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Roman Conflicts Contents: Punic Wars - Overview Rome and Carthage Hannibal and Rome The End of Carthage rd 3 The Punic War Intention : Students will develop an understanding of the causes and outcomes of the 3rd Punic War Consequence of the nd 2 Punic War Instead of admitting defeat to Hannibal’s army, the Romans rallied and raised dozens of new volunteer legions. Scipio, the Roman general, led these troops in a fierce attack on Carthage, forcing Hannibal back to Africa to protect the city. Scipio and Hannibal met in battle in 202 B.C. near Carthage at the Battle of Zama. Here, Hannibal was defeated. The End of the nd Defeating Hannibal was a huge victory for Rome. As a result, 2 Punic War Carthage had to give up all their land in Spain and hand over their warships, severely weakening their power and wealth. Hannibal’s Death: The Carthaginians turned on Hannibal and reported to Rome that he was building an army. Hannibal spent much of his remaining years in exile around the Mediterranean. He kept his blood oath and maintained his enmity of the Romans until the end, which came around 183 B.C. at a fortress in Libyssa, in modern-day Turkey. Rather than surrender to the Roman forces that had surrounded him, Hannibal poisoned himself, 33 years after nearly bring Rome to the brink of defeat rd 3 The Punic War After the second Punic War, Carthage power was greatly diminished but still existed as a wealthy trading center. Rome desired to gain control of this trading center, and so Rome declared war on Carthage once more in 146 B.C. This became the Third Punic War. Roman soldiers entered Carthage and burned the city. They also enslaved 50,000 men, women, and children. As a result, Carthage was conquered and became part of Rome. Activity: Complete the following.