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Brief Response • What caused many in the world to disfavor the US, Britain, and France in the 1930s and what were the results for millions? • Dissatisfaction over the Treaty of Versailles • Foreign governments blamed the economic carelessness and failures in the capitalist leaders that ruined the world economy. • Millions supported dictators who promised to build fascist empires that would be protected from future failures. War in Europe 536 Today’s goal • Nazi Germany began World War II and soon took control of most of Europe, except for Great Britain. • Germany used modern mechanized and air warfare. Winston Churchill • Member of Parliament who despised Hitler. • He criticized Chamberlain’s naiveté. • Parliament’s House of Commons still voted for Chamberlain’s agreement. • Worksheet: Churchill quote appeasement • French and British policy of giving up principles in favor of pacifying an aggressor (Hitler). Nonaggression pact • Stalin believed that Britain and France were trying to point Hitler’s aggression at the Soviet Union. – He decided to turn the tables. • He made an agreement between Hitler NOT to make war on each other. • Surprised the world community. blitzkrieg • German fighting style, “lightning war” – Fast tanks and powerful aircraft: terrorize, confuse, disrupt. – Main army would then crush the bewildered enemy. • First used on Poland, on September, 1939. – Video: worksheet questions Charles de Gaulle • Fled to England when France fell in 1940. • Started a French “government in exile” in London. – Made radio broadcasts to mainland France. – Coordinated the French resistance. • “France has lost a battle, but France has not lost the war!” • He’d become the leader of French forces during the war and French President after the war. End hwk • Begin class work p. 537, summarizing • Annexation of Austria and the Sudetenland p. 538, geography skillbuilder 1. 2. – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Austria Yugoslavia Bulgaria Greece Romania Slovakia Hungary Poland Lithuania, Latvia Estonia Finland Norway France Denmark The Netherlands Belgium The Soviet Union • It was centrally located p. 539, evaluating • The development of improved tanks and airplanes had made “blitzkrieg” tactics effective. p. 540, analyzing motives • As a way of protecting their independence. p. 541, 3, analyzing motives, just cite three. • Hitler’s deceptions included: • Charging the Czechs with abusing Sudeten Germans. • Claiming the Sudetenland was his “last territorial demand.” • Accusing Poles of brutalizing Germans. • Signing a secret pact with the Soviets, dividing Poland. • Justifying the invasions of Denmark and Norway as necessary to safeguard his plans. p. 541, 4, evaluating conclusions MP vote for Munich Agreement MP vote against Munich Agreement • Appeasement would help avert war. • Compromise is not a sign of weakness. • Appeasement would feed Hitler’s military aggression. • Great Britain should defend its honour and declare war. p. 541, 5, drawing conclusions, just one will do. • After the Munich Conference—Britain and France let Germany take the Sudetenland. • After taking Czechoslovakia—France and Britain ignored their pledge to protect Czechoslovakia. The Free French flag Brief Response • What diplomatic and military methods made it possible for Nazi Germany to accomplish so much?