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CHAPTER FOUR NOTES
ANCIENT CHINA
THE GEOGRAPHY OF CHINA
• HUANG RIVER-”YELLOW” DUE TO YELLOW SILT DISSOLVED IN WATER
• LEVEES BUILT TO CONTROL FLOODING
• CALLED “CHINA’S SORROW” BECAUSE FLOODING WIPES OUT CROPS AND
LEAVES PEOPLE HOMELESS
• TIBETAN PLATEAU: VERY ROCKY LAND SURROUNDED BY MOUNTAIN RANGES
• CHINA HAS PLAINS, MOUNTAINS, AND DESERTS
SHANG DYNASTY
• FIRST DYNASTY (BEGAN BETWEEN 1760 AND 1500 B.C.)
• BRONZE AGE-BRONZE USED FOR TOOLS, CUPS, WEAPONS,
AND TRADE GOODS
• BRONZE MADE BY MELTING COPPER AND TIN
ZHOU DYNASTY (1027 B.C.-221 B.C)
• LONGEST DYNASTY (800+ YEARS)
• SEPARATED INTO WESTERN ZHOU AND EASTERN ZHOU
• WESTERN ZHOU-SILK=IMPORTANT PRODUCT OF ZHOU ECONOMY
• EASTERN ZHOU-”GOLDEN AGE” IN CHINA
• NEW SYSTEM OF MONEY
• PROJECTS TO CONTROL FLOODING
• IRON USED TO MAKE FARM TOOLS AND WEAPONS
QIN DYNASTY (221 B.C.-206 B.C.)
• NEW STATES FORMED TO CENTRALIZE
GOVERNMENT
• SHI HUANGDI “FIRST EMPEROR”
• BUILT GREAT WALL OF CHINA TO PROTECT THE
EMPIRE FROM NORTHERN INVADERS
HAN DYNASTY (206 B.C.-A.D. 220)
• BUILDING OF NEW ROADS
• GOV’T OFFICIALS TOOK CIVIL SERVICE EXAMS
• FIRST COMPLETE HISTORY OF CHINA WAS WRITTEN
• INVENTIONS=PORCELAIN, PAPER, INK
CONFUCIANISM
• CONFUCIUS LIVED IN ZHOU DYNASTY
• CORE VIRTUES=SENSE OF HUMANITY, RESPECT FOR
FAMILY, HUMILITY (MODESTY)
• FIRST PRINCIPLE=RESPECT ALL PEOPLE
• ANALECTS-COLLECTION OF SAYINGS BY
CONFUCIUS, MAIN PRINTED WORK
DAOISM
• LAOZI=FIRST GREAT TEACHER
• BELIEF IN FINDING THE “WAY” OR DAO, OF THE
UNIVERSE
• BELIEVE PEOPLE SHOULD LIVE IN HARMONY WITH
NATURE, NOT APART FROM IT