Download download

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Iraiyanar Akapporul wikipedia, lookup

Intertextuality wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Psychoanalysis
Psychoanalysis
• As a reading method
• It tries to read unconscious symptoms in a
text
• While reading the text, the reader tries to
find the contradiction, repetition
Some thoughts
• Supremacy unconsciousness over
consciousness
• Dynamic relationship Id-Ego-Superego
• Oedipus phase, penis-envy, displacement,
repression
• Life instinct and death instinct (death wish)
Id-Ego-Superego
• Id works with pleasure principle
• Ego works with reality principle , trying to
meet Id’s need.
• Superego works with morality principle
The unconscious
• where id, ego and superego work
• The unconscious is not only impulsive but
also rational and can be “moral”
• The unconscious still can control the
individual with unconscious ways
Sex Theory
• Culture comes from displacement towards
sex instinct
• Displacement happens in oedipal phase
(2-5 years old)
• The child sees his father as his competitor
to have sexual desire to his mother
Repression and Hysteria
• When superego represses, ego build a
wall to block sexual instinct
• Sexual instinct appear in symbolic forms to
trick ego
• These symbolic forms of sexual instinct
are called hysteria
Life instinct and death instinct
• Life instinct: eat, sleep, work, make love
• Death instinct : mysterious and easy to
duplicate symbolic forms of life instinct
• Death instinct is much stronger than other
instincts and determine human’s life
Psychoanalysis and literature
• Literary text is treated as a group of
symptoms that project its author’s psyche
• Psyche that is projected is where the
unconscious is
• That is why, literary text is symptomatic;
revealing and hiding something at the
same time;
• Literary text could be analyzed as “a
patient” by noticing its structure, diction,
imagery, and characters and other textual
elements.
• In a therapy, psychoanalysis tries to find
the patient’s main trauma while in
literature, psychoanalysis reveals the
unconscious meaning of the text
Text as a group of symptoms that
projects the author’s psyche
• Text is the result of displacement of
unconscious material in the author’s
psyche in the symbolic forms in symptoms
in structure, characters, imagery and other
textual elements
• Reading text means identifying
displacement and finding what experience
displacement in the author’s psyche
reflected in “text psyche”
• Text is read to find out what beyond the
text
Reading literary text as
symptomatic reading
• Literary text is assumed to be like hysteria
which reveal or hide trauma of the author’s
psyche
• The analysis can only rely on the
symptoms in the text
• It is needed to read the text interrogatively,
and not appreciatively
• It is not literal reading
• It is figurative reading
Structure, diction and other textual
elements
• Textual structure reflects the unconscious
dynamic through the delay of ending,
constructing climax, plot, contrast etc.
• Diction/Imagery is consciously selected
symptom but controlled by the
unconscious (Freud concept: slip of the
tongue)
• Character can be viewed as symbolic
manifestation of certain psyche element
(Id, Ego, Superego) the relation dynamic
of which with other character is seen in
conflict
• The other textual elements which can be
analyzed using psychoanalysis are :
theme, title, point of view, figurative
language, etc.
Text, meaning and trauma
• Meaning is what is conveyed consciously
to the readers/audience
• Trauma is a frustration caused by an
unfulfilled instinct when it is contradictory
with Superego moral standard
• The Instinct can slip into the theme and
can upset the theme
• The analysis of the contradiction between
the meaning of conscious text and
unconscious impulses, the source of
trauma (the author’s unconscious psyche)
is supposed to be revealed