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Ancient Greece A Step Back In Time Architecture Art, method and style of building. Prehistoric Architecture Prehistoric buildings were usually one room houses. Then people put in a wall to make two rooms. One room was for sleeping. The other room was for family activities. The houses were very small. Grecian Architecture The Greeks wanted bigger houses. The Grecian homes had a living room, several bedrooms, a kitchen, a bathing room, a men’s dining room, and a women’s sitting room. The rooms were built in a square around a courtyard. The courtyard had no roof. How Do You Build a Bigger House? The Greeks had to find a way to support their bigger houses. To build a bigger house the prehistoric way would have meant the house would have fallen down. The Greeks used columns to support their houses. Columns? A column was a huge stick that held the roof up. The first columns were made of wood. The Greeks ran out of wood. They had a lot of rock, so they used rock instead of wood. Marble Marble is a kind of rock. It comes in many colors and is beautiful. There was a lot of marble in Greece. Most of it was a creamy white color. Many Grecian buildings are made of marble. Schools of Architecture There were three schools of Grecian architecture. Doric Ionic Corinthian Doric Columns The top of the columns are a square block. Under the block is a rounded piece. The columns are thick. The base is a square block. Doric This is a drawing of a Doric column. Notice the square block at the top. Notice the rounded piece under the block. The column is thick. The base is made of a square block. Doric This drawing shows how the Doric column was used. The columns hold up the roof. The roof line was very fancy. The top of the column is called the capital. Doric Colonnade in Zeus’ Palace The capitals were very large. Doric Columns in the Parthenon Doric Columns Today The Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. Doric Columns Today Old Supreme Court Chamber Ionic Ionic Columns The Ionic Column was invented next. The Ionic capital looks like a scroll. The Ionic column is skinnier. The base has a rounded and a square section. Ionic This is a drawing of an Ionic column. Notice the capital is shaped like a scroll. Notice the column is skinnier. This base is square. Many times the bases were fancier. Ionic This drawing shows how the Ionic column was used. The columns hold up the roof. The roof line was very fancy. The capital looks like a scroll. The base is layered. Ionic Column in Athena’s Temple Ionic Columns Today Thomas Jefferson National Memorial Ionic Columns Today Salem City Hall Corinthian Corinthian Columns Corinthian columns were the most decorative. The capitals were carved to look like leaves. The columns were the thinnest. Corinthian Columns This is a drawing of a Corinthian column. Notice the capital looks like leaves and flowers. The column is the thinnest of all. The base is the fanciest of all. Corinthian This drawing shows how the column was used. The column holds up the roof. The roof line had lots of parts, but not so much carving. The capital is very fancy and so is the base. Corinthian Columns in Zeus’ Temple Corinthian Columns in the Olympeian Corinthian Columns Today Hall of Columns in the Capital Building Corinthian Columns Today United States Supreme Court Building The Three Schools of Grecian Architecture UVA Uses All Three Columns Thomas Jefferson used Doric, Ionic and Corinthian columns to teach Grecian architecture.