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World Religions
World Religions
Time to review the
major religions of the
world so far….
Buddhism
Buddhism





Diety- not a personal diety
Founder- Buddha
Holy book- no one sacred book
Leadership- Buddhist monks and nuns
And….the basic beliefs…
 Nirvana
 Noble Eightfold Path
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Right views
Right aspirations
Right speech
Right conduct
Right livelihood
Right endeavor
Right mindfulness
Right meditation
Christianity
Christianity





Deity- God- Jehovah
Founder- Jesus Christ
Holy book- Bible
Leadership- clergy- priests, ministers
And….basic beliefs…..





There is only one God
He watches over and cares for his people
Jesus was God’s son
He died to save humanity from sin
His death and resurrection made eternal life
possible.
Hinduism
Hinduism
 Deity- three main gods- Brahma, Vishnu,
Shiva
 No one founder
 No one sacred text- Vedas, Puranas
 Leadership- Guru, Holy man, Brahmin priest
 And…basic beliefs…
 The soul never dies, but it continues to be
reborn.
 Enlightenment comes after freed from
earthly desires.
 Freedom comes from a lifetime of worship,
knowledge, and virtuous acts
Islam
Islam





Deity- Allah
Founder- Muhammed
Holy book- Qur’an
Leadership- no clergy
And…basic beliefs…






Salvation through five pillars
Faith
Almsgiving/ charity
Fasting
Pilgrimage
Prayer
Judaism
Judaism





Deity- Yahweh
Founder- Abraham
Holy Book- Torah
Leadership- Rabbis
And….basic beliefs…
 There is only one God who watches over
and cares for his people.
 God loves and protects his people
 God holds people accountable for their sins
and shortcomings
 Persons serve God by studying the Torah
and living by it’s teachings.
Do you remember the others we’ve
looked at?
From Persia?
From China?
Others?
Time to compare….
 and “think” about it….