Download Dec10

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Human digestive system wikipedia, lookup

Anatomy wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Biology 3rd Block Room 128
Mr. R. Bair Biology Teacher
Mrs. MV Smith Resource Teacher
Date: December 10, 2007
Drill




Name the 4 types of biological molecules and give examples of each
o Protein:meat
o Carbohydrates:bread
o Lipids-fats, butter, oil Crisco
o Nucleic Acids: DNA, RNA
Name the processes necessary to go from DNA to Protein
o DNA(transcription)RNA-(translation)Protein
Name the parts of the scientific method
o Observation
o Ask questions
o Hypothesis
o Experiment
o Analyze Data
o Conclusion
o Peer Review
Name the characteristics of life
o Cells
o DNA
o Grows & Develops
o Reproduce
o Evolve
o Obtain & Use energy & resources
o Respond to environment
o Homeostasis
Animals:
Cell Layers
 Ectoderm-skin and other body coverings
 Mesoderm-skeleton and muscles
 Endoderm-digestive tubes and assistant organs
Body Plans
 Coeom- fluid filled body cavity
o Our organs and blood
 Acoelomate
o No body cavity
o Ex flatworm

o
Pseudocoelomate
o Body cavity between and mesoderm
o Ex roundworm
o
Biology 3rd Block Room 128
Mr. R. Bair Biology Teacher
Mrs. MV Smith Resource Teacher

o
(Eu) Coelomate
o Have fluid filled coelom
o Have muscle on both sides
o
Earthworm
Radial Symmetry
o Body is arranged like pieces of a pie
o
Bilateral Symmetry
o Can divide equally with a single cut
o
Humans, crabs, and insects
What makes an animal?
 Eukaryotic
 Multicellular
 Heterotrophic
 No cell wall
 Take food in to digest
 Have a digestive track
 Diploid
 Distinct development ( Blastula, Gastrula, larva)
Phylum
Porifera
Body
type/Symmetry
Aceolemate
___________
Radial
symmetrial or
asymmetrical
Examples
Characterics
Pictures
sponges
Sessile=don’t move
Porous bodies
Spucules-make up
skeleton of sponge
Filter feders
Biology 3rd Block Room 128
Mr. R. Bair Biology Teacher
Mrs. MV Smith Resource Teacher
Cnideria
Aceolemate
___________
Radial
symmetry
Jelly fish,
Hydra
Sea anemane,
coral
Carnivores
Cnidocytes=
stinging cells
Polyp-sessile form.
Medusa=actual
jellyfish
Platyhelminthes
Aceolemate
Bilateral
Flatworm
Tapeworm
Fluke
Parasitic, scolex,
mouth opening
One digestive tract
opening
Asexual
reproduction
Nerve Cord
Mouth/Anus same
Cross Fertilization
Nematoda
Pseudocelomate
Radial
symmetrial
Roundworms
Hookworms
Trichinella
(pork)
Active hunters
Found in soil
Parasitic
Stylet= needle like
mouth
Exoskeleton
Central ganglion
Nerve cord
Most male/female
parts
Complete digestive
tude Moist skin acts
as “lungs”
Phylum
Body
type/Symmetry
Coelomate
__________
Bilateral or
Radial
Examples
Characterics
Earthworm
Leeches
Sandworms
Segmented
worms
Septa= segments
Hermaphroditichave both sex
organs
Annelidia
Pictures
Biology 3rd Block Room 128
Mr. R. Bair Biology Teacher
Mrs. MV Smith Resource Teacher
Molluska
Coelomate
__________
Bilateral
Snails
Squid
Clams
Scallops
Slugs
Octopus
Almost all have
shells
-nerve chord
-male or female
-complete digestive
system
-Gills/”lungs”
3 parts
foot
head
viseral mass
some have shells
Gastropods_ snails,
slugs
Bivalves-clams, or
oysters
Cephalopodssquid/octopus
Echinodermata
Coelomate
__________
Bilateral
Star fish
Sea urchin
Sea cumber
Sea stars
Exoskeleton
Carnivores
Pentaradial
symemtry-5 arms
symmetry
-male/female
-external
fertilization
-short digestive tract
-mouth not anus
-nerve ring
Arthropoda
Coelomate
__________
Bilateral
Bugs/insects
Shrimp
Spiders
Crabs
Lobsters
Milipeds,
Crayfish
Chordata
Bilateral
-Exoskeleton
First winged
organism
Acarchnids-spiders
Crustaceans- crabs,
lobsters
Uniramia=insects,
largest group
Insecta-Insects
-nerve chord
-several ganglia, big
one in head
-Male & Femaleinternal fertilization
-Aquatic-water-gills
-terrestial-landtrachea/book lung
-spinal chord
-
P. Chordata/Bilateral Eucoelomate
 *have a spinal chord encased in a backbone of vertebra
 *Includes Mammalia, Aves, Reptilia, amphibian, Osteichthyes, Chondrichthyes,
Biology 3rd Block Room 128
Mr. R. Bair Biology Teacher
Mrs. MV Smith Resource Teacher
C. Agnatha
*Have a nervous system and peripheral nervous system
o Osteichthyes
 Boney Fish
 External
 Fertilization
 Non-waterproof egg
 Many offspring
 Two chambered heart
 Kidneys get rid of nitrogen and salt poison
 Gills (few have lungs)
 Have Operculum to move water over gills
 Jawless fish
 Lamprey, hagfish
 Gills
C. Chondrichthyes
Bilateral/Eucelomate
 2 chambered heart
 No bone
 Skeleton made of cartilage
 Includes rays, skates, and sharks
 Have internal fertilization and give birth to live young
 Smooth skin
 live birth

C. Osteichthyes





Bony fish
Central Nerve Chord
Gills
Scales
External eggs
C. Amphibia
Bilateral Eucoelomate
 Ectothermic (cannot control body temperature)
 Live part of their life in the water
 No scales
 Reproduce externally
 Need water to survive
 3 chambered heat
 Kidneys get rid of waste
 Gills as larvae and lungs as adults
 Moist skin helps in gas exchange

Biology 3rd Block Room 128
Mr. R. Bair Biology Teacher
Mrs. MV Smith Resource Teacher
C. Reptilia
 bilateral Eucoelomate
 Ectothermic
 Internal Reproduction
 Scales on skin made of keratin prevent from drying out
 Backbone
 Leathery shell on egg some eggs held inside for some time
 3 chambered heart
 Kidneys to filter wastes
 Born with and Use lungs
 Poikilothermic (cold blooded)- in animals whose body temperature is not internally regulated
 Crocodiles and Alligators
o 4 chambers
o Internal fertilization hard shell
C. Aves (birds)
Bilateral Eucoelomate
 Internal fertilization with hard shelled eggs
 Feathers
 Hard egg
 Well Developed digestive tract including intestines, stomach, plus a crop for grinding
 4 chambered heart
 Hollow bones (for flight)
 Wings appendages
 Beaks
 Homoeothermic (warm blooded)
C. Mammalia
 Bilateral Eucoelomate
 Internal Fertilization
 Make milk
 Gives birth to live young
 Has hair
 Development of young internal except for monotremes (platypus, echidna) and marsupials, (kangaroo, opossum
 Lungs
 4 Chambered heart
 Complete digestive tract including mouth.
P. Porifera
Asymetric/Acelomate
 Sponges
 Sessile (larva plankton)
 Contains Pores through which water can pass
 Skeletal structure of spicules
 Marine
P. Cnideria
Radial/Acelomate






Sessile (polyp)
Nekton (medusa)
Tentacles extend up or hang down to capture prey
Cnidocytes are stinging cells used to subprey
In hole=out hole
Nerve Net
Biology 3rd Block Room 128
Mr. R. Bair Biology Teacher
Mrs. MV Smith Resource Teacher
P. Platyhelminthes
Bilateral/Acelomate




Flat body
Nerve net with ganglia
Hermaphroditic
Aquatic or terrestrial and Parasite
Annelida
Radial/Pseudocelomate and Eucoelomate






Segmented worms
Polycheta (marine worms)
Oligochaetes (earthworm)
Hirudinia (leeches)
Hydrostatic skeleton –fluids push against the inside of the skin to move the worm
Segments provide organ organization
Mollusca/Bilateral Eucoelomate
 A mouth and through-gut terminating in a anus
 \A protective dorsal shell secreted by fleshy mantle is present in many
 A radula (strap like tongue with chitinous teeth)
 Muscular foot in many Gaseous exchange over lung mantle and body surface
 A nervous system highly developed in some especially the organs of
“Open” blood system
P. Molluska
P. Arthropoda
 Insects, Crustaceans and Spiders
 Nerve cord with ganglia
 Larger ganglia/brain in head
 Sexually different male and females
touch, smell, taste and vision