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Transcript
Islam
By Year 6
The Mosque
Mosq e
ƒ Mosques
M
are h
holy
l places
l
where
h
M
Muslims
li
go tto
pray.
• There
Th
are ttwo types
t
off mosques such
h as
Purpose--built mosques and converted
Purpose
mosques This mean they have been
mosques.
converted from other buildings.
• Purpose
Purpose--built mosques - You can identify a
purpose--built mosque because of it’s Dome,
purpose
Mineret and various symbols such as a
crescent.
Visiting the Central Mosque
Inside the Mosque
Mosq e
Inside the mosque are various places for men
and women to p
pray
y because it is thought
g in
the muslim religion that men and women
should be separated at all times. This is so
that all their concentration should be towards
their praying and nothing else.
Before going to pray ,men and women have to
wash parts of their body so that they are clean
clean.
Unless they have washed at home they will not
need to wash in the mosque. There are different
parts of their body that they need to wash such
as their face, their neck, their hands and feet and
their arms. This is called wudu.
Th Five
The
Fi
Pill
Pillars off IIslam
l
The five pillars signify the foundation of Muslim life.
The five p
pillars are:
ƒ The testimony of faith (this is the most important pillar).
ƒ Prayer.
ƒ Giving Zakat (support the needy).
ƒ The pilgrimage to Makkah. (you should go once in your
lifetime).
lifetime)
ƒ Fasting the month of Ramadan.
Mohammad
ƒ Mohammad
M h
d was b
born iin M
Makkah.
kk h
ƒ Angel Gabriel sent a message that
Mohammad had to have the revelation of the
Qur’an
Qur
an.
ƒ The message was written down and put into
the holy book which is called the Qur’an.
What is Hajj?
ƒ Hajj is a annual pilgrimage to Makkah.
ƒ People
p have to visit Hajj
jj once in a life time.
ƒ The pilgrims walk seven times antianti-clockwise
around the Kabah.
ƒ Before people go to hajj they have to wash
themselves 3 times.
go to Hajj
jj in many
y different transport.
ƒ People g
ƒ The Hajj is the fifth pillar.
ƒ When Hajj is finished they have EidEid-AlAl-Adha.
Ramadan
The Muslims month of fasting
• Ramadan is in the ninth month of the year .
• Muslims use the lunar calendar
•Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset.
•They are not allowed to eat, drink or smoke.
•They
y pray
p y and eat a meal
m
called iftar
f
and visit
friends.
•This
This is done 30 days in a row.
row
•Fasting is one of the five pillars of Islam.
•Muslims start fasting from the age of 12
Id - Ul - Fitr
•Id-ul-fitr is a festival after Ramadan
•Id-ul-fitr is a festival similar to Christmas because you are given
presents
•It is forbidden to fast during id-ul-fitr
•Id-ul-fitr
Id-ul-fitr is on the Islamic calendar
•The sign for id-ul-fltr is on the new moon in the first month shawwal
Arabic Writing
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
Arabic is the language of Islam.
A bi iis written
Arabic
itt ffrom lleft
ft to
t right.
i ht
Arabic symbols can be used to make pictures.
The Arabic alphabet is written in symbols.
The Qur
Qur’an
an was first written in this form.
form
The Q
Qurr`an
an
The holy book of Islam is the Qur`an. The Qur`an is
written
itt in
i Arabic.
A bi Muslims
M li
believe
b li
the
th Qur`an
Q ` has
h
the word's of Allah (god).
Qur`an is one of the most precious
p
thing
g in a
The Q
Muslims life.
Muslims will wash themselves thoroughly before
touching the Qur
Qur`an
an this is a sign of respect to
Allah. To not do this is a great sin and they would
have to pray to Allah for forgiveness.