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World War II
Fact Sheet
Yesterday, December 7, 1941 – a date which will live in infamy – the United States of
America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of
President Franklin D. Roosevelt
World War II – 1939-1945, a worldwide conflict between two coalitions, designated
as the Axis Powers and the Allies.
The Axis Powers included Germany, Italy, Japan and their satellites. The Allies
consisted of the United States, the United Kingdom, the Union of Soviet Socialist
Republics, China and their allies.
The war began with the invasion of Poland by Germany on September 1, 1939.
On December 7, 1941, Japan attached Pearl Harbor, the Philippines, and Malaya.
War was declared on Japan by the United States on December 8.
16-million Americans served in uniform in World War II.
406,000 Americans died in World War II; 500,000 were wounded.
Rosie the Riveter, created by Norman Rockwell in 1943, became a symbol of the
more than 6 million women who entered the job force during the war, many of them
taking up positions in defense industries.
D-Day, June 6, 1944, saw an Allied armada deliver hundreds of thousands of soldiers
to the shores of Normandy.
On August 6, 1945, the Enola Gay dropped the Atom Bomb on the city of Hiroshima,
the first city ever targeted to be bombed by an atomic weapon.
Before the war ended with the unconditional surrender of Germany on May 7, 1945,
and of Japan on August 14, 1945, a total of almost seventy nations were involved in
the conflict in varying degrees.
The formal signing that ended World War II took place on September 2, 1945 in
Tokyo Bay, aboard the battleship USS Missouri.