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World Religions World Religions Time to review the major religions of the world so far…. Buddhism Buddhism Diety- not a personal diety Founder- Buddha Holy book- no one sacred book Leadership- Buddhist monks and nuns And….the basic beliefs… Nirvana Noble Eightfold Path – – – – – – – – Right views Right aspirations Right speech Right conduct Right livelihood Right endeavor Right mindfulness Right meditation Christianity Christianity Deity- God- Jehovah Founder- Jesus Christ Holy book- Bible Leadership- clergy- priests, ministers And….basic beliefs….. There is only one God He watches over and cares for his people Jesus was God’s son He died to save humanity from sin His death and resurrection made eternal life possible. Hinduism Hinduism Deity- three main gods- Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva No one founder No one sacred text- Vedas, Puranas Leadership- Guru, Holy man, Brahmin priest And…basic beliefs… The soul never dies, but it continues to be reborn. Enlightenment comes after freed from earthly desires. Freedom comes from a lifetime of worship, knowledge, and virtuous acts Islam Islam Deity- Allah Founder- Muhammed Holy book- Qur’an Leadership- no clergy And…basic beliefs… Salvation through five pillars Faith Almsgiving/ charity Fasting Pilgrimage Prayer Judaism Judaism Deity- Yahweh Founder- Abraham Holy Book- Torah Leadership- Rabbis And….basic beliefs… There is only one God who watches over and cares for his people. God loves and protects his people God holds people accountable for their sins and shortcomings Persons serve God by studying the Torah and living by it’s teachings. Do you remember the others we’ve looked at? From Persia? From China? Others? Time to compare…. and “think” about it….