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EAS 140
Engineering Solutions
Lecture 21
Electrical Engineering
Alternatives in the
Profession

“War of the Currents”
Due to the availability of cheap power
– Niagara Falls
• Electrochemical Industry
– Carburundum Co.
– Union Carbide Co.
– Buffalo
• grain handling/ processing
• iron foundries
• machine shops
– hairpins to airplanes

Presently New York State Power Authority
– 2.5 million Kilowatts
– ~3.3 million horsepower
Chemical  Civil  Computer  Industrial  Electrical  Mechanical
What is EE??
– Electrical Engineering Movement of
• electrons
• photons
– Current technology to do this
• superconductivity
• fiber optics
• microwaves
– Why is this case study applicable?
• Fossil fuels running out
• demands of society to be “electrified”
Chemical  Civil  Computer  Industrial  Electrical  Mechanical
Applications
Applications
to today's world
–Computers
• distribution of power the same
• the load scales
• major difference is operate at
low voltage.
Chemical  Civil  Computer  Industrial  Electrical  Mechanical
Key Industries that Employ EE’s
 Telecommunications
 Energy
and Electric Power
 Computers
 Semiconductor Design and Fabrication
 Aerospace
 Bio-Engineering
 Manufacturing
 Services and Other Professions
 Education and R&D
 Transportation and Automotive
Chemical  Civil  Computer  Industrial  Electrical  Mechanical
Jobs EE’s Do
 Design
and develop Automatic Control
Systems to:
– Aircraft and Spacecraft Guidance
Systems
– Automotive and Chemical Processes
– Improve Medical Respirators and
Medicine Injection Machines
 Design
and Develop Digital Products
– Computers
– Games
Chemical  Civil  Computer  Industrial  Electrical  Mechanical

Jobs EE’s do
Apply Electromagnetics
– Lasers
– Fiber Optic Systems
– Wireless Communications
– RADAR

Communications and Signal Processing
– Satellite Communications
– RADAR, SONAR
– LAN - Internet - Web communications
– Ultrasound Imaging, Magnetic Resonance
Imaging (MRI)
Chemical  Civil  Computer  Industrial  Electrical  Mechanical
Jobs EE’s do
Electrical
Power
–Generation
–Distribution
–Transmission
• Energy Management
• Design Equipment and Systems
Chemical  Civil  Computer  Industrial  Electrical  Mechanical
Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
 Electrical
Engineering
– Extremely broad
• electrical engineering
–includes electronics
• electronics engineering
–excludes
»power generation/transmission
»electric motors
»electrical systems for building and civic
use
 IEEE
– Largest engineering society
• 35 sub-fields
– regular periodicals published
Chemical  Civil  Computer  Industrial  Electrical  Mechanical
US Department of Labor
Starting Salary Offers for 2001
Discipline
B.S.
M.S.
Ph.D
Aerospace
Chemical
Civil
$47,000
$51,000
$40,000
$57,000
$57,000
$44,000
$70,000
$74,000
$61,000
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
$48,400
$47,000
$48,000
$60,500
$56,000
$56,500
$70,900
$62,000
$70,000
Chemical  Civil  Computer  Industrial  Electrical  Mechanical