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Transcript
Checklist of ornamental Allium species and cultivars currently offered in the trade
compiled by Reinhard M. Fritsch, Leibniz-Institut für Pflanzengenetik und Kulturpflanzenforschung Gatersleben, Germany
(Deadline of the manuscript: 20 December 2014, published in the Internet at 15 March 2015)
Contents
Introduction, explanations
Alphabetical list of species, hybrids and intraspecific taxa
Alphabetical list of named cultivars
Complete names for subgenera and sections
References
1
3
40
63
64
General introduction
Though Allium species and cultivars constitute only a small part of the huge diversity of the commercially available bulb plants, Allium is one of the largest genera of monocots and is
disreputable for a complicated taxonomic structure. The different taxonomies currently still in use are partly referring to the last Allium monograph of Regel (1875; about 260 accepted
species with about 260 synonyms, Nothoscordum, Nectaroscordum and Caloscordum included in Allium, 6 sections and many unnamed subdivisions). During 50 years after Regel's
monograph (till 1925) about 375 valid Allium species were newly described, but Krause (1930) mentioned only about 280 species for Allium (excl. Nothoscordum and Caloscordum)
contributing thus to the then existing confusion. In the next period up to 1990, again about 400 valid species were described, and Stearn (1992) accepted about 750 species for Allium
(excluding Nothoscordum, Nectaroscordum and Caloscordum). After 1990 till 2014, again 235 species and intraspecific taxa were newly described, and at the end of 2014 the number of
accepted Allium species exceeded 930 (excluding Nothoscordum but including Nectaroscordum, Milula, and Caloscordum; Kew World Checklist). This seems a realistic estimation against
the background of more than 1700 known Allium synonyms.
Allium species are known since ancient times. The early reports known focus on species used by man as spices, vegetables, and medical plants. Common onion, garlic, rakkyo and some
more own world-wide or at least continent-wide importance as cultivated plants, others are only regionally and locally cultivated, or are collected in the wild for consumption. Characterizing
chemical compounds in Allium plants are polysaccharids (mainly fructans), polyphenols, saponins, and especially several compounds of the sulfur-containing amino acid cysteine whose
enzymatic degradation products are responsible for most of the medical, olfactory, and taste properties of the consumed plant parts. Other compounds contribute to the remarkable tonic
properties of some species (Keusgen & Fritsch 2008). The different amounts of chemical compounds are responsible for the often strong and extremely varying odor and taste of different
Allium plants. Only some species of subg. Melanocrommyum may be nearly odorless.
Allium plants exhibit a wide range of different phenotypes, many of them with high ornamental value. One can assume that also the ornamental value of many Allium species was known
since ancient times, and some of them entered the ornamental and medical garden plots much earlier than in medieval times when some inventories mentioned Allium species. Already in
pre-Linnean times a few Allium species were scientifically recognized from cultivated specimens, a practice still more evident in later centuries when botanical gardens and other research
collections were established. If a species was described from garden plants, this does not automatically present evidence for being already present in many gardens and offered in the
trade at the very time when described. During the last two decades, rather many ornamental Allium species and cultivars were introduced into the bulb trade, and the checklist of the Dutch
Royal Bulbgrowers Association (KAVB 1991) is outdated now. There was also much progress in the classification of Allium, and the "classical" affiliation of species to a handful of sections
was replaced by a much more detailed classification. Therefore the modern affiliation of species is added, that also includes information about genetic relationships.
About this list
This list of ornamental Allium species and cultivars presents about 250 species (plus c. 50 synonyms and spelling variants, and c. 20 hybrids and intraspecific taxa), and 240 cultivars.
It was compiled using recent catalogues (printed ones and in electronic form), and other kinds of offers of plant and bulb traders. These sources were especially analyzed for ornamental
properties. Species and cultivars solely offered as vegetables, spice or medical plants were ignored, but those with dual use including ornamental characters were accepted. The
formulations marking this borderline were sometimes diffuse, and thus there was a visible subjective influence. Catalogues of botanic gardens and of societies of plant enthusiast were not
considered because such institutions and the members of those organizations intend to complete own collections and not to broadcast plants of ornamental value.
Species and after them the cultivars are arranged in alphabetical order.
The contents of most columns was copied from the sources used and unites different information in many cases -- too often single sources delivered incomplete or contradictory (separated
by a slash) information. These data were not completed from taxonomic sources like Floras because cultivated plants may have been selected for morphological and physiological
characters rarely met in wild plants. In those cases one or several column fields remained void for a certain item. The "origin" column mentions the offspring of a cultivar or the source of
the material distributed in the trade (not the natural area of distribution of a species!) as far as available in the sources. Horticultural assessments (like "A.M." = Award of Merit), it was
added to the column "Use" if suitable information was found. The column "Remarks" contains mainly additional information selected by the compiler, "very rarely offered" means found in
1-2 catalogues, "rarely offered" in 3-5 catalogues. The column "Classification" presents the affiliation to subgenera and sections according to Friesen et al. (2006), Khassanov et al. (2011,
2013), Fritsch et al. (2010), and Fritsch (2012) accepting 15 subgenera and about 80 sections. Also this classification is still under discussion and represents no more than an
contemporary approach to a natural classification. Despite former Allium classifications used sections in a much wider sense (sensu lato = s. lat.) including also species separated in other
groups today, nomenclatural rules order these sections (and also a few subgenera) to remain in use. Commonly they comprise today less species (they are applied in the narrow sense =
sensu stricto = s. str.). Therefore these additions were given where necessary.
The taxonomic identity of the species and cultivars listed could not be checked, but the compiler intended to use orthographically correct binomina and author names according to the
present rules of the International Code of Nomenclature for Algae, Fungi and Plants. Botanically undescribed names used in catalogues were marked by the author name "hort." (=
hortorum, of gardens). The compiler changed scientific names only in those cases when it seemed him unavoidable in cases of clear errors, but expressed his doubts about correct names
in some more cases. It remains a matter of opinion whether a plant seller is responsible for the correct as possible naming of botanical species and of photos accompanying the offer -- is
an (perhaps only orthographically) incorrect name generally an important fault of these goods, or only clear mis-identifications? Also in these cases the borderline is diffuse … No doubt
that botanical gardens and other research or teaching collections are subject to more strict rules regarding correct determinations and botanical names.
Cultivar names affiliated in this list may be registered trademarks being subject to restricted commercial use.
2
List of species, hybrids, and intraspecific taxa
Taxon
Allium acuminatum
Hook. syn. A.
murrayanum Regel
Allium acutiflorum
Loisel.
Allium aflatunense B.
Fedtsch. (in the strict
sense)
Flowering
period
Leaves 1-2, shorter than the 10-15 May? July /
/ 30 cm scape, heads 5-7 cm with spring
few/12-30 bright pink to reddishpurple / deep rose to white flowers,
tepals gracefully curling outward
and tapering into a sharp tip
S. France
Scape 40 cm, dense umbels up to Early
5 cm in diam. with large pink
summer
flowers
Chatkal mountain range, Scape 1.2 m, umbel dense,
Kyrghyzstan
flowers bright violet
Origin
Allium akaka auct., non
A. akaka S.G. Gmel. ex
Schult. & Schult. f. s.
str.
Allium alaicum Vved.
Specific characters
Leaves 1-2, broad thick, greenJune /
grey, scape 5-15 cm, umbel loose, summer
hemispherical, flowers cream to
pinkish / lilac, tepals recurved,
after bloom starry
Near Fergana town,
Uzbekistan
Leaves much shorter than the 30- spring70 cm scape, with long reflexed summer
hairs, umbel hemispherical, manyflowered, fairly lax, flowers light
violet / greenish pink, tepals with
darker veins, later reflexed and
twisted
3
Use
Remarks
Classification
Herbaceous beds, rock
gardens
1949 A.M.
Already cultivated in the 1880ies
(as A. murrayanum)
subg. Amerallium sect.
Molium s. str.
Rock gardens
Rarely offered
subg. Allium sect. Allium
Herbaceous beds
Very rarely offered. Aflatun is no
Iranian province but a valley and
pass in Kyrgyzstan from which the
name was deduced.
A. aflatunense of bulb trade: see
A. hollandicum
Rock gardens
This name was used for different
taxa sharing a low stature, broad
short leaves, and dense, semiglobose umbels with pink flowers.
Judging from the pictures in some
catalogues, A. akaka s. str. was
not offered in the bulb trade, but
most often A. subakaka
Sunny position and
An inconspicuous and short-living
excellent drainage, long species, very rarely offered
summer dormancy
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Acmopetala
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Acanthoprason
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Acmopetala
Taxon
Origin
Allium albidum Fischer Synonym of A.
ex Bieb. (incl. subsp. denudatum
caucasicum (Regel)
Stearn
Allium albopilosum
Synonym of A. cristophii
C.H. Wright
Allium alexeianum
Regel
Allium allegheniense
Small
Allium altaicum Pallas
Allium altissimum
Regel
Zaamin, Turkestan
Leaves 1-3, elliptic blue-green,
Range, and Astara Soru, longer than the 10-25 cm scape,
Uzbekistan
head loose, pedicels unequal,
flowers star-like, tepals greenish
white with purple mid-vein, finally
stiff and spiky
Flowers very deep rose
E Kopet-Dag,
Turkmenistan
Allium altyncolicum N. Shore of Lake TeletsFriesen syn. A.
koe, S Siberia, Russia
ledebourianum hort.
Allium amabile Stapf
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
May ? June / Rock gardens, dry
springbouquets
summer /
June - July
Remarks
Most bulb trader firms include it as
synonym only, rarely offered
separately
This name is sometimes used
subg. Melanocrommyum
instead of A. nevskianum
sect. Kaloprason
Similar to A. cernuum and commonly regarded as its synonym
Scape 12-70 cm, umbel dense,
June Sunny beds
Leaves and bulbs are commonly
many-flowered, flowers yellowish August
eaten, but thick-leafed forms own
ornamental value in springtime
Similar to A. stipitatum, but leaves May - June / Herbaceous beds, solitary The separation from A. stipitatum
hairless, 3-6 cm wide, green,
spring
plants, cut flowers, dry is problematic because all
scape 90-120 cm, head denser,
bouquets
morphological transitions occur
flowers deep carmine-violet with
darker mid-vein
Leaves thick, scape 40-60 cm,
June
Herbaceous beds and
The photo of A. schoenoprasum
umbel dense, pedicels green,
borders
'Major' (sarastro-stauden.com
flowers large, glossy, filaments
2014) looks identical
roughly as long as tepals
Plants with small rhizomes and
July - August Rock gardens and
This species is sometimes regarthick storage roots, leaves thread- / summer - borders
ded as synonym of A. mairei
like, scape 10-20 cm, erect, umbel autumn
loose, flowers few, large, narrow,
deep pink to red
4
Classification
subg. Amerallium sect.
Lophioprason
subg. Cepa sect. Cepa
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Procerallium
subg. Cepa sect.
Schoenoprasum
subg. Cyathophora sect.
Coleoblastus
Taxon
Allium amethystinum
Tausch
Origin
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Antalya area, S Turkey Scape 30-120 cm, shriveled at
May - August
flowering time, umbel many/ early
flowered, dense, flowers purple / summer
purplish-pink, rather tubular
Allium ampeloprasum
Leaves flat linear, keeled, with
May? June Herbaceous beds, cut
L.
rough margin, scape 40-100 (180) (July) / July - flowers, forcing
cm, head globose, very dense,
August
flowers urn-shaped, tepals
papillose, pink or violet to purple or
white, anthers and long thread-like
side teeth of inner filaments
exserted
Allium ampeloprasum
Scape 100-140 cm
June - July Cut flowers, dry bouquets
var. babingtonii (Borrer)
Syme
Allium amphibolum
Leaves 2-3 per scape, 3-5 mm × June - July Sunny and well drained
Ledeb.
10-20 cm, scape 30-40 cm, dense
places
heads c. 4 cm in diam., flowers
pinkish-lilac, anthers protruding
Allium amplectens Torr. Walker Ridge, N Coast Leaves narrow, shorter than the (April) May ? Rock gardens
Range, California (NWS 20-50 cm scape, umbel subglo- June
98-07)
bose, many white to pinkish
flowers
Allium anceps Kell.
Carson Range,
2 leaves twisting around the 15-20
California
cm long scapes, large umbels of
whitish to pale pink, greenishveined flowers with carnation
fragrance, stamens exserted
Allium angulosum L.
Leaves narrowly linear, below
July - August Rock gardens and
sharply edged, scape two-angled, / to
herbaceous borders
20-45 cm, umbel semi-globose, September
flowers pink / pale purple, tepals
as long as filaments
5
Remarks
Classification
Nowadays cultivars like 'Forelock' subg. Allium sect. Allium
are preferably offered
The spice and vegetable crops
Kurrat, Tareh, Pearl onion, and
Leek are cultivar groups of this
species
subg. Allium sect. Allium
Rarely offered
subg. Allium sect. Allium
subg. Reticulatobulbosa
sect. Reticulatobulbosa
subg. Amerallium sect.
Molium s. str.
Rarely offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Lophioprason
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
Taxon
Allium armenum Boiss.
& Kotschy
Allium aschersonianum
Barbey
Allium atropurpureum
Waldst. & Kit.
Allium atrorubens S.
Watson var. cristatum
(S. Watson) McNeal
Allium atroviolaceum
Boiss.
Allium austroiranicum
R.M. Fritsch
Allium azureum Ledeb.
Origin
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Inflorescence lax, hemispherical
Well drained sunny spots
with purple-pink bell shaped
flowers on long, slightly nodding
stalks, tepal with a diffuse, central
dark stripe
Leaves linear-lanceolate, scape February ? Herbaceous beds, cut
(30) 60-80 cm, umbel semiApril, / Juni - flowers, potted plants,
globose, flowers red-purple /
August
forcing
violet-pink
Leaves smooth, lanceolate, scape June / - July Herbaceous beds and
60 / 80-100 cm, umbel finally semiborders, cut flowers
globose, dense, flowers star-like,
tepals narrow, light to deep purple
/ maroon-purple
White Mountains, Calif. Leaf single, lax umbels on 5-10 cm
long scapes, flowers per 2-3
dozens, narrowly campanulate,
palest pink with dark rose mid-vein
Leaves flat, keeled, scape 60-120 July /
Small plantings for dry
(180) cm, head very dense, glob- summer
borders and herbaceous
ose, flowers small, tuberculate,
beds.
white, pink, or blackish-violet to
blackish-purple, anthers and
elongated side teeth of inner
filaments exserted
Kuh-e Pashmanu, Iran 2-3 sage-green, glaucous, curled
Open spot with good
(SLIZE 98-216)
leaves, scape somewhat longer,
drainage in full sun, loam
umbel large open globular, flowers
based soil or compost
white or purple-red, tepals pale
purplish, narrow with purple vein,
anthers orange-pink
Synonym of A.
caeruleum
6
Remarks
Rarely offered
Classification
subg. Allium sect.
Codonoprasum
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Melanocrommyum
s. str.
Introduced as ornamental bulb
plant in the first decades of 20th
cent.
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Melanocrommyum
s. str.
Very rarely offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Amerallium
May become a noxious weed from subg. Allium sect. Allium
myriads of side bulblets
Very rarely offered, also under the subg. Melanocrommyum
wrong names A. akaka and A.
sect. Acanthoprason
haemanthoides
Taxon
Origin
Specific characters
Allium backhousianum Fergana ridge, Alai
Leaves large, broad, scape 120Regel syn. A.
mountain range,
140 cm, heads dense, flowers
gulczense B. Fedtsch., Kyrgyzstan
slightly greenish or yellowish
also wrongly written A.
white, tepals up to 15 mm,
gultschense
narrowly triangular
Allium baissunense
Baisun-tau range,
Leaves 3-5, short, 10 cm wide,
Lipsky syn. A. caspium Uzbekistan (ARJA-9832) with glaucous bloom, already dry
subsp. baissunense
at anthesis, scape 50-60 cm,
(Lipsky) F.O. Khass. &
flower head lax up to 20 (even 35)
R.M. Fritsch
cm diam., tepals of greenish-straw
color, stiff, non-fading
Allium balansae Boiss. Turkey (BATM-225)
Umbels hemisperical, flowers
campanulate, deep rose-purple
Allium barsczewskii
Akbulak valley,
Bulb tunics reticulate, leaves
Lipsky
Uzbekistan (RKMPnarrowly linear, scape 30-60 cm,
8295)
umbels fascicular, with few,
campanulate, white or pink to
carmine flowers
Allium beesianum
W China (KGB-306)
Leaves linear, keeled /sheathing
W.W. Sm.
half or 1/3 of scape, scape 20-45
cm, umbel small, fascicular /
hemispherical, pendent, flowers
few / 6-12, tepals up to 13 mm
long narrowly ovate, light blue / to
purplish blue
Allium bisceptrum S. Mahagony Mts., Oregon Heads open, 2.5-5 cm on 15-22
Watson
(NWS 01-03)
cm scape, flowers turned-up,
tepals narrow, reddish, dry purple
Allium bolanderi S.
Clamath ranges in
Scape 15-20 cm, umbel loose with
Watson "var. mirabile" California
long pedicels, flowers urn-shaped,
tepals red-purple with tapered and
reflexed tips and dull silvery sheen
to the outer surface
Flow. period
Use
May? June - Solitary plants for
July
herbaceous beds, cut
flowers
Sunny sites, loamy soil;
annual lifting and good
drainage is essential
Pots and small rock
gardens
June? July / Borders and rock
early summer gardens, cut flowers
Remarks
Rarely offered
Classification
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Acmopetala
Very rarely offered
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Kaloprason
Very rarely offered
subg. Polyprason sect.
Scorodon s. str.
subg. Reticulatobulbosa
sect. Campanulata
Most often cultivars are offered
July ? August Rock gardens and
borders, sunny places
and partial shades
1982 A.M. 2012 R.H.S.
Award of Garden Merit
7
subg. Reticulatobulbosa
sect. Sikkimensia
Rarely offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Amerallium
Very rarely offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Amerallium
Taxon
Allium brandegeei S.
Watson
Origin
Mt. Bennett hills in
Idaho, USA
Allium brevicaule Boiss. S Turkey E Gaziantep
& Balansa
Allium brevistylum S.
Watson
Allium breweri S. Wats. Synonym of A.
falcifolium
Allium bulgaricum
Synonym of A. siculum
(Janka) Prodán
Allium burdickii (Hanes)
A.G. Jones
Allium caeruleum
Kirghizian Alatau near
Pallas syn. A. azureum Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
Ledeb.
Allium caesium
Schrenk syn. A.
urceolatum Regel
Allium callidyction C.A.
Mey.
Allium callimischon Link
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
2 narrowly falcate leaves extend
the large, spherical inflorescence,
flowers white to rose
Scape 5-10 cm with rose flowers in
Rock gardens
umbels 1.5-2.5 cm in diam.
Plants about 45 cm high and up to Early to late Mixed borders
30 cm wide; with showy very pale summer
purple flowers
Remarks
Very rarely offered
Classification
subg. Amerallium sect.
Lophioprason
Very rarely offered
subg. Allium sect.
Codonoprasum
subg. Amerallium sect.
Caulorhizideum
Makes cushions 60 cm high and Early to mid
20 cm in diameter, flowers white summer
Leaves three-angled, smooth,
June - July /
scape 30-60(100) cm, very dense summer
heads of intensely blue, small
flowers, filaments with two short
basal side teeth
Like A. caeruleum but leaves
June /
semi-cylindrical, coarse, scape 30- summer
80 cm, flowers bluish-grey to skyblue
Mixed borders
Very rarely offered
Hot and dry borders and
beds, cut flowers, forcing,
dry bouquets
1993 R.H.S. Award of
Garden Merit
Dry borders and rock
gardens, cut flowers, dry
bouquets
2002 R.H.S. Award of
Garden Merit
Sunny spots, pots
Already in cultivation in the
1870ies
Leaves thread-like, scape 15-20
cm, flowers few, narrowly
campanulate, elegant, slightly
pinkish with purplish mid-vein
Scape 10 cm (tall form 35 cm),
covered by leaf sheathes, umbel
lax, flowers few, small, whitish or
pale pink with distinct brown or
reddish mid-vein
August
September ? Hot dry spots of rock
October /
gardens
autumn
1976 A.M.
8
Very rarely offered
subg. Anguinum sect.
Anguinum
subg. Allium sect.
Caerulea
Introduced as ornamental bulb
plant in the first decades of 20th
century
subg. Allium sect.
Caerulea
Very rarely offered
subg. Allium sect.
Brevispatha
subsp. haemostictum Stearn:
subg. Allium sect.
flowers dark red spotted with pale Brevispatha
mid-vein
Taxon
Origin
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Remarks
Allium campanulatum N Sierra Nevada range, Scape 5-15 cm with loose heads
Rarely offered
S. Watson
California (NWS 98-15) of brightest purple flowers
Allium canadense L.
Leaves early sprouting and
Mid to late Mixed borders
Also used for consumption; very
remaining green till autumn, inflo- spring
variable, often with many aerial
rescences small, ± lax with rather
bulblets
large, rose to pinkish flowers
Allium candolleanum Turkey (LST-301)
Scape 30-40 cm tall, umbel very
Very rarely offered
Albov
compact with short pedicels, tepals
pure white, wide
Allium cardiostemon Mt. Varden ridge and Mt. Leaves narrowly linear, scape 30- June
Rock gardens and
Rarely offered
Fisch. & C.A. Mey.
Aragats, Armenia
50 cm, heads dense, flowers small,
borders
blackish-purple (often with strong
unpleasant odor), filaments purple
with broad heart-shaped base
Allium carinatum L.
Scape 30-60 cm, umbel about 30- Summer
Rock gardens and
May become invasive by aerial
subsp. carinatum
flowered, loose and with numerous
borders
bulblets; very rarely offered
bulbils, flowers dark purple or
1958 A.M.
violet
Allium carinatum L.
Romania
Leaves narrowly linear, ribbed,
June ? July Rock gardens and
Introduced as ornamental bulb
subsp. pulchellum (G.
scape 20-60 cm, spathe with 2
(August)
herbaceous borders
plant in the first decades of 20th
Don) Bonnier & Layens
long appendages, umbel
1993 R.H.S. Award of
century.
syn. A. pulchellum G.
fascicular, loose, pedicels
Garden Merit
May become invasive by selfDon, A. cirrhosum
pendent, after bloom upright,
seeding
Vand.
flowers ovate, pink to violet with
long exserted anthers
Allium carolinianum
Leaves rather broad, short, with Juni
Rock gardens, sunny
Rarely offered
DC.
glaucous bloom, scape 30 cm,
borders, pots
inflorescence globular 2.5 - 3 cm in
diam., flowers pink, scented
Allium caspium (Pallas)
Leaves large, glaucous, scape
June
Well drained and dry
Not found in recent catalogues
M. Bieb.
stout, 20-35 cm, head large, loose,
places of rock gardens,
pedicels unequal, flowers pinkish,
excellent for dry bouquets
triangular-campanulate, filaments
pink to lilac, very long exserted
9
Classification
subg. Amerallium sect.
Lophioprason
subg. Amerallium sect.
Amerallium
subg. Amerallium sect.
Molium s. str.
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Melanocrommyum
s. str.
subg. Allium sect.
Codonoprasum
subg. Allium sect.
Codonoprasum
subg. Polyprason sect.
Falcatifolia
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Kaloprason
Taxon
Allium cassium Boiss.
var. hirtellum Boiss.
Origin
Allium cepa L.
Allium cernuum Roth
syn. A. oxyphilum
Wherry
Allium chamaemoly L.
Allium chelotum
Synonym of A. grande
Wendelbo
Allium chinense G. Don
Allium chloranthum
Boiss.
Allium chlorotepalum
R.M. Fritsch & M.
Jaeger
Allium christophii
Allium chrysonemum
Stearn
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Scape 30 cm, umbel hemispherical with up to 20 white flowers with
yellowish green centre, tepals wide
with thin soft green midrib
Scape hollow, 50-80 cm, flowers
white with green stripe, bulbs
varying in size, color, and shape
Leaves linear, scape 2-angled,
July ? August Cooler spots of rock
(15)30 - 60 cm, spathe recurved, / summer
gardens and borders, dry
umbel broad, loose / 30 - 40bouquets
flowered, pedicels pendent, after
1948 A. M.
bloom bent upwards, flowers pink
to white, anthers strongly exserted
Leaves rosette-like, as the few
March
Pots, needs winter
flowered umbels of white star
protection under glass
shaped flowers just on soil surface
Scape 28-30 cm, umbel hemiAutumn
spherical, loose, up to 18-flowered,
flowers light violet
Near Gaziantep, Turkey Similar to A. flavum, but umbel
Mid summer
denser and flowers with intense
greenish tinge, stamens equaling
perigone length
Hunsan, Iran (SLIZE- Leaves 2, broad, glaucous, scape
095)
20 - 25 cm, inflorescence dense,
subspherical to spherical, flowers
star-like, tepals green to deep
pink, filaments distinctly reddishpurple collared
Incorrect spelling of A.
cristophii
10
Remarks
Looks similar to A. subhirsutum
Classification
subg. Amerallium sect.
Molium s. str.
Worldwide cultivated crop plant,
owns ornamental properties in
anthesis
Very variable species
subg. Cepa sect. Cepa
Very rarely offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Chamaeprason
subg. Amerallium sect.
Lophioprason
Crop plant with ornamental value, subg. Cepa sect.
not found in any recent catalogue Sacculiferum
Rock gardens, needs
good drainage
Rarely offered
subg. Allium sect.
Codonoprasum
Needs full sun in a well- Very rarely offered, also under the subg. Melanocrommyum
drained loamy soil with a wrong name A. minutiflorum
sect. Acanthoprason
dry summer rest
The spelling 'cristophii' was
conserved in 2001
Not found in recent catalogues
subg. Polyprason sect.
Scorodon s. str.
Taxon
Allium circinnatum
Sieber
Crete
Origin
Specific characters
Scape 5 - 18 cm, umbel 2 - 5flowered, flowers white with pink
mid-veins
Flow. period
Spring
flowering
Use
Allium cirrhosum Vand. Synonym of A. carinatum subsp. pulchellum
Allium cneorum hort. ? A name of no botanical
standing, possibly a
synonym of A. obliquum
Allium coeruleum
Incorrect spelling of A.
caeruleum
Allium colchicifolium NE Turkey
2 wide leaves, scape ~30 cm,
Boiss.
umbel large hemispherical, tepals
wide, white, ovaries black
Allium convallarioides
Leaves 4-5, scape 40 - 60 cm,
May -June Good drainage is
Grossh.
flowers creamy white, anthers only
essential
slightly emerging
Allium coryi M.E. Jones
Plants up to 30 cm high and 20 cm Early to late Mixed borders
wide, with showy vividly greenish - spring
yellow flowers
Allium cowanii Lindl. Synonym of A. neapolitanum
Olympic Mt., Clallam
Leaves 2, flattened, falcate, scape April - June /
Co., WA, USA (NWS 00- 5-8 cm with hemispherical, few- summer
26)
flowered umbel, flowers pink /
tepals broad with deeper pink
midrib
Allium crispum Greene
Scape 10-30 / 10-15 cm, umbel Summer
many-flowered / with some 5-10
comparatively big, widely cupshaped, deep rose-purple flowers,
inner segments with crisped
margins
Allium crenulatum
Wiegand
11
Alpine house, needs
gravelly soil to ensure
good drainage, sunny
spot
Ensure good drainage
Remarks
Rarely offered
Classification
subg. Amerallium sect.
Molium s. str.
Very rarely offered, unclear
whether it is the true species
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Melanocrommyum
s. str.
subg. Allium sect.
Codonoprasum
Very rarely offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Molium s. str.
Based on herbarium specimens,
but the cultivated strains differ
remarkably
Very variable species, rarely
offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Amerallium
Rarely offered, also treated as A. subg. Amerallium sect.
peninsulare Lemmon var. crispum Amerallium
(Greene) Jepson
Taxon
Allium cristophii Trautv.
syn. A. albopilosum
C.H. Wright
Origin
Allium cupani Raf.
Allium cupuliferum
Regel
Allium cyaneum Regel
syn. A. purdomii W.W.
Smith
Allium cyathophorum
Bur. & Franch. var.
farreri (Stearn) Stearn
syn. A. farreri Stearn
Allium cyrilli Ten.
Nura-Tau range,
Uzbekistan
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Remarks
Classification
Leaves linear, long white-hairy,
June? July / Striking in herbaceous
The pale silvery-brownish
subg. Melanocrommyum
scape (15) 30 - 60 (90) cm, head summer
borders and beds,
flowering subsp. golestanicum
sect. Asteroprason
very loose, 20-30 cm in diam., floexcellent for dry bouquets R.M. Fritsch is not offered hitherto
wers large, star-like, tepals brow1901, 1912 & 1950 A.M.
nish or silvery-pink to deep-purple,
1993 R.H.S. Award of
lanceolate, after bloom stiff and
Garden Merit
spiky
Plants 10-25 cm high, umbel
May - June
Very rarely offered
subg. Allium sect.
nearly conical with 5-15
Brevispatha
campanulate, pink to white flowers
Leaves 1-2, lanceolate, bluish
May
Rock gardens, dry
For many years, A. lipskyanum
subg. Melanocrommyum
green, prostrate, scape flexuous,
borders, cut flowers
was sold under this name; very
sect. Regeloprason
20-30 cm, pedicels upwards
rarely offered
curved, unequal, umbel broadly
fascicular, loose, flowers funnelshaped, deep pink
Leaves thread-like, scape thin,
July ? August Rock gardens and
subg. Reticulatobulbosa
flexuous, 15-25 (40) cm, umbel
/ summer
borders
sect. Sikkimensia
few-/15-18 flowered, fascicular to
1993 R.H.S. Award of
semi-globose, flowers cobalt-blue /
Garden Merit
to purplish, with darker blue or
green mid-veins, anthers long
exserted
Dense cushions, roots thick,
(May) June? Rock gardens and not too May become invasive by selfsubg. Cyathophora sect.
leaves narrowly linear, keeled,
July
dry borders
seeding
Cyathophora
scape 2-angled, 20 - 30 cm, umbel
fascicular, initially pendent, flowers
long, deep pink to purple violet,
filament bases cup-shaped united
Leaves lanceolate, smooth, scape Mid May Small plantings for
Very rarely offered, sometimes A. subg. Melanocrommyum
30-80 cm, umbel fascicular to
June
herbaceous beds, cut
senescens s. lat. is offered under sect. Melanocrommyum
semi-globose, flowers whitish to
flowers, with strong
this name (michaelcamphausen.de s. str.
yellowish-green or pinkish, petals
carnations-like odor
2014)
narrow with darker mid-vein, reflexed,
filaments long, fleshy, conical
12
Taxon
Origin
Allium daghestanicum
Grossh.
Allium darwasicum
Varzob valley, Tajikistan
Regel
(RM-8274)
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Remarks
Classification
Leaves fine, thread-like, scape 20 August
Very rarely offered
subg. Polyprason sect.
- 45 cm, flowers pinkish-white
Oreiprason
Leaves coarse, narrowly
mid May Dry rock gardens and
Rarely offered
subg. Melanocrommyum
lanceolate, scape 30-60 cm, umbel June
herbaceous borders, cut
sect. Regeloprason
fascicular to semi-globose, dense,
flower with pleasant
flowers funnel-shaped, dirty white
hyacinth-like fragrance
or greenish yellow with darker midvein
Allium dasyphyllum
Kirghizian Alatau,
Usually one leaf up to 1 cm wide
Good drainage is
Inconspicuous species, only once subg. Melanocrommyum
Vved.
Kyrgyzstan
and very densely and long
essential
offered
sect. Acmopetala
pubescent, scape up to 35 cm,
flowers light greenish pink
Allium davisiae M.E.
Scape 15-20 cm long, heads large,
Moist soil through the
Also treated as A. lacunosum var. subg. Amerallium sect.
Jones
flowers white with purple midwinter and spring, drying davisiae (M.E. Jones) McNeal & Amerallium
veins, inner tepals lanceolate and
by early summer
Ownbey
shorter, outer tepals broadly ovate
Allium decipiens Fisch. Near Stavropol, Russia Leaves narrowly lanceolate, scape May - June Herbaceous borders and South Siberian species like A.
subg. Melanocrommyum
smooth, 30 - 50 (80) cm, heads
beds, cut flowers
tulipifolium were formerly included sect. Decipientia
semi-globose to subglobose,
in A. decipiens; very rarely offered
flowers pale pinkish-violet
Allium decipiens subsp. Crimean mountains,
Scape 40 - 50 / 60 cm, umbels
May - June
Very rarely offered; differs from the subg. Melanocrommyum
quercetorum Seregin Ukraina
dense spherical, flowers almost
typical subspecies by a rose
sect. Decipientia
white with slight lilac tint and
spathe, larger leaves, denser umdarker midrib
bel, and longer tepals
Allium denudatum F.
Leaves narrowly linear, flat, scape June - July Herbaceous borders, rock
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
Delaroche syn. A.
10-30 cm, umbel semi-globose,
gardens
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
albidum Fischer ex M.
lax, flowers yellowish-cream to
Bieb. subsp. albidum
whitish ± reddish flushed
and subsp. caucasicum
(Regel) Stearn
Allium derderianum
Tochal, Alburz range, Flowers whitish with purplish
Very rarely offered
subg. Melanocrommyum
Regel
Iran
shaded midrib
sect. Acanthoprason
13
Taxon
Allium diabolense
(Traub) McNeal
Origin
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Remarks
San Benito Mts.,
Leaves solitary, tubular, scape up
Rarely offered
California (NSW03-27) to 25 / 5-10 cm long bearing a fewflowered, dense umbel with 20-30
cup-shaped whitish flowers, tepals
with pink mid-vein
Allium dichlamydeum
Leaves equaling the 10-30 cm
Needs protection from hot Rarely offered
Greene
scape, umbel hemispherical, fewafternoon sun
to many-flowered, flowers clear
1984 A.M.
pink / rose-purple with 3 tepals
rolled into a tube about 1 cm long
Allium dioscoridis Sibth. Synonym of A. siculum
& Sm.
Allium dolichostylum Sarimar Mts. between Scape 50-60 cm, flower heads
Mid summer
Very rarely offered
Vved.
Shurab and Sairob,
semi-globular, dense, flowers
Tajikistan (ARJA 9822) nicely pinkish
Allium douglasii Hook. Blue Mts. in Oregon
Leaves large, erect, sickle-shaped,
Rock gardens and
Rarely offered
"subsp. douglasii"
5-7 cm heads on 25 cm scape,
herbaceous borders
flowers pink, vase-shaped with
narrow tepals and exserted
anthers
Allium dregeanum
Wuppertal, near Doring Scape 50-60 cm, umbel dense,
Early July
Herbaceous borders
Only once offered
Kunth
River, Cape province, S flowers fairly large, widely
Africa
campanulate, soft pink
Allium drepanophyllum Shurab, Baisun-tau,
Leaves sickle-shaped, scape 35Herbaceous borders
Rarely offered
Vved.
Uzbekistan (ARJA-9843) 45 cm with loose umbels of slightly
brownish-purple flowers
Allium drummondii
Leaves narrowly linear, scape 10- June / spring Rock gardens and
Regel syn. A. nuttallii
30 cm, umbel rather loose,
herbaceous borders
S. Watson
fascicular, several-flowered, tepals
pink to white
Allium egorovae M.V.
Small plants with large globose
Only once offered
Agab. & Ogan.
flower heads, tepals rounded,
whitish, filaments bicolored white
with a red upper half
14
Classification
subg. Amerallium sect.
Rhophetoprason
subg. Amerallium sect.
Amerallium
subg. Reticulatobulbosa
sect. Campanulata
subg. Amerallium sect.
Lophioprason
subg. Allium sect. Allium
subg. Reticulatobulbosa
sect. Campanulata
subg. Amerallium sect.
Amerallium
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Acanthoprason
Taxon
Allium elatum Regel
Allium elburzense
Wendelbo
Origin
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Remarks
Synonym of A. macleanii
Still used in some catalogues
Near Tochal, Iran
2 broadly elliptic leaves almost at
Also wrongly offered under A.
(SLIZE 98-018) and
ground level, scape 10-15 cm, inflpseudobodeanum R.M. Fritsch &
Elburz range (SLIZEorescence large, dense, globose,
Matin, and A. derderianum
011)
flowers star-like, whitish with purplish shaded midrib or lilac violet
Allium elmendorfii M.E.
Early to mid Mixed borders
Only once offered
Jones ex Ownbey
spring
Allium ericetorum
Flowers white to crème
July Rarely offered
Thore
September
Allium eriocoleum
Kurama range,
Leaves densely pubescent, scape May - June Rocky spots in full sun Very rarely offered; similar and
Vved.
Uzbekistan (ARJA-0053) 40-50 cm, umbel globose 5-7 cm
closely related to A. scabriscapum
in diam., flowers yellow, starry
Allium erubescens K. Iran
Scape 30-40 cm, flower head
Mid summer Rock garden, needs good Very rarely offered
Koch
small but very dense, flowers
drainage
beautiful pink
Allium eusperma Airy
Leaves arrow-like persisting till
October
Moist half shady or shady Only once offered
Shaw
autumn
spots in a humus rich soil
Allium falcifolium Hook.
Leaves linear, falcate, scape flat, May ? June / Rock gardens and
& Arn.
winged, 5-12 / 20-30 cm, umbel summer/
herbaceous borders, pots
fairly dense, flowers large, urn
June - July
shaped, tepals recurved, deep
pink to white
Allium farreri Stearn
Synonym of A. cyathophorum var. farreri
Allium fetisowii Regel Chu-Ili mountains,
Leaves lanceolate, smooth, scape May - June Small plantings in
Rarely offered
Kazakhstan (RSK-7717) 40 - 50 cm, heads smaller, dense,
herbaceous borders, cut
flowers deep pink to pinkish-lilac,
flowers
inner filament bases widened with
narrow side teeth
15
Classification
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Asteroprason
subg. Amerallium sect.
Rhophetoprason
subg. Polyprason sect.
Daghestanica
subg. Reticulatobulbosa
sect. Scabriscapa
subg. Allium sect. Allium
subg. Allium sect. Pallasia
subg. Amerallium sect.
Amerallium
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Longibidentata
Taxon
Allium fibrillum M.E.
Jones ex Abrams
Allium fimbriatum S.
Wats. var. fimbriatum
Allium fimbriatum S.
Wats. var. purdyi
(Eastw.) Ownbey ex
McNeal
Allium fistulosum L.
Origin
Blue Mountains,
Washington, USA
Specific characters
Flow. period
Two thread-like leaves surpass the
short scape, inflorescences 3 cm
wide, flowers small, tepals white
with green midrib
San Jacinto Mts., Calif. The cylindrical leaf twists and curls
(NWS 03-37)
around the base of the 1-10 cm
long scape, heads spherical with
up to 24 urn-shaped flowers,
tepals bright purple with whitish
center, tips strongly reflexed
Inner Coast range, Calif. Leaves tubular, scape 10-15 cm,
(NSW 03-38)
umbels open, 7-8 cm with 36-48
flowers, tepals slightly shorter and
flowers more bell-shaped, pale
rose to lavender with darker midvein
Scape 12-70 / 60 cm, umbel
Summer /
many-flowered, very dense,
May - June
flowers yellowish-white
Use
Allium flavellum Vved. Varzob gorge, Tajikistan Umbels spherical, loose, flowers Late summer Greenhouse
narrowly campanulate, yellowish- / June
white
Allium flavescens Bess.
Relative of A. denudatum with
often larger scape and yellowish
flowers
Allium flavum L.
Leaf blades semi-cylindrical,
May ? June, / Rock gardens and sunny
glaucous or deep green, scape 15- July
borders
60 cm, spathe with 2 strongly
Introduced as ornamental
elongated tips, umbel lax, pedicels
bulb plant in the first
unequal, flowers small, pendent,
decades of 20th century,
tepals lemon yellow to golden,
1929 A.M. 1993 R.H.S.
obtuse, filaments long exserted
Award of Garden Merit
16
Remarks
Very rarely offered
Classification
subg. Amerallium sect.
Amerallium
subg. Amerallium sect.
Rhophetoprason
subg. Amerallium sect.
Rhophetoprason
Much cultivated in East Asia
(meanwhile sometimes also in
Europe) as vegetable and spice
plant with moderate ornamental
value
subg. Cepa sect. Cepa
Very rarely offered
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
subg. Reticulatobulbosa
sect. Campanulata
Recently also the offspring of
subg. Allium sect.
crosses with related small species Codonoprasum
are offered under A. flavum having
bright yellow to lilac, reddish, and
even whitish flowers
Taxon
Origin
Allium flavum L. subsp.
tauricum (Besser) K.
Richt.
Allium flavum var.
minus Boiss., also
named 'Minor' or var.
nanum hort., var.
pumilum hort.
Allium fragrans Vent. Synonym of Nothoscordum borbonicum
Allium geyeri S.
Abajo Mts., Utah, USA
Watson syn. A.
pikeanum Rydb., A.
rubrum Osterh.
Specific characters
Scape 30-40 cm, flowers bright
yellow to lilac
Flow. period
Use
Remarks
July - August Sunny, well drained sites, Rarely offered
excellent in pots
Classification
subg. Allium sect.
Codonoprasum
Scape only 5-12 cm, umbels
smaller
May ? / June Rock gardens in a sunny,
well-drained site, pots
subg. Allium sect.
Codonoprasum
Bulb with long fibrous coat and
pink roots, leaves slender, scape
15-50 / 25-30 cm, umbel 10-25flowered, lax, flowers pink to white
/ small, "waisted", pinch-nosed
pink
Allium giganteum Regel
Leaves large, dull, scape dull,
smooth, 100-150 cm, head
extremely dense becoming 2-3
times larger during bloom, flowers
broadly cup-shaped to star-like,
tepals obtuse, pink to purple
Allium glandulosum
Rhizomatous plants with grassLink & Otto
like, narrow leaves, scape 60 cm,
inflorescence a loose umbel with
rather few maroon or whitish
flowers
Allium goodingii
Apache Co., Arizona, Rhizomatous plants, scapes
Ownbey
USA
flattened, 30 cm, umbel conical
with 15-20 reddish-pink flowers
Allium grande Lipsky Kuh-e Abr, Alborz range, Narrowly elliptic, shiny green
syn. A. chelotum
Iran
leaves, scape 60-100 cm with
Wendelbo
large ball heads of pink to light
purple, long-lasting flowers
Spring / mid- Very tolerant to moist and Three botanical varieties are
subg. Amerallium sect.
summer
dry conditions
accepted, commonly offered is var. Amerallium
chatterleyi S.L. Welsh
June - July / Solitary plants in herba- Introduced as ornamental bulb
spring
ceous beds, cut flowers; plant in the first decades of 20th
long-lasting bloom
century
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Compactoprason
August September
Sunny, very well drained Only once offered
spots, self-distributing by
long stolons
subg. Amerallium sect.
Rhophetoprason
Sunny places and partial Rarely offered
shade, in moderately wet
soil
Easy in a well drained, Rarely offered
sunny spot
subg. Amerallium sect.
Caulorhizideum
17
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Decipientia
Taxon
Allium griffithianum
Boiss.
Origin
Sarimar Mts. near
Shurab, Uzbekistan
(ARJA-9842)
Specific characters
Flow. period
Scape 10-30 (50) cm with
Spring / early
hemispherical, dense, ± manysummer
flowered umbels, pedicels of
different length, flowers light fleshpink with darker mid-veins
Allium grisebachii hort. A name of no botanical
standing, perhaps a synonym of A. altyncolicum
Allium gulczense O.
Synonym of A.
Fedtsch.
backhousianum; A.
gultschense is an
incorrect spelling form
Allium guttatum Steven Near Petrovac,
Height 60-90 cm, umbels dense 4- May - August
subsp. dalmaticum (A. Montenegro
5 cm in diam. with cylindrical, pink
Kern. ex Janch.) Stearn
to violet-pink flowers
Allium guttatum subsp. Ioannina, N. Greece
Leaves thread-like, height 50-70 July - August
sardoum (Moris) Stearn
cm, head compact c. 5 cm across,
flowers creme with green to pink
stripe, scented
Allium gypsaceum
Baissun Mts., SW
Scape 15 - 20 cm, umbel dense Early
Popov & Vved.
Uzbekistan (ARJA-9836) globose, flowers 1 cm long,
summer
narrowly cup shaped, dull crimson
/ straw-colored, tepals bright
purple both on mid-veins and
along margins
Allium haematochiton
Rhizomatous plants, leaves pale
S. Watson
green, scape 15-25 / 35 cm, inflorescence compact spherical, pedicels short, tepals broadly elliptic,
white with pale rose mid-vein
Allium heldreichii Boiss. Mt. Olimpos, Greece
Scape 30 / 40-60 cm with a dense
umbel of very large, cup-shaped
pink flowers
18
Use
Remarks
Only once offered
Classification
subg. Allium sect.
Avulsea
Only known from pictures
presented by hessenhof.nl (2014)
Rarely offered
subg. Allium sect. Allium
Rarely offered
subg. Allium sect. Allium
Rock garden, pots, needs Very rarely offered
good drainage and
prolonged summer
dormancy
Rarely offered
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Popovia
subg. Amerallium sect.
Molium s. str.
Owns the superficial appearance subg. Allium sect. Allium
of A. schoenoprasum
Taxon
Origin
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Allium hirtifolium Boiss. Synonym of A. stipitatum
Allium hirtovaginum
Near Milosh, E Bodrum, Only 10-20 cm tall, flowers campa- Summer
Pots, rock gardens
Candargy
Turkey
nulate, purplish, on nicely arched
pedicels
Allium hissaricum
Hissar range, Tajikistan Slender than A. winklerianum with
Good drainage is
Vved.
fewer flowers, tepals remain rigid
essential
long after flowering
Allium hollandicum R.
Leaves lanceolate, ribbed, canali- (April -) May Borders and herbaceous
M. Fritsch incorrectly
culate, up to 6 cm broad, scape
beds, excellent cut
named A. aflatunense
basally ribbed, 40-90 (120) cm,
flowers
heads subglobose, moderately
1948 A.M., 1995 R.H.S.
dense, pedicels of equal length,
Award of Garden Merit
flowers pink to deep violet-purple,
rarely white
Allium hookeri Thwait. Synonym of A. muliense
var. muliense Airy
Shaw
Allium howellii Eastw. Western transverse
Scape stout, 30 cm tall, umbel
Mixed borders
var. clokeyi Ownbey & Ranges
many-flowered, dense, flowers
Aase ex Traub
large, white, stamens exserted
Allium huber-morathii near Cerkes, N Turkey Differs from similar A. carinatum
Open confined areas in
Kollmann, Özhatay &
subsp. pulchellum by a thinner
well drained soil, pots
Koyuncu
stature and smaller and slender,
pink flowers becoming lilac
suffused after anthesis
Allium humile Kunth
4-6 lanceolate leaves, makes
June Mixed borders, cut
clumps 40 cm across and 40-50 August
flowers
cm high, umbel loose, fewflowered, flowers white, long
anthesis
Allium hyalinum Curran Sierra Nevada
Scape 15-25 cm, umbels loose,
Multiplies rapidly
flowers white to pale pink
19
Remarks
Classification
Very rarely offered
subg. Allium sect.
Codonoprasum
Very rarely offered
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Regeloprason
A. hollandicum is the correct
subg. Melanocrommyum
species name for the different
sect. Procerallium
cultivars still often traded as A.
aflatunense. The closest genetic
relatives occur in the NW edge of
Iran
Only once offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Amerallium
Rarely offered
subg. Allium sect.
Codonoprasum
Very rarely offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Bromatorrhiza
Very rarely offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Lophioprason
Taxon
Allium inconspicuum
Vved.
Origin
Foothills E Tashkent,
Uzbekistan
Allium inodorum Aiton Synonym of Nothoscordum borbonicum
Allium insubricum
Boiss. & Reut.
Allium isakulii subsp.
nuratense
Allium jajlae Vved.
Rhizomatous plants, differ from A. June (? July)
narcissiflorum by scape 15-30 cm, / May - June
umbel permanently pendent with
up to five large purple flowers
Name was wrongly used
for A. cupuliferum s.str.
Crimea near Oreanda Scape medium high with dense
and Simeiz, Ukraina
umbels of purple upright flowers
Allium jepsonii
(Ownbey & Aase ex
Traub) S.S. Denison &
McNeal
Allium jesdianum Boiss.
& Buhse incl. subsp.
angustitepalum
(Wendelb) F.O. Khass.
& R.M. Fritsch, syn. A.
rosenbachianum auct.
Allium jodanthum Vved. Ihnachsai, Uzbekistan
Allium kansuense
Regel
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Remarks
Classification
Closely related to A. barsczewskii
Raised beds or pots, dry Rarely offered; the correct name is subg. Reticulatobulbosa
but 2-3 times smaller, tepals
summer rest is essential probably A. furkatii R.M. Fritsch sect. Campanulata
muddy reddish-pink with deep
purple median vein
Synonym of A.
sikkimense
summer
Scape 15-20 cm long, umbel open
spherical, flowers white, narrowly
campanulate, tepals with rose-red
mid-vein
Leaves narrowly lanceolate, scape May - June
basally ribbed, 40-80 (100) cm,
head subglobose up to 15 cm,
moderately dense, flowers starlike, pink to violet, upper filament
parts striking white
Scape c. 40 cm, flower head
compact, up-turned, tepals very
bright reddish-purple, narrowly
pointed
20
Rock gardens and
borders
1993 R.H.S. Award of
Garden Merit
subg. Amerallium sect.
Narkissoprason
Also treated as A. scorodoprasum subg. Allium sect. Allium
subsp. jajlae (Vved.) Stearn or A.
rotundum subsp. jajlae (Vved.) B.
Mathew
Very rarely offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Amerallium
Herbaceous beds and
This name is still often used
subg. Melanocrommyum
borders, small plantings, instead of A. rosenorum, but a few sect. Procerallium
cut flowers, dry bouquets cultivars belong to subsp.
angustitepalum
Very rarely offered
subg. Reticulatobulbosa
sect. Campanulata
Taxon
Allium karataviense
Regel
Specific characters
Leaves 1-2, thick, bluish green,
reddish flushed / with red margins,
scape flexuous 20-30 cm, head
semi-globose finally globose up to
12 cm in diam., flowers crème to
meat-colored or purplish with
darker mid-vein, capsules with
deeply incised tip
Allium kazerouni Parsa Zardekuh, C Zagros
Similar to A. jesdianum but twice
range, Iran
smaller, scape reaching 45 cm,
leaves narrow, shiny green
Allium kharputense
Eikenek, Akdag range, Leaves undulated and twisted,
Freyn & Sint.
Turkey
scape 30-45 cm, many-flowered
umbels broadly fastigiate, up to 8
cm in diam., flowers white with
blackish green or dark red ovary
Allium kiiense (Murata)
Very small plants, leaves needleHir.Takahashi & M.
thin, 15 cm long, fleshy green,
Hotta
umbels with small, outfacing,
lavender-purple flowers
Allium komarovianum Mis-applied to the
hort.
cultivar 'Constellation',
probably a hybrid of A.
nutans
Allium komarowii
Lake Iskanderkul, and Foliage similar to A. karataviense,
Lipsky
Shing valley, Tajikistan scape 30-40 cm with dense heads
(RKM-8231)
of bright violet-purple flowers
Allium kunthianum
Mt. Hustup, Zangezur Plants 10 cm, flowers narrowly
Vved.
range, Armenia
cup-shaped / tubular, bright pink
Allium kunthii G. Don
Origin
White flowers
Flow. period
Use
Remarks
Classification
May - June Rock gardens, herbace- Though formally described only in subg. Melanocrommyum
(July)
ous borders, pots, fruiting 1875, it was a well-known garden sect. Miniprason
umbels for dry bouquets plant already in the 1880ies
1876, 1885 F.C.C. P.
1993 R.H.S. Award of
Garden Merit
Very rarely offered
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Procerallium
Spring / May
- June
Rarely offered, true identity of
these plants is not clear
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Melanocrommyum
s. str.
Late October Rock gardens
and
November
Only once offered, also treated as subg. Cepa sect.
botanical variety A. virgunculae
Sacculiferum
var. kiiense Murata
True A. komarovianum Vved. is
related to A. chinense
Late
Rock gardens, pots
flowering /
mid summer
Early summer Mixed borders
to early fall
21
Rarely offered
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Compactoprason
Very rarely offered
subg. Allium sect.
Codonoprasum
Very rarely offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Rhophetoprason
Taxon
Origin
Allium kwakense (R.M. Rangon range,
Fritsch) R.M. Fritsch Tajikistan
syn. A. rosenbachianum subsp. kwakense
R.M. Fritsch
Allium lacunosum M.E.
Jones var. lacunosum
Specific characters
Leaves rather erect, basally only
slightly tapering, scape 1 m with
16-18 cm large spherical umbel
and wine-red / pink flowers
Flow. period
2 wiry curling leaves, umbel dense,
pedicels very short, flowers
campanulate, tepals glossy white
with recurved tips, mid-vein
translucent green later dark violet
Allium ledebourianum Mt. Belukha, Altai range, Scape 70 - 90 cm, umbels fasci- June / May Schult. & Schult.f.
Russia ?
cular, pedicels blackish, flowers July
bluish-lilac, filaments exserted
Allium lemmonii S.
California
Scape 10 cm, umbels 5 cm,
Watson
flowers similar to A. anceps and A.
platycaule, but petals broader,
from palest pink to pale violet,
dominating rose-pink
Allium lenkoranicum Talish, republic
Scape 30-40 cm, flowers pinkish- Very late /
Miscz. ex Grossh.
Azerbaijan
brown on long thread-like pedicels July - August
Allium libani Boiss.
Anti-Lebanon range,
Fairly dwarf, bulbous plants, leaSyria
ves short, prostrate, scape short,
umbel dense, held slightly above
ground, flowers comparatively
large, narrowly cup-shaped,
greenish-white
Allium lipskyanum
Hissar range, Tajikistan Leaves narrow, canaliculate,
May
Vved.
(RM-8266)
scape 30-50 (80) cm, umbel
initially very densely fascicular,
later a very loose ovate head,
flowers campanulate, pinkishcarmine with darker mid-vein
Allium litvinovii Drobow SE Chatkal range,
Scape 40 cm, tight umbels of
ex Vved.
Uzbekistan
bright blue, violet veined flowers
22
Use
Remarks
Very rarely offered
Classification
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Megaloprason s. str.
Moist in winter and spring, Very rarely offered; three more
subg. Amerallium sect.
dry in summer
botanical varieties are recognized Amerallium
Herbaceous beds and
borders
The true species is rarely offered, subg. Cepa sect.
because the name is also
Schoenoprasum
misapplied to A. altyncolicum
Rarely offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Lophioprason
Rock gardens, pots
Very rarely offered
Sunny spots with good
drainage, dry period
(lifting) in summer
Herbaceous beds and
borders, dry bouquets
subg. Allium sect.
Codonoprasum
Very rarely the true species is
subg. Melanocrommyum
offered, name is also wrongly
sect. Melanocrommyum
applied to plants of the A. senes- s. str.
cens group
Very rarely offered; A. lipskyanum subg. Melanocrommyum
is sometimes still sold under A.
sect. Regeloprason
cupuliferum
Rarely offered, is the more violet subg. Allium sect.
colored counterpart of A. caesium Caerulea
Taxon
Allium loratum Baker
Origin
W Pakistan
Allium lusitanicum Lam.
syn. A. senescens
subsp. montanum
(Fries) Holub, A.
senescens of European
authors
Allium luteolum
Amorgos Island in the
Halácsy
Cyclades, Greece
Allium luteum hort.
Allium lycaonicum
Siehe ex Hayek
Allium macleanii Baker
syn. A. elatum Regel
Allium macranthum
Baker
Allium macropetalum
Rydb.
Allium mairei Lév. syn.
A. yunnanense Diels
Synonym of A. moly
N Anhorz, C Turkey
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Remarks
Similar to A. giganteum and A.
The botanical identity of these
macleanii but 3 timers smaller in
plants is not clear
scape and leaf measures
Like A. angulosum but leaf blades AugustHerbaceous borders, rock
without sharp angles below, till 20 October /
gardens, cut flowers
cm, scape till 40 cm, umbel dense, summer1987 A.M.
flowers (white to) deep pink to
autumn
purplish, filaments 1/5 longer than
the tepals
Usually just 5-10 cm tall, flowers
Pots and containers,
Very rarely offered
small, lovely lemon to greenishshould be kept dry during
yellow bells with yellow anthers
the summer after
only just protruding
flowering
Scape 40-50 cm tall, flowers very Summer
dark but glossy blackish purple
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
subg. Allium sect.
Codonoprasum
Very rarely offered; true identity of subg. Melanocrommyum
these plants is not clear
sect. Melanocrommyum
s. str.
A. macleanii has lanceolate
subg. Melanocrommyum
leaves, A. elatum much broader sect. Compactoprason
ovate to ligulate leaves
Like A. giganteum but leaves
May ? June / Herbaceous beds, cut
shorter and glossy green, scape springflowers
only 60-100 cm, heads less dense, summer
1887, 1966 A.M.
flowers pink to lilac, tepals cuspidate, filaments shorter exserted
Small tufts, fleshy roots, leaves
July ? August Borders, cool spots
linear, scape angled, 25-40 cm, / summer /
umbel lax, flowers 7-12, large,
very late
pendent, deep purple or white,
ovary tip with conical outgrowths
Flowers pink
Early spring - Mixed borders
Rarely offered
mid spring
Dense cushions, leaves thread- August ?
Rock gardens and
Rarely offered
like, scape 10-15 / 10-40 cm, with September / borders, slightly shaded
an umbel of up to 5 narrowly
autumn / July place, not too dry during
campanulate, large / stiffly erect - August
summer
flowers, tepals pink or white with
red spots
23
Classification
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Compactoprason ?
subg. Amerallium sect.
Bromatorrhiza
subg. Amerallium sect.
Amerallium
subg. Cyathophora sect.
Coleoblastus
Taxon
Origin
Allium marschallianum Crimea, Ukraina
Vved.
Allium maximowiczii
Regel
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
More tiny than A. saxatile reaching September Full sun and good
in flowering time 25 cm
drainage
Similar to A. schoenoprasum but April - May
earlier flowering, 10-15 cm long
scape with dense semi-globose
umbels of lilac-pink flowers
Allium meliophilum Juz. Crimea, Ukraina
Scape 50-100 cm, umbel denser
than A. siculum, flowers lilac or
pale rose
Allium membranaceum Northern Sierra Nevada Scape up to 30 cm, dense 5-7 cm
Tolerates some shade,
Ownbey ex Traub
foothills, California
heads, flowers lavender-pink with
must be hold dry after
(NWS 02-25)
spreading elliptical tepals with
flowering
purple, lavender-pink "M" mark at
the base, anthers rose-red, exposed, flower center with intricate
markings, ovaries pale ringed
Allium meteoricum
Scape 15-20(30) cm with small
June -July Rock gardens
Heldr. & Hausskn. ex
umbels (diam. 1-3 cm) of pink,
Halácsy
cylindrical flowers
Allium microdictyon
Kemerov district, Russia Height 50 cm, flowers yellowish
Prefers woodland
Prokh.
white
conditions, very vigorous
Allium minutiflorum
Name used instead of A.
Regel
chlorotepalum in some
catalogues
Allium moly L. syn. A.
Leaves lanceolate, scape 15-35 June
Rock gardens,
luteum hort.
cm, umbel loose, fascicular to
herbaceous beds and
Also offered as A. moly
semi-globose, flowers large,
borders, cut flowers,
'Luteum'.
funnel-shaped, tepals yellow with
forcing
green mid-vein
Allium monticola
San Gabriel Mts.,
1 cylindrical curling leaf, scape
Davidson
California
very short, flowers rich violet, urnshaped
24
Remarks
Only once offered
Rarely offered
Classification
subg. Polyprason sect.
Oreiprason
subg. Cepa sect.
Schoenoprasum
Very rarely offered
subg. Nectaroscordum
sect. Nectaroscordum
Very rarely offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Rhophetoprason
Rarely offered
subg. Allium sect.
Brevispatha
Allied to A. victorialis, very rarely
offered
Very rarely offered, true identity of
the plants is unclear
subg. Anguinum sect.
Anguinum
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Acanthoprason
Introduced as garden plant
probably in 17th cent.
subg. Amerallium sect.
Molium s. str.
Very rarely offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Amerallium
Taxon
Allium muliense (Airy
Shaw) F.T. Wang &
Tang syn. A. hookeri
var. muliense
Allium multibulbosum
Jacq. syn. A. nigrum
auct.
Allium murrayanum
Regel
Allium myrianthum
Boiss.
Allium narcissiflorum
Vill.
Allium neapolitanum
Cyr. syn. A. cowanii
Lindl.
Origin
Synonym of A.
acuminatum
N Antalya, Turkey
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Remarks
Scape 60-70 cm with semiJune - July Grows in normal garden Only once offered
globose small umbels, flowers pale
soil
yellow
Classification
subg. Amerallium sect.
Bromatorrhiza
Leaves linear-lanceolate, smooth, (March) April Herbaceous beds and
scape 40-80 / 70-90 cm, umbel
to June
borders, cut flowers,
dense, broadly fascicular up to 10
forcing
cm across, flowers greenish-white
to pink with greenish mid-vein,
ovaries broad, glossy, greenishblack in anthesis
Still often sold as A. nigrum.
Already cultivated in the 1870ies
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Melanocrommyum
s. str.
Height 50-70 cm, heads large,
very dense, flowers c. 2 mm long
Rhizomatous plants, leaves linear, July ? August Rock gardens,
scape 20-40 cm, umbel fascicular,
herbaceous borders, pot
only initially pendent, flowers few,
plants
very large, pink to carmine
Leaves linear-lanceolate, keeled, (February ?) / Rock gardens,
scape 3-angled, 20-35 cm, umbel May / spring / herbaceous beds, cut
loose, many-flowered, fascicular to April - May flowers, forcing
semi-globose, flowers cup-shaped,
pure white
Flowers white
Mid spring - Mixed borders
early summer
Scape 15 cm, umbels 5 cm,
dense, flowers star-shaped, very
light lavender (almost white)
Very rarely offered
subg. Allium sect.
Codonoprasum
subg. Amerallium sect.
Narkissoprason
Allium nevadense S.
Wats.
Allium nevii S. Watson
syn. A. douglasii var.
nevii (S. Watson)
Ownbey & Mingrone
Allium nevskianum
Varzob gorge, Tajikistan Leaves long-ovate, bluish green, May - June
Vved. ex Wendelbo
(RM-8272, RK-8139)
scape flexuous, 5-20 / 12-15 cm,
head large, loose, flowers reddish
to purple, tepals with dark mid-vein,
weak and crumpled after bloom
25
Rock gardens, dry
bouquets
Already cultivated in the 1880ies
Already cultivated in the 1880ies. subg. Amerallium sect.
Probably several similar but gen- Molium s. str.
etically different strains are cultivated, a careful study using molecular markers seems essential
Very rarely offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Rhophetoprason
Very rarely offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Lophioprason
Similar to and formerly not
subg. Melanocrommyum
separated from A. alexeianum; still sect. Kaloprason
sometimes traded under that name
Taxon
Origin
Specific characters
Allium nevskianum × A. Spontan. hybrid selected Scape 40 cm, flowers like A.
sarawschanicum
by J. Ruksans (Latvia) nevskianum
Allium nigrum L. s.str.
Scape 80-120 cm, leaves linearlanceolate, often with bulbils on
the tip or along the margin,
inflorescence broadly fascicular,
moderately dense, flowers bright
pink with coarse, green ovaries
Allium nutans L.
Plants like A. senescens but
leaves wider and spread out,
scape strongly 2-angled, 30-60
cm, umbel pendent before bloom,
flowers whitish to bluish lilac or
purplish, inner filament bases
widened with 2 rounded teeth
Allium nuttallii S.
Synonym of A.
Watson
drummondii
Allium obliquum L.
W Sajan Mts., Siberia Bulbs large, ovate, leaves many,
flat, keeled, with telescope-like
sheaths, scape 60-120 / 80-100
cm, head dense, hemi-spherical to
almost spherical, small, flowers
(greenish-)yellow, anthers long
exserted
Allium odorum L.
Synonym of A. ramosum
Allium olympicum
Ilgaz Dag, Turkey
Scape 20-25 cm, umbel very
Boiss.
dense, flowers of milder, more
pinkish color than A. carinatum
subsp. pulchellum
Allium oreophiloides Zeravshan range,
Leaves 2-3, thread-like, scape 5-9
Regel
Tajikistan
cm, umbel dense with 7-15
comparatively big, widely cupshaped, light pink flowers
Flow. period
August /
summer
Use
Remarks
Classification
subg. Melanocrommyum
Formerly A. multibulbosum was subg. Melanocrommyum
named A. nigrum. The latter spe- sect. Melanocrommyum
cies was newly typified and
s. str.
described by Seisums (1998); the
cultivar 'Pink Jewel' agrees with
that new description
Herbaceous borders and Often not easy to differentiate from subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
beds
A. senecens s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
June ? July / Herbaceous beds and
summer /
borders, cut flowers
May - June
Also collected or cultivated and
consumed as "wild garlic"
subg. Polyprason sect.
Oreiprason
Late June
Sunny spots on well
drained soil
Rarely offered
subg. Allium sect.
Codonoprasum
Late June
Sunny raised beds, pots Very rarely offered
26
subg. Allium sect. Pallasia
Taxon
Allium oreophilum C. A.
Mey. syn. A.
ostrowskianum Regel
Origin
Allium orientale Boiss. N Akseki, Turkey
Allium oschaninii O.
Fedtsch.
Mountains S Fergan
valley, Uzbekistan
(ARJA-9840)
Allium ostrowskianum Synonym of A.
Regel
oreophilum
Allium ovalifolium
Hand.-Mazz. var.
leuconeurum J.M. Xu
Allium oxyphilum
Synonym of A. cernuum
Wherry
Allium pallasii Murray Fergan valley,
Uzbekistan
Allium pallens L.
Allium paniculatum L.
Allium paradoxum (M.
Bieb.) G. Don var.
paradoxum
Capri Island, Italy
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Leaves 2, linear, green to greyish- May - June Rock gardens and
violet, longer than the flexuous 5borders, dry bouquets
20 cm scape, umbel loose, initially
fascicular later subglobose,
flowers large, campanulate, pink to
deep brownish purple
Umbel almost spherical, dense,
flowers large, white, ovaries dark
green
Scape1 m, hollow, nicely inflated Late
Dry bouquets
below the middle, umbels dense, flowering
globose, flowers white
Remarks
A very polymorphous species
already cultivated in the 1880ies
Classification
subg. Porphyroprason
sect. Porphyroprason
Very rarely offered; botanical
identity is somewhat unclear
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Melanocrommyum
s. str.
subg. Cepa sect. Cepa
With Hosta-like general
appearance, scape 60 cm, leaves
with longitudinal strips
Only once offered
subg. Anguinum sect.
Anguinum
Very rarely offered
subg. Allium sect. Pallasia
Very rarely offered, also wrongly
named A. bucharicum
(michaelcamphausen.de 2014)
Rarely offered; four subspecies
are recognized differing by plant
hairiness and by length and color
of tepals
May become invasive by the
bulbils
subg. Allium sect.
Codonoprasum
Shady spots
Leaves terete, thread-like, scape Early
c. 40 cm long with multi-flowered, summer
dense umbel c. 4 cm in diam.,
flowers small, soft pink
Scape 25 cm, flowers small
Summer
creamy tinged pink in rather dense
umbel
Leaves prominently ribbed
Summer /
beneath, scape 30-70 cm / "var. Augustminor" 10-15 cm, umbel loose,
September
flowers yellowish white or pink
Scape 15-30 cm, flowers white
Summer
with a faint green mid-vein, but
mostly replaced by green bulbils
27
Shady lawns
Similar to common onion but not
its wild progenitor (Gurushidze et
al. 2007)
subg. Allium sect.
Codonoprasum
subg. Amerallium sect.
Briseis
Taxon
Allium paradoxum (M.
Bieb.) G. Don var.
normale Stearn
Origin
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Leaves 1-2, deep green, keeled, May
Shady spots of rock
flat, scape 20-30 cm, edged,
gardens and herbaceous
flowers 2-5, large, pendent, pure
borders, cut flowers, pot
white
plants
Allium parvum Kellogg Blue Mountains, Oregon, Leaves prostrate, narrow, sickleUSA
shaped, dwarf "tumbleweed" with
compact, 3-5 cm umbels on short
scape, flowers lavender-pinkish
Allium pendulinum Ten.
Flowers white with green median
vein
Allium peninsulare
Sierra Nevada foothills, Scape 15 - 20 / 25 cm, umbels
Lemmon ex Greene
California, USA
compact 5 - 8 cm across, flowers
bright rose-purple / amethystviolet, inner tepals enclose the
cream-colored anthers, the outer,
broader tepals form a bowl-like
floret surrounding the inner tepals
Allium pikeanum Rydb. Synonym of A. geyeri
Allium platycaule S.
Leaves flat, sickle-like, scape 10 / The easiest Needs good drainage
Watson
15 - 20 cm, umbel many-flowered / in this group /
dense globose up to 8 cm across, June - July
flowers big, narrowly cup-shaped,
rose / purplish red
Allium plummerae S.
Leaves 3-6, stiff lanceolate, green, June Watson
flowers pale pink, wax-like, rather August, long
large
flowering
Allium polyanthum
Capri Island, Italy
Leaves flat, dense umbel like A. Mid summer
Schult. & Schult.f.
sphaerocephalon, tepals soft pink
with darker mid-vein
Allium praecox
Average mature height of 30 cm, Early to late Mixed borders
Brandeegee
flowers white
spring
28
Remarks
Owns much higher ornamental
value than the typical variety
Classification
subg. Amerallium sect.
Briseis
Very rarely offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Lophioprason
Very rarely offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Briseis
subg. Amerallium sect.
Amerallium
Very rarely offered
Rarely offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Lophioprason
Very rarely offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Amerallium
Very rarely offered
subg. Allium sect. Allium
Very rarely offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Amerallium
Taxon
Allium protensum
Wendelbo
Allium przewalskianum
Regel
Origin
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Sarimar Mts.,
Leaves large, smooth, scape 30 - June
Rock gardens and
Uzbekistan (ARJA 9839) 40 cm, head large, loose, pedicels
borders, dry bouquets
strongly unequal, flowers star-like,
tepals cream, with brown to purple,
broad mid-vein, stiff and starry
after bloom
Near Lahanu Monastery, Bulb base orange, leaves thread- Late summer
Tibet
like, scape 20 - 25 cm, umbel small,
dense, flowers bright purple / pale
violet
Armenia
Plants 60 cm tall. has long lobes of Middle of
anthers stalks more notable than summer
the tepals
Fergana range,
Scape 40-50 cm, flowers large,
Kyrgyzstan
narrowly cup-shaped, purplishviolet
Arvaz valley, Kopet-Dag Scape 60-70 cm, umbel dense,
Easy in well-drained,
Range, Turkmenistan globose, flowers light pinkish
sunny spots
violet, tepals with darker mid-vein
Allium pseudoampeloprasum Miscz. ex
Grossh.
Allium pseudowinklerianum R.M. Fritsch &
F.O. Khass.
Allium pseudozeravschanicum Popov &
Vved. ex B. Fedtsch. &
Popov
Allium pskemense B. Akbulak valley,
Fedtsch.
Uzbekistan (RKMP8207)
Allium pulchellum G. Synonym of A. carinaDon
tum subsp. pulchellum
Allium purdomii W.W. Synonym of A. cyaneum
Sm.
Allium pyrenaicum
Costa & Vayr.
Allium ramosum L.
syn. A. odorum L., A.
tataricum L.f.
Spring foliage resembling thick
August
fingers, scape 0.8-1 m with dense
white globular umbels
Plants up to 45 cm tall and 30 cm Mid to late
wide, flowers very pale purple
summer
Bulb tunics reticulate, leaves
July ? /
narrow, scape 2-angled, 50-80 cm, October /
umbel dense, semi-globose,
summer
flowers white, tepals with brownish
mid-vein
29
Remarks
Classification
Formerly merged with A. schubertii subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Kaloprason
Very rarely offered
subg. Reticulatobulbosa
sect. Reticulatobulbosa
Very rarely offered
subg. Allium sect. Allium
Very rarely offered, rather recently subg. Melanocrommyum
separated from A. winklerianum sect. Regeloprason
Very rarely offered, probably not
more than a variant of A.
sarawschanicum
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Megaloprason s. str.
Very rarely offered; a hot-tasting
wild relative of common onion
subg. Cepa sect. Cepa
Mixed borders, containers Very rarely offered; unclear whe- subg. Allium sect. Allium
ther the true species is traded
Herbaceous beds and
Widely cultivated as spice plant, subg. Butomissa sect.
borders, cut flowers with owns ornamental value. Many
Butomissa
sweet odor
transitional forms between A.
ramosum (early flowering, long
tepals) and A. tuberosum (late
flowering, short tepals) are known
Taxon
Allium regelii Trautv.
Origin
Foothills of Kopet-Dag
range, Turkmenistan
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Leaves narrowly lanceolate, scape End May to Herbaceous beds and
(20) 50-80 cm, inflorescence
mid June
borders, cut flowers,
composed of (1) 2-6 superposed
needs good summer rest
whorls, pedicels unequal, flowers
and perfect drainage
few, campanulate, tepals bright
lilac to purple with dark mid-vein
Flowers purple
Allium roborowskianum
Regel
Allium robustum Kar. & Tarbagatai range,
Scape 50-70 cm with dense umbel Early and
Kir.
Kazakhstan
of deep purple flowers
long lasting
Allium rosenbachianum This name is incorrectly
hort. & auct. (of
applied most often to A.
gardens and of some rosenorum but also to A.
authors)
jesdianum incl. subsp.
angustitepalum
Allium rosenbachianum Darvaz range, S
2-4 broad glossy green leaves,
Regel s. str.
Tajikistan
scape 70 cm, umbel up to 25 cm
across, flowers bright violet
Allium rosenorum R.M.
Leaves many, linear-lanceolate, Mid May to Small plantings in
Fritsch syn. A.
channeled and angled, whole
mid June
herbaceous beds and
rosenbachianum auct.,
scape densely ribbed, 60-90 (120)
borders, cut flowers.
A. jesdianum auct.
cm, head dense, flowers shining
Introduced as ornamental
pink / dark violet with darker midbulb plant in the first
veins / upper part of pedicels light
decades of 20th century
pink
Allium roseum L.
Scape 30-50 cm, umbel manySpring to
flowered, flowers rose, white or
summer / end
flesh-colored
May - June
Allium rotundum L. syn. Enem, Krasnodar distr., Leaves flat, keeled, sheaths long, Mid May ? Herbaceous beds and
A. scorodoprasum L. S Russia
scape 25-80 / 40-50 cm, head
June - July borders, cut flowers, dry
subsp. rotundum (L.)
dense, ovate to globose, flowers
bouquets and flower
Stearn
small, tepals papillose along the
arrangements
keel, dark brownish to purplish red
or pink to violet, inside paler
30
Remarks
Classification
Very rarely offered; weak plants subg. Melanocrommyum
develop often only one umbel,
sect. Regeloprason
strong plants up to 6 superposed
partial inflorescences separated by
5-15 cm long scape parts
Only once offered
Very rarely offered
True A. rosenbachianum owns
smooth leaves and scape, and
often larger and looser flower
heads
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Decipientia
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Decipientia
subg. Melanocrommyum
Very rarely offered; subsp. kwakense see under A. kwakense
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Megaloprason s. str.
Several cultivars are still traded
under the synonym names. The
characters of scapes and leaves
allow a clear separation from
similar species.
May become invasive by selfseeding
Already cultivated in the 1890ies,
rarely offered today
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Procerallium
Rarely offered
subg. Allium sect. Allium
subg. Amerallium sect.
Molium s. str.
Taxon
Origin
Allium rubrum Osterh. Synonym of A. geyeri
Allium runyonii Ownbey
Specific characters
Flow. period
Mixed borders
Allium rupestre Steven Near Abant Bolu, Turkey Leaves threadlike, scape c. 40 cm, Late July umbels much denser than in A.
August
paniculatum and A. lenkoranicum,
flowers narrowly campanulate, dull
pink with greenish-brown mid-vein
Allium sanbornii Alph.
Scape up to 40 cm, more than 100 Latest
Wood var. congdonii
whitish to light lavender pink
blooming
Jeps.
flowers, outer tepals urn-shaped
with reflexed tips
Allium saralicum R.M. Turkey LST-331
Flowers white in hemispherical
Fritsch
umbels
Allium sarawschanicum Pass Takhta Karacha
Regel
(ARJA-9856) and Agalik
valley near Samarkand,
Uzbekistan
Allium sativum L. Ophioscorodon group syn.
A. sativum var. ophioscorodon (Link) Döll
Allium saxatile M. Bieb.
Allium scabriflorum
Boiss.
Allium scabriscapum
Boiss. & Kotschy
Allium schmitzii
Coutinho
Use
Only once offered
Very rarely offered
Needs dry summer from Very rarely offered
start of blooming
Only once offered
Scape 80 cm, variable in shade of
flowers and color of pedicel bases
Upper scape part curled
Remarks
Very rarely offered
June - July
Clumps with pinkish-white or pink August
flowers, anthers rose
Turkey
Scape 40-50 cm, flower heads
Late summer
small, dense, light sky-blue, one of / July the last flowering species
August
Zagros range near Arak, Scape 40 cm, umbel 4 cm across
Iran
with bright yellow, starry, fairly big
flowers
Scape 20 cm, stiff; umbels semiglobose, flowers white with pink
vein
31
Classification
subg. Amerallium sect.
Rhophetoprason
subg. Allium sect.
Codonoprasum
subg. Amerallium sect.
Rhophetoprason
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Melanocrommyum
s. str.
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Megaloprason s. str.
Borders, solitary plants
Widely cultivated for garlic cloves; subg. Allium sect. Allium
not really ornamental but striking
Alpine gardens
Rarely offered
Rarely offered
Pots, gritty soil with not Very rarely offered
too much humus, needs a
dry summer rest
Drought resistant, to
Only once offered
accompany succulent
beds
subg. Polyprason sect.
Oreiprason
subg. Allium sect. Allium
subg. Reticulatobulbosa
sect. Scabriscapa
subg. Cepa sect.
Schoenoprasum
Taxon
Allium
schoenoprasoides
Regel
Origin
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Remarks
Classification
Heights of Kugart,
Bulbs bright green, scape some 40
Tolerates summer
Very rarely offered
subg. Allium sect. Pallasia
Kyrgyzstan (ARJA 9726) cm tall, flower head small but
moisture
dense, flowers large, soft light
pinkish violet / very light bluish,
almost white
Allium schoenoprasum Croatia
Leaves greyish, scape 50 cm,
Mai - July
Sunny and semi-shadow Only once offered; this subspecies subg. Cepa sect.
L. subsp. orosiae J.M.
flowers purplish-pink
spots
is not accepted by most
Schoenoprasum
Monts.
taxonomists
Allium schoenoprasum
Leaves thin, cylindrical, hollow,
May? June, Herbaceous beds, rock Very polymorphous species, many subg. Cepa sect.
L. syn. A. sibiricum L.
scape 10-50 cm, hollow, heads
second
gardens, cut flowers
ornamental varieties were
Schoenoprasum
dense, subglobose, flowers white bloom in late
selected. In Europe often grown
or pink to carmine, tepals with
summer is
for dual use as spice plant and
darker mid-vein, twice longer than possible
ornamental
the filaments.
Allium schubertii × A.
Combines flower color and scape
Rarely offered; several cultivars subg. Melanocrommyum
atropurpureum
length of 50-60 cm of A. atropurmay trace back to identical
intersectional hybrid
pureum with shape of A. schubertii
crosses
flower head up to 15 cm in
diameter, flowers variable in color
Allium schubertii Zucc.
Leaves large, broad, smooth,
June - July Herbaceous beds, cut
This name was formerly also
subg. Melanocrommyum
scape 40-50 cm, head very large
flowers, forcing, pots, dry applied to A. protensum differing sect. Kaloprason
and loose, pedicels very unequal,
bouquets
by much broader leaves and
flowers star-like, pink / mallow2012 R.H.S. Award of
smaller pale flowers becoming stiff
purple, tepals with inconspicuous
Garden Merit
after anthesis. Introduced as
mid-vein, after bloom crumpled
ornamental bulb plant in the first
and rather weak
decades of 20th century
Allium scorodoprasum
Scape 80-100 cm, inflorescence June
May become invasive because of subg. Allium sect. Allium
L.
loose, flowers dark vinous
the many air bulbils among the few
flowers, leaves are edible
Allium scorzonerifolium
Offered without giving specific
subg. Amerallium sect.
Desf. ex DC.
characters
Molium s. str.
Allium semenowii
Offered without giving specific
subg. Cepa sect.
Regel
characters
Annuloprason
32
Taxon
Origin
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Allium senescens L.
Leaves linear, erect, scape 30-60 June to
Borders and herbaceous
(formerly lumped with
cm, heads dense, globose, flowers August /
beds, cut flowers
A. lusitanicum, see also
purplish or lilac, inner filament
summer to
there)
bases ovate without teeth
autumn
Allium serratum S.
Synonym of A.
Watson
amplectens
Allium sewerzowii
Kurama Ridge,
Slightly more robust plants with up
Regel
Uzbekistan (ARJA-9883) to 3 wider leaves than A. fetisowii,
scape 0.8-1 m, dense heads of
violet purple / pinkish lilac flowers
Allium sharsmithae
Seemingly stemless, umbels
(Ownbey & Aase ex
compact, flowers shiny, longer,
Traub) McNeal
narrowly urn-shaped with abruptly
recurved tips
Allium shelkovnikovii
Leaves two, comparatively wide,
Grossh.
blue-green, scape short with medium-sized, hemispherical heads
of pink flowers, tepals with a darker central stripe, anthers yellow
Allium sibiricum L.
Synonym of the robust
arctic-montane form of
A. schoenoprasum
Allium sibthorpianum
Leaves thin thread-like, scape 15 Mid summer Pots, choice rockery spot
Schult. & Schult. f.
cm, flowers pale pink-purple bells,
the tepals are pointed with a
darker purple central vein
Allium siculum Ucria
Leaves narrow, strongly keeled, End-May ? Herbaceous beds, cut
syn. Nectaroscordum
yellowish green, scape 60-90(120) mid June
flowers, dry bouquets. All
siculum (Ucria) Lindl.,
cm, umbel very loose, fascicular,
plant parts with pungent
A. bulgaricum (Janka)
flowers large, pedicels pendent,
smell
Prodan, A. dioscoridis
unequal, tepals very broad,
Sm.
greenish with red and yellowish
33
Remarks
Very variable and not always
easily separable from A. nutans
Classification
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
Very rarely offered
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Acmopetala
Only once offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Amerallium
Only once offered; the true identity subg. Melanocrommyum
of these plants is not clear
sect. Acanthoprason
Only once offered
subg. Allium sect.
Codonoprasum
Nectaroscordum is still sometimes subg. Nectaroscordum
treated as separate genus
sect. Nectaroscordum
Taxon
Origin
Allium sikkimense
Baker syn. A. tibeticum
Rendle, A. kansuense
Regel
Allium siskiyouense
Clamath ranges in
Ownbey ex Traub
California, USA (NWS
00-41)
Allium sivasicum
Özhatay & Kollmann
Allium sosnovskyanum
Miscz. ex Grossh.
Allium
sphaerocephalon L.
Allium
Between Korkuteli and
sphaerocephalon L.
Fethiye, Turkey
subsp. arvense (Guss.)
Arcang
Allium staticiforme Sm. Mikri Vigla beach,
Naxos, Greece
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Like A. cyaneum but leaves broa- July ? August Front of herbaceous
der, flat, plants larger, scape 10-40 / summer
borders, rock gardens
cm, umbel pendent, flowers larger,
1937 A.M.
filaments shorter than tepals
Like A. falcifolium, leaves distinctly
narrower, flower urn-shaped, white
to pale rose with a much darker
mid-vein, tepals broader with only
slightly reflexed tips, not as
dramatically tapered
Scape 15 cm, umbel like A.
flavum, pedicels of different length,
flowers mauvish-purple overlaid
with a bloom
Scape sideward growing, umbel
spherical dense, flowers small,
tepals slightly greenish white with
blue midrib
Leaves semi-cylindrical, scape 30- June ?July Alpine gardens and
80 cm, heads ovoid, very dense,
borders, cut flowers,
pedicels unequal, flowers deep
forcing
pink to purple or brown-red,
anthers and cylindrical side teeth
of broadened inner filament bases
exserted
Flower heads more globose,
Much later
central florets closed, white with than other
green midrib and exserted purple forms
anthers, lower florets more purple
toned especially at tip
Scape rarely over 20 cm, very tight
umbel just 1.5-2 cm across, with
hundreds of tiny milky-white
flowers
34
Remarks
Very similar to A. beesianum
Classification
subg. Reticulatobulbosa
sect. Sikkimensia
Very rarely offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Rhophetoprason
Very rarely offered
subg. Polyprason sect.
Scorodon s. str.
Very rarely offered
subg. Allium sect.
Multicaulea
subg. Allium sect. Allium
Rarely offered, also wrongly as
subsp. trachypus (Boiss. &
Spruner) K. Richt.)
subg. Allium sect. Allium
Only once offered
subg. Allium sect.
Codonoprasum
Taxon
Allium stellatum Nutt.
ex Ker-Gawl.
Origin
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Spokane Co., Wyoming, Leaves linear, c. 3 mm wide,
Late June /
USA
scape slender, 35-50 cm tall,
July - August
umbels tight, flowers mediumsized, deep reddish-pink / lavender
Allium stipitatum Regel
Leaves large, ± hairy or hairless May - June Herbaceous borders and
syn. A. hirtifolium
with rough margins, scape 100beds, cut flowers, forcing,
Boiss.
150 cm, completely smooth (only
dry bouquets
ribbed when dry), heads large,
1958 A.M.
semi- to sub-globose, flowers starlike, white or pink to purple, tepals
with darker mid-vein, lanceolate,
later reflexed and crumpled
Allium struzlianum
Wild plants 20 cm high with only 3Ogan.
4 relatively big, starry flowers,
garden plants with scape up to 50
cm and multi-flowered umbel
Allium suaveolens
Jacq.
Allium subakaka
2 wide, quite often longitudinally May - June
Razyfard & Zarre syn.
ribbed leaves, scape rarely longer
A. akaka auct.
than 15 cm, flower head very
dense, flower color variable
Allium subhirsutum L. Baba Dag Mts., Turkey Leaves broad with slightly hairy Spring / early Sunny spots with good
margins, more or less prostrate, summer
drainage
shiny green, scape 7-30 / 20-25
cm, umbel few- to many-flowered,
lax, spreading, up to 10 cm in
diam., flowers large, pure white
Allium subhirsutum
Synonyms of A.
subsp. trifoliatum
trifoliatum
(Cirillo) Arcang., A.
subhirsutum var.
trifoliatum (Cirillo) Batt.
& Trab.
35
Remarks
Classification
subg. Amerallium sect.
Lophioprason
Leaf and flower characters are
subg. Melanocrommyum
very polymorphous, needs well
sect. Procerallium
manured soil and repeated
replanting; may become invasive
by self-seeding.
Already cultivated in the 1890ies.
Only once offered
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Melanocrommyum
s. str.
Only once offered, but not as
medical or spice plant
Very rarely offered
subg. Polyprason sect.
Daghestanica
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Acanthoprason
Rarely offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Molium s. str.
Taxon
Origin
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Allium subvillosum
Scape quite short, umbel upright,
Easy in well-drained, hot
Salzm. ex Schult. &
flowers rather pure white with
spots in full sun
Schult. f.
vividly yellow anthers
Allium suworowii Regel Kushk, Turkmenistan, Leaves to 3 cm wide, coarse at
June - July Sunny, well drained spots
and Sina, SE Uzbekistan margin, scape 70-80 / 100 cm with
(ARJA-9828)
dense semi-globose to globose,
many-flowered umbels, flowers
rose-violet / pinkish-lilac
Allium taeniopetalum
Scape of medium height, elegant
Needs good drainage
Vved. [subsp. mogolglobose umbels of rather big
tavicum (Vved.) R.M.
starry, purplish violet flowers
Fritsch & F.O. Khass.]
Allium tanguticum
A name mis-applied to
Regel
A. lusitanicum
Allium tataricum L.f.
Synonym of A. ramosum
Allium tauricola Boiss. Spitak district, Armenia, Plants 10 / 30 cm high, flowers cup End June - Rock gardens, easy to
and NE Turkey
shaped, tepals acuminate, dull
July
grow
purple edged white
Allium tchihatschewii Kusedagi gec. near
Scape 15-22 cm, inflorescences Mid summer Pots
Boiss.
Gümüshane, NE Turkey loose, pedicels pendulous, long,
(HN-0113)
violet shaded, flowers bright purple
Allium tenuicaule Regel Kurama range,
Scape 10-15 cm, leaves threadSunny rock gardens, pots
Uzbekistan
like, flowers narrowly cup-shaped,
bright pinkish-purple, per 8-15 in a
tight umbel
Allium texanum T.M.
Leaves narrow, strict, blue-green, Late spring
Howard
scape c. 40 cm, white umbels of
star-like flowers, anthers pink
Allium textile A. Nelson
Grows very quickly to 25 cm height Mid spring Mixed borders
& J.F. Macbr.
and 15 cm width, flowers white
Allium thunbergii G.
Leaves triangular, erect, remain September - Alpine and rock gardens,
Don
green during anthesis, height 20- November containers and pots
30 cm, umbels c. 3 cm across,
2002 R.H.S. Award of
flowers reddish-purple
Garden Merit
36
Remarks
Very rarely offered
Classification
subg. Amerallium sect.
Molium s. str.
Rarely offered
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Megaloprason s. str.
Very rarely offered
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Stellata
The true species is obviously not subg. Allium sect. Pallasia
cultivated
Very rarely offered
subg. Allium sect.
Codonoprasum
Very rarely offered
subg. Allium sect.
Brevispatha
Only once offered
subg. Reticulatobulbosa
sect. Campanulata
Rarely offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Amerallium
Very rarely offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Amerallium
subg. Cepa sect.
Sacculiferum
Rarely offered
Taxon
Origin
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Allium tibeticum Rendle Synonym of A.
sikkimense
Allium tolmiei Baker
Blue Mts., Oregon, USA 2 bold, broad, sickle-shaped
var. platyphyllum
(NWS 01-22)
leaves, scape 10 cm, umbels up to
Ownbey
7.5 cm in diam., spherical, flowers
vase-shaped
Allium tolmiei Baker
Plants compact with 2 narrower,
var. tolmiei
less falcate leaves and smaller
heads, flowers light soft pink,
collared with a darker mid-vein
Allium trautvetterianum Darvaz range, Tajikistan Scape up to 1 m, flowers markedly
Sharply-drained, fertile,
Regel
bigger than in A. giganteum and A.
sunny site, dry in the
macleanii and bright purplish-violet
summer
Allium trifoliatum Cirillo S Agros, Cyprus
Generally similar to A. subhirsuRaised beds, pots
syn. A. subhirsutum
tum, but with shorter scape and
subsp. trifoliatum (Cirildenser umbels, tepals tinged with
lo) Arcang., A. subhirpink or pink-veined, anthers yellow
sutum var. trifoliatum
(Cirillo) Batt. & Trab.
Allium tripedale Trautv. Armenia
Like A. siculum but height 1-1.3 m, May
Herbaceous beds, cut
syn. Nectaroscordum
earlier flowering, inflorescence
flowers, dry bouquets
tripedale (Trautv.)
more compact, pedicels shorter,
Traub
flowers large, campanulate, 2 cm
in diam., white with pinkish flush /
bright pink
Allium triquetrum L.
Leaves linear, strongly keeled,
February to Herbaceous beds, cut
scape 15-25 cm, 3-angled, umbel April / spring flowers, forcing, pots
fascicular, 3-15-flowered / flowers
few, pendent, white with broad
green mid-vein
Allium tschimganicum Mt. Chimgan, Uzbeki- Scape 0.7-1 / 1-1.3 m, umbel
June
Sunny, well drained spot
O. Fedtsch.
stan (ARJA-9629)
dense, flowers purplish violet
with a dry summer rest
37
Remarks
Classification
Rarely offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Amerallium
Rarely offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Amerallium
Very rarely offered
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Compactoprason
Very rarely offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Molium s. str.
Very rarely offered
subg. Nectaroscordum
sect. Nectaroscordum
Frost tender.
Introduced as ornamental bulb
plant in the first decades of 20th
century
subg. Amerallium sect.
Briseis
Rarely offered
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Acmopetala
Taxon
Origin
Allium tuberosum Rottl. SE Asia
ex Spreng.
Allium tuncelianum
S Tunceli, Turkey
(Kollmann) Özhatay, B.
Mathew & Siraneci
Specific characters
Scape 25-50 cm, umbel manyflowered, flowers white with a faint
green or brown mid-vein on the
back
Scape 60-80 cm, umbel dense
spherical, flowers tiny but plenty,
greenish-white with purplish-green
mid-vein
Offered without giving specific
characters
Flow. period
Summer to
autumn / July
- September
Use
Mid summer Needs dry summer rest
(lifting)
Allium tuolumnense
(Traub) S.S. Denison &
McNeal
Allium turkestanicum NE Almaty, Kazakhstan Scape c. 1 m tall, umbel very
Mid summer Rock gardens, sunny
Regel
dense with hundreds of small
spots with good drainage,
clean pink flowers
dry summer rest
Allium ubipetrense
Kuh-e Bosphone near 2-3 leaves, scape 2 - 15 / 5 - 30
R.M. Fritsch
Arak, Iran (SLIZE 98- cm, umbels medium-sized, semi316)
globose / globose, flowers light
violet / pale purplish
Allium umbilicatum
Iran
Scape 40 cm with hemispherical
Boiss.
dense umbel, flowers light violet
pink
Allium unifolium
Kellogg
Bulbs on a rhizome, leaves 2-3, May ? June /
flat, keeled, scape 40-50 / 20 cm, spring to
umbel fascicular, flowers few / 15- summer
20, rather large, bell-shaped, light
to deep pink or violet
Herbaceous beds and
borders, cut flowers, pots,
forcing, well drained
sunny spots
1873 & 1949 A.M.; 2002
R.H.S. Award of Garden
Merit
Allium urceolatum Regel Synonym of A. caesium
Allium ursinum L.
Leaves keeled, broadly lanceolate, May / spring Shady borders, landscalong petiolate, scape angled, 30ping of shady places
50 cm, umbel loose, fascicular to
semi-globose, flowers several / 620, star-like, pure white
38
Remarks
Classification
Like A. ramosum widely cultivated subg. Butomissa sect.
as spice plant, owns ornamental Butomissa
value. Concerning transitional
forms to A. ramosum, see there
Related to garlic, but is not its wild subg. Allium sect. Allium
progenitor; very rarely offered
Very rarely offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
Rhophetoprason
Very rarely offered; the name is
more often wrongly used for plants
of the A. senescens group
Very rarely offered, also under the
name A. shelkovnikovii, hybrids
with A. woronowii were also
reported
Very rarely offered, differences to
A. rubellum M. Bieb., A. scabrellum Boiss. & Buhse, and A. syntamanthum K. Koch are unclear
subg. Allium sect.
Mediasia
Spice plant (all plant parts own
garlic smell and taste) with
ornamental properties (already
cultivated in the 1870ies), may
become invasive in shady areas
subg. Amerallium sect.
Arctoprasum
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Acanthoprason
subg. Allium sect.
Avulsea
subg. Amerallium sect.
Lophioprason
Taxon
Allium validum S.
Watson
Origin
Allium victorialis L.
Allium vineale L.
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Plants in average 60 cm high and Early sum- Mixed borders
30 cm wide, flowers with pink
mer to early
fall
Leaves lanceolate, basally petiol- June to
Herbaceous beds, in
ate, scape angled, 30-60 cm, head August /
damp soil
dense, flowers cream to yellowish, summer
filaments long exserted
mainly for consumption offered
June August
Allium violaceum hort. Most probably a synonym of A. lusitanicum
Allium virgunculae
Maek. & Kitam.
Remarks
Classification
subg. Amerallium sect.
Caulorhizideum
Plants are sometimes collected in subg. Anguinum sect.
the wild for consumption
Anguinum
A spice and medical plant; only
some cultivars own ornamental
value. May become a noxious
weed multiplying by air and side
bulblets
Only once offered
subg. Allium sect. Allium
(Not A. violaceum Willd. [1814], a
synonym of A. carinatum)
Scape 8 - 22 cm, umbel 2 - 12Autumn
1982 A.M.
subg. Cepa sect.
flowered, loose, flowers pink or
Sacculiferum
pinkish purple with a green band
Allium wallichii Kunth
Scape 30-73 cm, umbel manyRarely offered
subg. Amerallium sect.
flowered, flowers magenta to
Bromatorrhiza
purple / maroon-purple,
Allium woronowii Miscz. Dzhadshur Pass, Arme- Scape up to 45 cm, head tight
Early
Rock gardens, in sunny, Rarely offered
subg. Melanocrommyum
ex Grossh.
nia, and near Ulupinsk, hemispherical, flowers large, star- summer
well drained soil
sect. Melanocrommyum
E Bozkir, Turkey
shaped, light violet / deep pink with
s. str.
a strong odor of carnations
Allium × stipineva
Selected among A.
Scape 50-60 cm, keeps leaves
Rarely offered; the hybrid offspring
nevskianum seedlings well during flowering time, flower
is expected
by E. Dambrauskas,
heads large and dense, tepals light
Lithuania
purple
Allium yunnanense
Synonym of A. mairei
Diels
Allium zebdanense L.
Leaves narrow, flat, slightly shorter May / spring / Herbaceous borders, rock
subg. Amerallium sect.
than the 20-40 cm long scape,
begin of April gardens, pots
Molium s. str.
umbels fascicular, flowers few / 310, large, white, campanulate
39
Taxon
Allium zenobiae Cory
Origin
Synonym of A. canadense var. mobilense
synonyms of A. siculum
Specific characters
Nectaroscordum
bulgaricum Janka, N.
dioscoridis (Sm.)
Stankov, N. siculum
(Ucria) Lindl.
Nectaroscordum
Synonym of A. tripedale
tripedale (Trautv.)
Traub
Nothoscordum bivalve
Leaves straight upright, yellowish(L.) Britton
green, very narrowly linear, channeled, scape 15-25 cm, umbel
narrow, flowers few, yellowish,
funnel-shaped
Nothoscordum
Leaves narrowly linear, flat,
borbonicum Kunth syn.
glaucous, scape 20-60 cm, umbel
Allium fragrans Vent.,
narrow, flowers several, white,
Nothosc. fragrans
funnel-shaped, fragrant, tepals
(Vent.) Kunth, Nothosc.
often lilac flushed, mid-vein dark
inodorum auct. non
(Aiton) G. Nichols.
Flow. period
Use
Remarks
Classification
May? July (? Herbaceous borders
October)
Frost tender; may become invasive by self-seeding and side
bulblets; very similar to Allium
species but only distantly related
genus Nothoscordum
Kunth
Year round, Herbaceous borders in
in temperate warm regions
zones April to
October
A noxious weed under frost-free
conditions
genus Nothoscordum
Kunth
Remarks
Only once offered
Classification
subg. Amerallium sect.
Lophioprason
List of named cultivars
Cultivar and species
Origin
'03-61'
Santa Cruz Mts., Calif.
Allium unifolium
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Small starburst inflorescence with
Can multiply vigorously
pedicels much longer than the
when kept moist during
perigone, flowers widely
flowering
campanulate, pink and rose
'Agalik' former 'Arvaz' Agalik valley near
Scape 80 cm, large airy umbels of
Very well growing
Allium sarawschanicum Samarkand, Saravshan violet flowers, center of flower
Range, Uzbekistan
umbel light green
'Agalik's Giant' = 'Torch' Agalik, Saravshan
Scape 40 cm, umbels large dense, Early
Also for cut flowers
Allium oreophilum
range, Uzbekistan
flowers magnolia purple
40
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Megaloprason s. str.
subg. Porphyroprason
sect. Porphyroprason
Cultivar and species
Origin
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
'Akbulak'
Akbulak valley,
Height 40 cm, flowers up-looking, Early
Allium barsczewskii
Uzbekistan (RKMPbright reddish purple
summer
8205)
'Akbulak'
(no location given) RKM- Scape 80 cm, umbel airy / very
Early
Cut flowers
Allium rosenorum
8217
large, more lax, flowers darkest midseason /
purple
May - June
'Akita'
Registered by Maurits 90 cm high, inflorescence 20 cm in
Allium cristophii × A. Pronk, Zwaagdijk 15-10- diameter, flowers very light purple
macleanii
2004
RHS 76B UCL #221,
'Alan'
NE Turkey
Scape 30 cm, flowers cup shaped End June - Rock gardens
Allium tauricola
with acuminate segments, dull
July
purple edged white
'Alba' identical with
Urungachsai, Pskem
Flowers pure snow white
'Snow Cap'
valley, Uzbekistan
Allium barsczewskii
'Alba'
Leaves grass-like, blue-grey,
April - May
Allium maximowiczii
height 15 cm, flowers many, small,
white, become paper-like after
anthesis
'Album'
Tubergen 1969
Scape 20-50 cm, flowers white
July - August 2002 R.H.S. Award of
Allium carinatum
introduced
Garden Merit
subsp. pulchellum
'Album'
Allium cyaneum
'Album'
Scape ribbed, 100 cm, white
May / spring / Cut flowers
Allium hollandicum
flowers slightly purplish tinged,
April - May
anthers lilac-pinkish
'Album'
Scape 15-20 cm
June
Allium karataviense
'Album'
Scape 30 cm, umbels c. 3 cm,
May to
Ornamental beds and
Allium schoenoprasum
flowers cup-shaped, white / pale August
borders, cut flowers
syn. A. schoenoprasum
rose with green / violet mid-vein
f. albiflorum hort.
41
Remarks
Classification
subg. Reticulatobulbosa
sect. Campanulata
Mostly offered under A. jesdianum subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Procerallium
Data from KAVB database by
courtesy of J. v. Scheepen
subg. Melanocrommyum
Named after the collector Alan
McMurtrie, Canada
subg. Allium sect.
Codonoprasum
Also offered as "white form"
subg. Reticulatobulbosa
sect. Campanulata
"subsp. shibutsiense" is apparently subg. Cepa sect.
a name without botanical standing Schoenoprasum
? = A. carinatum subsp.
pulchellum f. album, probably
formally undescribed
Identity is doubtful, the flat flowers
look different from A. cyaneum!
Perhaps identical to A.
rosenbachianum 'Alba'
Dual use as spice plant and
ornamental
subg. Allium sect.
Codonoprasum
subg. Reticulatobulbosa
sect. Sikkimensia
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Procerallium
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Miniprason
subg. Cepa sect.
Schoenoprasum
Cultivar and species
'Album'
Allium stipitatum
'Aman Kutan'
Allium barsczewskii
'Ambassador'
Allium stipitatum × A.
giganteum
'Amethyst'
Allium nutans
'Annette'
Allium schubertii × A.
atropurpureum
'Aquamarine'
Allium litvinovii, named
formerly A. caesium
'Pskem's Beauty'
'Aravan'
Allium caesium
Origin
Aman Kutan pass, Uzbekistan (ARJA-9854)
Registered by Fa. A.
Langedijk 29-08-2005
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Scape smooth, 100-120 cm, umbel May ? June
large dense, flowers pure white
Habit compact, rich flowering,
flowers bright scarlet red
Height 100 cm, pale blue-violet
May - June Ornamental beds, sunny
flowers 84C
spots or in half-shade
Umbels large, flowers amethystine
lilac finally raspberry rose, ovaries
deep pink, stamens long exserted
giving a pincushion effect
Not found in recent catalogues
Scape 1 - 1.1 m, inflorescence of June
green leaflets between pale violet
bulblets
Scape 50 cm, largish heads of
densely packed lilac-pink florets
Classification
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Procerallium
subg. Reticulatobulbosa
sect. Campanulata
subg. Melanocrommyum
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
Ihnachsai gorge ,
Leaves tubular, plants 30-40 cm
Uzbekistan (ARJA-9891, high, umbels more lax, flowers
9889)
very light blue slightly greenish
tinted with darker mid-vein
ARJA-0043
Earlier flowering, flowers beautiful
pinkish violet
'Art'
Registered by A.J. van
Allium scorodoprasum den Berg Flower Power
11-06-2009
'Arvaz'
Former name for 'Agalik'
Allium sarawschanicum
'Asteroids'
Allium nutans × A.
senescens
'Atlas'
Registered by Fa. A.
Langedijk 26-06-2001
Remarks
Entire month
of August
Scape 75-90 cm, 30 cm heads of
cornflower-blue flowers
subg. Melanocrommyum
Good drainage preferred Taxonomic affiliation remains
unclear
subg. Allium sect.
Caerulea
Makes no bulbils but
Taxonomic affiliation remains
mother bulbs increase by unclear
splitting
subg. Allium sect.
Caerulea
subg. Allium sect. Allium
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Megaloprason s. str
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
Cut flowers, borders, beds; Also identically named cultivars of subg. Melanocrommyum?
needs well-drained, moist, A. cepa cultivar group aggregatum
loamy soil in full sun
and carrots exist
42
Cultivar and species
'August Confection'
Allium lusitanicum
Origin
'Autumn Violet 2'
'Autumn Violet' × A.
thunbergii
Selected after embryo
culture
'Autumn Violet 3'
'Autumn Violet' × A.
thunbergii
Selected after embryo
culture
'Autumn Violet'
Allium chinense × A.
thunbergii
'Autumn Violet Mini'
Allium chinense × A.
virgunculae var. kiiense
Murata
'Ballerina'
'Bamberg'
Allium schoenoprasum
Registered by Paul van
Bentem Bloembollen 1308-2004
Specific characters
Handsome clumps of shiny green
strap-like foliage, small, tight
heads of deep, ruddy pink flowers
Flow. period
Use
Late summer,
at it's peak
the beginning
of August
Bulbs well multiplying, leaves
Late October Cut flowers
cylindrical c. 51 cm long, plants c. - early
30 cm, scape c. 65 cm, umbels 6 November
cm diameter, spherical, ± manyflowered flowers reddish-purple,
Bulbs well multiplying, leaves
Late October Cut flowers
cylindrical c. 43 cm, plants c. 24 - early
cm, scape c. 50 cm, umbels 5.5 November
cm diam., spherical, ± manyflowered, flowers reddish-purple
Scape 50-60 cm, umbels 6 cm
Late October
diam., spherical, few-flowered with
simultaneously flowering reddish
purple flowers
Bulbs well multiplying, leaves
October
Pots
narrowly cylindrical c. 28 cm long,
plants 20 cm, about 3 scapes per
sprout c. 26 cm long, umbels 3.3
cm diam., spherical, ± few-flowered, flowers dark reddish purple
Remarks
merely a dark color form
Classification
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
subg. Cepa sect.
Sacculiferum
subg. Cepa sect.
Sacculiferum
subg. Cepa sect.
Sacculiferum
subg. Cepa sect.
Sacculiferum
Not found in recent catalogues;
also the name of a tulip cultivar
Leaf number is lower, not
susceptible to Allium rust fungus,
great violet flowers, late anthesis,
'Beau Regard' or 'Beau Registered by J.R. Bijl Scape strong, 90 cm, head large, June - July
Regarde'
van Duyvenbode 31-12- flowers lilac blue / pink
Allium cristophii × A. 1993
giganteum (?)
43
subg. Cepa sect.
Schoenoprasum
1995 R.H.S. Award of
Garden Merit
subg. Melanocrommyum
Cultivar and species
'Betsie'
Allium schubertii × A.
atropurpureum
'Bicolor'
Allium
sphaerocephalon
'Bing Bong'
Allium schoenoprasum
'Bizar' or 'Bizard'
Allium scorodoprasum
'Black Isle Blush'
Allium schoenoprasum
Origin
Specific characters
No description found
Flow. period
Use
Remarks
No description found
Breeder Volkmar Schara No description found
2012
Scape 100-120 / 90 cm,
inflorescence with many bulblets
Registered by
30 cm, flowers light mauve,
Poyntzfield Herb
'blushes' with a deep pink flower
Nursery 21-02-1996
centre / violet with dark pattern
'Blue Eddie'
Breeder Mark Mc
Leaves wavy, scape 20 cm,
Allium senescens subsp. Donough
flowers pink
glaucum (Schrad. ex
Poir.) Dostal
'Blue Skies'
No description found
Allium lusitanicum misnamed A. tanguticum
'Bolero'
Height 60 cm, semi-globose inflorAllium atropurpureum ×
escence of glossy, star-shaped,
A. schubertii ?
purple flowers
'Brensi'
Registered by A.A.J.M. Flowers violet N82D
Allium senescens
Janssen 15-09-2009
[subsp. senescens]
'Cameleon' or
Registered by Kwekerij Scape 20-25 cm, tepals white
'Camelion'
De Schüllhorn 11-12- 155D median vein violetred N57A
Allium trifoliatum
2008/ Wayne Roderick,
USA
'Cantabria' or
Near pass Pajares, N No description found
'Cantabrica'
Spain
Allium victorialis
Classification
subg. Melanocrommyum
subg. Allium sect. Allium
June - July
Cut flowers
1995 R.H.S. Award of
Garden Merit ??
August September
subg. Cepa sect.
Schoenoprasum
subg. Allium sect. Allium
Edging
Dual use like common chives
subg. Cepa sect.
Schoenoprasum
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
June - July
subg. Melanocrommyum
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
June - July
subg. Amerallium sect.
Molium s. str.
subg. Anguinum sect.
Anguinum
44
Cultivar and species
Origin
'Carlito'
Registered by Maurits
Allium cristophii hybrid Pronk 21-06-2006/ Fa.
?
Langedijk, Zwaagdijk
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Leaves glossy, strap-shaped, mid- Spring to
green, scape sturdy, erect about summer
75 cm, umbels rounded, about 12
cm across, dense, flowers starshaped, silvery, light purple / pale
blueviolet 76A
'Caroline'
Breeder ? Piet de Jong Flowers lilac-pink, height 60-70 cm June Allium nutans
August
'Charming'
Average plant height 30 cm and
Mixed borders
Allium karataviense
width 50 cm, flowers pink
'Chinoro'
Chinoro gorge,
Scape 70-80 cm, flowers deep
Allium sarawschanicum Tajikistan (RM-8274)
purple in very airy globular umbels,
pedicels of different length
'Chris' Dwarf'
Former name of 'Eros'
Allium unifolium
'Colanda'
Registered by G.
Scape 100 cm, tepals outside dark
1964 T.G.A.
Allium rosenorum (?) Winkelaar 31-12-1950 violet / violet-purple?, inside
purple, edged paler, bent upwards
'Constellation'
The green foliage looks more like July - August
Allium nutans hybrid
A. senescens, the strongly "winged" - September
misnamed A.
scapes are similar to A. nutans
komarovianum
'Corsican White'
Scape 20 cm, flowers white, very
Sunny or half-shaded
Allium schoenoprasum
decorative
spots
'Cowanii'
Scape 30-40 cm, inflorescence
April -May
Allium neapolitanum
large, flowers pure white, early
flowering
'Cranz' or 'Crans'
'Croton'
Allium cernuum
Plants are similar to A.
atropurpureum, flowers purplish
20 cm tall
June - July
45
Rock gardens
Remarks
Very different pictures in
catalogues found
Classification
subg. Melanocrommyum
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Miniprason
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Megaloprason s. str.
subg. Amerallium sect.
Lophioprason
subg. Melanocrommyum
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
Spice plant with ornamental
properties
KAVB Intern. Checklist (1991):
"Sometimes considered conspecific with but horticulturally distinct
from A. neapolitanum."
Only pictures in catalogues seen
subg. Cepa sect.
Schoenoprasum
subg. Amerallium sect.
Molium
subg. Melanocrommyum
?
subg. Amerallium sect.
Lophioprason
Cultivar and species
Origin
Specific characters
'Dark Eyes'
Registered by Mts
Flowers violet 71A
Allium ampeloprasum Mellema-Versteeg, Creil,
2012; seedling of plants
from Crete
'Darwas Wonder'
Darwaz Mts., Tajikistan Flowers intensely greenish-yellow
Allium darwasicum
'Dreadlocks'
Registered by Dix &
Flowers greenbrown 152D with
Allium oleraceum L.
Zijerveld 07-09-2005 / R. violet 71A
Zijerveld, Lisserbroek
'Dready'
Registered by A.J. van Scape 60-80 cm, flowers green
Allium vineale
den Berg Flower Power and rose / dark green 137A in
11-06-2009
loose heads with central bulbils
'Duschak'
Arvaz valley, Kopetdag Scape up to 70 cm, umbel dense,
Allium pseudozerav- range, Turkmenistan
globose, tepals light pinkish-violet
schanicum
with darker midrib
'Dutchman'
Registered by Fa. J. Res Flowers violet N81C
en Zn, Castricum, 2012 /
Henk Hollander
'Early Emperor'
Registered by Fa. A.
Scape ribbed, 60 / 80 cm long,
Allium jesdianum
Langedijk 21-06-2006 inflorescence > 15 cm, flowers
subsp. angustitepalum
star-like violet 72B, filaments white
'Elbe'
Scape 30 cm, spathe pale pink,
Allium schoenoprasum
flowers white
'Emir'
Registered by Leonid Leaves resist well late frost
Allium sarawschanicum Bondarenko 05-07-2005 damage, shape and size of flower
'Chinoro' × A.
heads like A. rosenbachianum,
rosenbachianum s. str.
flowers purple / violet 77B
'Eros' formerly 'Chris' Registered by W.H. de Scape 20 / 30-35 cm, stiff, umbels
Dwarf'
Goede 26-06-2006
> 10 cm, flowers bluerose N74D /
Allium unifolium
bright lilac pink
'Esmee'
Leaves not screw-like, plants 65Allium nutans
75 cm, flower heads lilac-violet, 6
cm in diam.
Flow. period
Use
July
Cut flowers, but slow
growing and difficult
Remarks
Classification
subg. Allium sect. Allium
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Regeloprason
subg. Allium sect.
Codonoprasum
June - July
May become weedy by self-sowing subg. Allium sect. Allium
of air bulblets
Scarcely differing from A.
sarawschanicum
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Megaloprason s. str.
Not found in recent catalogues
April - May
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Procerallium
Award of KAVB for beauty
and perfection
Spice plant with ornamental
properties
subg. Cepa sect.
Schoenoprasum
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Megaloprason
June
subg. Amerallium sect.
Lophioprason
July - August
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
46
Cultivar and species
Origin
'Explosion'
Registered by René
Allium stipitatum
Zijerveld 22-05-2008 /
Kater, Breezand
'Ferris Wheel'
Received as A.
Allium stellatum × A. drummondii
cernuum
'Feuerwerk'
Allium schubertii
'Fireworks Yellow'
Allium flavum
'Firmament'
Registered by Fa. A.
Allium atropurpureum × Langedijk 10-12-1996
A. cristophii (?)
'Forelock'
Registered by Fa. M.M.
Allium amethystinum Duin 14-08-2008
'Forescate'
Allium schoenoprasum
'Fruhlau'
F1 hybrid
Allium schoenoprasum
'Garni'
Near Garni (Armenia)
Allium pseudoampeloprasum
'Genial'
Registered by G.A.J. v.
der Lans 15-10-2004
'Gimli'
Allium protensum × A.
nevskianum
'Gladiator'
Registered by W. Hey
Allium hollandicum × A. 31-12-1981
stipitatum
Specific characters
Flowers violet 77B
Flow. period
Remarks
Not found in recent catalogues
Classification
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Procerallium
Similar to A. cernuum with many
characters of A. stellatum
Assumed to be a spontaneous
hybrid
subg. Amerallium
Only a photo seen
Looks like the normal species
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Kaloprason
subg. Allium sect.
Codonoprasum
subg. Melanocrommyum
Plants 30 cm high with masses of
yellow blooms held in airy sprays
Scape 80 cm, large umbels 10 - 12 May - June
cm, flowers deep purple
130 cm high, flower heads 10 cm
across, flowers green to vinous /
violetred 59D to darker violetred
59A
Scape to 30 cm, flowers large,
May to
deep rose purple, early and
September
repeatedly flowering
Scape to 25 cm, early and plentiful
flowering
Scape reaches 0.8 - 1 m
Use
Beds, borders,
containers, cut flowers
Borders, cut flowers
subg. Allium sect. Allium
Mixed beds and borders, Dual use as herb and ornamental subg. Cepa sect.
cut flowers, edging, contSchoenoprasum
ainers
subg. Cepa sect.
Schoenoprasum
subg. Allium sect. Allium
Not found in recent catalogues
Umbel up to 30 cm in diameter
Leaves large, somewhat hairy,
scape 70 - 120 / 170 cm, head
very dense, broadly globose, flowers purple / rose-purple, sterile
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Kaloprason
May ? June Herbaceous beds, cut
flowers, forcing
47
R.H.S. Award of Garden Merit
1995
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Procerallium
Cultivar and species
'Glauca' or 'Glaucum'
Allium lusitanicum
Origin
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Remarks
Leaves good, scape 20 cm, heads July - August Borders, kitchen gardens Also offered as A. senescens var.
globose, flowers pale pink
glaucum, a name of no botanical
standing
'Globemaster'
Registered by J.R. Bijl Leaves large, bright green, glossy, June
Solitary plants in herba- A. cristophii and A. macleanii were
Allium cristophii × A. van Duyvenbode 31-12- scape glossy, 80 - 100 cm, heads
ceous borders, cut
confirmed as parents (Friesen et
macleanii
1971
large, flowers violet, long-lasting
flowers, forcing.
al. 1997)
bloom
1971 A.M., 1973 F.C.C.,
1995 R.H.S. Award of
Garden Merit
'Globus'
Leaves hairless, glaucous, scape May ? June Herbaceous beds and
A. cristophii and A. giganteum
Allium karataviense ×
40-50 cm, head large, initially
borders, pots, long-lasting were excluded as possible parents
A. stipitatum
semi-globose, flowers pinkish /
bloom
(Friesen et al. 1997)
whitish
'Glory of Pamir' form- Hodji-Obi-Garm,
Scape 1-1.3 m, with dense umbels
1997 T.G.A.
erly 'Hodji-Obi-Garm' Tajikistan
of lilac flowers
Allium stipitatum
'Glowing Amethyst"
Seedling of 'Forescate' Growth rather globose, scape 35 May - July
Allium schoenoprasum
cm, flowers pinkish-carmine or
rose-red
'Goliath'
Registered by Hoog & Height 80-150 cm, inflorescence May - June
More similar to A. stipitatum
Allium altissimum
Dix Export 25-08-2004 till 12 cm across
'Graceful Beauty' =
Registered by W. van Bulbs with red tunics, 2-4 leaves, April - May Beds and borders
'Gracefull'
Lierop en Zn. B.V. 09- scape to 40 cm, inflorescence
Allium amplectens
11-2010/ W. Mellema, globular, many-flowered and long
Creil; seedling
flowering, pure white NN 155C
with violetred 58D nerve
'Grandiflorum'
Flowers larger than the type with a
Allium neapolitanum
dark eye
'Grandiflorum'
Europe, 1976
Height c. 40 cm, flowers pink
Allium roseum
'Grasgrün'
Plants only 20 cm tall, flowers
April - June Borders, rock gardens
Allium schoenoprasum
white
48
Classification
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str..
subg. Melanocrommyum
subg. Melanocrommyum
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Procerallium
subg. Cepa sect.
Schoenoprasum
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Procerallium
subg. Amerallium sect.
Molium s. str.
subg. Amerallium sect.
Molium s. str.
subg. Amerallium sect.
Molium s. str.
subg. Cepa sect.
Schoenoprasum
Cultivar and species
'Green Drops'
Allium ampeloprasum
var. babingtonii
'Green Grace'
Allium backhousianum
Origin
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Remarks
Registered by Mts
Scape straight, flowers dark violet
Cut flowers
Is dicussed by some bulb
Mellema-Versteeg, Creil, N77C, bulbils green
enthusiasts in the Internet
2013
Registered by Mts
Scape straight, flowers white
Seedheads as cut flowers Only photo seen, does not differ
Mellema-Versteeg, Creil, 1255B, dense heads of green
from the wild form
2013
capsules
'Guna'
Selected by J. Ruksans Foliage nice, scape 1 m long with
Allium macleanii × A. (Latvia); open pollinated globose umbels, petals wide, very
hollandicum
A. macleanii (A. elatum) bright purplish violet
'Hair'
Registered by A.J. van Scape up to 70 cm, flower head of July - August
Allium vineale
den Berg / Flower Power small purplish bulbils with fine
19-09-2000
thread-like, green leaves
'Hairy Friend'
Registered by Mts
Flowers violet N81C with white
Allium ampeloprasum Mellema-Versteeg, Creil, 155D
2012
'Handzorut'
Handzorut, S Armenia Scape 20-30 cm, brownish pink
Allium woronowii
flowers
'Hidcote'
Allium cernuum
'His Excellency'
Allium macleanii
'Hodji-Obi-Garm'
Allium stipitatum
'Huteri'
Allium senescens
Registered by A.
Langedijk 31-12-1993
Stronger plants with greater
flowers
Leaves slowly withering during
May - June
bloom, scape 90 cm, flowers
pinkish-violet deeper in color than
A. macleanii
Later renamed 'Glory of
Pamir'
Garden offspring in
Leaves vividly green, slightly
Southeast Europe
twisted; scape 20 cm, umbels
expected
loose
'Iden Croft'
Plants 30-40 cm, flowers pale
probably A. senescens
violet, leaves and umbels edible
group, not A. tuberosum
July
1993 R.H.S. Award of
Garden Merit
Scape is ribbed ?
Spots in full sun, drought- Also offered as Allium huteri, a
resistant
name of no botanical standing
August to
September
49
Spice plant with ornamental
properties
Classification
subg. Allium sect. Allium
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Acmopetala
subg. Melanocrommyum
subg. Allium sect. Allium
subg. Allium sect. Allium
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Melanocrommyum
s. str.
subg. Amerallium sect.
Lophioprason
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Compactoprason
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Procerallium
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
subg. Rhizirideum s. str. ?
Cultivar and species
'Ineke'
Allium schubertii × A.
atropurpureum
'Ingela'
Allium schubertii × A.
atropurpureum
'Isabelle'
Allium nutans
'Ivory Queen'
Allium karataviense
Origin
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Remarks
Registered by Peter C. Flowers violet 70A
Nijssen 23-05-2008/ A.
Langedijk, Zwaagdijk
Registered by Peter C. Flowers violet 77B
Nijssen 23-05-2008 / A.
Langedijk, Zwaagdijk
Plant height 50 - 60 cm, flowers June - July
cream-white slightly pinkish
Registered by Fa.
Plant height 15 - 20 cm, large pure Quite late /
H.G.M. Huyg & Zn. 13- creamy white flower balls,
June
01-1997
seedpods light greenish white
'Jackpot'
Leaves glossy green, height 100- May - June
120 cm, spherical large inflorescence with violet-blue, star-shaped
flowers
'Jeannine'
Registered by M.H.
Robust and large, flowers golden June
1986 A.M., 1993 R.H.S.
Allium moly
Hoog 31-12-1978;
yellow / bright yellow, often 2
Award of Garden Merit
Spanish Pyrenees,
flower scapes and earlier flowering
'John Dix'
Registered by A.
Scape 100 cm, flowers mauve,
1967 A.M., 1972 F.C.C.
Allium giganteum × A. Twaalfhoven 31-12-1957 paler to the centre
cristophii (?)
'Judith'
Offered as ornamental, without
Allium cepa
picture
'Kara-Tau'
Bugun and Berkara
Rosette of short, broad leaves,
June
Allium karataviense
gorges, Karatau range, scape 15 cm, umbels large dense,
Kazakhstan
flowers whitish / pale pinkish, seed
capsules purplish tinged
'Kemerovo'
Kusnetzk-Alatau range. No description found
Allium victorialis
Kemerovo district, W
Siberia
'Kenton'
No description found
Offered as ornamental
Allium porrum
'Kugart'
Kugart, Fergan range, "Differs from all other known
Allium oreophilum
Kyrgyzstan (ARJA 9719) stocks"
50
Classification
subg. Melanocrommyum
subg. Melanocrommyum
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Miniprason
subg. Melanocrommyum
subg. Amerallium sect.
Molium s. str.
subg. Melanocrommyum
subg. Cepa sect. Cepa
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Miniprason
subg. Anguinum sect.
Anguinum
subg. Allium sect. Allium
subg. Porphyroprason
sect. Porphyroprason
Cultivar and species
'Kuramin's Dwarf'
Allium oreophilum
'Kurilense'
Allium splendens Willd.
ex Schult. & Schult.f.
'Kusavli Curl'
Allium oreophilum
'Leader'
Allium alexeianum × A.
nevskianum
'Lisa Blue'
Allium lusitanicum
'Lisa Green'
Allium lusitanicum
Origin
Kurama Ridge,
Uzbekistan
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Plant height 5-8 cm, flowers very
Rock gardens, pots
dark purple
Plant 10 cm, umbel 8-12-flowered,
flowers lilac-purple
Kusavli-sai, Tajikistan
'Lucy Ball'
Allium macleanii × A.
hollandicum ?
'Magic'
Allium schubertii
W. Hey
Very dwarf plants with unusually
curved leaves
Robust plants like Allium 'Gimli',
but with wider leaves and
multiplies easier
Leaves blue-grey, plants 20-40
cm, flowers lilac-violet
Leaves glossy green, plants very
compact 20 - 40 cm, flowers lilacviolet
Leaves yellowish-green, wide,
scape ribbed, 80-100 cm, head
dense, flowers lilac-purple, sterile
Flowers violet 71A
Breeder ? P. de Jong
Breeder ? P. de Jong
Registered by J.L.
Hopman, t'Zand 2013 /
Emiel Hopman
Pots, rock gardens
'Megaball'
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
August to
September
May - June
Herbaceous borders, cut
flowers, forcing
1972 T.G.A., 1973 A.M.
Plant to 40 cm broad and 60 cm May - July Sunny beds and borders,
high, pale pinkish-violet flowers
in semi-dry to damp soil
Leaves glossy, yellowish green
May ? June /
remaining green for a long time, quite late
scape 100-120 cm, heads large up
to 15 cm, flowers bright violet
Registered by Mts
Scape about 70 cm, flowers pale May - June Cut flowers, borders
Mellema-Versteeg, Creil, blue-violet 76C / soft-pink
2014; selected from
seedlings
No description found
51
Classification
subg. Porphyroprason
sect. Porphyroprason
subg. Reticulatobulbosa
sect. Reticulatobulbosa
subg. Porphyroprason
sect. Porphyroprason
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Kaloprason
July - August
'Major'
Allium schoenoprasum
'Mars'
Registered by A.
Allium stipitatum
Langedijk 31-12-1993
'Marshmellow'
Allium loratum
Remarks
subg. Melanocrommyum
Not found in recent catalogues
Is no hybrid (Friesen et al. 1997)
Not found in recent catalogues,
botanical identity is unclear
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Kaloprason
subg. Cepa sect.
Schoenoprasum
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Procerallium
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Compactoprason ?
Unclear pictures in the web, this could belong to subg.
name is also used for Solanum
Melanocrommyum sect.
pseudocapsicum and winter cherry Procerallium
Cultivar and species
Origin
'Meise'
Breeder P. de Jong,
Allium senescens
Meise
'Mercurius'
Allium cristophii hybrid
?
'Metallic Shine'
A. atropurpureum × A.
cristophii
'Meteor shower'
Allium senescens × A.
nutans × A. angulosum
?
'Miami'
Allium atropurpureum
hybrid ?
'Michael Hoog' or
'Michael H. Hoog'
Allium rosenorum
'Millenium'
Allium nutans
'Minor' or 'Minus'
Allium flavum var.
minus
'Mongolian Gem'
Allium senescens
[subsp. senescens]
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Plants 50-65 cm high, leaves
June - July
rather large, twisted, inflorescence
5 cm, flowers lilac-violet
Registered by Fa. A.
Leaves remain green for long time, June
Beds, landscaping, cut
Langedijk 30-08-2004 plants 80 cm, flower heads 10 cm
flowers
in diam., flowers violet-pink
Registered by Mts
Height 60-70 cm, leaves remain June - July Very good cut flowers,
Mellema-Versteeg, Creil, green during anthesis, flowers
borders
2013
violet 77B with brown-green 138A
Breeder Mark
Leaves narrow, slightly twisting, August
McDonough
scape 30-35 cm long, heads extra
large, hemispherical with intensely
colored buds and rose-pink flowers
Registered by Kweeke- Scape 80 cm, pedicels of unequal June - July
rsvereninging Bulbs of length, fairly open flower heads of
Lowlands, Breezand
red-purple / violet 70A flowers
2011 / A.W. Duivenvoorden, Callantsoog
Registered by Hoog & Leaves narrow, ribbed, scape
Begin of May
Dix Export 25-08-2004 wholly ribbed, 100 - 120 / 70 - 80 / May - June
cm, head large, moderately dense,
up to 12 cm across, flowers
intensely pinkish-purple
Breeder Mark McDon- Narrow, glossy green leaves,
Mid July ough, 3rd or 4th gener- compact plants 30 × 30 cm with 5 August for
ation seedling of Allium cm rosy-purple flower heads
several
'Satellite'
weeks
Flowers deep yellow, smaller than May ? June /
the type, leaves plain green
July
Plants with an average height of
45 cm and a width of 20 cm
Mixed borders, containers, rock gardens,
groundcover
52
Remarks
Classification
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
subg. Melanocrommyum
Not found in recent catalogues
subg. Melanocrommyum
i
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
subg. Melanocrommyum
Often offered under A. jesdianum; subg. Melanocrommyum
is no hybrid (Friesen et al. 1997) sect. Procerallium
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
subg. Allium sect.
Codonoprasum
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
Cultivar and species
Origin
'Monstrosum'
Allium tuberosum
'Mont Blanc'
Registered by N.J.
Allium stipitatum
Langedijk 29-06-1998
'Mother of Pearl'
Allium hollandicum
'Mount Everest'
Allium stipitatum
'No. 20-5-11'
Specific characters
A large variant of A. tuberosum 80
cm high
Scape 100 / 120 cm, head large,
up to 15 cm in diam., flowers true
white, anthers white / yellow
Registered by J. Bijl 31- Scape 80-100 cm, flowers violet12-1963
purple, slightly variable
Registered by A.
Scape 100 - 120 cm, large globuLangedijk 31-12-1993 lar umbels 10-12 cm in diam.,
flowers white, slightly greenish,
anthers yellow
No description found
'Nurek'
Near Nurek, Tajikistan
Allium rosenbachianum
s. str.
'Olympic Mist'
Allium carinatum
subsp. pulchellum
'Orissa'
Mt. Olympus, Greece
Registered by Maurits
Pronk 21-06-2006 / Fa.
Langedijk, Zwaagdijk
'Ostara'
Registered by Van
Allium karataviense × Woesik Veredeling i.o.,
A. atropurpureum
Breezand 2013
'Oxy White'
Allium cernuum
Flow. period
Use
August Flower beds
September
May - June
Remarks
Dual use as spice plant and
ornamental
1968 A.M., 1971 F.C.C.
May - June
3-4 shiny, lettuce green, erect
leaves, scape 1 m, umbel 16-18
cm large spherical, flowers winered
Height 40 cm, flowers creme-white July - August
to lilac with blue mid-veins
Height 80 cm, flower heads large,
fairly open, flowers red-purple /
violet N80C
Leaves 6-7, up to 30 cm long and
7.5 cm wide, scape 45-50 cm,
purplish flushed, umbel 6-7 cm in
diam., flowers star-shaped, 18-20
mm in diam., like filaments violet
70A with violet 77B / dark purple,
ovary dark green with purple flush
Almost white variant of A.
cernuum, syn. A. oxyphilum
Is no hybrid with A. hollandicum
(Friesen et al. 1997)
Classification
subg. Butomissa sect.
Butomissa
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Procerallium
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Procerallium
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Procerallium
Only once offered, only photos
seen
Only once offered
subg. Melanocrommyum
? sect. Procerallium
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Megaloprason s. str.
Taxonomic identity is not clear
subg. Allium sect.
Codonoprasum
Only once offered
subg. Melanocrommyum
?
Also offered under A. scorodopra- subg. Melanocrommyum
sum; is the identical name used for
different cultivars?
subg. Amerallium sect.
Lophioprason
53
Cultivar and species
'Ozawa' or 'Ozawas'
Allium thunbergii
Origin
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Makes cushions 25 cm high and Early to mid Mixed borders
20 cm wide, with showy plum
fall
coloured flowers
'Pam Harper'
Leaves 20 cm × 1.2 cm, slightly Early June,
Allium nutans
twisted, glaucous, scape 40 cm reflowers
with 5 cm globose balls of pure
through the
white flowers or light pink where end of
the nights are cool
September
'Passion'
Registered by A.J. van Scape 80 cm, flowers green and June to July
Allium scorodoprasum den Berg Flower Power pale violet / dark red
11-06-2009
'Pendjikent'
40 km S Pendjikent,
Scape 1.2 m, very large umbel of
Allium rosenorum
Saravshan range,
bright purple flowers, filaments
Tajikistan (RKM-8224) white
'Per Wendelbo'
Prov. Bamian, Afghani- Leaves lanceolate, scape 120 cm, May
Allium jesdianum
stan (W-4865)
head large 15-17 cm, flowers deep
purple, upper filament parts white
'Peter'
Between Akseki and
Scape 50-80 cm, slender, flowers
Needs good drainage
Allium
Manavgat, Turkey
reddish-purple in dense umbels
sphaerocephalon
'Pettstadt'
Flowers pink, profusely flowering
Allium schoenoprasum
'Pinball Wizard'
Registered by Fa. A.
Scape 85 cm, inflorescence
May - June
Allium macleanii × A. Langedijk 26-06-2001 dense, large, flowers dark violet
cristophii
'Pink'
Pinkish flowering form
Allium convallarioides
'Pink Cloud'
Urungachsai, Pskem
Scape long, flowers clean light
Allium barsczewskii
valley, Uzbekistan
pink
(ARJA-9746)
'Pink Feathers'
Plants grow slowly, average height
Mixed borders, contaiAllium senescens ?
30 cm width 40 cm, flowers showy,
ners, rock gardens, cut
hybrid
fragrant, light purple
flowers, edging
54
Remarks
Classification
subg. Cepa sect.
Sacculiferum
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str
subg. Allium sect. Allium
Also offered under A. jesdianum
and A. altissimum
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Procerallium
Belongs probably to subsp.
angustitepalum
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Procerallium
Named after Peter Nijssen
subg. Allium sect. Allium
Not found in recent catalogues
subg. Cepa sect.
Schoenoprasum
subg. Melanocrommyum
subg. Allium sect.
Codonoprasum
subg. Reticulatobulbosa
sect. Campanulata
subg. Rhizirideum ?
Cultivar and species
'Pink Form'
Allium crenulatum
'Pink Globe'
Allium stipitatum
'Pink Jewel'
Allium nigrum L. s. str.
Origin
Hurrican ridge, Olympic
Mts.
Seedling selected by J.
Ruksans (Latvia)
Specific characters
Flow. period
Plants 10-15 cm high with pink
April - June
flowers
Scape 1.2-1.4 m, umbels dense,
globose, flowers distinctly pinkish
Scape 80 cm, umbel 15 cm in
June - July
diam., semi-globular, flowers pink
'Pink Lady'
Registered by Mts
Flowers violet 70A with pale blueAllium ampeloprasum Mellema-Versteeg, Creil, violet 69D
2012
'Pink Perfection'
Registered by Poyntz- Plants 30 cm, with distinct pink
Allium schoenoprasum field Herb Nursery 21- flowers
02-1996
'Pink Planet'
Plants 45-60 cm high, 35-45 cm August to
Allium senescens
wide, leaves wide, twisting, gray- September
green, flower heads 5-8 cm with
light pink to purple flowers
'Pink Vision'
80-100 cm
May - June
Allium rotundum ?
'Popeye'
Looks like A. cepa, could also be a
hybrid
'Powder Puff'
Registered by Mts
Plants about 50 cm, flowers star- May - June
Allium nevskianum × A. Mellema-Versteeg, Creil, shaped, pale blue-violet 76B, over
sarawschanicum
2013
median vein 77A / glossy violet,
anthers white
'Profusion'
Flowers pinkish-violet, rich
Allium schoenoprasum
flowering, does not set seed
'Pskem's Beauty'
Earlier name of A. litA. caesium
vinovii 'Aquamarine'
'Purple Caila'
'Purple Explosion'
Allium hollandicum ?
Registered by Fa. J.H.
Oostdam 30-08-2004
Use
Not found in recent catalogues
Borders
1995 R.H.S. Award of
Garden Merit
Flower beds in full sun to
partial shade, drought
resistant
Borders, cut flowers
Scape 90 cm, spherical heads 15 Late spring to Open sunny spots
cm / large, flowers star-shaped, early summer
violet / violet-purple, tepals pointed
Flowers lilac
55
Remarks
Classification
subg. Amerallium sect.
Amerallium
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Procerallium
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Melanocrommyum
s. str.
subg. Allium sect. Allium
subg. Cepa sect.
Schoenoprasum
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
Only once offered
subg. Allium ?
Offered as ornamental plant,
taxonomic identity is unclear
subg. Cepa sect. Cepa
.
subg. Cepa sect.
Schoenoprasum
subg. Melanocrommyum
subg. Allium sect.
Caerulea
subg. Melanocrommyum
?
Only once offered
subg. Melanocrommyum
Cultivar and species
Origin
'Purple Gem'
Near Of, Turkey
Allium cardiostemon
Specific characters
Scape 40 cm, with a dense head
of blackish-purple flowers
'Purple Gem'
Allium oreophilum
Habit compact, late blooming,
flowers deep red with a dark
purple centre
'Purple Giant'
Registered by N.J.
Langedijk 31-08-2004
'Purple King'
Seed from Bot. Garden Scape 70 /-80 cm, head dense, 8Allium rosenorum
Moscou, 1983 selected 10 cm, flowers dark purple
by J. Ruksans,
registered by Hoog &
Dix Export 25-08-2004
'Purple Mystery'
Registered by Mts
Flowers violet N79C, fast growing
Allium ampeloprasum Mellema-Versteeg, Creil, and first flowering selection
2012
'Purple Rain'
Height 70 - 80 / 90 - 100 cm,
Allium cristophii hybrid
flowers deep ink-violet / purple
?
with metallic glance
'Purple Rhapsody'
Registered by Th. P.
No description found
Warmerdam 08-09-2004
'Purple Sensation'
Registered by J. Bijl 31- Scape basally ribbed, 60 - 80 / 90
Allium hollandicum
12-1963
cm, head moderately dense,
flowers deep-purple, color slightly
variable
'Purple Surprise'
Allium hollandicum
Clone of 'Purple Sensat- Scape 70 / 100 cm, flowers
ion', registered by W.
brighter, bloom later
Hey 31-12-1984 / Th. P.
Warmerdam 24-10-2001
'Purple Suze'
Registered by J.M. van Height 120 cm, head compact,
Allium hollandicum × A. Berkel B.V., Hillegom, large, flowers violet 77B / pinkstipitatum
2013, mutant of 'Gladiator' purple
Flow. period
Use
Remarks
Classification
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Melanocrommyum
s. str.
subg. Porphyroprason
sect. Porphyroprason
Not found in recent catalogues
End of May - Herbaceous beds and
June
borders, cut flowers
May - June
Also offered under A. jesdianum
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Procerallium
Not found in recent catalogues
subg. Allium sect. Allium
Cut flowers
subg. Melanocrommyum
Not found in recent catalogues
Mid to end of Herbaceous beds, cut
May - June flowers, borders, forcing
1968 & 1987 A.M., 1971
F.C.C. 1993 R.H.S.
Award of Garden Merit
End of May Herbaceous beds, cut
flowers, forcing
1984 T.G.A.; 2002 R.H.S.
Award of Garden Merit
June - July Fertile well drained soil, in
full sun or partial shade
56
subg. Melanocrommyum
?
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Procerallium
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Procerallium
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Procerallium
Cultivar and species
Origin
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
'Razjon'
Near Razjon, Tajikistan Leaves usually 4-5, up to 13 cm
Allium rosenbachianum
wide, arched curved, scape 90 cm,
umbel 20 cm large, flowers pinkish
purple
'Red and Pink Giant
No description found
Mix'
Allium karataviense
'Red Eye'
Scape 60 cm, umbel rather flat, June - July
Allium basalticum
flowers large, tepals pure white
Fragman & R.M.
with green median vein, filaments
Fritsch
basally pinkish-red, ovary glossy
purple-red, anthers golden yellow
'Red Giant'
Kurama ridge,
Scape short, "leaves as large as May - June
Allium karataviense
Uzbekistan (SAVVtwo A4 format pages" ?, umbel
9525)
very large, dense, flowers deep
reddish purple
'Red Globe'
Tovaksai, Karshantau Leaves narrower, scape 20 - 40 May - June
Allium karataviense
range, Uzbekistan E
cm, head larger, umbel up to 25 /
subsp. henrikii Ruksans Tashkent (ARJA-9678) 20 cm diam., flowers red to purple
'Red Mohican'
Plants 100 cm high, flowers
July
Allium amethystinum
bordeaux-red with white anthers
'Rien Poortvliet'
Sport of 'Gladiator',
Scape 90 cm, flowers amethyst- May - June
Allium hollandicum × A. registered by W. Hey 31- violet, earlier flowering
stipitatum
12-1980
'Rising Star'
Plants compact, umbels globose April - June / Borders, rock gardens,
Allium schoenoprasum
2.5 cm in diam., flowers pink /
early in the container planting, for
lavender-pink, blooms profusely summer
confined areas
'Rose Picture'
Registered by Mts
Flowers pale blue-violet 76A, over
Allium ampeloprasum Mellema-Versteeg, Creil, median vein dark green N137A
2013
'Roseum'
Flowers pink
Allium senescens
57
Remarks
Only once offered
Classification
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Megaloprason s. str.
Only once offered, perhaps no
cultivar but a special offer
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Miniprason
Perhaps identical to 'Silver
Springs'
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Melanocrommyum
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Miniprason
From the type location of this
subspecies
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Miniprason
subg. Allium sect. Allium
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Procerallium
subg. Cepa sect.
Schoenoprasum
Not found in recent catalogues
subg. Allium sect. Allium
Not found in recent catalogues
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
Cultivar and species
Origin
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
'Rosy Dream'
Registered by Mts Mel- Flowers violet N80C
Borders, not for cut
lema-Versteeg, Creil,
flowers
2013; selected seedling
'Rosy Giant'
Registered by A. Twaalf- Scape 100 cm, flowers amaranthAllium giganteum
hoven 31-12-1959
rose edged darker
'Roter Zuckerhut'
Scape 80 cm, inflorescence
May
Allium amethystinum
conical, flowers deep purple
hybrid ?
'Round n' Purple' =
Registered by Th. P.
Height 80 - 90 / 90 - 120 cm,
End of May
'Round and Purple' = Warmerdam 19-11-1997 inflorescence dense, depressed'Round & Purple'
globose 20-25 cm, larger than
Allium cristophii × A.
'Globemaster', flowers amethystmacleanii ("elatum")
violet / purple-violet
'Rubra'
Karanchitogai, Chatkal 3-4 very wide leaves, scape 10 Allium karataviense
range, Uzbekistan
15 cm, flower heads large, dense,
flowers very deep purplish red
'Russia'
'Samur'
Allium oreophilum
'Sara'
Allium angulosum
'Satellite'
Allium nutans hybrid
'Scarlet Beauty'
Allium barsczewskii
'Sevilla'
'Shalom'
Upper course of river
Samur, Daghestan,
Russia
Breeder ? Piet de Jong
Scape 10-15 cm, leaves longer,
umbels large, dense, flowers
purplish red
Scape 40-50 cm, flowers lilacJuly - August Also pots
violet
Breeder ? Mark
Scape 60-70 cm tall, often 2-3
July to mid
McDonough, seedling of scapes emerging from each sprout August
'Constellation'
Aman-Kutan pass, Uzb- Habit comparatively compact,
ekistan (ARJA-9854)
flowers abundantly in a bright
scarlet red
Registered by Maurits Flowers strong purple RHS 77B
Pronk 21-06-2006/ Fa. UCL #218
Langedijk, Zwaagdijk
Registered by C. Broeze Scape 160-175 cm, flowers violet31-12-1977
purple
58
Remarks
Classification
Is an American species, not A.
subg. Polyprason sect.
carolinianum! Not found in recent Falcatifolia
catalogues
Not found in recent catalogues
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Compactoprason
subg. Allium
subg. Melanocrommyum
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Miniprason
Only once offered, photo similar to subg. Melanocrommyum
A. aflatunense s.str.
?
subg. Porphyroprason
sect. Porphyroprason
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
subg. Reticulatobulbosa
sect. Campanulata
The plant is similar to 'Globemaster', also a leek 'Sevilla' exists
subg. Melanocrommyum
?
Not found in recent catalogues
subg. Melanocrommyum
?
Cultivar and species
Origin
'Shepherds Crook'
Allium schoenoprasum
'Shing'
Shing gorge, Tajikistan
Allium rosenorum
(RKM-8220), registered
by Hoog & Dix Export
25-08-2004
'Silver Springs' = 'Sil- Registered by C.S.
verspring'
Weijers & Zn. 29-05Allium basalticum Fra- 2008; fom Israel
gman & R.M. Fritsch
'Sina'
Allium nevskianum
Sina, Uzbekistan
'Snowcap' = 'Alba'
Allium barsczewskii
Urungachsai, Pskem
valley, Uzbekistan
(ARJA-9745)
'South bells'
Allium tripedale ?
'Spider'
Allium schubertii × A.
atropurpureum
'Spitak'
Allium woronowii
'Statos' or 'Stratos'
Allium hollandicum ?
'Stellar Dust'
Allium nutans × A.
senescens hybrid?
'Sugar Melt'
Allium nutans × A.
senescens hybrid ?
Specific characters
Scape to 5 cm, leaves contorted
Flow. period
Use
Bulbs yellowish, leaves yellowish / Earliest
grey green, scape 70 cm, umbels blooming
very dense, flowers dark purple
Remarks
Not found in recent catalogues
Sometimes offered under A.
jesdianum
Scape 75-90 cm, umbels semiMay - June
globose, flowers white 155D /
crème with red / dark purple
ovaries and red filament bases,
sweet scent
1 elliptic leaf, scape very short,
flowers greenish white with purple
midrib
Flowers pure snow-white
Classification
subg. Cepa sect.
Schoenoprasum
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Procerallium
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Melanocrommyum
s. str.
Also wrongly offered under A.
alexeianum
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Kaloprason
Probably A. barsczewskii f. niveum subg. Reticulatobulbosa
Krassovsk.
sect. Campanulata
Plants 30-50 cm (?)
Only photo seen
subg.Nectaroscordum?
Registered by Bulbs of Plant height 60 cm, flowers violet June - July
Lowlands 02-09-2009 N78B with dark green 136B
subg. Melanocrommyum
Spitak district, Armenia Scape 40-50 cm, umbels tight,
flowers large, star shaped, pink,
strong smell of carnations
Registered by J.M. van Plant height 100 cm, flowers violet Early May
Berkel B.V. 15-09-2005 77C / lilac-purple
Breeder ? Mark
Inflorescences very dense, flowers August
McDonough
with stamens well exserted,
literally look like pin cushions
Leaves narrow, green, scape c. 35 July cm with pale pink, dome-shaped September
flower balls
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Melanocrommyum
s. str.
subg. Melanocrommyum
59
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
Rock gardens, low
maintenance and drought
tolerant
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
Cultivar and species
Origin
'Sulev's Dwarf'
Selected by Sulev
Allium oreophilum
Savisaar, Estonia
'Summer Beauty'
Allium lusitanicum misnamed A. tanguticum
'Summer Drummer'
Allium ampeloprasum
'Summer Pink'
Allium senescens
'Sunset'
Allium komarowii
'Superbum'
Allium nutans
'Sweet Discovery'
'Talish'
Allium paradoxum var.
normale
'Titan'
Allium stipitatum
'Turkish Delight'
Allium akaka auct. × A.
"lyaconicum"
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
2 narrow leaves, scape only 5 cm,
Pots
umbel dense, flowers darkest
reddish purple
Selected by Roy Diblik Long-lasting, clump-forming
(June) July to Beds, ground cover,
plants, leaves flat, strap-shaped, August
drought-tolerant,
shiny green, scapes tall, 5 cm
untroubled by pests or
globes of pallid mauvish flowers
diseases and long-lived
Registered by Mts
Scape purple 1.5-1.8 m, compact July - August Good soil with sufficient
Mellema-Versteeg 20- head up to 12 cm diam., flowers
water supply but good
01-2006 / W. Mellema, violet 71A with white 155D /
drainage, grows well and
Creil; selected seedling purple, anthers white
makes large bulbs
Open pollinated seedling The gray leaves swirl and twist, August
of A. senescens "subsp. scape tall, flower heads large
glaucum"
hemispherical (2-3 per sprout)
From a single bulb found Flowers significantly darker and
in the original A.
richer in color
Seisums introduction
Leaves dark green, scape up to 50 Early
Borders, edging, ground
cm, heads very dense, flowers
summer /
cover, containers; sun
purple / dark pink
August
loving and drought
tolerant
Registered by F.J. van No description found
der Zalm 31-12-1993
Talish, S Azerbaijan
Scape 30 cm, flowers white, umbel
Woodland conditions, can
(RSZ-8713)
never with aerial bulbils
naturalize in shade, can
suffer from strong sunlight
Selected by L. Bondar- The largest form of A. stipitatum
enko from Tajik material seen by the breeder and the
largest allium in his collection
Selected by A. Seisums Leaves like A. akaka, stocky plant,
(Latvia)
scape c. 20 cm, umbel very dense,
flowers long-lasting, cup-shaped,
pink with greenish-pink vein,
delicate smell of carnations
60
Remarks
Also wrongly offered as A.
angulosum cultivar
Classification
subg. Porphyroprason
sect. Porphyroprason
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
subg. Allium sect. Allium
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Compactoprason
Also offered as A. superbum, a
name of no botanical standing
Rarely offered, with different
pictures
subg. Rhizirideum s. str.
sect. Rhizirideum s. str.
subg. Amerallium sect.
Briseis
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Procerallium
subg. Melanocrommyum
Cultivar and species
'Twinkling Stars'
Allium giganteum
'Universe' or 'Univers'
Allium cristophii hybrid
?
Origin
Registered by G. Turk
28-08-2009
Registered by Fa. A.
Langedijk 26-06-2001
'Vardaovit'
Allium woronowii
Vardaovit, Armenia
'Venus'
Specific characters
Flowers violet 70B
Scape stout, taller than A. cristophii, heads usual spherical not so
dense as 'Globemaster', flowers
violet / in metallic purple shade
Scape only 15-20 cm
Registered by P.
Flowers deep reddish purple RHS
Langedijk 15-10-2004 77A UCL #238
'Violet Beauty'
Registered by J.J.M.
Scape 60 - 80 / 100 cm, flowers
Twaalfhoven 31-12-1979 mineral-violet / very light purple
RHS 76B UCL #221 with a green
mid-vein on the back
'Violet Sensation'
No description given
'Wallington White'
Registered by Monksil- Plants 50 cm, scape strong, balls
Allium schoenoprasum ver Nursery 31-12-1992 dense, globose, flowers white
'White'
Plants dense 15-20 cm high,
Allium maximowiczii
leaves fine, silvery-grey, umbels
compact, semi-globose, flowers
white
'White Beauty'
Seedling selected by J. Flowers purest white
Allium woronowii
Ruksans (Latvia)
'White Cloud'
Allium ampeloprasum ?
'White Dwarf'
Allium cernuum
'White Dwarf'
Allium tuberosum
Flow. period
Use
Remarks
Not offered in recent catalogues
Rock gardens, pots
Classification
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Compactoprason
subg. Melanocrommyum
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Melanocrommyum
s. str.
subg. Melanocrommyum
June
Looks like A. altissimum s.str.
May
Allium hollandicum or hybrid of A. subg. Melanocrommyum
cristophii ?
Only once offered
April - June
Borders, rock gardens
April - May
Plants 80 / 125 cm, umbel dense May
Taxonomic identity is unclear
globular, flowers white
Height only 10-15 cm, flowers
(May) June - Sunny places with damp
white
July
soil, or dry spots in semishade
Plants 15 cm high, flowers white Mid summer Open, sunny positions
with gritty, well drained
soil
61
subg. Cepa sect.
Schoenoprasum
subg. Cepa sect.
Schoenoprasum
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Melanocrommyum
s. str.
sect. Allium ?
subg. Amerallium sect.
Lophioprason
subg. Butomissa sect.
Butomissa
Cultivar and species
'White Empress'
Allium rosenorum
'White Giant'
Allium stipitatum
Origin
Registered by Fa. A.
Langedijk 14-08-2008
Registered by Gebr.
Valkering, Egmont aan
den Hoef, 2012
Specific characters
Flow. period
Use
Scape 60-80 cm, flowers white
April - May Borders, cut flowers
NN155C
Leaves upright, 60 cm, persisting May
until flowering is over, scape 1.2 1.5 / 1.5 - 1.8 m, flowers white
155D
'White Max'
Scape 35-40 cm, buds pink,
May to July
Allium cernuum
flowers white
'Wildform'
Collected in the Koralpe, Excellent bright pink flower color,
Allium schoenoprasum Carinthia, Austria
but not so profusely flowering like
other cultivars
'World Cup'
Selected by J. Ruksans Very decorative foliage, scape 70 - May - June
Allium macleanii × A. (Latvia), seedling of
80 / 100 - 120 cm, flowers look like
stipitatum ?
open pollinated A.
A. macleanii but bulb like A.
macleanii
stipitatum
'Zaamin'
Zaamin, Turkestan
1 elliptic leaf, scape very short,
Allium alexeianum
range, Uzbekistan
umbel globose, flowers greenish
white, tepals with purple midrib
'Zaamin'
Zaamin, Turkestan
Flowers clear dark blue with even
Allium caesium
range, Uzbekistan
darker mid-vein
(ARJA-9889, 9771)
'Zephyr'
Selected by L. Bondar- Very light rose flowers, long-lasting
Healthy and well
Allium karataviense
enko (Lithuania)
bloom, and large purple capsules
multiplying clone
'Zwanenburg'
Registered by Tubergen Flowers lilac-purple with darker
1993 R.H.S. Award of
Allium oreophilum
31-12-1954
mid-veins
Garden Merit
62
Remarks
Also offered under A. jesdianum
and A. rosenbachianum auct.
Is no hybrid (Friesen et al. 1997)
Classification
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Procerallium
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Procerallium
subg. Amerallium sect.
Lophioprason
subg. Cepa sect.
Schoenoprasum
subg. Melanocrommyum
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Kaloprason
subg. Allium sect.
Caerulea
subg. Melanocrommyum
sect. Miniprason
subg. Porphyroprason
sect. Porphyroprason
Complete names for subgenera and sections referred to in the tables
subg. Melanocrommyum (Webb & Berthel.) Rouy
- - - sect. Acanthoprason Wendelbo
- - - sect. Acmopetala R.M. Fritsch
- - - sect. Asteroprason R.M. Fritsch
- - - sect. Compactoprason R.M. Fritsch
- - - sect. Decipientia (Omelczuk) R.M. Fritsch
- - - sect. Kaloprason K. Koch
- - - sect. Longibidentata (R.M. Fritsch) R.M. Fritsch
subg. Allium
- - - sect. Allium
- - - sect. Avulsea F.O. Khass.
- - - sect. Brevispatha Valsecchi
- - - sect. Caerulea (Omelcz.) F.O. Khass.
- - - sect. Codonoprasum Rchb.
- - - sect. Mediasia F.O. Khass., Yengal. & N. Friesen
- - - sect. Multicaulea F.O. Khass. & Yengal.
- - - sect. Pallasia (Tzag.) F.O. Khass., R.M. Fritsch & N. Friesen
subg. Amerallium Traub
- - - sect. Amerallium Traub
- - - sect. Arctoprasum
- - - sect. Briseis (Salisb.) Stearn
- - - sect. Bromatorrhiza Ekberg
- - - sect. Caulorhizideum Traub
- - - sect. Chamaeprason F. Herm.
- - - sect. Lophioprason Traub
- - - sect. Molium G. Don ex Koch s. str.
subg. Amerallium Traub
- - - sect. Narkissoprason (F. Herm.) Kamelin
- - - sect. Rhophetoprason Traub
subg. Anguinum (G. Don ex Koch) N. Friesen
- - - sect. Anguinum G. Don ex Koch
subg. Butomissa (Salisb.) N. Friesen
- - - sect. Butomissa (Salisb.) Kamelin
subg. Cepa (Mill.) Radić
- - - sect. Annuloprason T.V. Egor.
- - - sect. Cepa (Mill.) Prokh.
- - - sect. Sacculiferum P.P. Gritz.
- - - sect. Schoenoprasum Dumort.
subg. Cyathophora (R.M. Fritsch) R.M. Fritsch
- - - sect. Coleoblastus Ekberg
- - - sect. Cyathophora R.M. Fritsch
subg. Melanocrommyum (Webb & Berthel.) Rouy
- - - sect. Megaloprason Wendelbo s. str.
- - - sect. Melanocrommyum Webb & Berthel. s. str.
- - - sect. Miniprason R.M. Fritsch
- - - sect. Popovia F.O. Khass. & R.M. Fritsch
- - - sect. Procerallium R.M. Fritsch
- - - sect. Regeloprason Wendelbo
- - - sect. Stellata (F.O. Khass. & R.M. Fritsch) R.M. Fritsch
subg. Nectaroscordum (Lindl.) Asch. & Graebn.
- - - sect. Nectaroscordum (Lindl.) Gren. & Godr.
subg. Polyprason Radić
- - - sect. Daghestanica (Tscholok.) N. Friesen
- - - sect. Falcatifolia N. Friesen
- - - sect. Oreiprason F. Herm.
- - - sect. Scorodon W.D.J. Koch s. str.
subg. Porphyroprason (Ekberg) R.M. Fritsch
- - - sect. Porphyroprason Ekberg
subg. Reticulatobulbosa (Kamelin) N. Friesen
- - - sect. Campanulata Kamelin
- - - sect. Reticulatobulbosa Kamelin
- - - sect. Scabriscapa (Tscholok.) N. Friesen
- - - sect. Sikkimensia (Traub) N. Friesen
subg. Rhizirideum (G. Don ex Koch) Wendelbo s. str.
- - - sect. Rhizirideum G. Don ex Koch s. str.
63
Acknowledgements
The compiler would like to thank Dr. J. Ruksans (Rozula, Latvia), Dr. J. v. Scheepen (KAVB, Hillegom, The Netherlands), and Mr. D. Smit (Haarlem, The Netherlands) for substantial
support by sending printed catalogues, registration lists, and other suitable references. Excellent working facilities provided by the IPK Gatersleben are gratefully acknowledged.
References
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1229-1238.
Friesen, N., Fritsch R. M. and Blattner F. R. (2006) Phylogeny and new intrageneric classification of Allium L. (Alliaceae) based on nuclear rDNA ITS sequences. Aliso 22, 372-395.
Fritsch, R.M., Blattner F.R. and Gurushidze M. (2010) New classification of Allium L. subg. Melanocrommyum (Webb & Berthel.) Rouy (Alliaceae) based on molecular and morphological
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Fritsch, R.M. (2012) Illustrated key to the sections and subsections and brief general circumscription of Allium subg. Melanocrommyum. Phyton (Horn, Austria) 52, 1-37.
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64