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Social Studies
Week One
What economic factors
were both a cause and a
result of the Age of
Exploration?
The expansion of international
trade was caused by Europeans
wanting to obtain spices and
other goods from the Far East.
Which country was the
first to seek a water
route to Asia?
Portugal, because of Prince
Henry the Navigator’s
leadership.
What caused Spain to
fund Columbus’ trip to
the New World?
Economic competition with
Portugal. Spain wanted to be
the first to find
a water route to Asia.
What political factors
motivated countries to
explore the New World?
European countries were in
competition for power and to
own new lands. (Competition
between nation-states)
What technological
factors helped advance
exploration?
 1.
Improvements in navigation including the
astrolabe, compass
 2. Improvements in shipbuilding – the caravel was a
smaller, faster ship
 3. Improvements in cartography (mapmaking)
taught in the Portuguese School of Navigation.
Explorers were
motivated by “God, Gold,
and Glory.” What does
this phrase mean?
1. Spreading Christianity
2. They wanted to find
wealth/riches
3. Countries and explorers
wanted to be the first to
discover new lands

Who was the Viking
explorer from Greenland
who settled in Vinland in
North American
for a short time?
Leif Eriksson
Who sailed for Spain
looking for a new, faster
route to Asia? He
discovered America?
Christopher
Columbus
Who sailed for England
looking for a quicker route
to Asia? He was the first to
claim land for England
when he landed in
Newfoundland.
John Cabot
His expedition was the first
to sail around the world. He
claimed lands for Spain, but
died before the trip was
complete.
Ferdinand
Megellan
He was a Spanish explorer who
traveled throughout the
southeastern U.S. He entered
through Florida and was the
first to see the Mississippi.
Hernando
deSoto
He sailed for both England
and the Netherlands. He
claimed the Hudson River
and New York for the Dutch
and Canadian lands for
England.
Henry Hudson
He explored for France.
He explored the Mississippi
River valley, and named the
area Louisiana, claiming all
of it for France.
Robert LaSalle
Identify which countries
claimed the numbered areas.
1 – France
2 – Spain
3 – Portugal
4 – England
5 – The Netherlands
Which explorer followed
the highlighted route
above?
Hernando de
Soto
A
B
C
D
Which explorer
followed Route A?
Henry Hudson
Which explorer’s route do the
arrows above indicate?
Leif Eriksson
In what direction did
Robert LaSalle travel on the
Mississippi River?
He started at its mouth in the
north and traveled the whole
length of the Mississippi to
Louisiana and the Gulf of
Mexico.
What new plant and animal
life did Europeans bring to
America from their home
countries?
Plant life
Wheat, rice, coffee
Animal life
Horses, pigs, cows, chickens
How did horses brought
by the Spanish improve
life in North America?
 It made it easier for Native Americans on the Plains to
hunt the buffalo. They captured more buffalo quicker,
which meant they had more food. Horses made
moving their villages easier too.
What plant life did the
Europeans take back to
Europe from North
America?
Corn, potatoes, peanuts
and squash: These
vegetable improved
the diet of Europeans
What diseases did
the Europeans bring
to North America?
Diphtheria, measles,
smallpox,
and malaria
What do historians call
this exchange of plant
life, animal life, and
disease between North
America and Europe?
The
Columbian
Exchange