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Transcript
STATION 1
Vapor pressure is a measure of relative humidity and saturation vapor pressure. Using this information
and the information given in the problem, answer the following question.
1. If relative humidity is 60% and saturation vapor pressure is 35 mb, what is the actual vapor
pressure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25mb
95mb
21mb
10mb
2. The three ingredients needed in order for a cloud to form are moisture, cloud condensation
nuclei, and a drop in ______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Temperature
Pressure
Wind speed
All of the choices are correct
Both A & B
3. Which of the following in NOT a “permanent gas” in the atmosphere near the earth’s surface?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Helium (He)
Nitrogen (N)
Xenon (Xe)
Water vapor (H2O)
4. Oxygen is added to the atmosphere via __________ and makes up about _____ percent of the
atmosphere’s total volume.
A.
B.
C.
D.
Breathing; 30
Photosynthesis; 21
Decay of organic matter; 15
Fertilization; 78
STATION 2
Answer the following questions. Write true or false on your answer sheet.
5. Approximately 50% of the molecules in the earth’s atmosphere can be found at or below an
altitude of 5.5 kilometers (3.5 miles).
6. With a 28 kilometer resolution, the Global Forecast System (GFS) computer model can resolve
the locations of individual thunderstorms.
7. Water will freeze on human skin with an air temperature of 40°F and a wind chill temperature of
30°F.
8. Radiation from the sun is known as longwave radiation while radiation from the earth is known
as shortwave radiation.
9. Infrared satellite imagery uses radio waves rather than light to create pictures.
STATION 3
Name the cloud types depicted in the following images.
10. Name the cloud type below.
12. Name the cloud type below.
11. Name the cloud type below.
13. Name the cloud type below.
14. Name the cloud type below.
STATION 5
15. On average, which location has the most cooling degree days per year?
A.
B.
C.
D.
International Falls, MN
Seattle, WA
Asheville, NC
Phoenix, AZ
16. Which region of North Carolina typically has the most heating degree days each year?
A. Mountains
B. Piedmont
C. Coastal Plains
Using the diagram below, answer the following question regarding wave energy.
17. Which photon carries the most energy using the diagram above?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Visible
Microwave
Infrared
Ultraviolet
STATION 6
For the following questions (18-21), label the layers of the atmosphere, using the respective numbers as
a guide, on your answer sheet.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22. In which layer of the atmosphere does weather occur?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Thermosphere
Ionosphere
Troposphere
Stratopause
STATION 7
Use the map below to answer the following questions.
23. Over the next 24 hours, what do you expect will happen to the temperature in Greensboro, NC?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Increase to about 70°F
Remain at about 55°F
Decrease to about 40°F
Decrease to about 0°F
24. Over the next 24 hours, how do you expect the winds will change in Kansas City (noted by the
yellow star) as the high pressure system moves from west of Kansas City to east of Kansas City?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Wind speeds increase with most wind coming from the north
Wind speeds increase with most wind coming from the south
Wind speeds decrease with most wind coming from the north
Wind speeds decrease with most wind coming from the south
25. Based on the current radar imagery, over the next 24 hours, which location is most likely to see
thunderstorms?
a. Dallas, TX
b. Atlanta, GA
c. Boston, MA
d. Denver, CO
STATION 8
Use the diagram below to answer the following question related to the STUVE diagram.
26. Which of the following statements best describe what is happening between 1000mb and
900mb on the Stuve diagram shown above?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Dew point temperatures are decreasing with height
There is a low-level temperature inversion
Temperatures are going from below-freezing to above-freezing
The radiosonde that reported this data probably malfunctioned
27. List the two atmospheric parameters that are included in the heat index calculation.
•
•
STATION 9
28. On the map provided on your answer sheet, label the circles with the correct designated air
mass of the area that each circle represents. The arrows are pointing in the direction of the flow
of the air mass. Use the symbols mT, cP, cT, mP, cA. Each symbol will only be used ONCE.
29. Using the map above, which air masses are considered unstable?
30. Using the map above, which air mass is considered unstable at the surface, but stable aloft?
31. Why is cold air more dense than warm air?
32. If an air mass is unstable with warm, moist air present and occurring during the right time of
year, what type of weather is likely to occur?
STATION 10
33. On the answer sheet provided, assemble the station plot below. Include what each circle or box
represents using the image as a guide. Use the following terms in the boxes below: temperature,
cloud cover, dew point temperature, wind speed, wind direction, wind variability, barometric
pressure, precipitation type, front. Not all terms will be used.
34. On the station plot above, wind direction is one of the variables.
a. Does this variable represent that the wind is blowing from that direction or to that
direction?
b. Which direction is the wind blowing to?
STATION 12
Use the station model below to answer the following questions. Be sure to include units!
35. What is the temperature at this particular station? (Include units).
36. What is the barometric pressure?
37. What is the wind speed, in knots?
38. What is the wind direction?
STATION 13
39. Choose the diagram below which represents a typical nighttime energy budget.
STATION 14
40. Describe the atmospheric phenomena shown in the picture below.
41. Based on your knowledge of atmospheric optics, describe the phenomena in the red box of the
diagram below (taken during a warm summer day).
STATION 15
Match the type of wind with the descriptions below. Letters may be used more than once.
A. Chinook Wind
B. Santa Ana Wind
C. Alberta Clippers
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
Can cause a temperature increase during the winter of 50°F in a couple of hours
A fast-moving low pressure area originating from Canada
Impacts areas in Southern Canada and the Great Lakes of the US
Occurs along mountain ranges in the Pacific Northwest of the US
Dry, offshore winds that affect Southern California
Winds that blow through the Mohave desert and increase the chances of forest fires
Forms from warm, moist ocean air and brings warm air to leeward side of mountains
Can cause a temperature decrease of 30°F in a couple of hours
STATION 16
Match the wind with the descriptions below. Letters may be used more than once.
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
Sea Breeze
Land Breeze
Valley Breeze
Mountain Breeze
Warming of a mountain surface which causes a warm wind to blow upslope
Flow of wind from ocean to land
Created from a high pressure over water and a thermal low over land
Cool downslope wind
Flow of wind from land to ocean
A daytime breeze near valleys and mountains
Created from a high pressure over land and a low pressure over the water
A nighttime breeze near valleys and mountains
STATION 17
Use the image below to answer the following questions.
58. On the image on your answer sheet, shade in the areas where precipitation is falling.
59. On the image on your answer sheet, circle the locations that are reporting a thunderstorm.
60. On the image on your answer sheet, put a star over Raleigh, NC.
61. Is precipitation falling in Raleigh, NC?
2013 State Meteorology B Test Answer Key
STATION 1
24. D
1. C
25. B
2. E
STATION 8
3. D
4. B
STATION 2
5. True
6. False
7. False
26. B
27. (2 points)
Air temperature and (relative) humidity
STATION 9
28. (5 points)
8. False
9. False
STATION 3
10. Cirrus
11. Stratus
12. Cumulonimbus
13. Lenticular
14. Cumulus
STATION 5
15. D
29. (2 points) mP & mT or just maritime air mass
16. A
30. cT
17. D
STATION 6
18. Thermosphere
19. Mesosphere
20. Stratosphere
21. Troposphere
22. C
STATION 7
23. C
31. (2 points) cold air is tightly compacted and the molecules are
not moving around as much as those in warmer air. The
molecules in colder air are closer together.
32. Thunderstorms or tornadoes
2013 State Meteorology B Test Answer Key
STATION 10
33. (7 points)
34a. wind blows from that direction
34b. To the northeast
STATION 12
(2 points each; 1 point for units)
35. 65F
36. 999.8 mb
37. 25 knots
STATION 14
40. Halo
41. Virga
STATION 15
38. from the south, to the north
42. A
STATION 13
43. C
39. A
44. C
45. A
46. B
47. B
48. A
49. C
STATION 16
50. C
51. A
52. A
53. D
54. B
55. C
56. B
57. D
2013 State Meteorology B Test Answer Key
STATION 17
58.
59.
60.
61.
4 points; shade precipitation
4 points; circle thunderstorms
1 point; star Raleigh
no