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Theater Production Types of Theater There are many different types of theater that you can see, and all of them have different production styles. Educational Theater EDUCATIONAL THEATER Theater that is produced at a school The performers are taught to act in the process of producing a show; the stage crew learns how to design and build sets, costumes, props and create lighting and sound effects. Educational Theater You must attend the school to participate in the production. Includes Elementary School, Intermediate School, High School, College/University Theater. You are graded on your performance and technical theatre skills. Educational Theater You often take a class to learn basic acting and technical theater skills in intermediate school or high school. Productions are usually cast from those classes. You also are enrolled in production classes when you are in a theater production at school (such as the Musical Theater Production class at MVHS). Educational Theater Most high schools in the US produce at least 2 productions each year. • A drama or comedy • A musical theater production High schools produce more theatre than Broadway!! Educational Theater College and university theater allows students to major in theatre in areas of acting, musical theatre, directing, costume design, lighting design, set design, sound design or stage management. Students at the college and university level often go on to the world of professional theater or teaching. Educational Theater Our neighborhood educational theater…… CHALLENGE: • Name at least 5 places in Orange County you can see an educational theater production. Community Theater COMMUNITY THEATER A type of theater where the performers are local amateurs who want to perform So...What is an amateur? Community Theater The word amateur is French from the Latin word amātor, lover, from amāre, to love Community Theater So, an amateur is someone who loves something so much that they want to do it even though they are not getting paid for it. They perform because they love to be on stage, or build sets, or be a part of the theater. Community Theater You do not pay to be in a community theater production You do not get paid to be in a community theater production. Often the city helps to produce the shows with some financial backing. Community Theater Many people who acted in high school or college, but did not pursue it as a career, choose to perform in community theater. Community theater holds separate auditions for performers for each production. CHALLENGE: Do you know of any community theaters in the Mission Viejo area? Recreational Theater RECREATIONAL THEATER Theater for children and young adults who pay to be a part of a theater production Often, these experiences are a part of a city or school district recreational department. Recreational Theater Performers are grouped by age and the productions often have large casts. Performers also are double or triple cast for more performance opportunities. Recreational theater typically does musicals that have many roles for children, such as Annie or Peter Pan. Recreational Theater Performers will pay in the range of $150 to $250 to be a part of each production. There is usually no audition process required to be this type of theater. “Pay to Play” theater CHALLENGE: Do you know of any recreational theater companies in Orange County? Children’s Theater CHILDREN’S THEATER Theater that is performed for children ages 4-12 by adults or teens It can be educational, community or professional theater as well. Often, a children’s theater company will tour to elementary schools to perform for schoolchildren. Children’s Theater Children’s theater today often goes to schools to enrich a literature unit or important concern in today’s society. Some in Orange County may have come to your school, performing shows about the history of Orange County or The Island of the Blue Dolphins. Children’s Theatre FUN FACTS: Children’s theater in the United States was used during the Great Depression to help educate immigrant children. Many of the productions taught about citizenship and the history of America. Some were language programs as well. Children’s Theater Performers in children’s theater usually use a different style of acting called presentational acting. • They often talk directly to the children and come into the audience. • Their gestures and movements may be larger than life. Children’s Theater MVHS has produced a number of children’s theater productions performed by Drama 2. Some of the past titles are “Pollution Solution”, “Charlotte’s Web”, “James and the Giant Peach” “Honk!Jr.”, “Cinderella” and “Seussical” Youth Theater YOUTH THEATER This type of theater is for ages 12-17 and is performed by adults or teens. These types of productions usually deal with a social issue that is focused on teens. Youth Theater Often, these productions are followed by a group discussion to allow the students to discuss the issue. MVHS Drama 2 produced the plays “Class Action”, “EAT: It’s not About Food”, “Eat, it’s not about food”, and “Glimpses” which dealt with different teen problems. Youth Theater In the past, some outside theater groups have come to our campus to present the play “Secrets” which was a play about AIDS. This was sponsored by Kaiser Hospital. Have you seen any other youth theater productions? Dinner Theater DINNER THEATER This type of theater is performed while the audience has dinner. A meal is included in the price of the ticket for the show. At some theaters, the dinner is served by the performers and they get to keep the tips! Dinner Theater Dinner theater can also be improvisational, where the actors interact with the audience as characters throughout the dinner. Dinner Theater can ALSO be educational, community or professional. Dinner Theater MVHS Advanced Drama produces a dinner theater each year. Sample shows include Manuscript Mayhem and Movie Mayhem. Improvisational Theater IMPROVISATIONAL THEATER This type of theater is based on the idea of making up the scene and characters on the spot. It can be educational, community or professional theatre. Improvisational Theater The form we know today can be credited to Keith Johnstone and a group called Theatresports, and a woman named Viola Spolin who created theater games. These people created the many games and scenarios that have directly, or indirectly, influenced every major improv group. Improvisational Theater ComedySportz is based on improvisational theater and is actually rehearsed so that the players learn the basic skills, such as C.R.O.W., as well as the formats of the scenes/games. CHALLENGES: • What does C.R.O.W. mean? • Do you know of any other types of Improvisational Theater in Orange County? Professional Theater PROFESSIONAL THEATER This type of theater is for skilled experts. Performers & theater designers and technicians make their living/career in theater…on the stage. In other words, they get paid $$$!! Professional Theater Professional theaters are also referred to as union theaters. • To work a an actor in a professional theater, you must be a member of the stage actors’ union -- Actor’s Equity Association (AEA) is that union. Professional Theater Actor’s Equity Association seeks to advance , promote and foster the art of live theater as an essential part of our society. They negotiate wages and working conditions for actors. Professional Theater A professional actor is paid based on the size & location of the theater, and the size of their role. The average salary for a chorus member on Broadway is $1500 a week. Professional Theatre Theater technicians actually make much more per week than the actors……hmmm…it might be useful to learn how to use power tools after all! Directors, Designers and Stars negotiate their own salaries based on their resumés. Professional Theater Broadway theatre, commonly called simply “Broadway”, refers to theatrical performances presented in one of the 40 large professional theaters with 500 seats or more located in the Theater District in New York City. “Off Broadway” means there are 499 or fewer seats. Professional Theater Broadway theatre produces 7-8 shows, 6 days a week. The theatre is “dark” (closed”) one day a week. • Monday used to be the universal day off, but most theatres today are rotating days off to meet the demand. Professional Theater Broadway is named for the street that it is on and is often called “The Great White Way” because of all the lights in the marquees. Professional Theater There are many exciting shows on Broadway… Professional Theater BUT -- Professional theater is not just on Broadway. Broadway companies often tour. At the Orange County Performing Arts Center, professional touring groups often come to town. You can see shows like… Professional Theater Book of Mormon Wicked Cinderela Newsies Professional Theater There are also regional theaters in Orange County and LA, such as South Coast Reparatory Theater, The Ahmanson Theater, and The Pantages Theater, which are professional theaters. General Notes: Generally speaking…musicals cost more to produce, BUT they usually make more money in ticket sales since they have a wider appeal and the theater can, and usually does, charge more per ticket. • That’s why…most schools wait until the spring to produce their musical, so they have time to build up a decent budget. A theater season runs from fall to summer, just like a school year. The season reflects the target audience of the mission of the theater and the audience base. • Example: A mystery dinner theater would choose detective or thriller types of shows. • Example: A theatre in the South town may choose plays that reflect Southern culture.