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Transcript
COGNITIVE CELEBRATION II
HEALTH STUDY GUIDE
TEST ANATOMY:
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50 QUESTIONS – 1 POINT EACH
o MULTIPLE CHOICE – 45 QUESTIONS
o OPEN ENDED/FILL IN – 5 QUESTIONS
STRESS:
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UNDERSTAND THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN EUSTRESS AND DISTRESS
WEIGHT MANAGEMENT:
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WHAT ARE THE THREE DIFFERENT BODY TYPES?
o UNDERSTAND THE FAT:MUSCLE RATIO
o WHAT MIGHT KNOWING YOUR BODY TYPE CHANGE ABOUT DIET AND/OR TRAINING
PROGRAM?
WHAT IS BMI?
o WHAT DOES IT STAND FOR?
o WHAT IS IT A RATIO OF?
o WHAT IS THE FORMULA TO CALCULATE ON YOUR OWN?
o THE RANGES:
 UNDERWEIGHT, HEALTHY/NORMAL, OVERWEIGHT, OBESE.
WHAT IS BODY COMPOSITION?
o HOW CAN WE FIND SOMEONE’S BODY COMPOSITION?
o WHAT ARE THE HEALTHY BODY FAT % RANGES FOR SOMEONE IN YOUR AGE RANGE?
UNDERSTAND THE DIFFERENT THEORIES FOR WHY PEOPLE HAVE A HARDER OR EASIER TIME
WITH WEIGHT MANGEMENT.
o FAT CELL GROWTH, SET POINT THEORY, MALFUNCTIONING HYPOTHALAMUS, ETC.
WHAT ARE THE FOUR COMPONENTS TO A SUCCESSFUL WEIGHT MANAGEMENT PROGRAM?
o BEHAVIOR MANAGEMENT, NUTRIENT ADEQUACY, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, ONGOING
SUPPORT.
WHEN ATTEMPTING TO LOSE WEIGHT, WHICH MACRONUTRIENT SHOULD SOMEONE INGEST
FIRST DURING THEIR MEAL?
NUTRITION:
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KNOW THE 6 ESSENTIAL NUTRIENTS
WHAT ARE THE 3 MACRONUTRIENTS?
WHAT PERCENTAGE OF EACH MACRONUTRIENT IS USED FOR THE DIGESTION OF THE
NUTRIENT?
o PROTEIN = 30%, CARBOHYDRATES = 15%, FAT = 5%
UNDERSTAND THE RECOMMENDED INTAKE FOR THE AVERAGE AMERICAN
o CARB – 55-65%, FATS – 20-30%, PROTEIN 10-15%
o .36g OF PROTEIN PER POUND OF BODY WEIGHT.
KNOW THE BASIC ROLE OF EACH NUTRIENT IN THE BODY
HOW MANY CALORIES ARE IN EACH NUTRIENT?
WHAT ARE THE FAT/WATER-SOLUBLE VITAMINS? CAN THEY REACH TOXIC LEVELS?
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF FIBER? HOW MUCH DO WE NEED?
HOW MANY CALORIES IN A POUND OF BODY FAT?
CALORIC MINIMUM INTAKE TO REMAIN NUTRIENT ADEQUATE:
o FEMALE – 1200, MALE – 1800
UNDERSTAND WHAT YOUR B.M.R. IS.
WHAT ARE THE THREE BASIC WAYS WE USE CALORIES THROUGHOUT THE DAY AND WHAT
PERCENTAGE OF A CALORIES DOES EACH WAY EQUATE TO?
CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE:
 BE ABLE TO LABEL THE FOLLOWING DIAGRAMS:
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WHAT CONTROLLABLE FACTORS INCREASE AN INDIVIDUAL’S SUSCEPTILITY TO
CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE?
WHAT ARE THE TWO CIRCULATORY SYSTEMS THE HEART IS INVOLED IN?
o PULMONARY & SYSTEMIC
WHAT IS HYPERTENSION?
BE ABLE TO EXPLAIN WHAT BLOOD PRESSURE IS.
WHAT IS A HEALTHY BLOOD PRESSURE READING?
HOW WOULD SOMEONE FIND THEIR ESTIMATED STROKE VOLUME? CARDIAC OUTPUT?
o (SYSTEMIC PRESSURE - DIASTOLIC PRESSURE) x 1.75
o SV x BPM
WHAT WOULD THE STROKE VOLUME BE FOR AN INDIVIDUAL WITH A BLOOD PRESSURE OF
90/60? 120/80? 120/95?
o WHAT IS THIS SAYING ABOUT THE WORKLOAD ON THE HEART?
WHAT IS ARTHROSCLEROSIS?
o WHAT BUILDS UP IN THE ARTERIES?
WHAT ARE THE TWO DIFFERENT TYPES OF CHOLESTROL?
o WHICH ONE HELPS TO LOWER BLOOD CHOLESTROL LEVELS, THUS DECREASING THE
RISK OF CVD
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF BLOOD PLATELETS? WHAT IMPACT DOES SMOKING HAVE ON
THEM?
WHY ARE MALES AT HIGHER RISK FOR DEVELOPING CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE?
o THE LOCATION OF FAT COLLECTION – ABDOMEN.
 BE ABLE TO EXPLAIN WHY.
WHEN PERFORMING HANDS-ONLY CPR, THE INDIVIDUAL PERFORMING CPR IS ACTING AS THE
VICTIM’S ____________________.
CAN AN A.E.D. SHOCK AN INDIVIDUAL WITHOUT AN IRREGULAR HEARTBEAT?
IF YOU SUSPECT SOMEONE IS SUFFERING A SHOCK, PRACTICE THE F.A.C.E. PROCEDURE,
WHICH STANDS FOR:
o F–
o A–
o C–
o E–
HOW WOULD SOMEONE DECREASE THEIR CHANCES OF DEVELOPING, OR DYING, FROM
CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE?
WHAT IS THE NUMBER ONE KILLER OF AMERICANS?