Download C. Tiernan FS-‐14 1 The Cardiovascular System and Related

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Transcript
The Cardiovascular System and Related Diseases BMS 100 INSTRUCTIONS: There are 3 parts. Answer each question to the best of your ability, using lecture notes and the textbook. You are not required to complete this worksheet, and it will not be graded. It is solely for your benefit, to review material discussed in class and expand upon a few points that could not be discussed further in lecture. Part A. Facts About the Cardiovascular System 1. The cardiovascular system consists of the __________________________ and blood vessels. 2. The heart has _____________ number of chambers. Name and describe the two types of chambers. a. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________ b. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. Name and describe the three major types of blood vessels. a. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________ b. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________ c. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 4. Name and describe the two major circulatory systems. a. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________ b. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 5. What change occurs when blood reaches the lungs? 6. What change occurs when blood reaches tissue in the body? C. Tiernan FS-­‐14 1 7. Trace the path of blood through the cardiorespiratory system by filling the blanks: Body/organ/tissue (capillary bed) Right ventricle Pulmonary vein C. Tiernan FS-­‐14 2 Part B. Facts About Cardiovascular Disease 1. What is atherosclerosis? What are plaques and how do they form? Why are they dangerous? 2. What is coronary artery disease? How is angina pectoris related to the disease? 3. What is a heart attack? 4. What are three symptoms (or warning signs) of a heart attack? a. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ b. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ c. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ 5. Name and describe two procedures performed to treat coronary heart disease. a. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________ b. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 6. Name and describe the two major types of stroke. a. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________ b. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 7. What are three symptoms (or warning signs) of a stroke? a. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________ b. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________ c. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________ C. Tiernan FS-­‐14 3 8. What is blood pressure? 9. Describe the difference between systolic and diastolic pressure. Provide normal and high ranges for each. 10. What is hypertension? Why is it dangerous? Describe two treatments for hypertension. Part C. Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease 1. List six risk factors for cardiovascular disease and describe how they influence the development of cardiovascular disease. Can the risk be controlled? How? a. SMOKING CIGARRETTES _________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________ b. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________ c. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________ d. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________ e. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________ f. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________ C. Tiernan FS-­‐14 4