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Course Integrator Guide NAME ______________________________ SECTION__________ CHAPTER 1 WORKSHEET THE ATHLETIC TRAINER AND THE SPORTS MEDICINE TEAM MATCHING: Match the following organizations with their purposes. _________ 1. BOC _________ 2. CAAHEP _________ 3. NATA _________ 4. APTA A. AMA committee responsible for the accreditation process B. Responsible for certification of athletic trainers C. Established professional athletic training standards D. The governing body for physical therapy MATCHING: Match the following individuals and their duties. _________ 5. Team Physician _________ 6. Athletic Trainer _________ 7. Equipment Manager _________ 8. Coach _________ 9. Player A. Ensures the quality of sports equipment B. Make the final decision on return to play C. Purchases equipment D. Makes the competitive environment safe E. Understand and assumes the risk involved in sports SHORT ANSWER: Answer the following questions with a brief response. 10. Briefly describe the professional relationship between the athletic trainer and the team physician. 11. How many hours are required of a student seeking certification as an athletic trainer if he or she goes through the internship route of the NATA? 12. What is the publication distributed by the sports section of the American Physical Therapy Association? 13. Name the three members of the sports medicine team who must work closely together. 14. Whose responsibility is it to ensure that all athletes are covered by a good, reliable insurance company? 15. How can a person become an NATA-certified athletic trainer? 16. What is the primary responsibility of an athletic trainer? 17. Define burnout and describe how it may happen in athletic training. LISTING: List and briefly describe the roles and function of an athletic trainer. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. Course Integrator Guide What are the four types of regulation used to control the practice of athletic training? 24. 25. 26. 27. ESSAY 28-31. Discuss employment opportunities for a certified athletic trainer. 32-35. What are some personal qualities that athletic trainers should have if they are to be successful at their job? 36-39. How and when did the NATA begin and why is it a crucial organization in our profession? PERSONAL ASSESSMENT 40-44. As the responsible athletic trainer, who are some of the support personnel you would contact if your starting player had just been injured and had a possible fractured jaw? 45-50. As an athletic trainer you have just received a job in a new state. What are some of the considerations that need to be addressed in this new job and how should you determine if you are eligible to practice in that state. Course Integrator Guide NAME ________________________ SECTION _____________________ CHAPTER 2 WORKSHEET HEALTH CARE ADMINISTRATION IN ATHLETIC TRAINING MATCHING: Match the following terms with their definition _________ 1. Illumination _________ 2. Treatment Area _________ 3. Electrotherapy Area _________ 4. Hydrotherapy Area _________ 5. Exam Room _________ 6. Storage Facility A. Must be under constant supervision B. Hydrocollator should be easily accessible C. Should be planned by an engineer D. Should be at least 80-100 square feet E. A private space that must be kept locked F. Outlets should be placed 4-5 feet above the floor SHORT ANSWER: Briefly answer the following questions. 7. What does the acronym SOAP stand for? 8. How are computers making their way into the athletic training clinic and what are the benefits of using a computer in the athletic training clinic? 9. Describe the importance of good hygiene and sanitation. 10. Explain the difference between extrinsic and intrinsic factors of data collection. 11. What is the cause of the most indirect sports related deaths? 12. What organization is responsible for enforcing the guidelines on bloodborne pathogens? 13. What is the critical stage for a young athlete and why is it important? 14. What is the purpose of record keeping? LISTING List the components of the preparticipation exam 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. List the types of individuals that can be service by an athletic training clinic. 21. 22. 23. ESSAY 24-28. Describe the many types of records that are kept by the athletic trainer. 29-33. What organizations are doing injury research and what kind of research are they involved with? Course Integrator Guide 34-38. Describe the uses of a computer in the athletic training clinic. PERSONAL ASSESSMENT 39-43. You are an athletic trainer at a high school with a fairly limited budget, design an athletic training clinic with the essential components. 44-48. You are an athletic trainer with an unlimited budget and you are designing an athletic training room, what are the things that you would include and what about this training room is different from the one you designed in the previous question. Course Integrator Guide NAME ________________________ SECTION _____________________ CHAPTER 3 WORKSHEET LEGAL CONCERNS AND INSURANCE ISSUES MATCHING: Match the following terms with their definition _________ 1. Tort _________ 2. Negligence _________ 3. Copayment _________ 4. Assumption of risk _________ 5. Statue of limitations _________ 6. Exclusions _________ 7. Product liability _________ 8. Point of service plan _________ 9. Capitation _________ 10. Deductible _________ 11. Fee-for-service A. Acknowledgment of hazards in sports B. Results in unreasonable risk of harm to others C. A legal wrong D. Most traditional form of billing for health care E. Written guarantee athletic equipment is safe F. Members make a monthly payment G. A specific length of time in which an individual may sue H. A specific amount paid by the policy holder I. A combination of HMO and PPO J. Treatment not covered by insurance policy K. Owed by the insured annually before the insurance company will pay SHORT ANSWER: Briefly answer the following questions. 12. Describe the standard of reasonable care. 13. What are the two types of torts? 14. Define liability. 15. Explain third-party reimbursement. 16. What is a premium? LISTING List the health care systems designed to contain cost 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. ESSAY 22-26. Identify, compare and contrast the types of medical insurance available. 27-31. What is negligence and list the things that must be proved in order to claim negligence? 32-36. What are the ways in which athletic trainers avoid litigation? PERSONAL ASSESSMENT 37-41. You are an athletic trainer at a division three college, how would you file claims for your athletes? 42-45. As an athletic trainer you need to purchase liability insurance, describe the types of policies that are available and describe your major concerns. Course Integrator Guide NAME ______________________________ SECTION__________ CHAPTER 4 WORKSHEET TRAINING AND CONDITIONING TECHNIQUES MATCHING: Match each item with the appropriate response. ______ 1. Ballistic stretch ______ 2. Anaerobic ______ 3. Aerobic ______ 4. Isometric contraction ______ 5. Flexibility ______ 6. Antagonist ______ 7. Overload ______ 8. Agonist ______ 9. Strength ______ 10. Endurance ______ 11. Hypertrophy ______ 12. Fartlek ______ 13. Interval ______ 14. Atrophy A. Adapting to demands B. Produces movement C. Weight lifting and sprinting D. Stretched muscle E. Repetative muscle contraction F. Increase in muscle size G. One repetition maximum H. Speed play I. Range of motion J. Decrease in muscle size K. Quick stretch L. Alternating periods of work M. No change in muscle length N. Long distance running SHORT ANSWER: Answer the following questions with a short response. 15. Briefly explain the SAID principle. 16. What is the difference between strength and power? 17. What are two purposes of the warm-up period? a. b. 18. Identify an isometric resistance device. 19. Identify an isotonic resistance device. 20. Identify an isokinetic resistance device. 21. What two factors affect an individual's ability to improve endurance? 22. Why is flexibility important? 23. Does the heart get larger or smaller as a result of training? 24. When is the most dangerous time of a season when most of the sports injuries will occur? 25. Which is considered more effective—passive or active cool-down? Why? 26. How can one reduce delayed muscle soreness? 27. Describe the stretch reflex and the role of the Golgi tendon organs and muscle spindles. Course Integrator Guide 28. Define the difference between muscle soreness and muscle stiffness. LISTING: Name the four things you can increase during training to implement the overload principle. 29. 30. 31. 32. List three of the PNF stretching techniques 33. 34. 35. ESSAY 36-40. Describe the differences between ballistic and static stretching. Which, in your opinion, is better? 41-45. Describe the differences between isotonic, isokinetic, and isometric exercise. PERSONAL ASSESSMENT 46-50. Design a strength training program using the concept of progressive resistive exercise and incorporating the various types of strength training techniques. Course Integrator Guide NAME ______________________________ SECTION__________ CHAPTER 5 WORKSHEET NUTRITIONAL CONSIDERATIONS MATCHING: Match the following vitamins with the appropriate response. ______ 1. Vitamin A ______ 2. Vitamin B complex ______ 3. Thiamine ______ 4. Riboflavin ______ 5. Niacin ______ 6. Vitamin B12 ______ 7. Vitamin C ______ 8. Vitamin D A. Contributes to general good health; main vitamin derived from sunlight B. Essential in energy metabolism of muscle and development of red blood cells C. Works with riboflavin and thiamin and enters into enzyme reactions D. Essential for cell building; resists infections, prevents night blindness E. Closely interrelated to and involved in various enzymatic actions F. Least stable of all vitamins; essential for repair and healing of wounds G. Important for proper and complete utilization of carbohydrates H. Essential to certain aspects of nerve tissue and cell respiration maintenance MATCHING: Match the following minerals with the appropriate response. ______ 9. Potassium ______ 10. Calcium ______ 11. Sulfur ______ 12. Phosphorus ______ 13. Iron ______ 14. Manganese, copper, and zinc A. Assists in formation of some amino acids B. Regulates body's synthesis of hemoglobin C. Important for muscle contraction D. Activates certain enzymatic reactions E. Important role in development of strong teeth and bones F. Important in the transport of fatty acids and energy metabolism MATCHING: Match the following categories with the appropriate response. ______ 15. Carbohydrates A. Utilized when carbohydrates are depleted _______ 16. Proteins B. Organic compounds present in natural foods ______ 17. Fats that act as regulators or catalysts ______ 18. Minerals C. Makes up approximately 75% of all ______ 19. Vitamins protoplasm and is necessary for life ______ 20. Water D. Organic compounds of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; considered primary source of body fuels E. Necessary for proper maintenance of metabolic processes; potassium and calcium F. Contain building and repairing properties; important in resisting infections and aiding healing SHORT ANSWER: Answer the following questions with a brief response. 21. What two functions do food proteins perform? 22. What is meant by "essential" amino acids? Course Integrator Guide 23. List the fat-soluble vitamins. 24. List the water-soluble vitamins. 25. Describe the practice of carbohydrate loading. 26. What is a primary concern that you should have if one of your athletes is a vegetarian? LISTING: List the positive physiological effects of creatine. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. List the rules to follow in establishing the pre-game meal. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. ESSAY 38-42. Should the athlete's diet differ from that of the non-athlete? If so, in what ways should it differ? 43-46. If one of your athletes wanted to lose weight during the season, what information or guidelines would you give them to lose the weight sensibly? PERSONAL ASSESSMENT 47-50. On a separate sheet of paper, record your caloric intake for three days and your energy expenditure. Remember to write down everything that you eat and do. At the end of the three days, review your food intake and determine if you are maintaining a balanced diet and expending the proper amount of calories to maintain your body weight. Course Integrator Guide NAME ________________________________ SECTION _____________ CHAPTER 6 WORKSHEET ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS MATCHING: Match the following terms with the appropriate response. ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ 1. Acclimatization 2. Chilblains 3. Circadian dysrhythmia 4. Frostbite 5. Heat exhaustion 6. Heat stroke 7. Mountain sickness 8. Photochemical haze 9. WBGT 10. Smog A. Affect biological time clock B. Thermoregulatory failure C. Caused by combustion of fossil fuels D. Adapting to an environment E. Sunlight acts on nitrogen dioxide and stagnant air F. Measures heat and humidity G. Exposure to cold for many hours; skin is read and swollen H. Exposure to cold; skin pale, waxy I. Profuse sweating, excessive thirst J. Headaches, vomiting, insomnia SHORT ANSWER: Answer the following questions with a brief response. 11. How is heat eliminated from the body? 12. What factors strongly influence the effectiveness of sweat evaporation? 13. Do cold drinks or drinks at room temperature empty into the intestines faster? 14. What individuals are more susceptible to heat illness? 15. What signs and symptoms would be present in a person suffering from heat exhaustion? 16. How would you care for someone who has heat exhaustion? 17. What signs and symptoms are present in heat stroke? 18. How do you care for someone in heat stoke? 19. How does the body lose heat in cold weather? 20. Describe the difference between superficial frostbite and deep frostbite? 21. What is the treatment for someone with deep frostbite? 22. What causes ozone to be produced? 23. What signs and symptoms may be present when an individual works out in a high ozone environment? 24. What individuals will suffer from adverse effects if they work out in air that is high is sulfur dioxide? LISTING: List six actions that can be taken to prevent heat illness. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. Course Integrator Guide List three conditions/illnesses that can be affected by altitude illness. 31. 32. 33. List six things that you can do to adapt to time-zone changes. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. ESSAY 40-42.What effect does altitude have on performance, and how does the body try to adapt to it? PERSONAL ASSESSMENT 43-47.The football coach wants to have double sessions in preseason camp. In the afternoon session, the WBGT Index is 88.5. What recommendations will you make to him concerning the conduct of the practice in an effort to reduce heat problems? 48-50.The temperature on the day of your final football game of the season is 36 F with gusts of wind up to 30 mph. What things can you do for the athletes during the game and after the game to limit the effects of the cold temperatures? Course Integrator Guide NAME ______________________________ SECTION__________ CHAPTER 7 WORKSHEET PROTECTIVE SPORTS DEVICES MATCHING: Match each item with the appropriate response. ______ 1. ASTM A. ______ 2. Cantilever ______ 3. Corneal lens ______ 4. Mouth guard ______ 5. HECC ______ 6. NOCSAE ______ 7. Prophylactic ______ 8. Scleral lens ______ 9. Thermomoldable ______ 10.Sorbothane A. Covers the iris B. Covers the entire eye C. Preventative or protective methods D. Protects AC joint E. High energy, high density foam F. Regulates hockey equipment G. Pliable heated foam H. Can prevent cerebral concussions I. Regulates testing for sports equipment J. Regulates football helmet certification SHORT ANSWER: Answer the following questions with a brief response. 11-12. Identify the landmarks on the skull front and back that should be covered by a helmet? Posterior head? How far about the eyebrows? 13. In addition to dental trauma, what other injures can be prevented with a mouth guard? 14. Which sport requires that its safety equipment carry an exterior warning label ensuring that the players have been warned about the risks involved in the sport? 15. What two measurements must be considered when fitting shoes? 16. Identify the types of soft material available for padding. LISTING: Identify the purposes of a properly fitted mouth guard. 17. 18. 19. Identify the advantages/disadvantages of wearing contact lenses. Advantages 20. 21. 22. Disadvantages 23. 24. 25. Course Integrator Guide What complications may arise from the use of improperly fitted shoes? 26. 27. 28. List the main components of shoes and their respective functions. 29. 30. 31. 32. ESSAY 33-37. What are the basic functions of protective equipment? 38-42. What are the standards that ensure that the football helmet has been properly fitted? INJURY ASSESSMENT 43-46. One of your field hockey players has received repeated trauma to the upper part of her shin above her shin guard. How would you construct a pad to protect this area from further injury and not hinder her performance? 47-50. A distance runner has come into the training room with a large hot spot on the ball of his foot. It is beginning to cause pain on his push-off and he wants you to design a pad to protect the area. What kind of materials would you use and how would you make it? Course Integrator Guide NAME ____________________________ SECTION _______________ CHAPTER 8 WORKSHEET BANDAGING AND TAPING MATCHING: Match the following terms with the appropriate response. _______ 1. Tape grade _______ 2. Stretch tape _______ 3. Linen tape _______ 4. LowDye _______ 5. Gibney _______ 6. Open basketweave _______ 7. Rotary knee taping _______ 8. Quadriceps taping _______ 9. Checkreins _______ 10. Spica A. Elbow hyperextension B. Closed basketweave C. Hip strain D. Number of fibers/inch of backing material E. Used to support recent injuries F. Used to conform to smaller body parts G. Arch support H. Provides lateral and medial support for ankle and allows for swelling I. Used for anterior cruciate injuries J. Gives support against gravity for moderate strain SHORT ANSWER: Answer the following questions with a brief response. 11. What are the two types of tape generally used in sports medicine? 12. How should the manual removal of tape be performed? 13. How should tape be stored? 14. How is athletic tape applied to the lower leg? 15. When are triangular and cravat bandages used? 16. Name the two basic types of slings. 17. What is the sling and swathe combination designed to do? 18. When tape is applied and removed daily, what can occur and how can you prevent this? 19. When is a spiral bandage used? 20. What is the shoulder spica predominately used for? 21. What is the function of an elbow figure-8 bandage? 22. The hip spica serves what two purposes in sport? LISTING: List three basic uses for adhesive tape. 23. 24. 25. List three factors to be considered when purchasing linen tape. 26. 27. 28. Course Integrator Guide List three methods of removing adhesive tape. 29. 30. 31. List four factors that should be followed when using a roller bandage. 32. 33. 34. 35. ESSAY 36-38. Identify the basic rules that should be observed in the use of adhesive tape. 39-41. Describe the rules to follow in applying tape to an area. INJURY ASSESSMENT 42-44.An athlete has come into the training room before practice with pain in the medial longitudinal arch. While observing the walking motion, you notice a pronated foot. Explain what type of support you will give to this athlete and how you will perform the job. 45-47.An athlete has just completed an ice treatment for an acutely sprained ankle. Because the athlete is unable to walk without a limp, you have measured the athlete for crutches. You suspect that the ankle will continue to swell throughout the night. What taping procedure can you do to limit the motion, yet allow for this swelling? How do you do it? 47-50. In what position would you put the athlete if you were applying a hip spica to the right leg for groin support? Course Integrator Guide NAME ______________________________ SECTION__________ CHAPTER 9 WORKSHEET MECHANISM AND CHARACHTERISTICS OF SPORTS TRAUMA MATCHING: Match the following terms with the appropriate response. ______ 1. Avulsion fracture ______ 2. Ball & socket joint ______ 3. Contusion ______ 4. Ecchymosis ______ 5. Stress ______ 6. Strain ______ 7. Comminuted fracture ______ 8. Ligament ______ 9. Capsulitis ______ 10. Myositis ______ 11. Aseptic necrosis ______ 12. Hinge joint ______ 13. DOMS ______ 14. Spontaneous fracture ______ 15. Tendon A. Three or more bone fragments B. Joins muscle to bone C. Deformation of tissue D. Resistance to a load E. Inflammation of muscle tissue F. Stress fracture G. Tissue discoloration H. Compression injury I. Cause of osteochondrosis J. Muscle soreness after 2-3 days K. Joins bone to bone L. Glenohumeral joint M. Fracture in which ligament tears off part of the bone N. Occurs from repeated joint sprains O. Elbow joint SHORT ANSWER: Answer the following questions with a brief response. 16. When an intact ligament is traumatically stretched what will commonly result? 17. __________ is a crackling feeling or sound. 18. If a muscle is overstretched by tension or forced to contract against too much resistance, separation or tearing of the muscle fibers occurs. This damage is referred to as a _______ _________. 19. Approximately 85% of all ankle injuries result from force ____________. 20. A contusion repeatedly to the same area can cause small calcium deposits to accumulate which are called __________ ____________. 21. The technical name for a total disunion between two articulatory processes is ____________. 22. Where are some common sites for stress fractures? LISTING What features do all synovial articulations have in common? 23. 24. 25. 26. Course Integrator Guide List the five characteristics of the Salter-Harris types of fractures 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. Two of the three forces that injure muscles include? 32. 33. ESSAY 34-36. Which is more susceptible to injury, the muscle or its tendon? Why? 37-40. Briefly explain the process of bone growth. INJURY ASSESSMENT 41-45. What important factors would you use in recognizing and evaluating dislocations? 46-50. A track runner comes into the training room complaining of anterior lower leg pain. How might you determine if this athlete has a stress fracture? Course Integrator Guide NAME ______________________________ SECTION__________ CHAPTER 10 WORKSHEET TISSUE RESPONSE TO INJURY MATCHING: Match the following terms with the appropriate response. ______ 1. Calor ______ 2. Chemical Mediator ______ 3. Dolor ______ 4. Leukocytes ______ 5. Inflammation ______ 6. Margination ______ 7. Osteoblasts ______ 8. Osteoclasts ______ 9. Platelets ______ 10. Phagocytosis ______ 11. Primary healing ______ 12. Referred pain ______ 13. Secondary healing ______ 14. Vasoconstriction ______ 15. Vasodilation A. White blood cell B. Cells that produce bone C. Healing of an incision D. Heat E. Healing of an abrasion F. Vessels decrease in diameter G. Involved in clot formation H. Leukocytes move to endothelial walls I. Pain that radiates to other areas J. Vessels increase in diameter K. Pain L. Engulfing of foreign matter to destroy it M. Cells that resorb bone N. Body's reaction to injury O. Limits exudate SHORT ANSWER: Answer the following items with a brief response. 16. A chemical mediator that is a primary vasodilator is ______________. 19. Leukotaxin and histamine increase vessel wall ____________________. 18. Does striated voluntary muscle regenerate very well? 19. Before regeneration and repair can take place, what must occur? 20. What role do macrophages play in the repair and regeneration process? 21. Collagen is formed by _______________. 22. What is avascular necrosis? 23. Ligamentous tissue may take as long as ____________________ to become completely remodeled. 24. _____________________ pain is deep, achy and poorly localized where as ______________ pain is sharp and well localized. 25. When is remodeling of bone considered complete? Course Integrator Guide LISTING What are the three phases of soft tissue healing? 26. 27. 28. Describe the process of clotting in specific stages. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. List the three major tissues that are formed in the repair phase. 34. 35. 36. ESSAY 37-40. What are the factors that can impede the healing process? Course Integrator Guide NAME _____________________________ SECTION _______________ CHAPTER 11 WORKSHEET PSHCOSOCIAL INTERVENTION FOR SPORTS INJURIES AND ILLNESSESS MATCHING: Match each item with the appropriate response _____ 1. overtraining _____ 2. staleness _____ 3. burnout _____ 4. stress _____ 5. anxiety _____ 6. meditation _____ 7. progressive relaxation _____ 8. thought stopping _____ 9. imagery A. Focus on constant mental stimulus B. Chronic fatigue and apathy C. Uncertainty or apprehension D. Create an experience in the mind E. Awareness and release of tension F. Imbalance between coping and physical load G. Positive and negative forces H. Physical and emotional exhaustion I. Cognitive technique to used overcome worries SHORT ANSWER: Answer the questions with a brief response. 10. How may an athlete entering a game be more prone to injury? 11. What are some of the symptoms that an athlete might experience as a result of the negative feelings elicited by a stressor? 12. What hormone is released as an acute response to stress? 13. What are some of the symptoms of sudden exercise abstinence syndrome? 14. What are some signs or symptoms of staleness? 15. What is the most common mental and emotional stress producer? LISTING: List four barriers to rehabilitation. 16. 17. 18. 19. List the five stages of coping with a loss. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. List the four mental training techniques. 25. 26. 27. 28. What four outward signs may be exhibited by an athlete who overreacts to an injury? 29. 30. 31. 32. Course Integrator Guide ESSAY 33-36. Discuss how an athlete's attitude toward his or her sport will affect his or her performance. 37-41. Describe Jacobson's progressive muscle relaxation technique. 42-45.What are some recognizable signs of staleness in athletes? PERSONAL ASSESSMENT 46-50. How does your body react under stress? Do you show many of the signs that a highly competitive athlete does? Which ones? 51-55.What do you do to cope with stress? How have you helped your friends or athletes cope with stress or anxiety? Course Integrator Guide NAME ________________________________ SECTION _____________________ CHAPTER 12 WORKSHEET ON-THE-FIELD CARE AND EMERGENCY PROCEDURES MATCHING: Match the following terms with the appropriate response. _____ 1. Ambulatory aid _____ 2. Cardiogenic shock _____ 3. Carotid artery _____ 4. Diastolic pressure _____ 5. Hypoxia _____ 6. Manual conveyance _____ 7. Metabolic shock _____ 8. Sphygmomanometer _____ 9. Stroke _____ 10. Systolic pressure A. Cerebrovascular accident B. Residual pressure between heart beats C. Pressure when the heart pumps blood D. Athlete is assisted from the field E. Best pulse is found here F. Reduction of oxygen supply G. Inadequate job of pumping blood H. Severe illness can cause this I. Used to measure blood pressure J. Used to transport a mildly injured athlete over a greater distance SHORT ANSWER: Answer the following questions with a brief response. 11. Define unconsciousness. 12. Identify two causes that bring about a state of unconsciousness. 13. Define primary injury assessment. 14. What are the signs an individual might exhibit with complete airway obstruction? 15. What would you do to assist an individual who exhibits complete airway obstruction? 16. What can be a serious consequence that may result from an unsuccessful flinger sweep of a foreign object occluding the airway? 17. Which method of opening the airway should be used on an athlete who has a suspected neck injury? Why? 18. What are the basic steps in cardiopulmonary resuscitation? 19. What are the two important considerations one must keep in mind when splinting a fracture? 20. Why is compression of an acute injury important? 21. What is the most important principle when using a spine board to transport an individual with a suspected neck and/or spinal injury? 22. The athlete who is unconscious and unable to describe the injury in terms of loss of sensation and potential injury should be treated as having __________________. Course Integrator Guide LISTING What are the three types of hemorrhage? 23. 24. 25. Identify four conditions that may predispose an athlete to shock. 26. 27. 28. 29. Identify three ways to correctly open an airway. 30. 31. 32. Name the three types of immediate first aid care that must be provided in treating musculoskeletal injuries. 33. 34. 35. ESSAY 36-40.Explain the correct procedures to follow, in sequence, when evaluating an unconscious athlete. INJURY ASSESSMENT 41-45.At the field hockey game, you notice that one of your players has stopped running down the field. She has dropped to her knees and is grasping her throat with both hands. The officials have moved down the field with the play and have not seen the downed player. What might the condition be, and how are you going to handle it? 46-50. In the weight room, you and several of the athletes are moving some of the free weights to make room for some new equipment. One of the men accidentally drops one of the plates on his finger. Immediately upon looking at the finger he turns very pale and breaks out into a sweat. What is occurring, and what can you do to minimize the trauma? Course Integrator Guide NAME_________________________________ SECTION ___________________ CHAPTER 13 WORKSHEET OFF-THE-FIELD INJURY EVALUATION MATCHING: Match the following terms with the appropriate response. _____ 1. Arthrography A. Subjective perceived change in the body _____ 2. Arthroscopy B. Use of touch to determine abnormalities _____ 3. Coronal C. Objective indicator of a condition _____ 4. Diagnosis D. Visual study of a joint with x-rays _____ 5. Electromyography E. X-ray produces cross-sectional view _____ 6. Etiology F. Prediction of the course of condition _____ 7. Midsagittal G. Splits body into front and back _____ 8. Myelography H. Uses fiberoptic scope into joint _____ 9. Palpation I. Name of a specific condition _____ 10. Prognosis J. Splits body into superior and inferior _____ 11. Sign K. Dye is injected into spinal canal _____ 12. Sonography L. Cause of an injury or disease _____ 13. Symptom M. Electrical activity generated in muscle _____ 14. Tomography N. Uses sound waves to view the body's _____ 15. Transverse interior 0. Splits into right and left halves SHORT ANSWER: Answer the following questions with a brief response. 16. What is the difference between evaluation and diagnosis? 17. Is the knee proximal or distal to the ankle? 18. Is the shoulder medial or lateral to the sternum? 19. What term denotes drawing a body part away from the midline of the body? Toward the midline? 20. How would an evaluator palpate a painful joint? 21. What is active movement? 22. What is passive movement? 23. If a manual muscle test is graded GOOD, what does this tell us about muscle strength? 24. If an athlete feels pain in the left shoulder and down into the upper arm, what might this referred pain indicate? 25. Special tests are commonly used to determine what in an evaluation? 26. What must be accomplished in a functional test before the athlete is cleared for participation? 27. What are some advantages in using arthroscopy? 28. Why would a physician want to do a bone scan rather than an x-ray? 29. What could an analysis of synovial fluid tell the physician? Course Integrator Guide LISTING: In obtaining a history, the examiner should do the following three things: 30. 31. 32. List four concerns that can be noted while observing an injury. 33. 34. 35. 36. List the three types of joint movement. 37. 38. 39. ESSAY: 40-42. Describe the difference between a superficial reflex and a deep reflex and give an example of each. INJURY ASSESSMENT: 43-46. Evaluate an injury and write an appropriate SOAP note to document your findings. 47-50.A lacrosse player comes into the training room before practice and complains of a chronic sore ankle joint. Go through an off-site evaluation listing the steps to follow and what you will do or look for in each step. Course Integrator Guide NAME _____________________________ SECTION ___________________ CHAPTER 14 WORKSHEET BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS MATCHING: Match each item with the appropriate response. 1. _____HIV 2. _____HBV 3. _____virus 4. _____Bloodborne pathogen 5. _____OSHA A. An organism that lives in cells B. A microorganism that causes disease C. Organization that is responsible for safety in the workplace D. Virus that leads to liver inflammation E. Virus that leads to AIDS SHORT ANSWER: Answer the following questions with a brief response. 6. Which is more durable, HIV or HBV? 7. What are the two tests for HIV? 8. What is the ratio of bleach to water in a disinfectant? 9. What is the function of the three drugs used in the treatment on HIV? LISTING: List two ways an athlete can prevent exposure to a bloodborne pathogen. 10. 11. List the four things that are done when reporting an exposure. 12. 13. 14. 15. ESSAY: 16-20. Discuss the proper technique for removal of gloves. 21-25. Discuss the course of a virus in taking over a cell and reproducing. Course Integrator Guide NAME________________________________ SECTION ______________________ CHAPTER 15 WORKSHEET THERAPEUTIC MODALITIES MATCHING: Match the following terms with the appropriate response. _____ 1. Conduction _____ 2. Moist heat packs _____ 3. Conversion _____ 4. Ischemia _____ 5. Whirlpool bath _____ 6. Convection _____ 7. Paraffin bath _____ 8. Moist heat _____ 9. Hot water soaks _____ 10. Analgesic balm A. Increased circulation and buoyancy of water allows mild exercise B. Mild heating qualities with a general relaxation of spasmed muscles C. Produces profuse perspiration, resulting in high fluid loss D. High melting point provides a means of bringing sustained heat to angular body parts E. Heating by direct contact F. Heating indirectly through water or air G. General relaxation and reduction of pain- spasm-pain cycle H. Lack of blood supply to the area I. Heating by other forms of energy J. Local circulation is increased by water agitation and heat transmission K. Feeling of warmth results from skin capillary dilation and increase in local circulation SHORT ANSWER: Answer the following questions with a brief response. 11. What is fluidotherapy and what can it be used to treat? 12. What are the mechanical effects of using cervical and lumbar traction? 13. Identify five treatment goals associated with electrically stimulating muscle contraction. 14. Explain the piezoelectrical effect seen in ultrasound. 15. The body's effort to prevent tissue damage when exposed to prolonged cold is called the? 16. What are the major physiological effects of cold? 17. In persons with less than a half inch of subcutaneous fat, when an ice pack is applied, how long will it take before significant muscle cooling occurs? 18. An athlete sprains her ankle and an ice pack is applied. She complains of a burning, tingling sensation, but no pain. Her toes become cyanotic, followed by the skin becoming pale and then red before returning to a normal color. What is it? 19. High-voltage electrical stimulation is indicated for what conditions? 20. Why would a TENS unit be used by an athlete? 21. What are some possible physiological responses that may be gained in using massage? 22. _____________ can increase circulation and as a results increase metabolism to the muscle and aid in removal of metabolites. Course Integrator Guide 23. What is the coolant used in the spray-and-stretch method for treating trigger points and myofascial pain? LISTING: List three therapeutic effects of heat. 24. 25. 26. Identify three conditions for which superficial heat should not be used. 27. 28. 29. List four conditions/areas in which ultrasound should not be used. 30. 31. 32. Name three contraindications to cold therapy. 34. 35. 36. List two possible physiological responses to massage. 37. 38. ESSAY: 39-42 Discuss the different effects of ultrasound. INJURY ASSESSMENT: 43-46.An athlete has come into the training room complaining of pain in the upper right portion of the trapezius muscle. The athlete's head is flexed toward the painful area and you are asked to reduce the muscle spasm and the painful trigger points by using message. What kind of massage would you use and how would you carry out this technique for this athlete? 47-50.The team physician has recommended that one of your swimmers receive an ultrasound treatment on his right shoulder for joint contractures and calcific bursitis. Please explain how you would set the athlete up for this treatment, the possible dosage that you might use, the technique that you employ, and any special considerations that you have to take into account before giving this treatment.