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Transcript
EU - ARMENIA
Armenia - Facts
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Location: Southwestern Asia
Country name: Republic of Armenia
Capital: Yerevan
Area: 29,800 sq km
Land boundaries: total: 1,254 km
border countries: Azerbaijan-proper
566 km, Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave
221 km, Georgia 164 km, Iran 35 km,
Turkey 268 km
Climate: highland continental, hot
summers, cold winters
Population: 2,968,586 (July 2008 est.)
Administrative divisions: 10
provinces (marzer, singular - marz);
Aragatsotn, Ararat, Armavir,
Gegharkunik, Kotayk, Lorri, Shirak,
Syunik, Tavush, Vayots Dzor
• Constitution:
• Adopted by nationwide referendum 5 July 1995;
• amendments adopted through a nationwide referendum 27 November
2005
• Legal system:
Based on civil law system
• Chief of state: President Serzh SARGSYAN (since 9 April 2008)
• Executive branch:
– head of government: Prime Minister Tigran SARGSYAN (since 9 April
2008)
– cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister
elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for
a second term)
• Legislative branch
Unicameral National Assembly (Parliament) or Azgayin Zhoghov
•
•
•
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131 seats
members elected by popular vote
90 members elected by party list
41 by direct vote to serve four-year terms
• Judicial branch
Constitutional Court; Court of Cassation, Appeals Court
• International organization participation
ACCT (observer), ADB, BSEC, CE, CIS, CSTO, EAEC (observer),
EAPC, EBRD, FAO, GCTU, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICRM,
IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO,
ITU, MIGA, NAM (observer), OAS (observer), OIF (observer), OPCW,
OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO,
WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Armenia
EU
• GDP (PPP) 2007: $17.15
billion
• GDP (PPP) per capita
2007: $4,900
• GDP - real growth rate:
13.8% (2007 est.)
• GDP (PPP) 2007: $14.38
trillion
• GDP (PPP)
per capita 2007: $32,300
• GDP - real growth rate:
3% (2007 est.)
Integration into European
Structures
• 1991 - EU-Armenia cooperation through the TACIS programme
• 1992 - official recognition of the independence of the Republic of Armenia by
the European Community
• 22 April 1996 - Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) between
Armenia, the EC and its fifteen Member States (covering all areas except
defence; entered into force on 1 July 1999 )
• 14 June 2004
- EC decision to incorporate the countries of the Southern
Caucasus into the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP)
• 23 March, 2006
- The National Programme for Implementation of the PCA
between the EU and Armenia was adopted by the Government of the
Republic of Armenia
• November 14, 2006 - 2007-2013 ENP Action Plan (ENP AP) for Armenia
adopted in Brussels at the EU-Armenia Cooperation Council
DEVELOPMENTS IN ARMENIA
• Country Strategy Paper (CSP) 2007-2013
- covering the
EC financial assistance to Armenia under the new European
Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI)
• ENPI National Indicative Programme (NIP) 2007-2010
Main priorities
– Strengthening of Democratic Structures and Good Governance
– Support for Regulatory Reform and Administrative Capacity
Building
– Support for Poverty Reduction Efforts
EU-Member states as of
2007:
Austria, Belgium,
Bulgaria, Denmark,
Germany, Estonia,
Finland, France, Greece,
Cyprus, United Kingdom,
Ireland, Italy, Latvia,
Lithuania, Luxembourg,
Malta, Netherlands,
Poland, Portugal,
Romania, Sweden,
Slovakia, Slovenia,
Spain, Czech Republic,
Hungary.
Waiting : Turkey, Croatia,
FYROM, Bosnia &
Herzegovina
EU enlargements
1995
Building Europe
Lithuania
Treaty of Rome
Luxembourg
Deutschland
Italy
Netherlands
Latvia
Bulgaria
Malta
Romania
3rd
1981
Spain
Austria
Poland
Slovakia
Slovenia
Czech
Republic
Hungary
Cyprus
Sweden
Greece
Denmark
1957
France
Estonia
UK
Ireland
7th 2007
4th 1986
Portugal
Belgium
6th 2004
Finnland
From EEC of 6 to EU of 27
2nd
1973
5th
Waiting :
Balkans +
Turkey
New Member States
Poland
(38,2 Mil.
people )
Czech
Republic
Hungary
Slovakia
(10,2 Mil.)
(5,4 Mil.)
(10,2 Mil.)
Lithuania
Latvia
Slovenia
Estonia
(3,5 Mil.)
(2,3 Mil.)
(2 Mil.)
(1,4 Mil.)
Bulgaria
Cyprus
Malta
Romania
(7,7 Mil)
(709.000)
(395.000)
(21,8 Mil )
Facts
• Population(2007):
• GDP (2006)
– EU-15: 380 Mln.
– EU-27: 490 Mln.
– EU-25: 10.816 Bln €
– US 10.037 Bln €
Bodies of the European Union
European Council
(ER)
European Parliament
(EP)
European
Commission
(EC)
European Economic
and social committee
(EESC)
Council of the European
Union
(Council)
Committee of the
regions
(CoR)
European Court
of Justice
European Court
of auditors
European Council
• Heads of governments
of 27 member states
and the President of the
European Commission
• Highest decision making
body – sets major policies
of EU
• Meets 4 times per year
• As EU-Summit in focus of
media interest
Council of the European Union
(Council of ministers)
• Representing the
interests of the 27
member states
• Meets in 9 different
groups (e.g. agriculture,
finance)
• Law making body
together with Parliament
• Has the highest
competence
• Member states have
different numbers of
votes related to their
population
Shares of votes
• Different voting procedures:
Council decides
unanimously , in procedural
questions sometimes with
simple majority.
Votes
States
3
Malta
4
Luxemburg, Cyprus, Estonia,
Slovenia, Latvia
7
Lithuania, Ireland, Finland,
Denmark, Slovakia
• Simple majority of Member
States
255 of 345 votes
10
Austria, Sweden, Bulgaria
12
Portugal, Hungary, Belgium,
Czech Republic, Greece
• Shares are related to the
population of member
states,
smaller states are preferred
in proportion.
13
Netherlands
14
Romania
27
Poland, Spain
29
Italy, France, United Kingdom,
Germany
European Parliament
• Represents all European
citizens
• Members are elected
secretly; free and common
elections for five years
• 785 members in 8 political
groups (number of seats
per country are related
to the size of population)
• Has the right of legislative
co-decisions in most
policies and is final
instance for the EU budget
European Commission
• acts in the name of all 27 members by
- realizing EU policies and
supervising the rule of common
law
- initiating new legislation
- executing decisions of the Council
and the Parliament and runs the
budget
• has 27 Commissioners and about
25.000 administrative staff
• has 40 Directorates General
Thank you for your attention!