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Lion King—Ecology Reinforcement
Name: _____________________
LS2.1 – Evaluate and communicate the impact of environmental variables on population size.
LS2.2 – Determine the impact of competitive, symbiotic, and predatory interactions in an ecosystem.
LS2.3 – Draw conclusions about the transfer of energy through a food web and energy pyramid in an ecosystem.
LS2.4 – Using evidence from climate data, draw conclusions about the patterns of abiotic and biotic factors in different biomes, specifically the tundra, taiga,
deciduous forest, desert, grasslands, rainforest, marine, and freshwater ecosystems.
LS2.5 – Analyze existing evidence about the effect of a specific invasive species on native populations in Tennessee and design a solution to mitigate its
LS2.6 – Research the ways in which an ecosystem has changed over time in response to changes in physical conditions, population balances, human
interactions, and natural catastrophes.
LS2.7 – Compare and contrast auditory and visual methods of communication among organisms in relation to survival strategies of a population.
LS4.1 – Explain how changes in biodiversity would impact ecosystem stability and natural resources.
LS4.2 – Design a possible solution for maintaining biodiversity of ecosystems while still providing necessary human resources without disrupting environmental
Scene 1: Introducing Baby Simba
1. List 3 Biotic Factors from the Lion King introduction. ___________________________________
2. List 3 Abiotic Factors from the Lion King introduction. __________________________________
3. The birds riding on the tusks of the elephant feed on insects the elephant stirs up. What kind of symbiotic
relationship exists between the two? Explain.
Scene 2: Meeting with Scar
4. In the beginning of the movie Scar is about to eat a mouse. Identify the:
Predator: ________________
Prey: ________________
5. What is the main population this movie focuses on? _________________________________
6. Give 5 examples from the community from the movie. _________________________________
Scene 3: Introduction of the Kingdom
7. Mufasa says that when they die, they become food for the grass. Why is this an incorrect statement?
8. What does Mufasa mean by the circle of life? Draw a diagram that shows the circle of life. Represent it
this way: sun → producer → primary consumer → secondary consumer → decomposer
9. What adaptation does Zazu used to get Simba to let go of his tail?
10. The “circle of life” can also be classified as a food _______________________________
11. What kind of relationship would lions and hyenas have? predator-prey symbiotic competitive
Scene 4: Dance Number “I just can’t wait to be king”
12. What type of animals (herbivores or carnivores) are the most numerous in this scene? __________
Explain why this is the case in all ecosystems:
13. The crocodile has birds in its mouth. What type of symbiotic relationship is it? Explain.
Scene 5: Elephant Graveyard
14. List 2 abiotic factors that seem to be lacking in the habitat of the hyenas, which would explain the lack of
producers in this area. ____________________________________________________
15. The hyenas live in the Dark land. Are they in the same niche as lions living in Pride Rock? ______
Explain your answer:
Scene 6 & 7: Hyenas in Darkland & Dance Number
16. What is wrong with the following statement, “Hyenas are on the bottom of the food chain (pyramid)”?
17. Would a Hyena population as large as the one in the movie really exist? Explain your answer.
Scene 8: Simba meets Timon and Pumba
18. Puma asks Simba, "What's eating you?" Timon jokes, "Nothing, he's at the top of the food chain!" What
does Timon mean?
19. Many different species of insects and worms live together in the same habitat with little competition.
How can this happen?
Scene 9: Problems at Pride Rock;
20. When Scar replaces Mufasa, the pride's stable ecosystem is replaced by an unstable ecosystem. Describe
three ways the movie indicates this change in the ecosystem.
21. What is needed to balance the biodiversity now that scar has taken over?
Scene 10: Back in the Jungle with Nala
22. What adaptation is Nala using to sneak up on Pumba?
Answer the following questions using the Food Chain: Tree leaves  Beetle  Wart Hog  Lion
23. Name all the consumers. ______________________________________________________________
24. Which organism is the tertiary consumer? ________________________________________________
25. Which organism would be considered the 1st level carnivore? ________________________________
Scene 11: Meeting with the Monkey
26. What type of interaction would Simba and Rafiki have if they were in a real jungle?
Scene 12: Journey Home
27. Name the 3 different biomes you saw Simba in during the movie.
Scene 13: Scar is Outed
28. Would the Hyenas be an invasive species? Explain your answer.
Extra Credit:
During the movie, the water at Pride Rock dries up. Then after it catches on fire, rain falls to replenish the
environment, and it becomes a savannah again. What type of succession is this: primary or secondary?