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Transcript
Name
Date
4.2 Niches and Community Interactions
The Niche
1. What is a niche?
2. Give an example of resources a squirrel might need.
3. Three different warbler species live in the same tree. One species feeds at the top of the tree,
the second species feeds in the middle part of the tree, and the third species feeds at the
bottom of the tree. Do all three species occupy the same niche? Explain.
Competition
For Questions 4–8, write True if the statement is true. If the statement is false, change the underlined
word or words to make the statement true.
4. Competition occurs when organisms attempt to use the same resources.
5. Competition between members of the same species is known as interspecific
competition.
6. The competitive exclusion principle states that no two organisms can occupy
exactly the same niche in exactly the same habitat at exactly the same time.
7. Members of the same species tend to divide resources instead of competing
over them.
Predation, Herbivory, and Keystone Species
Write the letter of the correct answer on the line at the left.
8. A lion eating a zebra is an example of
A. herbivory.
C. predation.
B. habitat destruction.
D. a keystone species.
9. A cow eating grass is an example of
A. herbivory.
C. habitat destruction.
B. predation.
D. a keystone species.
10. A keystone species is one that
A. eats a mixture of plants and animals.
B. is introduced into a community after a major disturbance.
C. causes the amount of diversity in a community to decrease.
D. helps to stabilize the populations of other species in the community.
Symbiosis
11. Complete the table about main classes of symbiotic relationships.
Main Classes of Symbiotic Relationships
Description of Relationships
Class
Mutualism
Commensalism
Parasitism
Match the example with the type of relationship. A relationship type may be used more than once.
Example
Type of Relationship
12. a tick living on the body of a deer
A. mutualism
13. a bee eating a flower’s nectar and picking up the flower’s pollen
B. commensalism
14. a barnacle living on a whale’s skin
C. parasitism
15. a tapeworm living in a person’s intestines
16. an aphid providing food to an ant in exchange for protection
4.3 Succession
Primary and Secondary Succession
17. What is ecological succession?
18. What is primary succession?
19. When a disturbance changes a community without removing the soil, what type of succession
follows?
20. Why does secondary succession typically proceed faster than primary succession?
21. Use the Venn diagram to compare the two types of ecological succession.
Secondary succession
Primary succession
Both