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DETAILED SYLLABUS FOR Bachelor of Technology (B.TECH) Course:B.Tech AUTOMOBILE Engg (BTAT) Duration of Course: 4Year Eligibility: 10+2 (PCM) Course Structure First Year First Semester Paper Code BF1 BF2 BF3 BF4 BF5 BF6 BF2P BF4P BF7 B.Tech – I sem Subject Mathematics – I Chemistry English-I Electrical Technology Mechanics Introduction to Manufacturing Process Chemistry Practical Electrical Technology Practical Indian Constitution & Ethics SYLLABUS BF1 : MATHEMATICS -I 1 : LIMITS AND CONTINUITY OF A FUNCTION. 2 : DIFFERENTIATION. Definition, Derivative by first principle, Differentiation of implicit functions, Differentiation of trigonometric functions, Differentiation of inverse trigonometric functions, Transformation, Differentiation of exponential and Logarithmic Functions, Hyperbolic functions, Derivatives of the inverse hyperbolic functions, Differentiation with respect to a function, Differentiation of Parametric Equations. 3 : SUCCESSIVE DIFFERENTIATION Calculation of nth derivative, Leibnitz’s theorem. 4 : GENERAL THEOREMS, EXPANSION OF FUNCTIONS. Rolle’s Theorem, Mean value theorem (Lagrange’s form), Increasing and Decreasing functions, Mean value theorem (Cauchy’s form). Expansion of functions; Taylor’s expansion theorem, Maclaurin’s theorem, Taylor’s and Maclaurin’s infinite series. 5 : INDETERMINATE FORM L’ Hospital’s rule, Evaluation of % form, Evaluation of form, Evaluation of 00, 1 , 0 form. form, Evaluation of 6 : CURVATURE Radius of curvature, Special formula for parametric equations, Radius of curvature at the origin. 7 : MAXIMA AND MINIMA Maximum and Minimum values of a function. B.Tech – I sem 8 : ELEMENTARY INTEGRATION Table of elementary integrals, Simple examples. 9 : INTEGRATION BY SUBSTITUTION Introduction, Change of independent variable in f ( x)dx evaluate f ( x)dxy , Working rule to by the substitution, Four important integrals, standard forms, Integrals of tan x, cot x, sec x, cosec x. 10 : INTEGRATION BY PARTS x u.vdx , e ( x) f ' ( x)dx , Important integrals. 11 : INTEGRATION BY PARTIAL FRACTIONS Non-repeated linear factor, Repeated linear factor, Linear and quadratic factors (non-repeated) Quadratic (repeated), Integration of rational fraction by substitution. 12 : INTEGRATION OF IRRATIONAL ALGEBRAIC FUNCTIONS Integration of rational functions, integral of the type dx y x 13 : INTEGRATION OF TRIGNOMETRIC FUNCTIONS m n sin x cos xdx , Reduction formula method, Integration of positive even integral, Integrals of rational functions of sinx and cosx. 14 : REDUCTION FORMULA sin n x, 2 sin n xdx , sin p x cos q x , o cos ec n 2 sin p x cos q xdx , tan n xdx , sec n xdx , o xdx , cot xdx . n 15 : DEFINITE INTEGRALS Definition, Properties of definite integrals, Examples base on properties. 16 : AREAS OF PLANE CURVES 17 : VOLUMES AND SURFACES OF SOLIDS OF REVOLUTION 18 : LENGTHS OF PLANE CURVES B.Tech – I sem Arc Formulae, Arc formulae for polar equations. 19 : SIMPSON’S RULE BF2 : CHEMISTRY 1. WATER TREATMENT: Introduction, Sources of Water, effect of Water on Rocks and Minerals, Types of Impurities Present in water, Effects of Impurities in Natural Waters, Methods of Treatment of Water for Domestic and International Purposes, Removal of Dissolved Salts: Softening of Water, Boiler Feed Waters, Boiler Troubles. 2. FUELS Introduction, Classification of Fuels, Solid Fuel (Coal), Classification of Coal by Rank, Analysis of Coal, Pulverized Coal, Metallurgical Coke, Manufacture of Metallurgical Coke, Liquid Fuels, Petroleum, Refining of Petroleum, Synthetic Petrol, cracking, Polymerisation, Synthetic Method, Refining Gasoline, Reforming, knocking, Gaseous Fuels, Natural gas, Producer Gas, Water Gas or Blue Gas, Bio-gas, Fuel gas. 3. LUBRICANTS Introduction, Functions of Lubricant, Requirements of a Lubricant, Mechanism of Lubrication, Classification of Lubricants, Properties of Lubricating oils, Glossary, Questions. 4. POLYMERS AND PLASTICS Introduction, Polymerisation, Classification of Polymers, Tacticity, Functionality of Polymer, Polymerisation Processess, Mechanism of Addition Polymerisation, Effects of Structure on Polymer Properties, Plastics, Compounding of Plastics, Thermoplastics resins, Silicones resins, Elastomers or rubber, Adhesives, Glossary, Questions. 5. THERMODYNAMICS Introduction, Laws of Thermodynamics, Isothermal and adiabatic Processes, Thermochemistry, System, Glossary, Questions. 6. CORROSION Introduction, Characteristics of Corrosion, Mechanism of Corrosion of iron, Types of Corrosion, Corrosion and redox Process, Factors Which influence Corrosion, Corrosion Control, Glossary, Questions. 7. ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION CHEMISTRY Introduction, Important definitions, Air Pollution, Water Pollution, Soil Pollution, Pollution by heavy metals, Glossary, Questions. B.Tech – I sem 8. METALLIC BOND AND SEMICONDUCTORS Introduction, Nature of Metallic bond: Theories, Mechanism of thermal Conduction, Mechanism of electrical conduction, Ductility and malleability, Thermal conductivity, Electrical Conductivity, Photoconductors, Semiconductors, Glossary, Questions. BF3 : ENGLISH -I Unit 1: Basic Applied Grammar and Usage 1. The Sentences 2. Kinds of Phrases 3. Parts of Speech 4. Verbs 5. Structural Use of the Infinitive, Gerund, and Participles 6. Subject-Verb Agreement (concord) 7. Conjunctions 8. Interjections 9. Conditional Sentences Unit 2: The Structure of the Sentences/Clauses 1. Clauses 2. Sentence Types 3. Imperatives 4. Exclamatives 5. Correct Usage: Tenses Unit 3: Paragraph Writing 3. Paragraph Writing 4. Paraphrasing Unit 4: Comprehension and Précis Writing 1. Role of Listening 2. Reading Comprehension 3. Précis Writing 4. Definition of Essay 5. Types of Essay BF4 : ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY 1. BASIC CONCEPTS & UNITS: B.Tech – I sem Force, Weight, torque, work, energy, Power, Electric charge, Electric Current, EMF, Voltage, Potential Difference Concepts of Ac/Dc Voltage/current. 2. ELECTROSTATICS: Coulomb’s Law, Electric Field, Electric Flux, Electric Field Intensity, Electric Flux Density, Electric Displacement, Charge Density, Permittivity, Dielectric Constant, Electric Potential, Gauss Law, Capacitor, Capacitance of parallel Plate Capacitor, Energy Stored in Capacitor, Capacitors in Series & Parallel, Capacitance of a Multiplate Capacitor, Force of Attraction between plated of Capacitor, Insulation Resistance of Cable. 3. ELECTRIC CIRCUIT ELEMENTS: Resistance, Specific Resistance, Resistance in Series & Parallel, Open Circuit and Short Circuit, Temperature Coefficient of Resistance, Linear & Non-linear Resistance, Inductance, Energy Stored in Inductance, Inductance in Terms of Flux Linkage Per Ampere, Inductance in Series & Parallel, Linear & Non-linear Inductances. 4. ELECTROLYSIS & STORAGE CELL: Electrolysis, Faraday’s law of Electrolysis, Primary & Secondary Cells, Equivalent Circuit of Cell, Rating of Cell, Cells in Series & parallel, Lead Acid Battery, Nickel Cadmium Cell, Zinc Carbon Cell. 5. ELECTROMAGNETISM: Magnetic Field, Electromagnetism, Magnetic & Non-Magnetic Materials, Permanent & Temporary magnets, Magnetic flux Density, MMF, Magnetic Field Strength, Force on a Conductor Carrying Current in a Magnetic Field, Biot Savart Law, Ampere’s law, Permeability, Force between parallel Conductors, Definition of Ampere, magnetic Shielding, B-H Curve, Magnetisation Curve, Hysteresis, Hysteresis Loss, Modern Theory of Magnetism, Electromagnetic Induction, Fleming Right Hand Rule, Lenz’s law, Dynamically Induced e.m.f., Statically induced e.m.f., Eddy Currents, Eddy current loss, Self & Mutual Inductance, Coefficient of Coupling. 6. SINGLE PHASE AC CIRCUITS: B.Tech – I sem Alternating Voltage & Current, Phase Angle, Phase Difference, Average Value of Sinusoid, Root mean Square or Effective Value, Representation of Sine Wave by Phasor, Alternating Current and Power in Resistive Circuit, Alternating Current and power in Capacitive Circuit, Alternating Current in Series RL Circuit, Apparent, Active & Reactive Power & Power Factor, Alternating Current & Power in RC Circuit, Alternating Current & Power in RLC Series Circuit. BF5 : MECHANICS 1 INTRODUCTION Introduction to Mechanics, Definitions, Idealisation in Mechanics, Basic Concepts, Fundamentals Principles, System of Units, Dimensional Analysis, Methods of Solution, Vector Algebra, Summary. 2 STATICS OF PARTICLES CONCURRENT FORCES IN PLANE Introduction, Resultant of Forces, Resolution and Components of Force, Resultant of Several Concurrent Forces, Equilibrium of a Partical, Equation of Equilibrium, Application of Statics of Particles, Summary. 3 STATICS OF PARTICLES CONCURRENT FORCES IN SPACE Introduction, Components of Forces in Space, Resultant of Several Concurrent Forces, Equilibrium of a Particle in Space, Application of Statics of Particle, Summary. 4 STATICS OF RIGID BODIES___ NON – CONCURRENT FORCES IN PLANE Introduction, Moment of Force about a Point, Varignon’s Theorem, Moment of Couple, Resolution of a Given Force into a Force, Resultant of Coplanar Non-Concurrent System, Application of Statics of Rigid Bodies, Method of Minimum Potential Energy- Stable Equilibrium, Summary. 5 STATICS OF RIGID BODIES-NON-CONCURRENT FORCES IN SPACE Introduction, Moment of Force about a Point, Moment of Force about a Given Axis, Couples in Space, Resolution of Force into Force and Couple, Resultant of Non-concurrent, Non-coplanar System, Equilibrium of Rigid Body in Three Dimensions, Summary. B.Tech – I sem 6 FRICTION Introduction, Characteristics of Dry Friction, Laws of Friction, Angle of Friction, Angle of Repose, Cone of Friction, Applications, Summary. 7 CENTROID AND CENTRE OF GRAVITY Introduction, Centroid of Area, Line and Volume, Centroid of a Line, Centroid of Area, Centroid of Composite Area, Therorems of Pappus and Guldinus, Centroid of Volume, Centre of Gravity, Centre of Mass, Summary. 8 MOMENT OF INTERIA AND MASS MOMENT OF INTERIA Introduction, Second Moment of Area, Moment of Inertia of Plane Area by Integration, Moment of Inertia of Composite Section, Principle Axes and Principle Moments of Inertia of a Thin Rectangular Plate, Mass Moment of Inertia, Summary. 9 SIMPLE STRESSES AND STRAINS SSS-1 General Meaning of Stress , Unit of Stress, Simple Stresses, Strain, Stress Strain Relation, Nominal Stress and True Stress, Behaviour of Materials Under Repeated Loadings, Factor of Safety, Hooke’s Law, Extension/Shortening of a bar, Bars With Cross-Sections Varying in Steps, Bars With Continuously Varying Cross-Sections, Bars Subjected to Varying Loads, Indeterminate Structural Problems, Compounds Bars, Temperature Stresses, Simple Shear, Poisson’s Ratio, Volumetric Strain, Elastic constant, Relationship between Modulus of Elasticity and Modulus of Rigidity, Relationship between Modulus of Elasticity and Bulk Modulus, Strain Energy due to Direct Stresses and Impact Loads, Strain Energy due to Share Stresses. 10 SHEAR FORCE AND BENDING MOMENT DIAGRAMS IN STATICALLY DETERMINATE BEAMS SFB-1 Shear Force and Bending Moment, Sign Convention, Relationship between Load Intensity, Shear Force and Bending Moment Diagrams, SF and BMD For Standard Cases, FD and BMD for Beams Subjected to Various Loads, Short Cut Procedure. B.Tech – I sem BF6 : INTRODUCTION TO MANUFACTURING PROCESSES UNIT I : 1. MILLING MACHINES Introduction; classification and types; Size and specifications; Accessories attachment; Milling cutters; Classification and types of milling cutter.; Nomenclature of cutter; Setup-operation ; Method of feeding work piece; Operation on milling machine; Indexing (simple compound, differential angular) ; Helical milling cam milling ; Cutting speed & ledge ; Machining time calculation; Milling operation compound with other operations 2. THE LATHE Introduction, Functions, Types, Descriptions & Functions of Lathe Parts, Lathe Accessories & attachments, lathe Operations. 3. GRINDING MACHINE Introduction.; Types of Grading machines (Floor stand, Precision. Plain, cylindrical, universal centrals Internal, surface disc); Special grinding machine, (Tool and cutter grinder, cam and and shape grinders); Shape of grinding wheel; Grinding wheel designation as per- IS -551 -19-54; Grinding wheels ; Grinding wheel elements (abrasives - its types, Grain sizes, Grade, structure, bonding material etc.); Diamond wheel; Grinding wheel section; Allowances for grinding wheel; Mounting of Grinding wheel; Dressing and cursing, of grinding wheel 4. BORING, BROACHING AND SAWING MACHINE Introduction to Boring machines ; Types of Boring machine ; Boring haps and heads; Various operations using boring heads; Boring operations using end supports; Introduction to Broaching machine ; Types of Broaching machine; Broaching tool nomenclature; Types of Broaches; Broaching options compared with other process (advantages & limitations.); External; Lubrication and cooling; Application of Broaching 5. GEAR MANUFACTURING Gear tooth e1ement; Materials for Gears; Different methods of Gear B.Tech – I sem manufacturing ; Gear generating methods; Gear milling ; Gear shaping (Working principal of machine tool required Gear shaping cutters etc.) ; Gear Hibbing (Working principal of machine tool required Gear hobbing operation) ; Gear finishing process ( Gear sharing burnishing, grinding honing lapping 6. METAL FINISHING PROCESS Introduction; Honing; Description and construction of honing tool.; Application of honing process; Lopping; Description of Lapping compound and tool; Application of Lapping ; Super finishing process Burnishing Polishing - Buffing ; Application of super finishing operations. 7. PATTERN MAKING Introduction, Pattern Materials, Pattern Making Tools, Pattern Allowances, Types of Patterns, Solid or Single Piece Pattern, Split Pattern, Match Plate Pattern, Cope and Drag Pattern, Loose Piece Pattern, Gated Pattern, Sweep Pattern, Skeleton Pattern, Shell Pattern, Segmental Pattern, Follow Board Pattern, Lagged-up Pattern, Left and Right hand Pattern, Core Boxes, Colour coding for Pattern and Core Boxes. 8. MOULDING AND CORE MAKING Introduction, Moulding Materials, Moulding Sand, Sand Binders, Sand Additives, Properties of Moulding Sand, Classification of Moulding Sand, Grain Shape and Size of Sand, Preparation of Moulding Sand, Types of Moulding Sand, Moulding Processes, Types of Moulds, Methods of Moulding, Methods of Green Sand Mould by Turn Over Method, Gates and Risers, Types of Gates, Moulding Methods with Typical Patterns, Cores, Types of Cores, Core Binders, Core Making, Core Setting, Core Shifting and Chaplets. 9. CASTING PROCESSES Introduction, Permanent Mould Casting, Semi-permanent Mould Casting, Slush Casting, Die Casting, Centrifugal Casting, Investment Casting, Shell Moulding Process, Continuous Casting, Defects in Casting, Cleaning of Castings, Inspection of Castings, Design of Castings. 10. WELDING Introduction, Weldability, Advantages and Disadvantages of Welded Joints, Types of Welded Joints, Cold Pressure Welding, Types of Welded Joints, Fillet B.Tech – I sem Welded Joints, Edge Preparation and Applications, Welding Positions, Black Smith’s Forge Welding, Electric Resistance Welding, Types of Electric Resistance Welding, Spot Welding, Roll Spot and Seam Welding, Projection Welding, Butt Welding, Percussion Welding, Arc Welding, Polarity in Arc Welding, Comparison Between A.C. and D.C. Arc Welding, Types of Arc Welding, Electrodes for Arc Welding, Arc Welding Equipment, Precautions in Arc Welding, Arc Welding Processes, Carbon Arc Welding, Metal Arc Welding, Metallic Inert-gas (MIG)Arc Welding, Tungsten Inert-gas (TIG)Arc Welding, Atomic Hydrogen Welding, Stud Welding, Submerged Arc Welding, Plasma Arc Welding, Flux Cored Arc Welding, Electro-slag Welding, Electro-gas Welding, Thermit Welding, Solid State Welding, Modern Welding Processes, Basic Weld Symbols, Supplementary Weld Symbols, Elements of a Welding Symbol, Standard Location of Elements of a Welding Symbol, Gas Welding, Equipment for Oxy-acetylene Gas Welding, Welding Rods, Fluxes, Gas Flame, Gas Welding Technique, Gas or Oxygen Cutting of Metals, Cutting Machines, Oxygen Lance Cutting, Arc Cutting, Oxygen Arc Cutting Process, Welding of Various Metals, Testing of Welded Joints, Braze Welding, Soldering, Brazing. 11. RECENT DEVELOPMENT IN MANUFACTURING PROCESS Introduction, Working of NC Machines tools, Classification of NC Machines, Programming for NC Machines, Methods of Listing the Co-ordinates of points in NC System, Application of NC Machine, Advantages & Disadvantages, Computer Numerical Control & Direct Numerical Control. UNIT 2 : ( ONLY FOR BF6 STUDENTS ) 12. FOUNDRY TOOLS AND EQUIPMENTS Introduction, Foundry Tools and Equipments, Foundry Hand Tools, Moulding Boxes (Flasks), Moulding Machines, Melting Equipment, Pouring Equipment. 13. HOT AND COLD WORKING PROCESS Introduction, Objectives, Hot Working Process, Hot Rolling, Types of Rolling Mills, Hot Forging, Hot Spinning, Hot Extrusion, Hot Drawing or Cupping, Hot Piercing, Cold working process, Cold Rolling, Cold Forging, Cold Spinning, Cold Extrusion, Cold Drawing, Cold Bending, Shot Peening. 14. POWDER METALLURGY B.Tech – I sem Introduction, Objectives, Characteristics of Metal Powders, Preparation of Metal Powders, Process used for Manufacturing parts from Metal Powders, Primary Processes, Secondary Processes, Advantages of Powder Metallurgy, Limitations of Powder Metallurgy, Design Considerations for Powder Metallurgy, Typical Applications of Powder Metallurgy. 15. PLASTIC MANUFACTURING PROCESS Introduction, Objectives, Types of Plastics - Thermosetting Resins & Thermoplastic Resins, Synthetic Rubber or Elastomers, Moulding Compounds, Fabrication of Plastics, Machining of Plastics, Joining of Plastics. UNIT 3 : (ONLY FOR BSM5 STUDENTS) 1. Metal Cutting and Cutting Tools 2. Drilling Machines 3. Shaper, Planner and Slotting Machine BF7: INDIAN CONSTITUTION & ETHICS Effects of Technological Growth: Rapid Technological growth and depletion of resources, Reports of the Club of Rome. Limits of growth: sustainable development Energy Crisis: Renewable Energy Resources Environmental degradation and pollution. Eco-friendly Technologies. Environmental Regulations, Environmental Ethics Appropriate Technology Movement of Schumacher; later developments Technology and developing notions. Problems of Technology transfer, Technology assessment impact analysis. Human Operator in Engineering projects and industries. Problems of man, machine, interaction, Impact of assembly line and automation. Human centered Technology. Ethics of Profession: Engineering profession: Ethical issues in Engineering practice, Conflicts between business demands and professional ideals. Social and ethical responsibilities of Technologists. Codes of professional ethics. Whistle blowing and beyond, Case studies. Profession and Human Values: Values Crisis in contemporary society Nature of values: Value Spectrum of a good life Psychological values: Integrated personality; mental health Societal values: The modern search for a good society, justice, democracy, secularism, rule of law, values in Indian Constitution. Aesthetic B.Tech – I sem values: Perception and enjoyment of beauty, simplicity, clarity Moral and ethical values: Nature of moral judgements; canons of ethics; ethics of virtue; ethics of duty; ethics of responsibility. Second Semester Paper Code BF8 BF9 BF10 BF11 BF1 BF13 BF9P BF11P BF14 Subject Mathematics – II Applied Physics Programming and Data Structure Basic Electronics Engineering Drawing and Graphics Environmental Studies Applied Physics Practical Basic Electronics Practical Communication English SYLLABUS BF8 : MATHEMATICS - II 1. MATRICES Definition, Elements of matrix , Types of matrices ,Algebra of matrices , Properties of matrix multiplication, Method of finding the product of two matrices, Transpose of matrix , Symmetric and Skewsymmetric matrix , Theorem, Adjoint of a matrix, Inverse of matrix, Theorem , Adjoint of a matrix, Inverse of matrix, Elementary Transformation of a matrix, Rank of matrix , Solution of simultaneous linear Equation, consistency of equation, characteristics roots or Eigen values, Caley- Hamilton Theorem, Question Bank, Examination papers. 2. FINITE DIFFERENCE & DIFFERENCE EQUATION & NUMERICAL METHODS: B.Tech – I sem Finite Difference: Operators, Difference table, Newton’s formula , Lagrange’s interpolation formula, Difference Equation: Introduction , Solution of a difference equation, Question Bank: Difference Equation, Numerical methods: Newton Raphson method , Method of false position, Iteration method. 3. DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS: Definition, Order and degree of differential equation, Formulation of Differential Equation, Solution of a differential equation, Differential Equation of first order and first degree , variable seperable, Homogeneous Differential Equations , Equation Reducible to homogeneous form, Linear differential equation,. Equation Reducible to the linear form, Exact differential equation, Equation of first order and higher degree, Complete Solution = C.F. + P.I., Method of finding the complementary function, Rules to find particular integrals. Application of Differential Integrals: Physical applications of linear equations. 4. FUNCTIONS OF COMPLEX VARIABLE: Introduction, Complex variable, Functions of complex variable, Limit of a complex variable, Continuity, Differentiability, Analytic function, The necessary condition for f(z) to be analytic, Sufficient condition for f(z) to be analytic, C-R equation in polar form, Harmonic functions, Method to find the conjugate function, Milne Thomson method, Mapping of transformation, Bilinear transformation, Schwarz-Christoffel transformation. Complex Integration: Cauchy’s integral theorem, Cauchy’s integral formula, Cauchy’s integral formula for the derivative of an analytic function, Taylor’s theorem, Laurent series, Singularity if a function, Residues, Cauchy’s Residue theorem. BF9 : APPLIED PHYSICS UNIT – I Interference, Interference of wave , Interference due to thin films of uniform thickness, Interference due to thin films of non-uniform thickness, Newton’s ring, Michelson’s Interferometer, Engineering B.Tech – I sem applications of Interference, Relativity, Relativity of mass: Time dilation, length contraction, mass and energy, Doppler’s effect. UNIT-II A. Diffraction: Diffraction of wave, Classes of diffraction, Fraunhoffer diffraction at a single slit, Condition for maxima and minima, Diffraction at a circular operature, Plane diffraction grating, Conditions for Principle maxima and minima , Resolving Power, Ray leigh’s Criterion for resolution of two Point objects, R.P of grating, R.P at Telescope, X-ray diffraction, Law spots, Bragg’s Law, Bragg’s X-ray spectrometer, B. Ultrasonics: Ultrasonic waves, Piezo electric effect,Production of U.Waves by P. electric, Magnetostriction effect, Production of U. Waves and its uses, Flow detection. C. Polarisation: Polarisation by reflection, Brewster’s law, Double refraction, Positive and negative crystal , Nieol Prism, Law of Malus, Elliptical and Circular Polarisation, Quarter and half wave Plates, Production of Polarised light, analysis of light. D. NUCLEAR PHYSICS UNIT-III. A.Wave Particle Quality: Concept of group velocity, Phase velocity, Wave nature of matter, Debroglie waves, Derivation of De-broglies formula by analogy with radiation. Wave length of matter waves, Electron diffraction, Davisson and Germer’s experiment, Heisenberg uncertainity. B. Wave Equation: Concept of wave function and probability interpretation, Schrodinger’s time –dependent and time independent wave equations, Physical significance of wave function, Application of B.Tech – I sem Schrödinger’s time- independent wave equation, Tunneling effect, Tunnel Diode. UNIT-IV A. Laser B.Magnetism UNIT-V A. Semiconductor Physics: B. Modern Physics: Motion of an electron in electric and magnetic field, Specific charge of an electron, electrostatic and magnetostatic focusing, Electron microscope, Bainbridge mass spectrograph, Positive ray, Scanning electron microscope. BF10 : PROGRAMMING AND DATASTRUCTURE 1. Introduction To Computers: Introduction to Computers, its evolutions. First, second, third, fourth, fifth generation of computer. Basics of data, information, and data processing. 2. Number System: Number System , Representation of information , Positional Number System , Non positional number system, bit ,byte ,radix , floating point, The Binary Number Base Systems, BinaryDecimal, decimal–binary conversion. Octal, Hexa- Decimal Number system. Simple problems for conversion of Hexadecimal, Octal to other number system etc. Binary Coded Decimal, Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code ASCII notations –advantages disadvantages. 3. Binary Arithmetic :Binary Addition, Binary Subtraction, Multiplication, Division and their simple examples. Logic gates : AND ,OR ,NAND, NOR gates. B.Tech – I sem 4. Computer Software : Software System- application Software and their Examples in real life. Operating System and their usage. Multitasking –Multiprogramming- Multiprocessing Operating System. An overview of WWW and its Software. Flow charts and simple problems on flow chart. 5. Computer Hardware :Hardware :Basic PC Components, Monitors, Keyboard, Storage devices :Hard Disk ; Storage related simple problems, CD, Mother-board, Printers its classification etc, OCR, OMR, BAR Code etc. 6. Memory Hierarchies : Main Memory ,Secondary Memory , RAM ROM , PROM, EPROM, EEPROM etc. 7. Processing Unit : CPU ;ALU, Components of CPU ; Register, Accumulator, IR, etc Concepts of vector Processing, Array Processing. 8. Elements Of Programming Languages Fortran & C: Introduction to programming logic , algorithm , simple types of real integer variables in FORTRAN and C. Mathematical representations of C and FORTRAN functions. Simple programs in C programming language. BF11 : BASIC ELECTRONICS 1. ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS (1) Passive Components :(i) Resistors :- Types, Rating, Colour Code, Tolerance, Fixed Value, Variable (Potentiometer), Thermistor, Negative & Positive temperature Coefficient, Basic Construction of Various types of Resistors. (ii) Capacitors :- Types (air, paper, ceramic, mica, electrolyte), Fixed Value & Variable, Rating , Basic Construction. (iii) Inductors :- Types, Inductors of high frequency application. (2) Active Components :(i) Voltage & Current Source B.Tech – I sem (ii) Ideal and Practical Voltage Source & Current Source, equivalent circuit, Conversion of Voltage Source into current source and vice-versa. 2. SEMICONDUCTOR THEORY AND P-N JUNCTION Insulator, Intrinsic and Extrinsic Semiconductors, Energy bar diagrams, Doping, Conduction in Semiconductors, P-N junction, Forward and Reversed biased p-n junction, V-I characteristics of p-n junction diode. 3. SPECIAL PURPOSE DIODE Zener diodes, Tunnel diodes, Varactor diodes, Schottky diodes, Light emitting diode (LED’s), Diodes for High Frequency applications. 4. P-N-P AND N-P-N TRANSISTORS Base, Common Emitter and Common Collector (CB, CE, & CC) Configuration, Biasing of transistors, methods of Transistor Biasing, Base Resistor Method, Biasing with flb resistors, Voltage divider bias method, Transistor action & Characteristics, Comparison of CB,CC & CE configuration, Application of CB, CE, & CC configuration. 5. FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTOR (FET):Construction, Operation & characteristic of FET, FET as a switch, Typical application of FET, MOSFET-Working Principle of MOSFET. 6. INTEGRATED CIRCUITS (IC’S):OP-AMP Characteristics, inverting & non-inverting OP-AMP, Differential Op-Amp’s, Common Mode Rejection, application of OP-AMP (Adder, Substractor, Voltage follower, Integrator, Differentiator) BF12 : ENGINEERING DRAWING AND GRAPHICS 1. FUNDAMENTAL OF ENGINEERING DRAWING: Introduction, Use of Different Drawing Dimensioning, Scales, Geometrical constructions. B.Tech – I sem Instruments, 2. ENGINEERING CURVES: Introduction, Conic sections, Different methods of constructions of Cycloidal Curves, Cycloid , Epicycloid, Hypocycloid, Involute, Spiral , Helix. 3. ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS: Introduction, First Angle Method of Projections, Third angle method of projections. 4. ORHTOGRAPHIC SECTIONAL VIEWS: Introduction, Full Screen , Sectional side view, Horizontal Section, Offset section, Ribs in section, cutting planes/section planes. 5. ISOMETRIC PROJECTIONS: Isometric projection and Isometric Axes, Isometric scale, None – Isometric Lines, Angles, Curves and Circles in Isometric. 6. PROJECTIONS OF STRAIGHT LINES: Introduction, Line parallel to two principle planes and perpendicular to the third , Line parallel to one principle plane and inclined to the other , oblique line, Traces of Lines. 7. PROJECTION OF PLANES: Types of planes, various positions of planes, Traces o f planes, planes parallel to one reference plane, planes perpendicular to one reference plane and inclined to the other oblique planes, projections on Auxiliary planes. 8. PROJECTION OF SOLIDS: Types of Solids, Frustums and truncated solids, Various positions of Solids, Axis of Solid is perpendicular to one reference plane, Axis of the solid is parallel to one reference plane and inclined to the other, Oblique solid axis inclined to both the H.P and V.P. B.Tech – I sem 9. SECTIONS OF SOLIDS: Introduction , section plane, portion of solid assumed to be removed ,section, section lines, Apparent section, True shape of section, sectional view. 10. DEVELOPMENT OF SURFACES: Introduction, Application of Development of surfaces in Engineering products, method of Development concepts of points and lines, Development of prisms, Development of cylinder, Development of pyramid, Development of cone. 11. FREE –HAND SKETCHES: Introduction, Terminology used in the screw threads, V or triangular threads, ISO –metric screw threads, screw fastenings, Hexagonal Nut, Square nut, Flanged nut capnut, Domenut, capstan nut, Ring nut, wing nut, washers, Bolts, Hexagonal Headed bolts, Square headed bolt, cheese or cylindrical headed bolt, cup headed bolt , cheese or cylindrical headed bolt, cup headed or round headed bolt, T-headed bolt, counter sunk headed bolt, Hook bolt, Eye bolt, different types of studs, screws, Locking arrangement for nut , foundation bolts, Rivets and Rivetted Joints. BF 13 : ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES UNIT 1 General Concepts : Definition, Scope and importance, need for public awareness, multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies, management of environment. UNIT 2 Natural Resources : Forest Resources : Use and over-exploitation, deforestation, Water Resources : Use and over-utilization of surface and ground water Mineral Resources : Use and exploitation. Food Resources : World food problem & changes. B.Tech – I sem UNIT 3 Ecosystems : Concept, structure and function of an ecosystem. Producers, consumers and decomposers. Energy flow, food chain, food webs and ecological pyramids, forest, grassland and desert ecosystem. UNIT 4 Environmental Pollution : Definition, causes, effects, air, water, soil and noise pollution. Environmental Protection Act. Environmental problem and planning. UNIT 5 Human Population and the Environment : Population explosion, value education, role of information technology. Visit to a local are to document environmental assets and polluted site – urban / rural / industrial / agriculture etc. BF14 : COMMUNICATION ENGLISH 1. THE COMMUNICATION EVENTS Nature Of Communication, Objective, Definition Of Communication, Situation For Communication, Need Of Communication, Types Of Communication, Verbal Or Oral Communication, Elements Of Communication , Modes Of Communication (Verbal And Non-Verbal), Charts And Graphs, Flow Process Chart, Written Communication , Oral Communication, Media: Channels Of Communication, Message : Form And Content, Communication Process, Effective Communication, Barriers Of Communication, Summary 2.SUMMARIZATION Summary Writing 3. COMPREHENSION AND VOCABULARY Comprehension, Vocabulary [(A) Synonyms And Antonyms, (B) Homonyms, (C) Same Word Used As Different Parts Of Speech, (D)One Word Substitution], Word Formation, Root 4. PRINCIPLE OF LANGUAGE GRAMMAR AND USAGES B.Tech – I sem The Sentence Elements, Words, Phrases, Clauses Sentences, Sentence, The Word, Noun, Verb, Tenses And Their Usages, The Verb : Person And Number, Agreement Of The Verb With The Subject, The Infinite, Adverbs, Adjectives, Preposition, Relations Expressed By Prepositions, Conjunction, Clauses, Determiners And Modifiers, Sentence Connectives, The Compound And Complex Verb Phrase, Complementation And Subordination, Sentences, Change Of Voice, Change Of Degree, Affirmative And Negative Sentences, Direct And Indirect Speech, Conversion Of Compound Sentences Into Simple Sentences, Conversion Of Complex Sentences Into Compound Sentences, Punctuation 5. BASIC OFFICIAL CORRESPONDENCE The Process Of Formal Written Communication, The Qualities Of Good Writing, Principles Of Message Organization, Mechanics Of Writing, Elements Of Structure, Forms Of Layout, Styles Of Presentation, Types Of Letters ,Enquiry Letter, Making Claims, Offering Adjustments, Communication Core, Importance And Function, Drafting The Application, Elements Of Structure, Preparing The Resume, Job Offer, Resignation Letter, Communication Core 6. TECHNICAL WRITING Framing Definitions, Classification And Description Of Objects, Instructions, Types Of Instructions ***************** Second Year Third Semester Paper Code BSAMO1 BSAMO2 B.Tech – I sem Subject NUMERICAL PROGRAMMING ELECTRONICS ANALYSIS BSAMO3 BSAMO4 BSAMO5 BSAMO3P BSAMO5P THERMAL SCIENCE MECHANICS 0F SOLIDS PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY THERMAL SCIENCE PRACTICAL PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY PRACTICAL SYLLABUS BSAMO2 ELECTRONICS 3rd semester 1. NUMBER SYSTEMS: Introduction, Decimal number system, Binary number system, Octal number system, Hexadecimal system, Number system conversion, Conversion between binary, Octal and hexadecimal numbers, binary to Octal Conversion, Octal to binary conversion, Binary to Hexadecimal conversion, Hexadecimal to binary conversion, Octal to hexadecimal conversion, Hexadecimal to Octal conversion, The Weighting Structure of binary numbers, Binary-to-decimal conversion, decimal- to-binary conversion, 1’s and 2’s Complements of binary numbers, Bits and bytes, binary-to-bod conversion, gray code, alphanumeric codes, parity bits, Hamming code, Floating Point numbers 2. BINARY ARITHMATIC: Introduction, basic rules of binary, addition of larger bit binary numbers, subtraction of larger bit, binary numbers, subtraction using 2’s complement method, excess-3 addition of bed numbers, excess-3 subtraction of bed numbers, binary multiplication repeated left shift and add algorithm, repeated add and right shift algorithm, binary division –repeated right shift and subtract algorithm. 3. LOGIC GATES AND LOGIC FAMILIES: Introduction, positive and negative logic, truth table, logic gates, or-gate, and-gate, not-gate, nand-gate, nor-gate, universal gates, the inhibit gate, fan out of logic gates, logic families, till logic family, ecl logic family, nmos and pmos logic families. B.Tech – I sem 4. BOOLEAN ALGEBRA AND MINIMIZATION TECHNIQUES: Introduction, Boolean algebra vs. Ordinary algebra, Boolean expressionequivalent and complement 5. COMBINATIONAL LOGIC CIRCUITS: Introduction, combinational circuits, implementing combinational logic basic design steps, basic adders, parallel binary address, comparators, 5-6 decoders, the 4-bit decoder, encoders, multi-plexers (data selectors). De-multiplexers, partiy generators/checkers. 6. FLIP-FLOPS AND RELATED DEVICES: Latches, the s-r(set-reset)latch, the gated s-r latch, edge-triggered flipflops , the edge triggered d flip-flop, the edge-triggered j-k flip-flop, asynchronous preset and clear inputs, master-slave flip-flops. 7. COUNTERS AND REGISTERS: Introduction, ripple counter vs. Synchronous counter, modulus(or modnumber) of a counter, propagation delay in ripple counters, binary ripple counter-operational principle, binary ripple counters with modulus less than (2”) synchronous(or parallel) counters, up/down counters, decade and bod counters, presettable counters, shift register, serial-in serial-out shift register, Serial-in parallel-out shift register, parallel-in, serial-out shift register, parallel-out shift. 8. SEMI CONDUCTOR MEMORY: Ram architecture, static ram(sram), dynamic ram(dram) UNIT-1 BSAM03 THERMAL SCIENCE 3rd semester Introduction, Basic Concepts: System, Control Volume, Surrounding, Boundaries, Universe, Types of Systems, Macroscopic and Microscopic viewpoints, Concept of Continuum, Thermodynamic Equilibrium, State Property, Process, Cycle-Reversibility-Quasi-static Process, Irreversible Process Work and Heat, Point and Path function. B.Tech – I sem UNIT-2 Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics-Concept of quality of Temperature-Principles of thermometry-Reference Points-Const. Volume gas Thermometer-Scales of Temperature. Ideal Gas Scales -PMMI-Joule’s Experiments-First law of thermodynamics-Corollaries-First Law applied to a process-applied to a flow system-Steady flow Energy Equation, Limitations of the First Law UNIT-3 Second Law of Thermodynamics, Kelvin-Planck and Clausius statement and their Equivalence/ Corollaries, PMM of Second kind, Carnot’s Principle, Carnot cycle and its specialties, thermodynamic scale of Temperature, Clausius Inequality, Entropy, Principle of Entropy Increase-Energy Equation, Availability and Irreversibility-Elementary treatment of the third Law of Thermodynamics. UNIT-4 Power Cycles: Otto, Diesel, Dual Combustion cycles-Description and representation on P-V and T-S diagram, Thermal Efficiency, Mean Effective Pressures on Air standard basis-comparison with Ideal and Actual Cycles. UNIT-5 Joule and Rankine cycles-Description and representation on P-V and T-S diagram, Thermal Efficiency-Performance, Evaluation-combined cycles Refrigeration Cycles: Brayton and Renkine Cycles-Performance Evaluationcombined cycles, Bell-Coleman cycle, Vapour compression cycle-performance Evaluation. UNIT-6 I.C.ENGINES: Classification-Two & Four Stroke Engines, Working principles, valve and Port Timing Diagrams, Engine systems. Fuel system: Fuels used, Modes of fuel Admission to engine cylinder, Induction and injection, chemically correct fuel-air ratios. Fuel carburetor, Fuel Injection System, Ignition, Cooling and Lubrication. B.Tech – I sem UNIT-7 S.I Engines- Mixture requirements, Simple carburetor, Limitations, need of auxiliary systems and their working, problems faced in S.I Engine operation, C.I Engines : Four stages of combustion-Delay period and its importance-Effect of engine variables-Diesel Knock, Fuel pump and Injector, Types of fuel injection systems and their working, Nozzles, Introduction of cooling, Lubrication and super charging systems. UNIT-8 Gas Turbine: Introduction, thermodynamic cycles, schematic Layout, Open, closed and semi closed cycles, Parameters of performance and methods of improving Performance-Inter cooling, Reheating and Regeneration, application of Gas turbines. BSAMO4 MECHANICS OF SOLIDS 3rd semester 1. Analysis of Stress: Introduction, stress, complementary shear stress, simple shear, the state of pure shear, principle stresses and principal planes, sign convention, Mohr’s circle for biaxial stresses, Mohr’s circle. 2. Analysis of Strain: Introduction, Strain on an Oblique Plane, Mohr’s circle of strain, Compatibility Equations. 3. STRESS-STRAIN RELATIONS FOR LINEARLY ELASTIC SOLIDS: Introduction, Hooke’s Law, Poisson’s Ratio, Differential Equation of Equilibrium, The Stress Function- Plane Stress. 4. THEORY OF FAILURE: B.Tech – I sem Introduction, Maximum Principle Stress Theory, Maximum Shearing Stress Theory, Maximum Strain Theory, Significance of Theories of Failure, Factor of safety. 5. ELASTIC STABILITY: Introduction, Failure of a column or Strut, Euler’s column theory, A Sign conventions, Limitation of Euler’s Formula, Empirical formula for columns, Rankine’s formula for columns, Euler’s formula. BSAMO5 PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY 3rd semester BLOCK-1 UNIT-1 Patterns, types of patterns, Procedures UNIT-2 Moulding processes, casting processes, types of sand used in mouldes, Binders, Types of boxes, UNIT-3 Casting process, hand tools, UNIT-4 Furance, Open health furnances, cupola furnace,efficiency,calculation BLOCK-2 UNIT-1 FORGING AND WELDING: Hot working operation, Forging temperature, Forging operations, Forged pipe clamp UNIT-2 WELDING: B.Tech – I sem Safety precautions with welding process, welding equipments, welding electrodes, welding joints UNIT-3 Types of welding, MIG welding process, joint geometry for MIG welding, Friction welding techniques UNIT-4 Types of testing BLOCK -3 POWDER METALLURGY AND HEAT TREATMANT : UNIT-1 Methods of manufacturing, Advantages of powder metallurgy process UNIT-2 Metallurgy, Classification of materials, Physical properties of metals, classification of metals UNIT-3 Heat treatment, Dispersion hardening, UNIT-4 Hardening, types of surface hardening. BLOCK-4 LATHE UNIT-1 Simple Lathe, Working principle of lathe, parts of lathe, Specification of lathe, lathe operation, lathe tools. UNIT-2 Semi Automatic lathe, Types of grinding machine, grinding operation, classification of grinding wheel, Bound and its type B.Tech – I sem UNIT-3 FULLY AUTOMATIC LATHE: Turret lathe construction, cutting speed, spindle speed, feed rate UNIT-5 Multi spindle automative lathe, Capstan lathe BLOCK-5 UNIT-1 MEASURING INSTRUMENTS UNIT-2 MARKING INSTRUMENTS UNIT-3 COMPARATORS UNIT-4 GUAGES Fourth Semester Paper Code BSAMO6 Subject KINEMATRICS &DYNAMICS OF MACHINES BSAMO7 MANUFECTURING MACHINES BSAMO8 ELECTICAL MACHINES BSAMO9 OPERATION RESEARCH BSAMO10 LAN & NETWORKING BSAMO9P OPERATION RESEARCH PRACTICAL BSAMO8P ELECTICAL MACHINES PRACTICAL B.Tech – I sem SYLLABUS KINEMATICS AND DYNAMICS OF MACHINES CODE-BSAM 06 UNIT-1 MECHANISMS: Machine Structure-Kinematic link-pair and chain- Grueblers criteriaConstrained motion-Degrees of freedom-Slider crank and crank rocker mechanism-Inversion-Application-Kinematic analysis of simple mechanismsDetermination of velocity and acceleration. UNIT-2 FRICTION Friction in screw and nut-Pivot and collar-Thrust bearing-plate and disc clutches-Belt (flat and V) and rope drives. Ratio of tensions-Effect of centrifugal and initial tension- Condition for maximum power transmissionOpen and crossed belt drive. UNIT-3 GEARING AND CAMS Gear profile and geometry-Ratio of tensions Nomenclature of spur and helical gears-Gear trains: simple, compound gear trains and epicylic gear trainsDetermination of speed and torque-Cams-Types of Cams-Design of profilesKnife edged, flat faced and roller ended followers with and without offsets for various types of follower motions. UNIT-4 BLANCING Static and dynamic balancing-Single and several masses in different planesBalancing of reciprocating masses-primary balancing and concepts of secondary balancing- Single and multi cylinder engines (Inline)-Balancing of radial V engine-direct and reverse crank method UNIT-5 VIBRATION Free, forced and damped vibrations of single degree of freedom systems-Force transmitted to supports-Vibration isolation-vibration absorption-Torsional B.Tech – I sem vibration of shaft- Single and multi rotor systems-Geared shafts-Critical speed of shaft. Code-BSAM07 MANUFACTURING MACHINES UNIT-1 FUNDAMENTALS OF DESIGN Design Process- Computer aided design-Optimum design-Mechanical properties of materials-BIS system of designations of steel, plastics & rubbers, types of loads-Stresses-Static, varying, thermal, impact and residue-Factor of safety-Design against static load, modes of failure theories, Stress concentration factors-Preferred numbers, Design against fluctuating load, Stress concentration, Stress concentration factors, fluctuating stress, fatigue failure, Endurance limit, design for finite & infinite life, soberer & Goodman criteria. UNIT-2 DESIGN OF GEARS Design of gears-Spur, Helical, Bevel and Worm gears-Design of multistage speed reducers. UNIT-3 DESIGN OF BASIC MACHINE ELEMENTS AND JOINTS: Design of shafts, keys, couplings, journal bearings-Selection of rolling element bearings-Design of pin, riveted and welded joints-Screw fasteners -Power screws UNIT-4 DESIGN OF ENGINE PARTS: B.Tech – I sem Design of piston-Connecting rod-Crankshafts-Flywheels. UNIT-5 DESIGN OF SPRINGS: Design of Helical springs-Compression and tension-leaf springs BSAMO9 : OPERATION RESEARCH 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. CLASSIFICATION OF O.R. MODELS Physical Models, Symbolic Models, Advantages Of A Model, Limitations Of The Model, Scope Of Operations Research In Management LINEAR PROGRAMMING FORMULATION & GRAPHICAL METHOD Introduction, Basic Requirements, Basic Assumptions, Advantages Of Linear Programming, Limitations Of Linear Programming, Application Areas Of Linear Programming, Formulation Of Linear Programming Models TRANSPORTATION Example, Agriculture, General Mathematical Formulation Of Linear Programming Problem, Definitions SOME SPECIAL CASES Multiple Optimal Solutions, Infeasible Solution, Contradictory Constraints, Unbounded Solution LINEAR PROGRAMMING The Simplex Method, Introduction, Standard Form Of Linear Programming Problem, Slack And Surplus Variables, Slack Variable STEPS OF THE SIMPLEX METHOD Steps of the Simplex Method (Maximization Case), Flow Chart of the Simplex Method, Simplex Method (Minimization Case), Steps of the Simplex Method (Minimization Case), Maximization Case (Constraints of Mixed Type), Resolution of Degeneracy LINEAR PROGRAMMING, DUALITY Introduction, Formulation Of Dual Problem, Interpreting Primal-Dual Optimal Solutions, Solving The Primal-Dual Problem, Dual Of A Primal With Mixed Constraints, Important Primal-Dual Results, Advantages Of Duality, The Dual Simplex Method B.Tech – I sem 8. TRANSPORTATION PROBLEM Methods For Finding Initial Solution, North-West Corner Method (NWCM), Least Cost Method (LCM), Vogel's Approximation Method (VAM), Stepping-Stone Method, The Dual of Transportation Problem, Alternative Optimal Solutions, Unbalanced Transportation Problems, Supply Exceeds Demand, Demand Exceeds Supply, Degeneracy in the Transportation Problem, Prohibited Routes, Profit Maximization in a Transportation Problem, Trans-shipment Problem, Time-Cost Trade-of in the Transportation problem 9. HUNGARIAN METHOD OF ASSIGNMENT PROBLEM Minimization Case, Variations Of The Assignment Problem, An Application--Airline Crew Assignment, Travelling Salesman Problem NETWORK MODELS : PERT & CPM Objectives of network analysis, Application of network models, Advantages of network models, Project network, Difference between PERT and CPM, Activities, Events, Estimating Activity Times, Effect of Introducing a Dummy Activity in a Network, Probability Statements or Project Duration, Probability of completing the project on or before a specified time, PERT algorithm FLOAT OF AN ACTIVITY Introduction, Optimization of Project Time and Cost in a PERT Network, Limitations of PERT/CPM QUEUING MODELS Basic Components of the Queuing System, Input Source, Queue Discipline, Service Mechanism, Classification of Queuing Systems, Characteristics of Model I, II, III INVENTORY CONTROL MODELS Principal Categories of Inventories and Their Functions, Structure of Inventory Management System, The Basic Deterministic Inventory models, Multiple Item Deterministic Models, Limitation set up by capital restriction, Aggregate resource limitations, Selective Inventory Control, Application of ABC analysis, Inventory Control Systems, Reorder level, Probabilistic Models 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. SYSTEM TERMINOLOGY System and Simulation models, Random Variable and Random Numbers, Monte-Carlo Simulation, Generation of Random Numbers, Simulation and Inventory Control, Simulation and Queuing System, B.Tech – I sem Simulation and Capital Budgeting , Limitations of Simulation, Simulation Languages, Simulation Applications Reference Books: 1. Hiller and Libermann, Introduction to Operation Research, McGraw Hill 5 th edn. 2. S.D. Sharma – Operations Research, Kedarnath, Ramnath &Co 3. J K Sharma, Operations Research Theory and Application, Pearson Education Pvt Ltd ,2nd Edn, ISBN-0333-92394-4 4. Kanthi Swarup & others – Operations Research, Sultan chand and Sons. 5. Philips, Ravindram and Soleberg-Principles of Operations Research – Theory and Practice, PHI 6. Taha H A Operation Research and Introduction, McMillian.ISBN-0-02418940-5 7. Paneerselvam Operations Research , Prentice Hall of India CODE-BSAM-10 LAN & NETWORKING UNIT-1 DATA COMMUNICATION: Components-Direction of Data Flow-networks-Components and Categoriestypes of Connections-Topologies-Protocols and standards-ISO/OSI modelTransmission Media-Coaxial Cable-Fiber Optics-line coding-Modems-RS-232 Interfacing sequences. UNIT-2 DATA LINK: Error-detection and correction-parity-LRC-CRC-Hamming code-low control and Error control-stop and wait-go back-NARQ-selective repeat ARQ-sliding window-HDLC-LAN-Ethernet IEEE 802.3- IEEE 802.4, IEEE 802.5 – IEEE802.11-FDDI-SONET-Bridges. B.Tech – I sem UNIT-3 NETWORK Internetworks-Packet Switching and Datagram approach- IP addressing methods-Sub netting-routing-Distance Vector Routing –Link State RoutingRouters. UNIT-4 TRANSPORT Duties of transport layer-Multiplexing-De-multiplexing-Sockets-User Datagram Protocol (UDP)-Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)-Congestion Control-Quality of services (QOS)-Integrated Services. UNIT-5 Application Domain Name Space (DNS)-SMTP-FTP-HTTP-WWW-Security-Cryptography. Third Year Fifth Semester Paper Code BTAMO1 BTAMO2 BTAMO3 B.Tech – I sem Subject MICROPROCESSORS APPLICATIOS MACHINE DESIGN-1 MATERIAL SCIENCE & & BTAMO4 BTAMO5 BTAMO5P BTAMO2P Code-BTAM01 MATALLURGY MEASUREMENTS & CONTROL DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS PRACTICAL MACHINE DESIGN-1 PRACTICAL MICROPROCESSORS AND APPLICATION UNIT-1 8-BIT MICROPROCESSOR Introduction, Application, Internal Architecture of 8085 microprocessor, control bus, Basic system timing, 8085 programming model, flags, types of Addressing modes, timing information, assembly language programming, processor cycle, application areas of the microprocessor UNIT-2 MICROCONTROLLER Input and Output ports, SERs, PSW, Counter and timers, internal data memory, stack pointer, serial communication, introduction of microcontrollers ,CPU, types of Microcontrollers UNIT-3 80X86 PROCESSORS: 8086 Architecture, I/O ports, Assembly levels programming, instruction types, SIMD instruction, Introduction to 80186,80286,80386,80486, Pentium processors UNIT-4 B.Tech – I sem PERIPHERALS AND INTERFACING: Serial and Parallel I/O, DMA controller, Functional description, block diagram description, modes of operation, interfacing UNIT-5 Interfacing to alpha numeric displays, Liquid-crystal display interfacing, Analog interfacing, A microcomputer-based scale, characteristics of embedded application, Digital single processing, Digital filters, characteristics of fir filters Machine desgin-I Unit-1 Meaning of design with special reference to machine design. Definition and understanding of various types of design, elaborated design process Unit-2 Design and creativity Systematic design conceptualization, product design definition , underlying principles of design in aesthetics and ergonomics, free body diagram for components design Unit-3 General design considerations A) Concept of tearing, bearing, shearing,crusting,bending etc B) Selection of materials, basic criteria of selection of material , their designation,mechanical properties of those materials in brief C) Study of stress concentration, factor of safety under different loading conditions Design for static loading, design for variable loading for both limited and unlimited life, concept of fatigue and endurance strength Unit-4 Design of fasteners A) Rivets: desing of rivets for boiler joints,lozenge joints(uniform strength joint),eccentrically loaded riveted joints B) Bolts: understanding the various stresses/failure in bolted joints, design of cylindrical covers, basic and eccentrically loaded bolts C) Welds: design for various loading conditions in torsion, shear or direct load , eccentrically loaded welded joints. B.Tech – I sem D) Miscelleneous: design of spigot and socket cotter joint, gib and cotter joint and knuckle joint. Unit-5 Design of shaft Design of transmission shaft design of both solid and hollow shafts for transmission of torque,bending moments and axial forces, design of shaft for critically speed, design of shaft for rigidity and design of stepped shafts for assembly Unit-6 Design of keys and coupling Design of sunk keys under crushing and shering, design of splines, design of sleeve and solid muff coupling, clamp or compression coupling, rigid and flexible flange coupling, design of universal joints. Unit-7 Lever design Basic lever design, design of foot and hand lever, cranked lever, bell crank lever, safety valve lever and shoe brake lever Unit-8 Design of pipe joints Stresses in pipe joints, design of circular flange pipe joint, oval flanged pipe joints, square flange pipe joint BTAMO3 MATERIAL SCIENCE AND METALLURGY SEM-5TH UNIT-1 Structure of metals: Bonds in Solids –Metallic bond – crystallization of metals, grain and grain boundaries, effect of grain boundaries on the properties of metal/alloys- determination of grain size. UNIT-2 Constitution of alloys: necessity of alloying, types of solid solutions, Hume Rotherys rules, intermediate alloy phases, and electron compounds. UNIT-3 B.Tech – I sem Equilibrium of diagrams: Experimental methods of construction of equilibrium diagrams, lsomorphous alloy systems, equilibrium cooling and heating of alloys, lever rule, coring miscibility gaps, eutectic systems, congruent melting intermediate phases, peritectic reaction, transformations in the solid state allotropy, eutectoid peritectoid reactions, phase rule, relationship between equilibrium diagrams of Cu-Ni-,Al-Cu,Bi-Cd,Cu-An,Cu-Sn and Fe-Fe3c. UNIT-4 Cast irons and steels: structure and properties of white cast iron, malleable cast iron, grey cast iron, spheriodal graphite cast iron, alloy cast irons. Classification of steels, structure and properties of plain carbon steels, low alloy steels, Hadfield manganese steels, tool and die steels. UNIT-5 Heat treatment of alloys: effect of alloying elements on Fe-Fe3c system, annealing, normalizing, hardening, TTT diagrams, tempering, Hardenability, surface- hardening methods, age hardening treatment, cryogenic treatment of alloys. UNIT-6 Non- ferrous metals and alloys: structures and properties of copper and its alloys, aluminum and its alloys, titanium and its alloys. UNIT-7 Ceramic materials : crystalline ceramics, glasses, cermaets, abrasive materials, nanomaterials- definition, properties and applications of above. UNIT-8 Composite materials: classification of composites, various methods of component manufacture of component manufacture of composites, particlereinforced materials, fiber reinforced materials, metal ceramic mixtures, composites and C-C composites. BTAMO4 MEASUREMENT AND CONTROLS SEM- 5TH UNIT—1 MECHANICAL MEASUREMENTS Introduction to measurement and measuring instruments Generalized measuring system and functional elements, units of measurement, static and B.Tech – I sem dynamic performance characteristics of measurement devices, calibration, concept of error, sources of error, statistical analysis of errors, 4 sensors and transducers: types of sensors, types of transducers and their characteristics. 2 signal transmission and processing : Devices and system. 2 signal display & Recording devices UNIT-2 TIME RELATED MEASUEMENTS Counters, stroboscope, frequency measurement by direct comparison. Measurement of displacement, measurement of pressure : Gravitational, directing acting, elastic and indirect type pressure transducers. Measurement of very low pressures. Stain measurement: types of strain gauges and their working, strain gauge circuits , temperature compensation. Strain rosettes, calibration. Measurements of force and torque: different types of load cells, elastic transducers, pneumatic & hydraulic systems. Temperature measurement by thermometers, bimetallic, thermocouples, thermistors and pyrometers. Vibration: instruments, vibration pick ups and decibel meters, vibrometers accelerometers. UNIT-3 METROLOGY Metrology and inspection: standards of linear measurement, line and end standards. Limit, fits and tolerances, interchangeability and standardization. Linear and angular measurements devices and systems comparators: sigma, Johansson’s Microkrator. Limit gauges classification, Taylor’s principle of Gauge Design. UNIT-4 Measurement of geometric forms like straightness, flatness, roundness, tool markers microscope, profile project autocollimator, interferometer : principle and use of interferometry, optical flat, measurement of screw threads and gears, surface texture: quantitative evaluation of surface roughness and its measurement. UNIT-5 CONTROLS Introduction: concept of Automatic controls – open loop & closed loop systems. Servomechanisms. Block diagrams, transfer functions. Applications of Laplace-transform in control system with simple examples/ numerical. Representation of control components & systems: translation & rotational mechanical components, series & parallel combinations, cascade system, analogous system. Controllers: bried introduction to pneumatic, hydraulic and electric controllers. B.Tech – I sem BTAMO5 DATA BASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM UNIT-1 Introduction, Purpose of database inconsistency, difficulty accessing data system, Data redundancy and UNIT-2 Data Abstraction, Instances and Schemas, Data independence, the objectoriented model, record-based logical model, physical data models, database languages, Transaction management, storage management, database administrator, database users UNIT-3 DATA MODELS: Hierarchical model, network model, relational model, entities and attributes UNIT-4 INTEGRITY CONSTRAINTS Domain Constraints, Referential integrity, Basic concepts, Referential integrity in the E-R model, database modification, Referential integrity in SQL, Assertions, Triggers, Functional Dependencies, Closure of a set of functional Dependencies, Closure of Attribute sets, Canonical Cover UNIT-5 RELATIONAL ALGEBRA AND DATA MANIPULATION OPERATIONS: Introduction, Traditional set operations, Extended Cartesian Product, Attribute-Names for derived relations, Special Relational operation, Projection, Join, Division UNIT-6 RELATIONAL QUERY LANGUAGES B.Tech – I sem The tuple Relational calculus, Tuple variables and range relations, Expressions and Formulas in tuple, Relational calculus, The Existential and universal quantifiers, example queries using the Existential quantifiers, Transformation the universal and Existential quantifiers, Safe expressions, Quantifiers in SQL, The domain relational calculus, basic retrievals in Qbe UNIT-7 SQL: Introduction, base tables, indexes, retrieval operations, retrieval of computed values, Built in function, update operation. UNIT-8 RELATIONAL DATABASE DESIGN Domain and attributes, Functional Dependencies, Inference rules for functional dependencies, Equivalence of sets of functional dependencies, Minimal sets of functional, Dependencies, Normal forms based on primary keys, first normal forms, second normal form, third normal form, Boyce-Codd normal form, Algorithms for relational database schema design, decomposition and lossless joins UNIT-9 QUERY PROCESSING AND OPTIMIZATION: Catalog information for cost estimation, Sorting, Join operation, Nested-loop join, Merge join, Hash join, Complex joins, Projection, Outer join, Pipelining, Equivalence rules, Aggregation, Set operations, Cost-based Optimization, nested loop join, merge join , cost of hash join. UNIT-10 STORAGE STRATEGIES Basic Concepts, Primary index, Dense and Sparse indices, Multilevel indices, Index update, Structure of A B+-Tree, Queries on B+-Trees, Hash function, Hash indies UNIT-11 B.Tech – I sem TRANSACTION PROCESSING: Single user vs multi user system, Transactions, Read and write operations, and dbms buffers, timestamps, currency control techniques, write ahead logging, transaction rollback, undo redo recovery base UNIT-12 ADVANCE TOPICS New data base application, The Object-oriented, data model, object classes, inheritance, multiple inheritance, object identity, nesting and un-nesting, creation of complex values and object, relational data base, persistent C++ systems UNIT-13 LOGICAL DATABASE Introduction , Parlog/datalog notation, datalog notation, interpretation of rules, bottom-up inference mechanism, deductive database systems, the LDL system. UNIT-14 DISTRIBUTED DATABASES Distributed database concepts, Parallel versus distributed technology, Advantages of distributed databases, Data fragmentation, Types of distributed database systems Sixth Semester Paper Code BTAMO 6 BTAMO 7 BTAMO 8 BTAMO 9 B.Tech – I sem Subject MANAGEMENT OF MANUFECTRING SYSTEM MACHINE DESIGN-II METROLOGY FLUID SYSTEM BTA1M O10 BTAMO 9P BTAMO 8P METAL CUTTING & TOOL DESIGN FLUID SYSTEM PRACTICAL METROLOGY PRACTICAL BTAMO6 MANAGEMENT OF MANUFACTURING SYSTEM. UNIT-1 FUNDAMENTAL OF MANUFACTURING AND AUTOMATION Manufacturing operations and automation strategies; Hard and soft automation. Transfer systems, automated flow lines, feeders, assembly and line balancing. UNIT-2 FUNDAMENTAL OF COMPUTER AIDED MANUFACTURING Introduction to CAD/CAM. N.C. Machine Tools; P, L and C type; CNC, DNC, Adaptive control. Manual part programming through simple examples; computer assisted part programming. UNIT-3 AUTOMATED STORAGE AND MATERIALS HANDLING SYSTEM Automated materials handling (including AGV), storage and retrival systems; Robots and its applications in manufacturing. UNIT-4 PROCESS PLANNING: Introduction to process planning(PP), Computer aided process planning(CAPP); scheduling; sequencing of manufacturing operation. UNIT-5 GROUP TECHNOLOGY(GT) Introduction to coding and classification; benefits of GT. UNIT-6 B.Tech – I sem PRODUCTION ECONOMICS Kinds of costs, evaluation of capital investments, capital budgeting, breakeven-analysis, make-buy decision, evaluation of alternatives, discounted cash flow, equivalent comparison methods, depreciation. UNIT-7 MATERIALS MANAGEMENT Purchasing, distribution and inventory control inventory concepts; Material requirement planning; just in time. UNIT-8 QUALITY MANAGEMENT Economics of quality assurance; Quality control; process control, Control charts and acceptance sampling, concepts of total quality management. UNIT-9 INTRODUCTION TO CONCURRENT ENGINEERING AND AGILE MANUFACTURING UNIT-10 FMS and CIMS Flexible manufacturing system(FMS); FMS work stations; FMS planning and applications. Computer integrated manufacturing system(CIMS); net work and data bases for manufacturing system. Simulation of manufacturing systems. BTAMO7 MACHINE DESGIN-II Module-1 Design of Clutches: Friction clutches, uniform wear and uniform pressure assumptions, centrifugal clutches. Brakes: Design of internal expansion elements, assumptions, design of external contraction elements, band type brakes. Module-2 Design of Gears: Spur, helical, bevel and worm gears-tooth loads, design stresses, basic tooth stresses, stress concentration, overload factor, velocity factor, bending strength of gear teeth, Buckingham equation for dynamic load, surface durability, surface strength, heat dissipation, gear material, design for strength and war, gear box design(description only) Module-3 B.Tech – I sem Bearing and lubrication: types of lubrication, viscosity, journal bearing with perfect lubrication, hydrodynamic theory, design factors, bearing load, bearing dimensions, journal bearing design. Ball and roller bearings- bearing life, static and dynamic capacity, selection of bearing with axial and radial loads, bearing materials used. Thrust bearings lubrication. Wear of metal adhesive wear, abrasive wear, corrosion wear, fatigue and impact wear, measurement of friction and wear. Module-4 Product design for manufacturing: general design recommendations for rolled sections, forgings, screw machine parts, machined round holes, parts produced on milling machines, welded parts, castings etc., modification of design for manufacturing easiness for typical products- preparation of working drawings for manufacture of parts with complete specifications including manufacturing details like tolerance, surface finish. BTAMO8 METROLOGY BLOCK-1 Standards of measurements Unit 1: Introduction to Metrology Unit 2: Objectives of Metrology Unit 3: Classification of standards Unit 4: Classification of measuring instruments BLOCK-2 Linear and Angular Measurement Unit 1: Vernier Calipers and gauges Unit 2: Bevel Protectors Unit 3: Sine bar Unit 4: Taper measurement BLOCK-3 Measurement of threads and gears Unit 1: Screw thread gauges Unit 2: Gear tooth vernier Unit 3: Measurement of tooth profile Unit 4: Surface Photographs BLOCK-4 Measurement of Surface finish Unit 1: BIS Methods of Measuring surface finish Unit 2: Comparison methods of surface finish B.Tech – I sem Unit 3: Inspection Unit 4: Surface Photographs BLOCK-5 Comparators Unit 1: Types Comparators Unit2 : Mechanical Comparators Unit 3: Electrical Comparators Unit 4: Electronics Comparators. SYLLABUS BTAMO9 : FLUID SYSTEM Introduction to control system, Types and utility, Hydraulic power generation and transmission. Valve control pressure flow relationship for hydraulic valves, Valve configurations and constructions, Steady state operating forces, Transient forces and valve stability, Circuit design, Pneumatic valves, Hydraulic and pneumatic drives. Introduction to fluidic devices and sensors, Lumped and distributed parameter fluid systems, Fluid mechanics of jets. Wall attachment and vortex devices. Pure fluidic analog amplifiers, analog signal control techniques, Design of pure fluid digital elements. Physical concepts of pneumatics and electrical, Electro pneumatic components operation and application, interpretation of electric ladder diagram. BTAMO10 METAL CUTTING AND TOOL DESIGN Unit 1 General Considerations: Tool classification, Tools materials, properties & applications, Tooling economics General design considerations, Safety aspects. Unit 2 Design of Metal Cutting Tools: Design of single point cutting tools for strength & rigidity. Design for optimum geometry. Design Strategies for H. S. S, Carbide and Ceramics chip Breakers, Design of form tools. Multipoint cutting tools: Design of drills, reamers, milling cutters, broach & gear cutting tools. Unit 3 Design of Metal Working Tools: B.Tech – I sem Design of press working tools shearing piercing, blanking, dies compound die design, progressive dies, bending, forming drawing dies. Tooling for ForgingDesign principles for forging dies, Drop forging, upset forging. Design principles and practice for rolling, Roll pass Design. Unit 4 Design of Jigs And Fixtures: Principles of location and clamping, locating & clamping Materials for locating and clamping elements, Drilling bushes. Design of various jigs & fixtures. Unit 5 Design of Gauges And Inspection Features: Design of gauges for tolerance for dimensions and form inspection. Dies And Mould Design For Plastics & Rubber Parts: Compression moulding, transfer moulding, blow moulding. Fourth Year Seventh Semester Paper Code BEAMO1 Name of the Subject COMPUTER AIDED MANUFACTRING BEAMO2 MECHTRONICS BEAMO3 REFRIGERATION & AIR CONDITIONING BEAMO4 SOLER ENRGY BEAMO5 PERSONNAL MANAGEMENT BEAMO3P REFRIGERATION & AIR CONDITIONING PRACTICAL BEAMO4P SOLER ENRGY PRACTICAL Syllabus BEAMO1 COMPUTER AIDED MANUFACTURING UNIT-1 Introduction: Overview of automation in industry. Type of production: continuous, mass, batch and job shop and automation achievements therein. B.Tech – I sem Product cycle and CAD/CAM influence CAD/CAM on product cycle. Definitions of CAD/CAM, CAD,CAM, CAPP,CIM, Mechatronics etc. Programmed Automation and Numerical Control: program controlled machine tools, punched card and punched tape machine tools. Numerical control and its basics, Axis Designation. NC motion control system: point to point, straightcut and continuous path control systems. Applications of NC in metal- cutting and non-metal cutting areas. UNIT-2 Computer numerical control : Block diagrams of CNC operations. Nomenclature, types and Features of CNC machine tools. Elements of CNC machines and system. Machine control unit. Position control and its significance. Engineering analysis of NC positioning systems. Open loop and closed loop system. Precision on NC Positioning systems: control resolution, accuracy and repeatability. Actuators: DC servomotor, ac servomotor, stepper motor. Transducers and feed back elements: resolvers, inductosyns optical grating and encoders. UNIT-3 Part Programming : process planning and flow chart for part programming. Tooling systems, tools nomenclature and tools geometries of modern indexable carbide tools. Tool presetting & Modular Tooling. Selection of tools based on machining capacity, accuracy and surface finish. Elements of programming for turning and milling. Composition of a part program. Preparatory codes G, Miscellaneous functions M. Interpolation, Tool compensations, cycles for simplifying programming. Part programming for typical components on turning machines and machining centres. Computer Aided Programming: APT pat Programming. Introduction to computer aided Programming through Pro-E. BEAMO2 MECHATONICS Semester 7th BLOCK 1 Introduction, sensors and transducers Introduction of mechatronics, element of mechatronics, control system, classification of control system, Introduction of sensor, LVDT characteristic application of pizolelcetric effects, proximity sensor,Velocity, magnetic sensor, optical sensor, position and motion sensor, LVDT BLOCK 2 ACTUATION SYSTEM B.Tech – I sem Mechanical actuators, principles, pneumatic actuator, classification, application, hydraulic actuator, hydraulic circuit hydraulic pump, control valves, BLOCK 3 BASIC SYSTEM MODELS, I/O SYSTEM I/O SYSTEM, interface, mechanical and electrical system building block system, voltage divider & current divider, indcentce element hydro and pneumatic system building block, land resource, labour market. BLOCK 4 PLC Programmable logic controller, scan time, basic block diagram of PLC, inputs & outputs, PLC languages, PLC operation, distributed control structures, memory, types of instructions, selecting a PLC. BLOCK 5 DEGINE EXAMPLES UNIT-1:- Design process stages, introduction of engineering design at system level, what is a system, engineering conceptual design UNIT-2:- traditional VS mechatronics design UNIT-3:- case studies of car park barrier, UNIT-4 Case studies of automatic washing machine, principles and application, limitations BEAMO3 REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING BLOCK 1 Refrigeration System & Refrigeration equipments Unit 1: Basic Definition Unit 2: Refrigeration Systems Unit 3: Refrigeration Equipments Unit 4: Problems BLOCK 2 Vapour Compression and Absorption Systems Unit 1: Vapour Compression Systems Unit 2: Heat Exchangers Unit 3: Vapour Absorption Refrigeration System Unit 4: Electrolux System BLOCK 3 Refrigeration Flow Controls & Refrigerants Unit 1: Refrigeration Flow control B.Tech – I sem Unit 2: Refrigerants Unit 3: Lubricants Unit 4: Applications of Refrigeration BLOCK 4 Psychometric and Comport Air Conditioning Unit 1: Basic Definitions Unit 2: Psychometric Processes Unit 3: Enthalpy calculation Unit 4: Problems BLOCK 5 Air Conditioning Systems and Cooling Load Calculations Unit 1: Air Conditioning Systems Unit 2: Fan and Blowers Unit 3: Insulating Materials Unit 4: Cooling load calculations. BEAMO4 Solar Energy SEMESTER 7TH Introduction to Solar Energy, Review of basic heat Transfer principles, fundamentals of Solar Radiation, Solar Design Criteria, Collectors of Solar Radiation, transfer and Storage of Heat, passive Solar Heating systems, active Solar Heating systems, solar cooling of buildings, Photovoltaics(PV), Solar Energy Economics. B.Tech – I sem BEAMO5 PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT SEMESTER 7TH SYLLABUS organization of personnel management, job design and Job analysis, personnel planning, Employee recruitment and selection, employee hiring and orientation, performance management and appraisal, employee compensation and benefits, employee training and development, working conditions and labour relations, human resource information system. Eighth Semester Paper Code BEAMO6 BEAMO7 Name of the Subject AUTOMOTIVE ENGINEERING MANUFACTURING IFORMATION SYSTEM BEAMO8 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN BEAMO9P PROJECT Code-BEAM06 AUTO MOTIVE ENGINEERING UNIT-1 Power Unit and Gear Box: Principle of design of main components. Valve mechanism. Power and Torque characteristics. Rolling, air and gradient resistance. Tractive effort. Gear Box. Gear ration determination. Design of Gear box. UNIT-2 B.Tech – I sem Transmission System: Requirements. Clutches. Toque converters. Over Drive and free wheel, Universal joint. Differential Gear Mechanism of Rear Axle. Automatic transmission, Steering and Front Axle. Castor Angle, wheel camber & Toe-in, Toe-out etc… Streeing geometry. Ackerman mechanism, Understeer and Overstreer UNIT-3 Braking System: General Requirements, Road, Tyre adhesion, Weight transfer, Braking ratio, Mechanical brakes, Hydraulic brakes. Vacuum and air brakes. Thermal aspects. Chasis and Suspension System: Loads on the frame. Strength and Stiffness. Various Suspension Systems. UNIT-4 Electrical System: Types of starting motors, generator & regulators, lighting System, Ignition system, Horn, Battery etc. Fuel Supply System: Diesel & Petrol vehicle system such as Fuel Injection Pump, Injection & Fuel Pump, Carburetor etc. MPFI. UNIT-5 Automobile Air Conditioning: Requirements, Cooling & heating Systems. Cooling & Lubrication System: Different types of cooling system and Lubrication System. Maintenance System: Preventive maintenance, break down maintenance and over hauling. CODE- BEAM 08 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN UNIT-1 CONSTANTS OF OVERHEAD TRANSMISSION LINES: Main parts of overhead transmission lines, resistance of overhead transmission line, inductance and reactance of overhead transmission line, general expression for inductance of a group of parallel wires, inductance of two parallel wires with single-phase circuit, inductance of a three-phase line, reactance of transmission lines, capacitance of overhead transmission lines, capacitance of three-phase line UNIT-2 B.Tech – I sem CHRACTERISITICS AND PERFORMANCE OF TRANSMISSION LINE: Transmission lines, general relations for the analysis of a transmission-line, circle diagrams, modification and use of power circle diagrams, bundleed conductors UNIT-3 DESIGN OF TRANSMISSION LINES: Requirements of transmission lines, selection of voltage for high-voltage transmission-lines, choice of conductors, spacing of conductors, corona, insulators, specification of transmission lines, surge-impedance loading of transmission lines, electrical design of transmission lines, main consideration in the mechanical design of transmission lines, sag-tension ralation, stringing of transmission lines, towers UNIT-4 POWER SYSTEM OPERATION AND ANALYSIS: Representation of a power system, power-system operation studies, load-flow studies, data for load-flow studies, interactive computation of non-linear algebraic equations, Gauss- siedel method of solution of load-flow problems on digital computers, Newton Raphson method, comparison of load flow methods, sequence components of power system network, representation of power system by sequence component networks, short-circuit studies on power systems, power-system stability, transient stability, Interia constant, equal-area criterion UNIT-5 SWITCHGEAR: Principles of circuit interrupation, types of circuit breakers and switchgears, specifications of circuit breakers and their selection, rating of circuit-breakers, testing of switchgear, vaccum switches for power system, power system transients, measures to prevent over voltages B.Tech – I sem UNIT-6 DESIGN OF EHV TRANSMISSION LINES: Transmission of electrical power at extra-high-voltage, design considerations of EHV lines, selection and spacing of conductors, corona, radio and television interference, insulation co-ordination, towers UNIT-7 HIGH VOLTAGE DC TRANSMISSION LINES: Introduction, limitations of high voltage ac transmission, advantages of HVDC transmission, imitational of HVDC transmission, principal of control of HVDC transmission, applications of HVDC systems, and a few HVDC transmission projects UNIT-8 DESIGN OF POWER SYSTEM: Introduction, Selection of sizes and location of generating stations, Selection and specifications of transmission lines, sizes and location of substations, interconnection, use of ac network analysers and computers UNIT-9 POWER-SYSTEM CONTROL AND LINE-COMPENSATION: Introduction, Voltage control, power-system control, Control of reactive power and power factor, line compensation, series compensation, supervisory control UNIT-10 DESIGN OF DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM: Development of distribution plan, transmission and distribution systems, types of distribution-system arragements, types of cable, primary distribution design, secondary distribution design, voltage regulation, lamp flicker, protection of distribution systems, design of inductrial distribution systems UNIT-11 ECONOMICS OF DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM: B.Tech – I sem Effect of voltage, selection of equipment in power systems, economic size of power factor improvement appartus, economics selection of a distribution system, electric power transmission and distribution costs, energy losses in a distribution system. UNIT-12 POWER SYSTEM IMPROVEMENT: Introduction, methods of power system improvement, power system improvement scheme, financial aspect of the power system improvement scheme UNIT-13 POWER SYSTEM PLANING: Introduction, methods of power system planning, forecasting load and energy requirements, generation planning, transmission system planning, distribution system planning, trends in power system planning in INDIA CODE-BEAM 07 MANUFACTURING INFORMATION SYSTEM UNIT-1 Introduction: the evolution of order policies, from MRP to MRP ii, the role of production organization, operation control. UNIT-2 Database: terminologies-entities and attributes-data models, schema and subschema-data independence-ER-model-trends in database. UNIT-3 B.Tech – I sem Designing database: hierarchical model-network approach-relational data model concepts, principles, keys, relational operations-functional dependence- normalization types-query. UNIT-4 MANUFACTURING CONSIDERATION: The product and its structure, inventory and process flow-shop floor control data structure and procedure-various model-the order scheduling module, input-output analysis module the stock status database-the complete IOM database UNIT-5 INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR MANUFACTURING: Parts oriented production information system-concepts and structurecomputerized production scheduling, online production control system, computer based production management system, computerized manufacturing information system case study B.Tech – I sem