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A.A. Kupriyanov, M.A. Tikhonovsky, A.I. Pikalov
National Science Center “Kharkov institute of physics and technology”
Ukraine, Kharkov.
Postal address: 1, Akademicheskaya St., Kharkov, 61108, Ukraine
Telephone: +38 (057) 335-17-39 Fax: +38 (057) 335-17-39
E-mail: [email protected]
PACS code 62.20.-x
Key words: nanocomposite, deformation, structure, fiber, dislocations, strength
During last years structure and properties of severe plastic deformed materials
are widely investigated. This report is devoted to investigation of structure and
properties of nanocomposite materials fabricated by severe plastic deformation of twophase alloys with both plastic components. Typical specimen of this class of materials is
Cu-Nb alloy.
Severe deformation was produced by cold drawing rods (Ø10mm) to wires
Ø0,1mm. The distinctive size of niobium fibers in initial rods is equal to some microns.
had the composition Cu-32,5 mass %Nb and were fabricated by methods of
assembly of in-situ composite wires or foils. Investigation is showed that σB and σT
dependences on drawing deformation degree have two-stage character, i.e. slow
increase in the first stage changes to drastic growth in the second stage. This result can
relate to changes of deformational mechanism of niobium fibers from dislocation (1st
stage) to disclination (2nd stage). Factor, that proves the disclination deformation
mechanism of niobium fibers, is forming of knife-like boundaries that are the result of
propagation of powerful disclinations. In that way on the defined stage of drawing
structure with 10-20 0 fragment disorientation angle is formed in niobium fibers. At that
time strong internal elastic deformation of extension, which achieves 1%, is observed in
niobium fibers. It was shown that UTS of nanocomposites could achieve 2000 MPa and
even more. Ways how to achieve maximum strength in nanocomposites and areas of
their further industrial and scientific applications are discussed.
The ultrafine-grained materials fabricated by severe plastic deformation (SPD)
can be promising class of materials for use as construction material in the next
generation of nuclear reactors.