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10th U.S.-Korea Nano Forum
Norhteastern University, Boston, MA
October 15-16, 2013
Morphology and Composition Control of Nanostructures in Aqueous Systems
F. Wang1, X.D. Wang1
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison,
WI 53706, USA
ZnO is a multifunctional semiconductor material that has drawn tremendous research interest in
the past few decades. We developed an in situ solution-based doping method was developed to
produce Sb-doped p-type ZnO nanowires. This nanostructure showed stable p-type conductivity
over 1.5 year. Through similar approach, ZnO nanowires were also doped by n-type carriers.
Heavily-doped ZnO nanowires could be a solution to flexible TCO materials. Nanowires often
suffer from challenges in being integrated with other functional parts for device fabrication,
whereas 2D membrane structures offer great fabrication-friendliness. We developed a surfactantguided approach to fabricate zinc hydroxyl dodecylsulfate (ZHDS) nanomembranes. The ZHDS
nanomembranes were free-standing on water surface and could cover the entire opening area of
the reactor. This allows easy transfer of the nanomembranes to arbitrary substrates. It was also
found that the ZHDS nanomembranes would undergo a phase transformation process after
extended reaction time. The ultimate goal was to prepare ultrathin single crystal ZnO nanosheets.
This was achieved by exfoliating ZHDS nanomembranes.