Download Trans-Fatty Acids - Meridian Kinesiology

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Fish oil wikipedia , lookup

Ripeness in viticulture wikipedia , lookup

Yeast assimilable nitrogen wikipedia , lookup

Saturated fat and cardiovascular disease wikipedia , lookup

Human nutrition wikipedia , lookup

Nutrition wikipedia , lookup

Trans-Fatty Acids
The altered chemical structure of Unsaturated Fatty Acids in dietary Oils after they have
been modified from their natural Cis-Fatty Acid state.
Toxic Effects of Trans-Fatty Acids
Trans-Fatty Acids increase the risk of Atherosclerosis (by increasing the body's
production of Lipoprotein (a) which is strongly implicated in Atherosclerosis) [scientific
research - Trans-Fatty Acids increase the size of Atherosclerotic Plaque in pig's aortas].
Trans-Fatty Acids increase the risk of abnormal Blood Clotting (by increasing the
"stickiness" of Platelets in Blood Cells).
Trans-Fatty Acids increase the risk of Hypertension by increasing Blood Pressure (by
interfering with the production of Prostaglandin E1).
Trans-Fatty Acids increase the risk of a first Heart Attack [scientific research - humans:
persons who consume more than 6 grams of Trans-Fatty Acids per day have a 2.44 times
greater risk for a first Heart Attack compared to persons who consume less than 3 grams
of Trans-Fatty Acids per day].
Trans-Fatty Acids are strongly implicated in Ischaemic Heart Disease [sc. research].
Trans-Fatty Acids increase the permeability of Cells, allowing in toxins that would
normally be kept out.
Immune System
Trans-Fatty Acids interfere with the efficiency of B-Lymphocytes [scientific research].
Trans-Fatty Acids interfere with the Immune System:
Trans-Fatty Acids increase the risk of Cancer by altering the activities of the Liver
Enzymes - Mixed Function Oxidase Cytochromes P-448/450 that metabolize carcinogens
and other toxins [scientific research].
Trans-Fatty Acids increase the size and quantity of Adipose Tissue (body Fat Tissues).
Trans-Fatty Acids elevate total Cholesterol levels by up to 15% [sc. research - humans].
Trans-Fatty Acids increase the risk of developing Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 (by
decreasing the response of Red Blood Cells to Insulin).[scientific research - humans]:
Trans-Fatty Acids increase serum Insulin levels in response to Glucose load.
Trans-Fatty Acids lower HDL Cholesterol levels [scientific research].
Trans-Fatty Acids elevate LDL Cholesterol levels [scientific research: proven
conclusively in humans].
Trans-Fatty Acids elevate the body's levels of Lipoprotein (a) (Lp(a)) [sc. research].
Trans-Fatty Acids elevate Triglycerides levels by up to 47%.[scientific research].
Sexual System - Female
Excessive consumption of Trans-Fatty Acids can cause Female Infertility.
Trans-Fatty Acids lower the total amount of cream volume in Human Breast Milk
during Lactation, thereby lowering the overall quality of milk available to the infant
[scientific research - humans and animals: Trans-Fatty Acids lower the quality of milk
produced by all species studied].
Trans-Fatty Acids increase the risk of complications during Pregnancy [sc. research].
Sexual System - Male
Trans-Fatty Acids increase the incidence of Sperm abnormalities [scientific
research - animals].
Trans-Fatty Acids Interfere with these Substances
Trans-Fatty Acids suppress the body's production of Delta-6-Desaturase enzyme.
Trans-Fatty Acids decrease the response of Red Blood Cells to Insulin (thereby
increasing the risk of developing Diabetes Mellitus Type 2).
Trans-Fatty Acids decrease Testosterone levels [scientific research - animals].
Trans-Fatty Acids interferes with the conversion of Alpha-Linolenic Acid (LNA)
to further endogenous Superunsaturated Fatty Acids.
These Factors Convert Cis-Fatty Acids to Trans-Fatty Acids
Food Processing Techniques
High Heat (i.e. above 160 degrees C) converts Fatty Acids from their normal "cis"
form to Trans-Fatty Acids.
The industrial food process of Partial-Hydrogenation converts Fatty Acids from
their normal "cis" form to Trans-Fatty Acids.
Dietary Sources of Trans-Fatty Acids
The estimated average daily Western consumption of Trans Fatty Acids is 9-12 grams
(about 10% of daily total lipid intake).
Processed Foods:
95% of the average daily consumption of Trans-Fatty Acids
is in the form of Partially-Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil products such as "Easy-Spread
Butters", Margarine (which contains 20% Trans-Fatty Acids) and Vegetable Shortenings.
Most commercial dietary Oils have been subjected to PartialHydrogenation and therefore contain large amounts of Trans-Fatty Acids.
Almost all fried foods contain Trans-Fatty Acids, due to the high
temperatures generated during cooking and also due to the use of Oils that have been
subjected to Partial-Hydrogenation as the frying medium.
These Substances Reverse the Damage Caused by Trans-Fatty Acids
However, it is not possible to convert Trans-Fatty Acids back to Cis-Fatty Acids.
Unprocessed dietary Oils that still contain Cis-Fatty Acids counteract some of the
damage inflicted by Trans-Fatty Acids within the body.
Forms of Trans-Fatty Acids
All Unsaturated Fatty Acids can convert to their "Trans" form. These are the forms that
have so far been named:
Elaidic Acid: Trans Isomer of Oleic Acid
Linoelaidic Acid:
Trans Isomer of Linoleic Acid
Copyright 1997 In-Tele-Health