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Matthew 5:21-48 What are King Jesus’ standards for living in His Kingdom? Matthew 5:17–20 (1) that His teaching stands firmly in agreement with every truth of the Old Testament (2) that the Jewish religious traditions did not “The condition of Judaism at the time of Christ was remarkably like that of the church in the sixteenth century. The Scriptures were not translated into the languages of the people. The prayers, the Scripture reading, and even most of the hymns were in Latin, which none of the common people knew or understood. When a priest gave a sermon, the people had nothing by which to judge what he said. They had no idea as to whether or not his message was scriptural. The Bible taught what the church said it taught. The church, therefore, placed its own authority over that of Scripture.” (The Sermon on the Mount, 1:212) Basic Principles 1) The spirit of the law is more important than the letter. 2) The law is positive as well as negative. Basic Principles 3) The law is not an end in itself. 4) God alone is qualified to judge men. 5) Every human being is commanded to live up to the perfect divine standard to which the law points. Who is a murderer? Who is an adulterer? “In Jewish culture, the right eye and right hand represented a person’s best and most precious faculties. The right eye represented one’s best vision, and the right hand one’s best skills. Jesus’ point is that we should be willing to give up whatever is necessary, even the most cherished things we possess, if doing that will help protect us from evil. Nothing is so valuable as to be worth preserving at the expense of righteousness.” [John MacArthur, Matthew, pg. 304] Is divorce acceptable? Malachi 2:15-16 …let none of you be faithless to the wife of your youth. “For the man who hates and divorces, says the LORD, the God of Israel, covers his garment with violence, says the LORD of hosts. So guard yourselves in your spirit, and do not be faithless.” Should we make vows and oaths? James 5:12 my brothers, do not swear, either by heaven or by earth or by any other oath, but let your “yes” be yes and your “no” be no, so that you may not fall under condemnation. Is retaliation acceptable? Romans 12:17-21 Repay no one evil for evil, but give thought to do what is honorable in the sight of all. If possible, so far as it depends on you, live peaceably with all. Beloved, never avenge yourselves, but leave it to the wrath of God, for it is written, “Vengeance is mine, I will repay, says the Lord.” To the contrary, “if your enemy is hungry, feed him; if he is thirsty, give him something to drink; for by so doing you will heap burning coals on his head.” Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good. 1 Peter 2:23 When He was reviled, He did not revile in return; when He suffered, He did not threaten, but continued entrusting Himself to Him who judges justly. Should we hate our enemies?