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Past civilization (WW2) Kyrbassov Nurzhan World War II resulted in enormous destruction and loss of life. The war devastated entire countries, turned cities and villages into ruins, and led to the death of many millions of people. The largest human losses 26.6 million people - were suffered by the Soviet Union. Germany and its European allies lost, according to various estimates, from 8 to 13 million people. At least 6 million citizens of Poland, 6 million Jews, 2-3 million Japanese, 1.7 million inhabitants of Yugoslavia were killed. China's military losses amount to approximately 5 million people, and in total, about 18 million people died in China during the years of the war - mainly from hunger and disease. No one counted the losses of the indigenous people of Asian and African countries, on whose territory military operations were conducted: Burma, Indonesia, Vietnam, Malaya, Tunisia, Syria, Ethiopia, Somalia. The military losses of France, the USA and Great Britain were relatively small: 635 thousand killed in France, about 300 thousand in the USA, over 400 thousand in Great Britain. However, the results of the Second World War are not limited to losses and destruction. As a result of the war, the face of the world has changed: new borders and new states have appeared, new trends in social development have been outlined, major inventions and discoveries have been made The war gave a strong impetus to the development of science and technology. Radar, jet aircraft, ballistic missiles, antibiotics, electronic computers and many other inventions and discoveries were made or came into wide use during the war. The beginning of the mastery of atomic energy belongs to wartime, thanks to which the twentieth century. often referred to as the atomic age. It was then that the foundations of the scientific and technological revolution were laid, which has transformed and continues to transform the post-war world. A very important outcome and consequence of the Second World War was the collapse of the colonial system. Before the war, the vast majority of the world's population lived in colonies whose area and population were many times larger than the metropolitan countries: Great Britain, France, Holland, Belgium, Italy, Japan. During the Second World War, and especially after its end, part of the dependent and colonial countries: Syria, Lebanon, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Indonesia, Burma, the Philippines, Korea - declared themselves independent. In 1947, India became de facto independent, divided into two dominions: India and Pakistan. The Soviet Union led the social forces opposed to capitalism. Two main poles of attraction of European forces were formed, conditionally called East and West; two ideological and military-political blocs began to take shape, a confrontation in a variety of specific post-war structures - the pole of a two-fold - world.