... become ‘whole and free’, and that the end of the
European wars heralded a millennia of peace
and democracy. The crisis and the collapse of
the former Yugoslavia ‘re-balkanised’ Southeast
Europe and revived old Western stereotypes about
the Balkans and ‘Balkanisation’. The author
attempts to determin ...
... On 25 September 1997, the Dispute Settlement Body ("DSB") adopted its recommendations
and rulings in the dispute European Communities – Regime for the Importation, Sale and Distribution
of Bananas (WT/DS27) ("Bananas III").1 The DSB ruled that the import regime of the European
Communities ("EC") for ...
... GM crop in this case (MON 810) had been authorized in the European Union for more than ten
years, it had not been authorized for uses which included pollen. The European Union was taking
steps to fill the existing regulatory gaps until EFSA provided an opinion on the safety of the MON
810 pollen in ...
... involving a confrontation between the United States and Republican France that led to an undeclared war called
the Quasi-War. The name derives from the substitution of the letters X, Y and Z for the names of French diplomats
in documents released by the Adams administration.
An American diplomatic c ...
... Republic of Moldova, applicant to the
Joint Operational Program RomaniaUkraine-Republic of Moldova 20072013, signed a Partnership Agreement
with the Ministry of Energy and Coal
Industry of Ukraine and the Ministry of
Economy of Romania and is acting as
the beneficiary of the project. The grant
... specific and innovative component catering for the specific needs of cross-border cooperation at
the EU’s external borders. Its scope will thus go beyond promoting objectives such as sustainable
development or fighting poverty to encompass for example considerable support for measures
leading to pro ...
... Revision of the emissions trading system
The Council agreed on a general approach for the review of the emission trading system (ETS).
Now negotiations with the European Parliament can start with the aim of reaching an agreement on
the final text.
The ETS is one of the main tools to reduce greenhous ...
... • Political entity only date back to the Treaty of Versailles that
officially ended WW I.
• Carved up the former Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman empires
into several of the states existing in the region today.
• Formerly independent Serbia and Montenegro were joined with
Slovenia, Croatia, part of Mace ...
... countries of the European Union, applicant states, and other countries as well. Learning
from each other and putting that learning into practice, is an indispensable part of
gaining maximum improvement in safety. Such improvement should be given high
priority, considering that each year more than 40 ...
... improving the quality of the environment; protecting human health, promoting
measures at international level to deal with regional or worldwide environmental
problems, and in particular combating climate change.
... (1) International application published in one of the EPO official
languages: damages, possibly seizure of the articles infringing the
patent; however, the court hearing the infringement action stays
proceedings until the patent is granted; any national requirements
relating to the translation of th ...
... The basis was that each alliance would support its members - the 'Triple Alliance' of Germany,
Austria-Hungary and Italy against the 'Triple Entente' of France, Russia and Great Britain, so that
an attack on any one major power by another would produce a general European war. In Britain's
case this ...
... • the effect of European migration and settlement on
the Americas, Africa, and Asia:
– Expansion of overseas territorial claims and
European emigration to North and South America
– Demise of Aztec, Maya, and Inca Empires
Legacy of a rigid class system and dictatorial rule
in Latin Ame ...
... Hitler-Stalin Pact to the fall of the
This year marks the 70th anniversary of the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact between Hitler
and Stalin to split parts of Central and Eastern Europe and the Baltic States between
them, but it is also 20 years since the fall of the Berlin Wall. Opening a confer ...
... sector at Stratagem (1998 - present). In the 1970s he helped set up the European
Youth Forum, from his base as Chair of the British Youth Council (Scotland).
At NICVA he moved to professionalise the voluntary sector and helped develop
strong North / South links; he introduced it to European programm ...
... Ten years after the 2004 enlargement that was supposed to definitively brought the postwar division
of Europe in a Western and Eastern bloc to the dust bin of history, the integration of new Member
States in the European Union turns out to be a complex matter and structural differences between
old a ...
... on that side of the Atlantic [in Europe]. In the wars of the European powers in matters relating to
themselves we have never taken any part, nor does it comport [agree] with our policy so to do. It is
only when our rights are invaded or seriously menaced that we resent injuries or make preparation
History of the European Coal and Steel Community (1945–57)
The period saw the first moves towards European unity as the first bodies began to be established in the aftermath of the Second World War. In 1951 the first community, the European Coal and Steel Community was established and moves on new communities quickly began. Early attempts at military and political unity failed, eventually leading to the Treaties of Rome in 1957.