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A presentation to:
< Name >
Shakeel Hafez
Safeguarding & Integration Manager
Email: [email protected]
Tel: 01484 221000
5 Pillars of Islam
 Islam means submission to God and one who submits to God is
called a Muslim
 The five Pillars of Islam help Muslims put their faith into practice
1. Shahadah: declaration of faith
2. Salah: prayer 5 times a day
3. Zakah: giving to poor 2.5% of savings
4. Sawm: Fasting for the month of Ramadan
5. Hajj: pilgrimage to Makkah, Saudi Arabia, once in a lifetime
Islamic Calendar
 Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic Calendar
 Islamic calendar has 12 lunar months, each beginning with the
new moon
 A lunar month is either 29 or 30 days long
 Islamic calendar therefore has about 354 days, 11 days shorter
than Gregorian Calendar
Fasting and Benefits
 To abstain from food, drink (including water) and sexual
activities during Fasting hours
 Business as usual
 Fasting teaches patience and self discipline
 Fasting helps reflect on plight of poor and needy
 Fasting helps to cleanse the body and mind
How do Muslims Fast?
 Muslims keep Fast from dawn to sunset for a whole month
 This means no eating or drinking during daylight hours
 Everyone wakes up before daybreak to eat a meal called ‘Sehri’
 Everyone gathers at sunset to break their Fast called ‘Iftari’
Who should Fast?
Fasting is obligatory on:
 All Muslims, male and female, once they attain age of puberty
 Those who are mentally and physically fit and Fasting will not
cause them harm
 Those who are not travelling
Who may not Fast?
Young children (however they may start Fasting for practice)
People who are travelling on long journeys
People who are ill (physically or mentally)
Women who are menstruating, pregnant or breast-feeding
 Every night during Ramadan there are special prayers called
‘Taraweeh’. These are performed in congregation at local
mosques. Imams usually recite the whole Qur’an in 30 parts,
one every night.
 There is one special night in the last ten days called ‘The Night
of Power’. This is the night when the Qur’an was first revealed.
 So during the final ten days many Muslims increase prayers at
 End of Ramadan (first day of the
next month, Shawwal) is called
 This is celebrated by dressing up,
joining congregational prayer,
and visits to family and friends
for festive meals
 Children are usually given money
or presents
SMSC and Schools
Ramadan awareness training
SMSC and assembly themes
Prayers during Ramadan
Physical Education
Examinations during Ramadan
Parents’ evenings and after school functions
Exemption from Fasting
Detentions and after school activities
Swimming during Ramadan
Sex and relationship education