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Name _________________________ III. The Five Kingdoms (A36-41) a. Organisms that share similar characteristics can be organized into groups in order to help understand ___likes___________ and differences. b. Living things are categorized into __5__ ___groups____. A ___kingdom_____ is the largest group into which living things can be classified. c. Match the kingdom with its description. __c__Animals a. absorb food from other living things, many celled __d__Plants b. one-celled, no cell nuclei, some make own food __a__Fungi c. many celled, feed on living or once living things __e__Protists d. many celled, make their own food __b__Monerans e. most one-celled, make own food or feed on living or once living things d. The two smallest classification groups include __genus_____ and ___species_________. IV. Classifying Animals (A44-47) a. The animal kingdom can be classified into two categories__vertebrates______ and ___invertebrates_____________________ . b. ____vertebrates_____________ have backbones. c. There are five groups of ___vertebrates________________. d. Match the group with its description: __b__mammal a. live their entire lives in water, usually have scales __c__reptiles b. have hair and produce milk for their young: you __e__amphibians c. have dry, scaly skin: lizards, snakes, turtles __a__fish d. have feathers: parrots, owls, robins __d__birds e. have moist skin and no scales: frogs, toads, newts e. ___Invertebrates____________ do not have backbones. f. There are many more ___invertebrates________ than vertebrates. They are usually ___smaller______________ than vertebrates. g. Three types of invertebrates include: __arthropods_____________- with legs that have several joints a. Insects - make up the largest group, six legs b. Spiders - aren’t “insects” they have 8 legs ___mollusks____________ - may or may not have a hard outer shell ____worms___________ - have no shells or legs, or eyes h. Believe it or not, vertebrates make up only ___3___% of the total animals population! i. That means that invertebrates make up the remaining __97____%!!! V. Classifying Plants (A50-53) a. Plants do not need other organisms to survive. They make their own __food____. This process is called _photosynthesis________________ . b. c. Scientists divide the plant kingdom into two groups: ___vascular________ and ___nonvascular_________________ . __Vascular_________ plants have tubes. They are found in the __roots_______, ____stems_____________, and _____leaves_____________. d. e. f. g. These tubes carry __food_________ and _water_____ to other parts of the plant. Any plant that has flowers or cones is a vascular plant. Trees are vascular plants. __nonvascular__ plants such as mosses and liverworts do not have tubes. Instead water must ___soak______ into the plants and pass slowly from __cell________ to ____cell_______. The food the plant produces travels with the water. Nonvascular plants live in __moist/damp_____ places and ___do no___ grow tall. VI. Other Thoughts a. Why do scientists classify living organism?