Survey

* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Scattered disc wikipedia , lookup

Transcript
```s8pe-10301-ca
12/8/05
6:04 PM
MAZER
Page 71
KEY CONCEPT
Gravity is a force
exerted by masses.
CALIFORNIA
Content Standards
8.2.d Students know
how to identify separately the two or more
forces that are acting
on a single static object,
including gravity, elastic
forces due to tension or
compression in matter,
and friction.
8.2.g Students know
the role of gravity in
forming and maintaining the shapes of the
planets, stars, and the
solar system.
BEFORE, you learned
NOW, you will learn
• Every action force has an equal
and opposite reaction force
• Newton’s laws are used to
describe the motions of objects
• Mass is the amount of matter
an object contains
• How mass and distance
affect gravity
• What keeps objects in orbit
EXPLORE Downward Acceleration (8.2.d)
How do the accelerations of two falling
objects compare?
MATERIALS
PROCEDURE
1
Make a prediction: Which ball will
fall faster?
• golf ball
• Ping-Pong ball
2 Drop both balls from the same height at
VOCABULARY
gravity p. 71
weight p. 73
orbit p. 74
the same time.
3 Observe the balls as they hit the ground.
WHAT DO YOU THINK?
• Were the results what you had expected?
• How did the times it took the two balls to
hit the ground compare?
Masses attract each other.
VOCABULARY
Create a four square
diagram for gravity in
When you drop any object—such as a pen, a book, or a football—it
falls to the ground. As the object falls, it moves faster and faster. The
fact that the object accelerates means there must be a force acting on
it. The downward pull on the object is due to gravity. Gravity is the
force that objects exert on each other because of their masses. You are
familiar with the force of gravity between Earth and objects on Earth.
Gravity is present not only between objects and Earth, however.
Gravity is considered a universal force because it acts between any two
masses anywhere in the universe. For example, there is a gravitational
pull between the Sun and the Moon. Even small masses attract one
another. The force of gravity between dust and gas particles in space
helped form the solar system.