afghanistan
Population of MENA in millions
(2013)
Algeria
Bahrain
Djibouti
Total: 720 Million People
Egypt
Iran
Iraq
Jordan
Kuwait
34,186
Dozens of religious
and ethnic groups.
Hundreds of
languages.
9,782
10,882
Lebanon
25,235
21,898
9,346
10,383
38,289
30,552
Morocco
1,131
76,083
30,054
84,666
2,169
4,421
76,521
190,709
Libya
939
Oman
Pakistan
Palestinian Territory
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Somalia
35,095
3,983
3,295
South Sudan
7,309
4,822
6,518
3,459
Sudan
Syria
Tunisia
Turkey
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
3
Against the Global Trend
Globally, rates of new HIV infection are
down 31% over the past 10 years.
MENA countries has seen an increase of
over 50% in that same period.
4
~270,000
AIDS Related Deaths
Global
2001: 1.9 million
2005: 2.3 million
2012: 1.6 million
5
Systemic Lack of
Treatment
17,000/160,000
of those eligible
Only 8% of infected
women receive treatment
to prevent mother to child
transmission
Less than 1/8 of those
eligible for ART treatment
received it in Egypt,
Djibouti, Iran, Somalia,
and Sudan
6
7
Intravenous Drug User
(IDU)
In an unrelated study in Libya, 85% of
people who inject drugs reported
sharing needles. OF these 87% had
HIV.
IDUs –primary means
of HIV transmission
between at risk and
the general population.
Despite this – lack of
appropriate programs
8
9
Female Sex Worker
(FSW)
• Bridges between at risk population and the more general
populace.
• Historically, low levels of HIV infection, less than 5 %
• Morocco 2%- responsible for half of new HIV infections
• Localized Epidemics of HIV have been found among FSW
in Djibouti ( 15.4%), Libya (15.7%), Somalia, and Southern
Sudan
10
Conclusion
Interdisciplinary Approach – Step Up The Pace
•
•
•
•
Religion
Culture
Politics
Finance
11